Skip to Navigation | Skip to Main Content | Skip to Site Map

MyFloridaHouse.gov | Flsenate.gov Archives | Mobile Site

Senate Tracker: Sign Up | Login

Senate Live by Watch Now

2012 Florida Statutes

Chapter 310
PILOTS, PILOTING, AND PILOTAGE
CHAPTER 310
CHAPTER 310
PILOTS, PILOTING, AND PILOTAGE
310.001 Purpose.
310.0015 Piloting regulation; general provisions.
310.002 Definitions.
310.011 Board of Pilot Commissioners.
310.032 Oath of members of the board.
310.042 Organization of board; meetings.
310.051 Personnel; employment.
310.061 State pilots; number; cross licensing.
310.071 Deputy pilot certification.
310.073 State pilot licensing.
310.075 Deputy pilot training program.
310.081 Department to examine and license state pilots and certificate deputy pilots; vacancies.
310.091 Powers of the department.
310.101 Grounds for disciplinary action by the board.
310.102 Treatment programs for impaired pilots and deputy pilots.
310.111 Marine incident reports.
310.1112 Motor vehicle reports.
310.1115 Bridge electronic navigation protection equipment; duty of pilot.
310.121 Application, examination, and biennial fees.
310.131 Assessment of percentage of gross pilotage.
310.141 Vessels subject to pilotage.
310.142 Pilotage at St. Marys Entrance.
310.146 Exemptions from pilotage.
310.151 Rates of pilotage; Pilotage Rate Review Committee.
310.161 Piloting without a license; penalties.
310.171 Pilots may incorporate themselves.
310.181 Corporate powers.
310.183 Immediate inactivation of license or certificate for certain violations; rules.
310.185 Rulemaking.
310.001 Purpose.The Legislature recognizes that the waters, harbors, and ports of the state are important resources, and it is deemed necessary in the interest of public health, safety, and welfare to provide laws regulating the piloting of vessels utilizing the navigable waters of the state in order that such resources, the environment, life, and property may be protected to the fullest extent possible. To that end, it is the legislative intent to regulate pilots, piloting, and pilotage to the full extent of any congressional grant of authority, except as limited in this chapter.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
310.0015 Piloting regulation; general provisions.
(1) Piloting is an essential service of such paramount importance that its continued existence must be secured by the state and may not be left open to market forces.
(2) Because safety is the primary objective in the regulation of piloting by the state and because of the significant economies of scale in delivering the service, the requirement of a large capital investment in order to provide required service, and the fact that pilots are supplying services that are considered to be essential to the economy and the public welfare, it is determined that economic regulation, rather than competition in the marketplace, will better serve to protect the public health, safety, and welfare.
(3) The rate-setting process, the issuance of licenses only in numbers deemed necessary or prudent by the board, and other aspects of the economic regulation of piloting established in this chapter are intended to protect the public from the adverse effects of unrestricted competition which would result from an unlimited number of licensed pilots being allowed to market their services on the basis of lower prices rather than safety concerns. This system of regulation benefits and protects the public interest by maximizing safety, avoiding uneconomic duplication of capital expenses and facilities, and enhancing state regulatory oversight. The system seeks to provide pilots with reasonable revenues, taking into consideration the normal uncertainties of vessel traffic and port usage, sufficient to maintain reliable, stable piloting operations. Pilots have certain restrictions and obligations under this system, including, but not limited to, the following:
(a) Pilots may not refuse to provide piloting services to any person or entity that may lawfully request such services, except for justifiable concerns relating to safety, or, in the case of a vessel planning a departure, for nonpayment of pilotage.
(b) Pilots may not unilaterally determine the pilotage rates they charge. Such pilotage rates shall instead be determined by the Pilotage Rate Review Committee, in the public interest, as set forth in s. 310.151.
(c) Pilots shall maintain or secure adequate pilot boats, office facilities and equipment, dispatch systems, communication equipment and other facilities, and equipment and support services necessary for a modern, dependable piloting operation.
(d)1. The pilot or pilots in a port shall train and compensate all member deputy pilots in that port. Failure to train or compensate such deputy pilots shall constitute a ground for disciplinary action under s. 310.101. Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to create an agency or employment relationship between a pilot or deputy pilot and the pilot or pilots in a port.
2. The pilot or pilots in a port shall establish a competency-based mentor program by which minority persons as defined in s. 288.703 may acquire the skills for the professional preparation and education competency requirements of a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot. The department shall provide the Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives with a report each year on the number of minority persons as defined in s. 288.703 who have participated in each mentor program, who are licensed state pilots or certificated deputy pilots, and who have applied for state pilot licensure or deputy pilot certification.
(e) In any instance of a payment or transfer of funds, a request for the payment or transfer of funds, or a contractual obligation assumed in respect to the payment or transfer of funds from a licensee payor to a pilot or group of pilots, or to any legal entity or fund administered or controlled by or under common control with such pilot or group of pilots, the pilot or group of pilots shall provide to the licensee payor, at the time the payment or transfer or request for the payment or transfer is made or the obligation is assumed in respect to the payment or transfer, a detailed accounting of the specific assets, tangible or intangible, in which an interest is being directly or indirectly purchased or for which the licensee payor is being granted an interest in return for such payment or transfer of funds or such contractual obligation. This paragraph does not apply to either payments or transfers of funds if their aggregate amounts are less than $1,000. As used in this paragraph, “licensee payor” means any current or prospective state pilot or deputy pilot.
History.s. 338, ch. 94-119; s. 66, ch. 2000-356; s. 2, ch. 2010-225; s. 226, ch. 2011-142.
310.002 Definitions.As used in this chapter, except where the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) “Vessel” includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water.
(2) “Pilot” means a licensed state pilot or a certificated deputy pilot.
(3) “Board” means the Board of Pilot Commissioners.
(4) “Port” means any place in the state into which vessels enter or depart and includes, without limitation, Fernandina, Nassau Inlet, Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Canaveral, Ft. Pierce, Palm Beach, Port Everglades, Miami, Key West, Boca Grande, Charlotte Harbor, Punta Gorda, Tampa, Port Tampa, Port Manatee, St. Petersburg, Clearwater, Apalachicola, Carrabelle, Panama City, Port St. Joe, and Pensacola.
(5) “Pilotage waters of the state” means the navigable waters within the boundaries of the state.
(6) “Piloting” means the acts of pilots in conducting vessels through the pilotage waters of the state.
(7) “Pilotage” means the compensation fixed by the Pilotage Rate Review Committee which is payable by a vessel, its owners, agents, charterers, or consignees to one or more pilots in the port where piloting is performed. The word “pilotage” also means the compensation of all types and sources derived by one or more pilots or deputy pilots for the performance of piloting at that port by licensed pilots or by certificated deputy pilots, whether such piloting is performed pursuant to this chapter or is performed by state-licensed pilots or state-certificated deputy pilots when acting as a federal pilot for vessels not required by this chapter to use a state-licensed pilot or state-certificated deputy pilot.
(8) “License” or “certificate” means the document issued by the board under seal of the department to pilots.
(9) “Department” means the Department of Business and Professional Regulation.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 1, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 185, ch. 81-259; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 1, 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 339, ch. 94-119; s. 32, ch. 94-218; s. 3, ch. 2010-225.
310.011 Board of Pilot Commissioners.
(1) A board is established within the Division of Professions of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation to be known as the Board of Pilot Commissioners. The board shall be composed of 10 members, to be appointed by the Governor, as follows: five members shall be licensed state pilots actively practicing their profession; two members shall be actively involved in a professional or business capacity in the maritime industry, marine shipping industry, or commercial passenger cruise industry; one member shall be a certified public accountant with at least 5 years of experience in financial management; and two members shall be citizens of the state. The latter three board members shall not be involved in, or have any financial interest in, the piloting profession, the maritime industry, the marine shipping industry, or the commercial passenger cruise industry. The board shall perform such duties and possess and exercise such powers relative to the protection of the waters, harbors, and ports of this state as are prescribed and conferred on it in this chapter.
(2)  Each member shall be appointed for a term of 4 years. The Governor shall have power to remove members of the board from office for neglect of duty required by this chapter, for incompetency, or for unprofessional conduct. Any vacancy which may occur in the board in consequence of death, resignation, removal from the state, or other cause shall be filled for the unexpired term by the Governor in the same manner. A majority of those serving on the board shall constitute a quorum.
(3) In appointing members to the board who are pilots, the Governor shall appoint one member from the state at large; one member from any of the following ports: Pensacola, Panama City, or Port St. Joe; one member from any of the following ports: Tampa Bay, Boca Grande, Punta Gorda, Charlotte Harbor, or Key West; one member from any of the following ports: Fernandina, Jacksonville, or Port Canaveral; and one member from any of the following ports: Ft. Pierce, Miami, Port Everglades, or Palm Beach.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; ss. 1, 2, ch. 76-217; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 2, 3, 16, ch. 78-140; ss. 186, 187, ch. 81-259; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 3, 4, ch. 83-329; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 340, ch. 94-119; s. 33, ch. 94-218; s. 4, ch. 2010-225.
Note.Subsections (2) and (3) former s. 310.021.
310.032 Oath of members of the board.Immediately, and before entering upon the duties of said office, the members of the board shall take the constitutional oath of office and shall file the same with the Department of State; there shall thereupon issue to said member a certificate of his or her appointment.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 278, ch. 95-148.
310.042 Organization of board; meetings.
(1) Immediately after the appointment and qualification of its members, the board shall meet and organize. Said board shall annually elect a chair and a vice chair from its membership. Members, while attending official board meetings, shall receive per diem and mileage, as specified in s. 112.061, from their place of residence to the place of meeting and return.
(2) Said board shall hold one or more regular meetings each year at some convenient place in the state on such date or dates as the board may select. Special meetings may be called by a majority of the board. The secretary of the board shall give written notice of all regular and special meetings to all pilots in addition to any other persons required by law to be notified.
(3) Within 14 days from any meeting of the board, the board shall forward a written report to each pilot outlining any actions of the board taken at the meeting which would affect any pilots.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 2, 16, ch. 78-140; ss. 13, 15, 25, 30, 34, 59, 62, ch. 80-406; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 279, ch. 95-148.
310.051 Personnel; employment.
(1) The department may appoint or employ such personnel as may be necessary to assist the department and the board in doing and performing any and all of the powers, duties, and obligations set forth in this chapter. Such personnel need not be licensed state pilots or members of the board. Such personnel shall be authorized to do and perform such duties and work as may be assigned by the department. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the department shall provide all legal services necessary in carrying out the provisions of this chapter.
(2) The department shall hire a person knowledgeable and experienced in matters related to piloting. Such person shall act for the department on matters of examination and investigation and, when he or she deems it necessary, in the selection of legal counsel qualified in admiralty law. On an annual basis, the board shall recommend to the department a person knowledgeable and experienced in matters related to piloting to fill this post, and the department may accept or reject the recommendation. If the department rejects the board’s recommendation, the board shall continue to submit recommendations until one is accepted by the department. Unless there is affirmative action by both the board and the department, at the end of each year, the position shall be declared vacant and the board shall submit a new recommendation for a person to fill such position.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 5, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 280, ch. 95-148.
310.061 State pilots; number; cross licensing.The board shall determine the number of pilots based on the supply and demand for piloting services and the public interest in maintaining efficient and safe piloting services. Based on the economic conditions of the port, the board may adopt rules authorizing cross licensing between ports, if this will best serve the public interest.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 6, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 13, ch. 81-302; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 2, 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
310.071 Deputy pilot certification.
(1) In addition to meeting other requirements specified in this chapter, each applicant for certification as a deputy pilot must:
(a) Be at least 21 years of age, as evidenced by a copy of a birth certificate or other legal proof of age.
(b) Have successfully completed 12 years of formal education, as evidenced by a high school diploma or by equivalent evidence thereof that is satisfactory to the board.
(c) Be in good physical and mental health, as evidenced by documentary proof of having satisfactorily passed a complete physical examination administered by a licensed physician within the preceding 6 months. The board shall adopt rules to establish requirements for passing the physical examination, which rules shall establish minimum standards for the physical or mental capabilities necessary to carry out the professional duties of a certificated deputy pilot. Such standards shall include zero tolerance for any controlled substance regulated under chapter 893 unless that individual is under the care of a physician and that controlled substance was prescribed by that physician. To maintain eligibility as a certificated deputy pilot, each certificated deputy pilot must annually provide documentary proof of having satisfactorily passed a complete physical examination administered by a licensed physician. The physician must know the minimum standards and certify that the certificateholder satisfactorily meets the standards. The standards for certificateholders shall include a drug test.
(d) Have had maritime experience satisfactory to the board prior to taking the examination required under s. 310.081(2), as evidenced by documentation of the following service while holding a United States Coast Guard license:
1. At least 2 years of service at sea during the 5-year period immediately preceding the examination, 1 year of which must have been in at least the capacity of an unlimited second mate;
2. At least 2 years of service during the 5-year period immediately preceding the examination in a deepwater United States port as an active first-class unlimited pilot serving on at least an unlimited second mate’s license or a license as master of freight and towing vessel of at least 1,600 gross registered tons upon oceans, and acting under authority of a duly constituted governmental regulatory entity;
3. At least 2 years of service during the 5-year period immediately preceding the examination as an active first-class unlimited pilot serving on a Great Lakes unlimited master’s license;
4. At least 2 years of towing experience during the 5-year period immediately preceding the examination, 1 year of which must have been in the capacity of master of a tugboat/barge combination of at least 5,000 gross registered tons, combined tonnage, while holding a license as master of freight and towing vessel of at least 1,600 gross registered tons upon oceans; or
5. At least 3 years of experience as a deck watch officer during the 10-year period immediately preceding the examination, 1 year of which in the 5-year period immediately preceding the exam must have been as the commanding officer, executive officer, or operations officer of a United States Navy vessel or a United States Coast Guard vessel of at least 1,600 gross tons, and must currently hold a United States Coast Guard license of at least an unlimited second mate.
(e) Submit full documentation of sea time through discharges, continuous discharge books, or other official documents.
(f) Submit proof of sufficient maritime background and experience, except for required trips, to enable the applicant, if not already so licensed, to be eligible to obtain a valid United States Coast Guard first-class unlimited pilot’s license covering all of the waters of the port in which service as a deputy pilot is intended within 90 days of the appointment as a deputy pilot.
(2) The board may adopt rules authorizing equivalent combinations of service from two or more of the areas specified in subparagraphs (1)(d)1., 2., 3., 4., and 5. However, the board may waive the maritime experience requirements prescribed in paragraph (1)(d) when necessary to fill an opening, provided an applicant meeting such requirements has not applied for the opening and the opening has been advertised more than once.
(3) The initial certificate issued to a deputy pilot shall be valid for a period of 12 months, and at the end of this period, the certificate shall automatically expire and shall not be renewed. During this period, the board shall thoroughly evaluate the deputy pilot’s performance for suitability to continue training and shall make appropriate recommendations to the department. Upon receipt of a favorable recommendation by the board, the department shall issue a certificate to the deputy pilot, which shall be valid for a period of 2 years. The certificate may be renewed only two times, except in the case of a fully licensed pilot who is cross-licensed as a deputy pilot in another port, and provided the deputy pilot meets the requirements specified for pilots in paragraph (1)(c).
(4) Notwithstanding s. 112.011 or any other provision of law relating to the restoration of civil rights, an applicant shall be disqualified from applying for and shall be denied a deputy pilot certificate if the applicant, regardless of adjudication, has ever been found guilty of, or pled guilty or nolo contendere to, a charge which was:
(a) A felony or first degree misdemeanor which directly related to the navigation or operation of a vessel; or
(b) A felony involving the sale of or trafficking in, or conspiracy to sell or traffic in, a controlled substance as defined by chapter 893, or an offense under the laws of any state or country which, if committed in this state, would constitute the felony of selling or trafficking in, or conspiracy to sell or traffic in, such controlled substance.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 7, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 1, 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 3, 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 90-54; s. 1, ch. 90-144; s. 79, ch. 91-221; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 341, ch. 94-119; s. 2, ch. 2000-356.
310.073 State pilot licensing.In addition to meeting other requirements specified in this chapter, each applicant for license as a state pilot must:
(1) Be at least 21 years of age, as evidenced by a copy of a birth certificate or other legal proof of age.
(2) Have successfully completed 12 years of formal education, as evidenced by a high school diploma or by equivalent evidence thereof that is satisfactory to the board.
(3) Be in good physical and mental health, as evidenced by documentary proof of having satisfactorily passed a complete physical examination administered by a licensed physician within the preceding 6 months. The board shall adopt rules to establish requirements for passing the physical examination, which rules shall establish minimum standards for the physical or mental capabilities necessary to carry out the professional duties of a licensed state pilot. Such standards shall include zero tolerance for any controlled substance regulated under chapter 893 unless that individual is under the care of a physician and that controlled substance was prescribed by that physician. To maintain eligibility as a licensed state pilot, each licensed state pilot must annually provide documentary proof of having satisfactorily passed a complete physical examination administered by a licensed physician. The physician must know the minimum standards and certify that the licensee satisfactorily meets the standards. The standards for licensees shall include a drug test.
(4) Have had at least 2 years of service as a deputy pilot in the port in which license as a licensed state pilot is desired, which service must have been attained during the period immediately preceding the examination required under s. 310.081(1). Further, at the time of application, each applicant must have a valid United States Coast Guard first-class unlimited pilot’s license covering all of the waters of the port in which license as a state pilot is desired and must have successfully completed the board-approved deputy pilot training program in the port in which license as a state pilot is desired.
History.ss. 4, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 342, ch. 94-119.
310.075 Deputy pilot training program.The licensed state pilots in each port shall submit to the board for its approval a deputy pilot training program of not less than 2 years’ duration, applicable to all deputy pilots appointed to serve at such port. The following requirements constitute the parameters within which deputy pilot training programs are to be established and carried out by the licensed state pilots at all ports in this state:
(1) Upon receiving his or her appointment, a deputy pilot must report to the licensed state pilots at the port he or she is appointed to serve and must serve a period of not less than 90 days as an observer trainee. During such period:
(a) The observer trainee must accompany licensed state pilots, becoming thoroughly familiar with all of the waters, the channels, the harbor, and the port under varied conditions.
(b) The observer trainee must obtain a valid United States Coast Guard first-class unlimited pilot’s license covering all of the waters of the port before the board may authorize him or her to pilot vessels within the limits and specifications established by the licensed state pilots of the port.
(2) Upon completion of the observer-trainee period, the deputy pilot must submit to the board a deputy pilot vessel handling form for each vessel upon which he or she has accompanied a licensed state pilot. Each such form must be signed by the pilot in charge who accompanied the deputy pilot and must accurately recite:
(a) The vessel’s registry, length, gross tonnage, and draft;
(b) The name of the berth from which or to which the vessel was piloted;
(c) The weather and sea conditions encountered;
(d) The time of day;
(e) Any marine incidents required to be reported under s. 310.111; and
(f) The comments of the pilot in charge, including whether, under his or her supervision, the pilot in charge turned the navigation of the vessel over to the deputy pilot.
(3) Each request to increase the limits and specifications under which a deputy pilot is authorized to pilot must be submitted to the board and must be accompanied by a deputy pilot vessel handling form as provided in subsection (2) for each vessel the deputy pilot has piloted since his or her limits and specifications were last increased by the board.
(4) For successful completion of the deputy pilot training program, a deputy pilot must have gradually been increased in his or her authorized limits and specifications until the deputy pilot has been authorized by the board to pilot vessels with a maximum draft of not more than 3 feet less than the normal maximum draft allowable in the port in which the deputy pilot is authorized to pilot, as proposed by the licensed state pilots in that port and approved by the board.
History.ss. 5, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 281, ch. 95-148.
310.081 Department to examine and license state pilots and certificate deputy pilots; vacancies.
(1) The department shall examine persons who file application as state pilot in all matters pertaining to the management of vessels and in regard to their knowledge of the channels, waters, harbors, and port where they wish to serve, and, if upon examination to determine proficiency the department finds them qualified to pilot all classes of vessels liable to enter that port and thoroughly familiar with the waters, the channels, the harbor, and the port, the department shall appoint and license as state pilots such number of pilots as in the discretion of the board are required to act in the ports of the state. However, the number of pilots appointed and licensed by the department shall not exceed the number provided for in s. 310.061.
(2) The department shall similarly examine persons who file applications for certificate as deputy pilot, and, if upon examination to determine proficiency the department finds them qualified, the department shall certify as qualified all applicants who pass the examination, provided that not more than five persons who passed the examination are certified for each declared opening. If more than five applicants per opening pass the examination, the persons having the highest scores shall be certified as qualified up to the number of openings times five. The department shall give consideration to the minority and female status of applicants when qualifying deputy pilots, in the interest of ensuring diversification within the state piloting profession. The department shall appoint and certificate such number of deputy pilots from those applicants deemed qualified as in the discretion of the board are required in the respective ports of the state. A deputy pilot shall be authorized by the department to pilot vessels within the limits and specifications established by the licensed state pilots at the port where the deputy is appointed to serve.
(3) Pilots shall hold their licenses or certificates pursuant to the requirements of this chapter so long as they:
(a) Possess the qualifications set out in this chapter.
(b) Are in good physical and mental health as evidenced by documentary proof of having satisfactorily passed a physical examination administered by a licensed physician or physician assistant within each calendar year. The board shall adopt rules to establish requirements for passing the physical examination, which rules shall establish minimum standards for the physical or mental capabilities necessary to carry out the professional duties of a licensed state pilot or a certificated deputy pilot. Such standards shall include zero tolerance for any controlled substance regulated under chapter 893 unless that individual is under the care of a physician and that controlled substance was prescribed by that physician. To maintain eligibility as a certificated deputy pilot or licensed state pilot, each certificated deputy pilot or licensed state pilot must annually provide documentary proof of having satisfactorily passed a complete physical examination administered by a licensed physician. The physician must know the minimum standards and certify that the certificateholder or licensee satisfactorily meets the standards. The standards for certificateholders and for licensees shall include a drug test.
(c) Are subject to a substance abuse program that has been approved by the board, which includes provisions for drug testing.
(d) Attend a board-approved seminar for continuing education which includes radar certification.
(e) Remain in active service in the ports for which they are appointed.

Upon resignation or in the case of disability permanently affecting a pilot’s ability to serve, the state license or certificate issued under this chapter shall be revoked by the department.

History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 8, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 11, ch. 81-302; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 2, ch. 90-144; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 343, ch. 94-119.
310.091 Powers of the department.In addition to all other powers conferred by this chapter, the department shall have the following powers:
(1) To issue a license as a state pilot or a certificate as a deputy pilot to a qualified applicant who passes the examination conducted by the department.
(2) In the course of any investigation, to issue and serve witness subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum and administer oaths and take testimony.
(3) To require holders of licenses or certificates and applicants for licenses or certificates to submit pertinent information under oath necessary to determine their qualifications or to enforce the provisions of this chapter.
(4) When any violation of this chapter or rule promulgated thereunder has occurred or is threatened by any person, to institute proceedings in the appropriate courts in this state to restrain and enjoin such actions.
(5) To require an applicant for vacancy, a licensed state pilot, or a certificated deputy pilot to submit proof of his or her mental or physical capability to serve, or to continue to serve, as a pilot or deputy pilot.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 9, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 282, ch. 95-148.
310.101 Grounds for disciplinary action by the board.
(1) Any act of misconduct, inattention to duty, negligence, or incompetence; any willful violation of any law or rule, including the rules of the road, applicable to a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot; or any failure to exercise that care which a reasonable and prudent licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot would exercise under the same or similar circumstances may result in disciplinary action. Examples of acts by a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot which constitute grounds for disciplinary action include, but are not limited to:
(a) Failure to make allowances for the foreseeable effects of wind, current, and tide.
(b) Failure to obtain or properly use information available to the pilot.
(c) Failure to navigate with caution in restricted visibility.
(d) Navigating in channels where the depth of water under the keel is less than the prescribed bottom clearance as recommended by the licensed state pilots of that port and approved by the board.
(e) Excessive speed.
(f) Having a license or certificate to practice piloting revoked, suspended, restricted, placed on probation, or in any way acted against, including, but not limited to, the relinquishing or depositing of the license or certificate in lieu of further disciplinary action, in anticipation of the filing of charges, or in lieu of prosecution, by the regulatory authority of another state, the Federal Government, a territory, or another country for an act which would constitute a ground for discipline if the act had occurred while piloting under authority of the Florida state pilot’s license or deputy pilot’s certificate.
(g) Making or filing, or inducing another person to make or file, a report which the pilot knows to be false or intentionally or negligently failing to file, or willfully impeding or obstructing the filing of, a report or record required by state law or by rule of the board or the department. Such reports or records include only those which are signed by the pilot in his or her capacity as a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot.
(h) Being unable to perform the duties of a pilot with reasonable skill and safety by reason of illness or use of alcohol, drugs, narcotics, chemicals, or any other type of material or as a result of any mental or physical condition such as, but not limited to, poor eyesight or hearing, heart disease, or diabetes. In enforcing this paragraph, the department shall have authority, upon recommendation of the probable cause panel of the board, to compel a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot to submit to a mental or physical examination by physicians designated by the department. The failure of a pilot to submit to such an examination when so directed constitutes an admission of the allegations against the pilot, unless the failure is due to circumstances beyond his or her control, consequent upon which an emergency suspension order may be entered by the department suspending the pilot’s license until he or she complies with the order for a compulsory mental or physical examination. A licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot affected under this paragraph must be afforded, at reasonable intervals, an opportunity to demonstrate that he or she can resume the competent practice of piloting with reasonable skill and safety.
(i) Practicing or offering to practice beyond the scope permitted by law or accepting and performing professional responsibilities that the pilot knows or has reason to know he or she is not competent to perform.
(j) Delegating professional responsibilities to a person when the pilot delegating such responsibilities knows or has reason to know that such person is not qualified by training, experience, or license to perform them.
(k) Engaging in any practice which does not meet acceptable standards of safe piloting.
(l) Failure to maintain a valid United States Coast Guard first-class unlimited pilot’s license covering the waters of the port in which the state pilot’s license was issued.
(m) Having a license to operate a motor vehicle revoked, suspended, or otherwise acted against by any jurisdiction, including its agencies or subdivisions, for operating the vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs. The jurisdiction’s acceptance of a relinquishment of license, stipulation, consent order, plea of nolo contendere, penalty in any form, or other settlement offered in response to or in anticipation of the filing of charges related to the license to operate a motor vehicle shall be construed as action against the license.
(n) Being unable to perform piloting with reasonable skill and safety by reason of illness or use of alcohol, drugs, narcotics, or chemicals.
(2) When the board finds any person has committed any act set forth in subsection (1), it may enter an order imposing one or more of the following penalties:
(a) Refusing to certify to the department an application for license or certification.
(b) Revoking or suspending the license or certificate.
(c) Restricting the practice of the violator.
(d) Imposing an administrative fine not to exceed $5,000 for each count or separate offense.
(e) Issuing a reprimand.
(f) Placing the licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot on probation for such period of time and subject to such conditions as the board may specify, including, but not limited to, requiring the pilot to submit to treatment, submit to additional or remedial training, submit to reexamination, or undergo a complete physical examination.
(3) The board shall not reinstate the license or certificate of a state pilot or deputy pilot or cause a license or certificate to be issued to a person whom it has determined to be unqualified until the board is satisfied that such person has complied with all the terms and conditions set forth in the final order and that such person is capable of safely engaging in the practice of piloting.
(4) In any foreign vessel or foreign trading vessel movement that an individual holding a state pilot license or deputy pilot certificate is engaged in directing, whether movement of the vessel in or out of the port or movement in close proximity to a dock or any other movement undertaken in furtherance of his or her piloting duties, such individual is operating under the authority of his or her state license or certificate and is accountable to the board for his or her actions.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 10, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 6, 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 5, ch. 90-54; s. 3, ch. 90-144; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 344, ch. 94-119; s. 891, ch. 95-148.
310.102 Treatment programs for impaired pilots and deputy pilots.
(1) The department shall, by rule, designate approved treatment programs for impaired pilots and deputy pilots under this section. The department may adopt rules setting forth appropriate criteria for approval of treatment providers.
(2) The department shall retain one or more impaired practitioner consultants as recommended by the committee. A consultant shall be a licensee under the jurisdiction of the Division of Medical Quality Assurance within the Department of Health, and at least one consultant must be a practitioner licensed under chapter 458, chapter 459, or part I of chapter 464. The consultant shall assist the probable cause panel and department in carrying out the responsibilities of this section. This shall include working with department investigators to determine whether a pilot or deputy pilot is, in fact, impaired.
(3)(a) Whenever the department receives a written or oral legally sufficient complaint alleging that a pilot or deputy pilot licensed or certificated by the department is impaired as a result of the misuse or abuse of alcohol or drugs, or both, or due to a mental or physical condition which could affect the pilot’s or deputy pilot’s ability to practice with skill and safety, and no complaint against the pilot or deputy pilot other than impairment exists, the reporting of such information shall not constitute a complaint within the meaning of s. 455.225 if the probable cause panel finds:
1. The pilot or deputy pilot has acknowledged the impairment problem.
2. The pilot or deputy pilot has voluntarily enrolled in an appropriate, approved treatment program.
3. The pilot or deputy pilot has voluntarily withdrawn from piloting or limited the scope of piloting as determined by the panel, in each case, until such time as the panel is satisfied the pilot or deputy pilot has successfully completed an approved treatment program.
4. The pilot or deputy pilot has executed releases for medical records, authorizing the release of all records of evaluations, diagnoses, and treatment of the pilot or deputy pilot, including records of treatment for emotional or mental conditions, to the consultant. The consultant shall make no copies or reports of records that do not regard the issue of the pilot’s or deputy pilot’s impairment and his or her participation in a treatment program.
(b) If, however, the pilot or deputy pilot agrees to withdraw from piloting until such time as the consultant determines the pilot or deputy pilot has satisfactorily completed an approved treatment program or evaluation, the probable cause panel shall not become involved in the pilot’s or deputy pilot’s case.
(c) Inquiries related to impairment treatment programs designed to provide information to the pilot or deputy pilot and others and which do not indicate that the pilot or deputy pilot presents a danger to the public shall not constitute a complaint within the meaning of s. 455.225 and shall be exempt from the provisions of this subsection.
(d) Whenever the department receives a legally sufficient complaint alleging that a pilot or deputy pilot is impaired as described in paragraph (a) and no complaint against the pilot or deputy pilot other than impairment exists, the department shall forward all information in its possession regarding the impaired pilot or deputy pilot to the consultant.
(e) The probable cause panel shall work directly with the consultant, and all information concerning a licensee obtained by the panel from the consultant shall remain confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution, subject to the provisions of subsections (5) and (6).
(f) A finding of probable cause shall not be made as long as the panel is satisfied, based upon information it receives from the consultant and the department, that the pilot or deputy pilot is progressing satisfactorily in an approved treatment program.
(4) In any disciplinary action for a violation other than impairment, if a pilot or deputy pilot establishes that the violation for which the pilot or deputy pilot is being prosecuted was due to or connected with impairment and further establishes that the pilot or deputy pilot is satisfactorily progressing through or has successfully completed an approved treatment program pursuant to this section, such information may be considered by the board as a mitigating factor in determining the appropriate penalty. This subsection does not limit mitigating factors the board may consider.
(5)(a) An approved treatment provider shall, upon request, disclose to the consultant all information in its possession regarding the issue of a licensee’s impairment and participation in the treatment program. All information obtained by the consultant and department pursuant to this section is confidential and exempt from the provisions of s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution, subject to the provisions of this subsection and subsection (6). Failure to provide such information to the consultant is grounds for withdrawal of approval of such program or provider.
(b) If in the opinion of the consultant, after consultation with the treatment provider, an impaired licensee has not progressed satisfactorily in a treatment program, all information regarding the issue of a licensee’s impairment and participation in a treatment program in the consultant’s possession shall be disclosed to the department. Such disclosure shall constitute a complaint pursuant to the general provisions of s. 455.225. Whenever the consultant concludes that impairment affects a licensee’s practice and constitutes an immediate, serious danger to the public health, safety, or welfare, that conclusion shall be communicated to the secretary of the department.
(6) A consultant, licensee, or approved treatment provider who makes a disclosure pursuant to this section is not subject to civil liability for such disclosure or its consequences. The provisions of s. 766.101 apply to any officer, employee, or agent of the department or the board and to any officer, employee, or agent of any entity with which the department has contracted pursuant to this section.
History.s. 345, ch. 94-119; s. 1, ch. 94-349; s. 151, ch. 96-406; s. 17, ch. 98-166; s. 5, ch. 2000-160; ss. 30, 88, ch. 2000-318.
310.111 Marine incident reports.Each collision, grounding, stranding, or other marine peril sustained or caused by a vessel on which there was employed a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot shall be reported to the office of the board or the piloting consultant within 48 hours of the occurrence. In addition, a written report shall be submitted to the department on forms and in the manner prescribed by the department within 7 days of the occurrence. However, any marine incident involving oil spillage, pollution, physical injury, or death shall be reported to the board or the piloting consultant by telephone or telegram within 24 hours of the occurrence in addition to submission of the required written report.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 11, 16, ch. 78-140; ss. 13, 15, 25, 30, 34, 60, 62, ch. 80-406; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 7, 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 6, ch. 90-54; s. 4, ch. 90-144; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
310.1112 Motor vehicle reports.Each licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot shall have a duty to report within 48 hours any jurisdiction’s revocation or suspension of, or any action against, that pilot’s or deputy pilot’s license to operate a motor vehicle under circumstances involving alcohol or drugs. The jurisdiction’s acceptance of a relinquishment of license, stipulation, consent order, plea of nolo contendere, or other settlement offered in response to or in anticipation of the filing of charges related to the license to operate a motor vehicle shall be construed as action against the license.
History.s. 346, ch. 94-119.
310.1115 Bridge electronic navigation protection equipment; duty of pilot.
(1) When a piloted vessel passes under a bridge located in a harbor, in the approaches to a harbor, or in a river, and when electronic navigation protection equipment is available, it is the duty of the pilot or certificated deputy pilot on board to use the electronic navigation protection equipment. If the electronic navigation protection equipment can be utilized only in conjunction with a portable device or devices located on board the piloted vessel, it is the responsibility of the pilot to bring such device or devices on board the piloted vessel and to remove such device or devices upon completion of the pilot’s duties aboard the piloted vessel.
(2) In the event that any electronic navigation protection equipment or portable device associated with such equipment malfunctions during the approach of a piloted vessel to a bridge and the bridge is not visible from a distance of at least 2 miles from the piloted vessel, the pilot shall not transit the bridge and shall take any prudent action available to avoid such transit.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 82-126; s. 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 8, 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 283, ch. 95-148.
310.121 Application, examination, and biennial fees.
(1) The department shall, in accordance with rules set by the board, assess and collect the following fees:
(a) A fee not to exceed $300 for each application for licensure as a state pilot or certification as a deputy pilot. This fee shall be nonrefundable.
(b) A fee not to exceed $300 for each examination for licensure as a state pilot or certification as a deputy pilot.
(c) A fee not to exceed $300 for each examination review.
(2) The department shall assess and collect biennially from each licensed state pilot and each certificated deputy pilot a fee, not to exceed $200 in the case of a licensed state pilot or $100 in the case of a certificated deputy pilot, such fees to be set by the board.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 12, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 347, ch. 94-119.
310.131 Assessment of percentage of gross pilotage.The department shall assess the licensed state pilots in the respective ports of the state a percentage of the gross amount of pilotage earned by such pilots during each year, which percentage will be established by the board not to exceed 2 percent, to be paid into the Professional Regulation Trust Fund by such pilots at such time and in such manner as the board prescribes or as is set forth in the General Appropriations Act. The financial records of all pilots and deputy pilots relating to pilotage are subject to audit by the department and the Auditor General. The department shall by rule set a procedure for verifying the amount of pilotage at each port and may charge costs to the appropriate port if the port does not comply with such procedure.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 1, ch. 77-470; ss. 13, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 188, ch. 81-259; s. 2, ch. 81-318; s. 5, ch. 83-329; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 348, ch. 94-119.
310.141 Vessels subject to pilotage.
(1) All vessels shall have a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot on board to direct the movements of the vessel when entering or leaving ports of this state or when underway upon the navigable waters of the bays, rivers, harbors, and ports of this state, except:
(a) Vessels exempted by the laws of the United States;
(b) Monohulled vessels drawing less than 7 feet of water;
(c) Multihulled, swath, or nondisplacement vessels for which the product of the length overall and extreme beam is less than 6,000 square feet, and which draw less than 7 feet of water;
(d) Any vessel, when docking or undocking; or
(e) Any vessel, when moving about within a shipyard or moving between a shipyard and a berth or slip directly adjacent to the shipyard.
(2) A vessel is docking or undocking when a tug or tugs are assisting the vessel, or the vessel is making use of a bow thruster or other lateral thrust devices incorporated into the vessel itself, in close proximity to the dock, with the vessel under the direction or control of the master, docking master, licensed state pilot, or certificated deputy pilot. If the vessel that is docking or undocking is under the direction or control of the master or docking master, such direction or control must have been delivered from the licensed state pilot or be in the process of being delivered to the licensed state pilot.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed to deny the services of a licensed state pilot to a vessel otherwise exempt who applies for such service.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 1, ch. 75-238; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 7, ch. 90-54; s. 5, ch. 90-144; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 349, ch. 94-119.
310.142 Pilotage at St. Marys Entrance.The board is authorized to enter into an agreement with the Board of Pilotage Commissioners for the corporate authority of St. Marys, Georgia, for reciprocal pilotage of vessels in the boundary waters and tributaries of St. Marys Entrance. The board shall have the authority to promulgate rules to implement the provisions of this section.
History.ss. 1, 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
310.146 Exemptions from pilotage.
(1) United States vessels are exempted from the provisions of this chapter while transiting a private channel built, marked, maintained, and controlled for one-way traffic by a public utility for the sole purpose of servicing that facility and while under the control of a validly licensed federal pilot.
(2) Any vessel is exempted from the provisions of this chapter while transiting the Miami River as a dead ship under the control of tugboats operated by federally licensed personnel.
History.ss. 9, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 350, ch. 94-119.
310.151 Rates of pilotage; Pilotage Rate Review Committee.
(1)(a) As used in this section, the term:
1. “Committee” means the Pilotage Rate Review Committee established under this section as part of the Board of Pilot Commissioners.
2. “Board” means the Board of Pilot Commissioners.
(b) To carry out the provisions of this section, the Pilotage Rate Review Committee is established as part of the Board of Pilot Commissioners within the Department of Business and Professional Regulation. The committee shall consist of the following seven members of the board: two board members who are licensed state pilots actively practicing their profession, who shall be appointed by majority vote of the licensed state pilots serving on the board; two board members who are actively involved in a professional or business capacity in the maritime industry, marine shipping industry, or commercial passenger cruise industry; one board member who is a certified public accountant with at least 5 years of experience in financial management; and two board members who are citizens of the state.
(c) Committee members shall comply with the disclosure requirements of s. 112.3143(4) if participating in any matter that would result in special private gain or loss as described in that subsection.
(d) The committee has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement provisions of this section conferring duties upon it. The department shall provide the staff required by the committee to carry out its duties under this section.
(e) All funds received pursuant to this section shall be placed in the account of the Board of Pilot Commissioners, and the Board of Pilot Commissioners shall pay for all expenses incurred pursuant to this section.
(2) Any pilot, group of pilots, or other person or group of persons whose substantial interests are directly affected by the rates established by the committee may apply to the committee for a change in rates. However, an application for a change in rates shall not be considered for any port for which rates have been changed by this committee in the 18 months preceding the filing of the application. All applications for changes in rates shall be made to the committee, in writing, pursuant to rules prescribed by the committee. In the case of an application for a rate change on behalf of a pilot or group of pilots, the application shall be accompanied by a consolidated financial statement, statement of profit or loss, and balance sheet prepared by a certified public accountant of the pilot or group of pilots and all relevant information, fiscal and otherwise, on the piloting activities within the affected port area, including financial information on all entities owned or partially owned by the pilot or group of pilots which provide pilot-related services in the affected port area. In the case of an application for a rate change filed on behalf of persons other than a pilot or group of pilots, information regarding the financial state of interested parties other than pilots shall be required only to the extent that such financial information is made relevant by the application or subsequent argument before the committee. The committee shall have the authority to set, by rule, a rate review application fee of up to $1,000, which must be submitted to the committee upon the filing of the application for a rate change.
(3) The committee shall investigate and determine whether the requested rate change will result in fair, just, and reasonable rates of pilotage pursuant to rules prescribed by the committee. In addition to publication as required by law, notice of a hearing to determine rates shall be mailed to each person who has formally requested notice of any rate change in the affected port area. The notice shall advise all interested parties that they may file an answer, an additional or alternative petition, or any other applicable pleading or response, within 30 days after the date of publication of the notice, and the notice shall specify the last date by which any such pleading must be filed. The committee may, for good cause, extend the period for responses to a petition. Multiple petitions filed in this manner do not warrant separate hearings, and these petitions shall be consolidated to the extent that it shall not be necessary to hold a separate hearing on each petition. The committee shall conclude its investigation, conduct a public hearing, and determine whether to modify the existing rates of pilotage in that port within 60 days after the filing of the completed application, except that the committee may not be required to complete a hearing for more than one port within any 60-day period. Hearings shall be held in the affected port area, unless a different location is agreed upon by all parties to the proceeding.
(4)(a) The applicant shall be given written notice, either in person or by certified mail, that the committee intends to modify the pilotage rates in that port and that the applicant may, within 21 days after receipt of the notice, request a hearing pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act. Notice of the intent to modify the pilotage rates in that port shall also be published in the Florida Administrative Weekly and in a newspaper of general circulation in the affected port area and shall be mailed to any person who has formally requested notice of any rate change in the affected port area. Within 21 days after receipt or publication of notice, any person whose substantial interests will be affected by the intended committee action may request a hearing pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act. If the committee concludes that the petitioner has raised a disputed issue of material fact, the committee shall designate a hearing, which shall be conducted by formal proceeding before an administrative law judge assigned by the Division of Administrative Hearings pursuant to ss. 120.569 and 120.57(1), unless waived by all parties. If the committee concludes that the petitioner has not raised a disputed issue of material fact and does not designate the petition for hearing, that decision shall be considered final agency action for purposes of s. 120.68. The failure to request a hearing within 21 days after receipt or publication of notice shall constitute a waiver of any right to an administrative hearing and shall cause the order modifying the pilotage rates in that port to be entered. If an administrative hearing is requested pursuant to this subsection, notice of the time, date, and location of the hearing shall be published in the Florida Administrative Weekly and in a newspaper of general circulation in the affected port area and shall be mailed to the applicant and to any person who has formally requested notice of any rate change for the affected port area.
(b) In any administrative proceeding pursuant to this section, the committee’s proposed rate determination shall be immediately effective and shall not be stayed during the administrative proceeding, provided that, pending rendition of the committee’s final order, the pilot or pilots in the subject port deposit in an interest-bearing account all amounts received which represent the difference between the previous rates and the proposed rates. The pilot or pilots in the subject port shall keep an accurate accounting of all amounts deposited, specifying by whom or on whose behalf such amounts were paid, and shall produce such an accounting upon request of the committee. Upon rendition of the committee’s final order:
1. Any amounts deposited in the interest-bearing account which are sustained by the final order shall be paid over to the pilot or pilots in the subject port, including all interest accrued on such funds; and
2. Any amounts deposited which exceed the rates sustained in the committee’s final order shall be refunded, with the accrued interest, to those customers from whom the funds were collected. Any funds that are not refunded after diligent effort of the pilot or pilots to do so shall be disbursed by the pilot or pilots as the committee shall direct.
(5)(a) In determining whether the requested rate change will result in fair, just, and reasonable rates, the committee shall give primary consideration to the public interest in promoting and maintaining efficient, reliable, and safe piloting services.
(b) The committee shall also give consideration to the following factors:
1. The public interest in having qualified pilots available to respond promptly to vessels needing their service.
2. A determination of the average net income of pilots in the port, including the value of all benefits derived from service as a pilot. For the purposes of this subparagraph, “net income of pilots” refers to total pilotage fees collected in the port, minus reasonable operating expenses, divided by the number of licensed and active state pilots within the ports.
3. Reasonable operating expenses of pilots.
4. Pilotage rates in other ports.
5. The amount of time each pilot spends on actual piloting duty and the amount of time spent on other essential support services.
6. The prevailing compensation available to individuals in other maritime services of comparable professional skill and standing as that sought in pilots, it being recognized that in order to attract to the profession of piloting, and to hold the best and most qualified individuals as pilots, the overall compensation accorded pilots should be equal to or greater than that available to such individuals in comparable maritime employment.
7. The impact rate change may have in individual pilot compensation and whether such change will lead to a shortage of licensed state pilots, certificated deputy pilots, or qualified pilot applicants.
8. Projected changes in vessel traffic.
9. Cost of retirement and medical plans.
10. Physical risks inherent in piloting.
11. Special characteristics, dangers, and risks of the particular port.
12. Any other factors the committee deems relevant in determining a just and reasonable rate.
(c) The committee may take into consideration the consumer price index or any other comparable economic indicator when fixing rates of pilotage; however, because the consumer price index or such other comparable economic indicator is primarily related to net income rather than rates, the committee shall not use it as the sole factor in fixing rates of pilotage.
(6) The committee shall fix rates of pilotage pursuant to this section based upon the following vessel characteristics:
(a) Length.
(b) Beam.
(c) Net tonnage, gross tonnage, or dead weight tonnage.
(d) Freeboard or height above the waterline.
(e) Draft or molded depth.
(f) Any combination of the vessel characteristics listed in this subsection or any other relevant vessel characteristic or characteristics.
(7) The decisions of the committee regarding rates are not appealable to the board.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; ss. 14, 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; s. 6, ch. 83-329; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 351, ch. 94-119; s. 65, ch. 96-410; s. 59, ch. 98-200; s. 3, ch. 2000-356; s. 5, ch. 2010-225.
310.161 Piloting without a license; penalties.
(1) Any individual who is not a licensed state pilot or a certificated deputy pilot, and who directs the movement of a vessel on which a licensed state pilot or certificated deputy pilot is required is guilty of piloting without a license. Any person piloting without a license is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) In addition to, or in lieu of, the penalty provided in subsection (1), the department may seek the imposition of a civil penalty through the circuit court. The civil penalty shall be not less than $500 and not more than $5,000 for each offense. The court shall also award to the prevailing party court costs and reasonable attorney fees and, in the event the department prevails, may also award reasonable costs of investigation.
(3) The vessel and its owner shall be obligated to pay to the licensed state pilots at the port where the violation of subsection (1) occurred, the pilotage rate which would otherwise have been applicable, and, if the pilots in said port must resort to legal action to obtain a judgment therefor, the court shall also award to the prevailing party court costs and reasonable attorney fees.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 8, ch. 90-54; s. 6, ch. 90-144; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
310.171 Pilots may incorporate themselves.Any one or more licensed state pilots may incorporate in the manner provided under chapter 607 or chapter 621.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 16, ch. 78-140; s. 3, ch. 79-9; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
310.181 Corporate powers.All the rights, powers, and liabilities conferred or imposed by the laws of Florida relating to corporations for profit organized under chapter 607 or under chapter 608 before January 1, 1976, or to corporations organized under chapter 621 shall apply to corporations organized pursuant to s. 310.171.
History.s. 2, ch. 75-201; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 16, ch. 78-140; s. 2, ch. 81-318; s. 23, ch. 83-216; ss. 2, 3, ch. 84-185; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
310.183 Immediate inactivation of license or certificate for certain violations; rules.
(1) The department shall issue an emergency order placing on inactive status, for a period not to exceed 15 days, the license of any pilot or certificate of any deputy pilot who, while providing piloting services, is involved in a marine incident that results in the death of a human or, as determined by rule of the board, substantial physical injury to a human or significant property or environmental damage, unless the department determines that the incident is clearly not the result of the actions of the pilot or deputy pilot.
(2) No later than January 1, 1995, the board shall adopt rules to administer the provisions of this section and shall have continuing authority to amend any such rules it has adopted by that deadline. However, if the board fails to adopt such rules by that deadline, the department shall have exclusive authority to adopt such rules.
History.s. 353, ch. 94-119.
310.185 Rulemaking.
(1) The board has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement the provisions of this chapter.
(2) The secretary of the department is deemed to be a person substantially affected by a rule or proposed rule for the purpose of seeking an administrative determination of the invalidity of such rule or proposed rule. The secretary may seek such administrative determination of the invalidity of any rule or proposed rule on the ground that it is an invalid exercise of delegated legislative authority or an undue restriction of competition, pursuant to chapter 120.
History.s. 12, ch. 81-302; ss. 10, 11, ch. 86-280; s. 2, ch. 89-262; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 354, ch. 94-119; s. 60, ch. 98-200.