Florida Senate - 2011 COMMITTEE AMENDMENT Bill No. SB 1206 Barcode 528852 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House Comm: RCS . 03/28/2011 . . . . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— The Committee on Criminal Justice (Dean) recommended the following: 1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment) 2 3 Delete everything after the enacting clause 4 and insert: 5 Section 1. Eyewitness identification.— 6 (1) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the 7 “Eyewitness Identification Reform Act.” 8 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term: 9 (a) “Eyewitness” means a person whose identification by 10 sight of another person may be relevant in a criminal 11 proceeding. 12 (b) “Filler” means a person or a photograph of a person who 13 is not suspected of an offense but is included in a lineup. 14 (c) “Independent administrator” means a person who is not 15 participating in the investigation of a criminal offense and is 16 unaware of which person in the lineup is the suspect. 17 (d) “Lineup” means a photo lineup or live lineup. 18 (e) “Lineup administrator” means the person who conducts a 19 lineup. 20 (f) “Live lineup” means a procedure in which a group of 21 people is displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of 22 determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the 23 perpetrator of a crime. 24 (g) “Photo lineup” means a procedure in which an array of 25 photographs is displayed to an eyewitness for the purpose of 26 determining if the eyewitness is able to identify the 27 perpetrator of a crime. 28 (3) EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION PROCEDURES.—Lineups conducted 29 in this state by state, county, municipal, and other law 30 enforcement agencies must meet all of the following 31 requirements: 32 (a) A lineup must be conducted by an independent 33 administrator. 34 (b) Before a lineup, the eyewitness shall be instructed 35 that: 36 1. The perpetrator might or might not be in the lineup; 37 2. The lineup administrator does not know the suspect’s 38 identity; 39 3. The eyewitness should not feel compelled to make an 40 identification; 41 4. It is as important to exclude innocent persons as it is 42 to identify the perpetrator; and 43 5. The investigation will continue with or without an 44 identification. 45 46 The eyewitness shall acknowledge, in writing, having received a 47 copy of the lineup instructions. If the eyewitness refuses to 48 sign a document acknowledging receipt of the instructions, the 49 lineup administrator shall document the refusal of the 50 eyewitness to sign the writing and then sign the acknowledgement 51 himself or herself. 52 (4) REMEDIES.—All of the following remedies are available 53 as consequence of a person not complying with the requirements 54 of this section: 55 (a)1. A failure on the part of a person to comply with any 56 requirement of this section shall be considered by the court 57 when adjudicating motions to suppress eyewitness identification. 58 2. A failure on the part of a person to comply with any 59 requirement of this section is admissible in support of claims 60 of eyewitness misidentification, as long as such evidence is 61 otherwise admissible. 62 (b) When evidence of compliance or noncompliance with the 63 requirements of this section has been presented at trial, the 64 jury shall be instructed that it may consider credible evidence 65 of compliance or noncompliance to determine the reliability of 66 eyewitness identifications. 67 (5) EDUCATION AND TRAINING.—The Criminal Justice Standards 68 and Training Commission, in consultation with the Department of 69 Law Enforcement, shall create educational materials and conduct 70 training programs on how to conduct lineups in compliance with 71 this section. 72 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2011. 73 74 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 75 And the title is amended as follows: 76 Delete everything before the enacting clause 77 and insert: 78 A bill to be entitled 79 An act relating to eyewitness identification; 80 providing a short title; defining terms; requiring 81 state, county, municipal, and other law enforcement 82 agencies that conduct lineups to follow certain 83 specified procedures; requiring the eyewitness to sign 84 an acknowledgement that he or she received the 85 instructions about the lineup procedures from the law 86 enforcement agency; specifying remedies for failing to 87 adhere to the eyewitness identification procedures; 88 requiring the Criminal Justice Standards and Training 89 Commission to create educational materials and conduct 90 training programs on how to conduct lineups in 91 compliance with the act; providing an effective date.