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2013 Florida Statutes

SECTION 4081
Restrictions on assignment of promissory notes, health-care-insurance receivables, and certain general intangibles ineffective.
F.S. 679.4081
1679.4081 Restrictions on assignment of promissory notes, health-care-insurance receivables, and certain general intangibles ineffective.
(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), a term in a promissory note or in an agreement between an account debtor and a debtor which relates to a health-care-insurance receivable or a general intangible, including a contract, permit, license, or franchise, and which term prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor to, the assignment or transfer of, or creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest in, the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible, is ineffective to the extent that the term:
(a) Would impair the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest; or
(b) Provides that the assignment or transfer or the creation, attachment, or perfection of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible.
(2) Subsection (1) applies to a security interest in a payment intangible or promissory note only if the security interest arises out of a sale of the payment intangible or promissory note, other than a sale pursuant to a disposition under s. 679.610 or an acceptance of collateral under s. 679.620.
(3) A rule of law, statute, or regulation that prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of a government, governmental body or official, person obligated on a promissory note, or account debtor to the assignment or transfer of, or creation of a security interest in, a promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible, including a contract, permit, license, or franchise between an account debtor and a debtor, is ineffective to the extent that the rule of law, statute, or regulation:
(a) Would impair the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest; or
(b) Provides that the assignment or transfer or the creation, attachment, or perfection of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible.
(4) To the extent that a term in a promissory note or in an agreement between an account debtor and a debtor which relates to a health-care-insurance receivable or general intangible or a rule of law, statute, or regulation described in subsection (3) would be effective under law other than this chapter but is ineffective under subsection (1) or subsection (3), the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest in the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible:
(a) Is not enforceable against the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor;
(b) Does not impose a duty or obligation on the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor;
(c) Does not require the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor to recognize the security interest, pay or render performance to the secured party, or accept payment or performance from the secured party;
(d) Does not entitle the secured party to use or assign the debtor’s rights under the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible, including any related information or materials furnished to the debtor in the transaction giving rise to the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible;
(e) Does not entitle the secured party to use, assign, possess, or have access to any trade secrets or confidential information of the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor; and
(f) Does not entitle the secured party to enforce the security interest in the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible.
(5) This section prevails over any inconsistent statute, rule, or regulation.
(6) Subsections (1) and (3) do not apply to the creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of a security interest in:
(a) A claim or right to receive compensation for injuries or sickness as described in 26 U.S.C. s. 104(a)(1) or (2).
(b) A claim or right to receive benefits under a special needs trust as described in 42 U.S.C. s. 1396p(d)(4).
(c) The interest of a debtor who is a natural person in reemployment assistance or unemployment, alimony, disability, pension, or retirement benefits or victim compensation funds.
(d) The interest of a debtor who is a natural person in other benefits which are designated solely for his or her maintenance, support, or education, the assignability of which is expressly prohibited or restricted by statute.
(7) Subsections (1), (3), and (6) apply only to a security interest created after January 1, 2002.
History.s. 4, ch. 2001-198; s. 80, ch. 2012-30; s. 9, ch. 2012-59.
1Note.Section 30, ch. 2001-198, provides that “[n]othing contained in s. 679.4061, Florida Statutes, or s. 679.4081, Florida Statutes, as created by this act, shall supersede the provisions of SB 108 or HB 767, relating to structured settlements, if Senate Bill 108 or House Bill 767 becomes a law.” Senate Bill 108 became ch. 2001-207. House Bill 767 did not pass.