Florida Senate - 2011 (PROPOSED COMMITTEE BILL) SPB 7066 FOR CONSIDERATION By the Committee on Judiciary 590-01173A-11 20117066__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to unauthorized aliens; directing the 3 Division of Statutory Revision to designate specified 4 new statutory sections as part III of ch. 448, F.S., 5 and name the part “Unauthorized Aliens”; creating s. 6 448.30, F.S.; defining terms; creating s. 448.31, 7 F.S.; requiring every employer to use the federal 8 program for electronic verification of employment 9 eligibility in order to verify the employment 10 eligibility of each employee hired on or after a 11 specified date; requiring the Attorney General to 12 request from the Department of Homeland Security a 13 list of employers who are registered with the E-Verify 14 Program and to post that list to the Attorney 15 General’s website; providing that an employer who does 16 not use the program to verify the employment 17 eligibility of the employee is subject to loss of its 18 license to do business in this state; providing that 19 an employer who terminates an employee under certain 20 conditions is not liable for wrongful termination; 21 providing legislative intent for law enforcement and 22 criminal justice agencies to coordinate with the 23 Federal Government on the identification of 24 unauthorized immigrants and enforcement of immigration 25 laws; directing the Department of Corrections and the 26 Department of Law Enforcement to pursue and maintain 27 agreements with the United States Department of 28 Homeland Security for the training of certain 29 personnel related to the enforcement of immigration 30 laws; requiring reports on activity under the 31 agreements; directing sheriffs to evaluate the 32 feasibility of entering into such agreements; 33 directing arresting agencies to make reasonable 34 efforts to determine whether arrestees are present in 35 the United States lawfully; requiring the Department 36 of Law Enforcement to enter into and maintain an 37 agreement with the United States Department of 38 Homeland Security for checking fingerprints of 39 arrestees against federal databases to determine 40 immigration status; providing for a presumption as to 41 risk of flight in order to avoid prosecution; creating 42 s. 945.80, F.S.; requiring the Department of 43 Corrections to release nonviolent inmates to the 44 custody of the United States Immigration and Customs 45 Enforcement under certain circumstances; requiring the 46 department to identify inmates who are eligible for 47 removal and deportation; establishing certain 48 procedures for the transfer of an inmate to federal 49 custody; providing for a released inmate to serve the 50 remainder of his or her sentence upon unlawfully 51 returning to the United States; authorizing the 52 secretary of the department to enter into an agreement 53 with the Department of Homeland Security regarding the 54 rapid repatriation of removable custodial aliens; 55 requiring the department to compile statistics; 56 providing for applicability; providing legislative 57 findings related to costs incurred by the state from 58 unauthorized immigration; requiring the Agency for 59 Workforce Innovation to prepare a report quantifying 60 the costs; requiring the director of the agency to 61 submit to the Federal Government a request for 62 reimbursement of the costs or a reduction in moneys 63 owed to the Federal Government as a result of 64 borrowing to fund unemployment compensation claims; 65 providing an effective date. 66 67 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 68 69 Section 1. The Division of Statutory Revision shall 70 designate ss. 448.30 and 448.31, Florida Statutes, as created by 71 this act, as part III of chapter 448, Florida Statutes, titled 72 “UNAUTHORIZED ALIENS.” 73 Section 2. Section 448.30, Florida Statutes, is created to 74 read: 75 448.30 Definitions.—As used in this part, the term: 76 (1) “Agency” means a department, board, bureau, district, 77 commission, authority, or other similar body of this state or a 78 county, municipality, special district, or other political 79 subdivision of this state which issues a license for purposes of 80 operating a business in this state or in any jurisdiction within 81 this state. 82 (2) “Employee” means any person, other than an independent 83 contractor, who, for consideration, provides labor or services 84 to an employer in this state. 85 (3) “Employer” means a person or agency that employs one or 86 more employees in this state. In the case of an independent 87 contractor, the term means the independent contractor and does 88 not mean the person or agency that uses the contract labor. 89 (4) “E-Verify Program” means the program for electronic 90 verification of employment eligibility which is operated by the 91 United States Department of Homeland Security, or any successor 92 program. 93 (5) “Independent contractor” means a person that carries on 94 an independent business, contracts to do a piece of work 95 according to its own means and methods, and is subject to 96 control only as to results. 97 (6) “License” means any license, permit, certificate, 98 approval, registration, charter, or similar form of 99 authorization that is required by law and issued by any agency 100 for the purpose of operating a business in this state. The term 101 includes, but is not limited to, articles of incorporation, a 102 certificate of partnership, a partnership registration, articles 103 of organization, and a transaction privilege tax license. 104 (7) “Unauthorized alien” has the same meaning as provided 105 in 8 U.S.C. s. 1324a(h)(3). 106 Section 3. Section 448.31, Florida Statutes, is created to 107 read: 108 448.31 Verification of employment eligibility.— 109 (1) An employer who hires a new employee on or after 110 January 1, 2012, shall: 111 (a) Register with the E-Verify Program; 112 (b) Upon acceptance on or after that date of an offer of 113 employment by the new employee, verify the employment 114 eligibility of the employee through, and in accordance with the 115 requirements of, the E-Verify Program; and 116 (c) Maintain a record of the verification for 3 years or 117 the duration of the employment of the employee, whichever is 118 longer. 119 (2) The Attorney General shall quarterly request from the 120 United States Department of Homeland Security a list of 121 employers in this state who are registered with the E-Verify 122 Program. The Attorney General shall make the list available on 123 the website for the Office of the Attorney General. 124 (3) An employer who fails to comply with subsection (1) is 125 subject to the suspension of any license held by the employer 126 through the period of noncompliance. The suspension of a license 127 pursuant to this subsection must comply with the provisions of 128 s. 120.60(5). 129 (4) An employer who terminates an employee in accordance 130 with federal regulations upon a final determination of 131 ineligibility for employment through the E-Verify Program is not 132 liable for wrongful termination. 133 Section 4. Law enforcement and criminal justice agency 134 coordination with Federal Government on unauthorized 135 immigration.— 136 (1) LEGISLATIVE INTENT.—It is the intent of the Legislature 137 that law enforcement and criminal justice agencies in this state 138 work cooperatively with the Federal Government in the 139 identification of unauthorized immigrants and the enforcement of 140 state and federal immigration laws. It further is the intent of 141 the Legislature to maximize opportunities to transfer 142 responsibility for the custody and detention of unauthorized 143 immigrants who are accused or convicted of crimes from state and 144 local governments to the Federal Government in order to ensure 145 the safety of the residents of this state and to reduce costs to 146 the criminal justice system, while also protecting the due 147 process rights of individuals accused or convicted of crimes. 148 (2) DELEGATED ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY.— 149 (a)1. The Department of Corrections shall request from the 150 United States Department of Homeland Security approval to enter 151 into a memorandum of agreement to have employees or contractors 152 of the Department of Corrections trained by the Department of 153 Homeland Security as jail enforcement officers under s. 287(g) 154 of the federal Immigration and Nationality Act. The Department 155 of Corrections shall take all actions necessary to maintain the 156 agreement. 157 2. The Department of Corrections shall report by November 158 1, 2011, to the Governor, the President of the Senate, and the 159 Speaker of the House of Representatives on the status of 160 implementation of this subsection. If the department has not 161 entered into a memorandum of agreement with the Department of 162 Homeland Security by that date, the department shall identify in 163 the report any barriers to full implementation of this 164 subsection. 165 3. By February 1 of each year, the Department of 166 Corrections shall report to the Governor, the President of the 167 Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives on the 168 enforcement activities conducted under this subsection, 169 including, but not limited to, the number of inmates identified 170 as being unauthorized immigrants, placed in federal custody, or 171 deported. 172 (b)1. The Department of Law Enforcement shall request from 173 the United States Department of Homeland Security approval to 174 enter into a memorandum of agreement to have employees of the 175 Department of Law Enforcement trained by the Department of 176 Homeland Security as task force officers under s. 287(g) of the 177 federal Immigration and Nationality Act. The Department of Law 178 Enforcement shall take all actions necessary to maintain the 179 agreement. 180 2. By February 1 of each year, the Department of Law 181 Enforcement shall report to the Governor, the President of the 182 Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives on the 183 enforcement activities conducted under this subsection. 184 (c) The sheriff of each county shall evaluate the 185 feasibility of entering into a memorandum of agreement with the 186 United States Department of Homeland Security to have employees 187 of the sheriff trained by the Department of Homeland Security as 188 jail enforcement officers or task force officers under s. 287(g) 189 of the federal Immigration and Nationality Act. The Department 190 of Law Enforcement, upon request by a sheriff, shall assist the 191 sheriff with the feasibility evaluation. If the sheriff 192 determines that entering into an agreement is feasible, the 193 sheriff shall make a request for an agreement to the Department 194 of Homeland Security. 195 (3) IDENTIFICATION UPON ARRREST.— 196 (a) When a person is confined in a jail, prison, or other 197 criminal detention facility for a period of time, the arresting 198 agency shall make a reasonable effort to determine the 199 nationality of the person and whether the person is present in 200 the United States lawfully, including, but not limited to, 201 participating in the submission of fingerprints pursuant to the 202 agreement under paragraph (b). If the arresting agency 203 establishes, independent of the submission of fingerprints, that 204 the person is not lawfully present in the United States, the 205 agency shall notify the United States Department of Homeland 206 Security. 207 (b) The Department of Law Enforcement shall enter into, and 208 take all actions necessary to maintain, a memorandum of 209 agreement with the Department of Homeland Security to implement 210 a program through which fingerprints submitted by local law 211 enforcement agencies during the arrest and booking process are 212 checked against federal databases in order to assess the 213 immigration status of individuals in custody. 214 (c) This subsection may not be construed to deny a person 215 bond or to prevent release of a person from confinement if the 216 person is otherwise eligible for release. However, for the 217 purpose of the bail determination required by s. 903.046, 218 Florida Statutes, a determination that the person is not present 219 in the United States lawfully raises a presumption that there is 220 a risk of flight to avoid prosecution. 221 Section 5. Section 945.80, Florida Statutes, is created to 222 read: 223 945.80 Removal and deportation of criminal aliens.— 224 (1) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, and pursuant 225 to s. 241(a)(4)(B)(ii) of the federal Immigration and 226 Nationality Act, the secretary of the department shall release a 227 prisoner to the custody and control of the United States 228 Immigration and Customs Enforcement if: 229 (a) The prisoner was convicted of a nonviolent offense; 230 (b) The department has received a final order of removal 231 for the prisoner from the United States Immigration and Customs 232 Enforcement; and 233 (c) The secretary determines that removal is appropriate 234 and in the best interest of the state. 235 236 A person is ineligible for release under this section if he or 237 she would be ineligible for control release under s. 238 947.146(3)(a) or (3)(c)-(m). 239 (2)(a) The department shall identify, during the inmate 240 reception process and among the existing inmate population, 241 prisoners who are eligible for removal under this section and 242 determine whether removal is appropriate and in the best 243 interest of the state. 244 (b) The department shall coordinate with federal 245 authorities to determine the eligibility of a prisoner for 246 removal and to obtain a final order of removal. 247 (3) Upon approval for removal of the prisoner under this 248 section, the department shall establish a release date for the 249 prisoner to be transferred to federal custody. The department 250 shall maintain exclusive control of and responsibility for the 251 custody and transportation of the prisoner until the prisoner is 252 physically transferred to federal custody. 253 (4)(a) If a prisoner who is released under this section 254 returns unlawfully to the United States, upon notice from any 255 state or federal law enforcement agency that the prisoner is 256 incarcerated, the secretary shall revoke the release of the 257 prisoner and seek the return of the prisoner to the custody of 258 the department in order to serve the remainder of the sentence 259 imposed by the court. The prisoner is not eligible for probation 260 or community control with respect to any sentence affected by 261 the release under this section. 262 (b) The department shall notify each prisoner who is 263 eligible for removal of the provisions of this subsection. 264 (5) The secretary of the department may enter into an 265 agreement with the United States Department of Homeland Security 266 regarding the rapid repatriation of removable custodial aliens 267 from the United States pursuant to this section. 268 (6) The department shall compile statistics on 269 implementation of this section, including, but not limited to: 270 (a) The number of prisoners who are transferred to federal 271 custody; 272 (b) The number of prisoners who reenter the United States; 273 and 274 (c) The annual cost-avoidance achieved. 275 (7) To the extent practicable, this section applies to all 276 prisoners actually in confinement on, and all prisoners taken 277 into confinement after, July 1, 2011. 278 Section 6. (1) The Legislature finds that unauthorized 279 immigration contributes directly and indirectly to substantial 280 costs to the state in policy areas, including, but not limited 281 to, law enforcement, criminal justice, labor and employment, 282 education, health care, and human services. The Legislature 283 further finds that unauthorized immigration and the costs 284 attributable to it are placing a burden on the limited fiscal 285 and human resources of the state and are impairing the economic 286 recovery of the state. Additionally, the Legislature finds that 287 the costs related to unauthorized immigration are exacerbated by 288 the failure of the Federal Government to enforce immigration 289 laws adequately and to adopt and implement comprehensive reforms 290 to immigration laws in order to control and contain unauthorized 291 immigration more effectively. 292 (2)(a) The Agency for Workforce Innovation, in consultation 293 with the Office of Economic and Demographic Research, shall 294 prepare a report by December 1, 2011, quantifying the costs to 295 the state which are attributable to unauthorized immigration. 296 The agency shall submit the report to the Governor, the 297 President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of 298 Representatives by that date. 299 (b) Before January 1, 2012, the director of the Agency for 300 Workforce Innovation shall, in consultation with the Office of 301 the Governor, submit to the appropriate federal agency or 302 official a request, based on the total costs quantified under 303 paragraph (a), for reimbursement to the state of those costs or 304 a corresponding reduction in or forgiveness of any debt, 305 interest payments, or other moneys owed by the state to the 306 Federal Government as a result of borrowing from the Federal 307 Government to fund unemployment compensation claims. 308 Section 7. This act shall take effect July 1, 2011.