Florida Senate - 2012 CS for SB 1516
By the Committee on Children, Families, and Elder Affairs; and
Senators Negron and Garcia
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to the Agency for Persons with
3 Disabilities; amending s. 393.062, F.S.; providing
4 additional legislative findings relating to the
5 provision of services for individuals who have
6 developmental disabilities; reordering and amending s.
7 393.063, F.S.; revising definitions and providing new
8 definitions for “adult day services,” “nonwaiver
9 resources,” and “waiver”; amending s. 393.065, F.S.;
10 clarifying provisions relating to eligibility
11 requirements based on citizenship and state residency;
12 amending s. 393.066, F.S.; revising provisions
13 relating to community services and treatment;
14 requiring the agency to promote partnerships and
15 collaborative efforts to enhance the availability of
16 nonwaiver services; revising an express list of
17 services; deleting a requirement that the agency
18 promote day habilitation services for certain clients;
19 amending s. 393.0661, F.S.; revising provisions
20 relating to eligibility under the Medicaid waiver
21 redesign; providing that final tier eligibility be
22 determined at the time a waiver slot and funding are
23 available; providing criteria for moving a client
24 between tiers; deleting a cap on tier one expenditures
25 for certain clients; authorizing the agency and the
26 Agency for Health Care Administration to adopt rules;
27 deleting certain directions relating to the adjustment
28 of a client’s cost plan; providing criteria for
29 reviewing Medicaid waiver provider agreements for
30 support coordinator services; deleting obsolete
31 provisions; amending s. 393.0662, F.S.; providing
32 criteria for calculating a client’s initial iBudget;
33 deleting obsolete provisions; amending s. 393.067,
34 F.S.; providing that facilities that are accredited by
35 certain organizations must be inspected and reviewed
36 by the agency every 2 years; providing agency criteria
37 for monitoring licensees; amending s. 393.068, F.S.;
38 conforming a cross-reference; amending s. 393.11,
39 F.S.; clarifying eligibility for involuntary admission
40 to residential services; amending s. 393.125, F.S.;
41 requiring the Department of Children and Family
42 Services to submit its hearing recommendations to the
43 agency; amending s. 393.23, F.S.; providing that
44 receipts from the operation of canteens, vending
45 machines, and other activities may be used to pay
46 client wages at sheltered workshops; amending s.
47 409.906, F.S.; providing limitations on the amount of
48 cost sharing which may be required of parents for home
49 and community-based services provided to their minor
50 children; authorizing the adoption of rules relating
51 to cost sharing; amending s. 514.072, F.S.; conforming
52 a cross-reference; deleting an obsolete provision;
53 providing an effective date.
55 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
57 Section 1. Section 393.062, Florida Statutes, is amended to
59 393.062 Legislative findings and declaration of intent.—
60 (1) The Legislature finds
and declares that existing state
61 programs for the treatment of individuals with developmental
62 disabilities, which often unnecessarily place clients in
63 institutions, are unreasonably costly, are ineffective in
64 bringing the individual client to his or her maximum potential,
65 and are in fact debilitating to many clients. A redirection in
66 state treatment programs for individuals with developmental
67 disabilities is therefore necessary if any significant
68 amelioration of the problems faced by such individuals is ever
69 to take place. Such redirection should place primary emphasis on
70 programs that prevent or reduce the severity of developmental
71 disabilities. Further, the greatest priority should shall be
72 given to the development and implementation of community-based
73 services that will enable individuals with developmental
74 disabilities to achieve their greatest potential for independent
75 and productive living, enable them to live in their own homes or
76 in residences located in their own communities, and to permit
77 them to be diverted or removed from unnecessary institutional
78 placements. This goal cannot be met without ensuring the
79 availability of community residential opportunities in the
80 residential areas of this state. The Legislature, therefore,
81 declares that individuals all persons with developmental
82 disabilities who live in licensed community homes shall have a
83 family living environment comparable to that of other state
84 residents Floridians and that such homes must residences shall
85 be considered and treated as a functional equivalent of a family
86 unit and not as an institution, business, or boarding home. The
87 Legislature further declares that , in developing community-based
88 programs and services for individuals with developmental
89 disabilities, private businesses, not-for-profit corporations,
90 units of local government, and other organizations capable of
91 providing needed services to clients in a cost-efficient manner
92 shall be given preference in lieu of operation of programs
93 directly by state agencies. Finally, it is the intent of the
94 Legislature that all caretakers who are unrelated to individuals
95 with developmental disabilities receiving care shall be of good
96 moral character.
97 (2) The Legislature finds that in order to maximize the
98 delivery of services to individuals in the community who have
99 developmental disabilities and remain within appropriated funds,
100 service delivery must blend natural supports, community
101 resources, and state funds. The Legislature also finds that,
102 given the traditional role of state government to ensure the
103 health, safety, and welfare of state residents, state funds,
104 including waiver funds, appropriated to the agency must be
105 reserved and prioritized for those services needed to ensure the
106 health and safety of individuals with disabilities, and that
107 supplemental programs and other services be supported through
108 natural supports and community resources. To achieve this goal,
109 the Legislature intends that the agency implement policies and
110 procedures that establish the Medicaid waiver as the payor of
111 last resort for home and community-based programs and services,
112 and promote partnerships with community resources, including,
113 but not limited to, families, volunteers, nonprofit agencies,
114 foundations, places of worship, schools, community organizations
115 and clubs, businesses, local governments, and federal and state
116 agencies to provide supplemental programs and services. Further,
117 it is the intent of the Legislature that the agency develop
118 sound fiscal strategies that allow the agency to predict,
119 control, manage, and operate within available funding as
120 provided in the General Appropriations Act in order to ensure
121 that state funds are available for health and safety needs and
122 to maximize the number of clients served. It is further the
123 intent of the Legislature that the agency provide services for
124 clients residing in developmental disability centers which
125 promote the individual’s life, health, and safety and enhance
126 their quality of life. Finally, it is the intent of the
127 Legislature that the agency continue the tradition of involving
128 families, stakeholders, and other interested parties as it
129 recasts its role to become a collaborative partner in the larger
130 context of family and community-supported services while
131 developing new opportunities and supports for individuals with
132 developmental disabilities.
133 Section 2. Section 393.063, Florida Statutes, is reordered
134 and amended to read:
135 393.063 Definitions.—As used in For the purposes of this
136 chapter, the term:
137 (1) “Agency” means the Agency for Persons with
139 (2) “Adult day services” means services that are provided
140 in a nonresidential setting, separate from the home or facility
141 in which the client resides, unless the client resides in a
142 planned residential community as defined in s. 419.001(1); that
143 are intended to support the participation of clients in daily,
144 meaningful, and valued routines of the community; and that may
145 provide social activities.
146 (3) (2) “Adult day training” means training services that
147 which take place in a nonresidential setting, separate from the
148 home or facility in which the client resides, unless the client
149 resides in a planned residential community as defined in s.
150 419.001(1)(d); are intended to support the participation of
151 clients in daily, meaningful, and valued routines of the
152 community; and may include work-like settings that do not meet
153 the definition of supported employment.
154 (4) (3) “Autism” means a pervasive, neurologically based
155 developmental disability of extended duration which causes
156 severe learning, communication, and behavior disorders and which
157 has an with age of onset during infancy or childhood.
158 Individuals who have with autism exhibit impairment in
159 reciprocal social interaction, impairment in verbal and
160 nonverbal communication and imaginative ability, and a markedly
161 restricted repertoire of activities and interests.
162 (5) (4) “Cerebral palsy” means a group of disabling symptoms
163 of extended duration which results from damage to the developing
164 brain which that may occur before, during, or after birth and
165 which that results in the loss or impairment of control over
166 voluntary muscles. The term For the purposes of this definition,
167 cerebral palsy does not include those symptoms or impairments
168 resulting solely from a stroke.
169 (6) (5) “Client” means an individual any person determined
170 eligible by the agency for services under this chapter.
171 (7) (6) “Client advocate” means a friend or relative of the
172 client, or of the client’s immediate family, who advocates for
173 the best interests of the client in any proceedings under this
174 chapter in which the client or his or her family has the right
175 or duty to participate.
176 (8) (7) “Comprehensive assessment” means the process used to
177 determine eligibility for services under this chapter.
178 (9) (8) “Comprehensive transitional education program” means
179 the program established under in s. 393.18.
180 (11) (9) “Developmental disability” means a disorder or
181 syndrome that is attributable to retardation, cerebral palsy,
182 autism, spina bifida, Down syndrome, or Prader-Willi syndrome;
183 that manifests before the age of 18; and that constitutes a
184 substantial handicap that can reasonably be expected to continue
186 (10) “Developmental disabilities center” means a state
187 owned and state-operated facility, formerly known as a “Sunland
188 Center,” providing for the care, habilitation, and
189 rehabilitation of clients who have with developmental
191 (12) (11) “Direct service provider” means a person, 18 years
192 of age or older, who has direct face-to-face contact with a
193 client while providing services to that the client or who has
194 access to a client’s living areas or to a client’s funds or
195 personal property.
196 (12) “Domicile” means the place where a client legally
197 resides, which place is his or her permanent home. Domicile may
198 be established as provided in s. 222.17 . Domicile may not be
199 established in Florida by a minor who has no parent domiciled in
200 Florida, or by a minor who has no legal guardian domiciled in
201 Florida, or by any alien not classified as a resident alien.
202 (13) “Down syndrome” means a disorder caused by the
203 presence of an extra copy of chromosome 21.
204 (14) “Express and informed consent” means consent
205 voluntarily given in writing with sufficient knowledge and
206 comprehension of the subject matter to enable the person giving
207 consent to make a knowing decision without any element of force,
208 fraud, deceit, duress, or other form of constraint or coercion.
209 (15) “Family care program” means the program established
210 under in s. 393.068.
211 (16) “Foster care facility” means a residential facility
212 licensed under this chapter which provides a family living
213 environment and includes including supervision and care
214 necessary to meet the physical, emotional, and social needs of
215 its residents. The capacity of such a facility may not be more
216 than three residents.
217 (17) “Group home facility” means a residential facility
218 licensed under this chapter which provides a family living
219 environment and includes including supervision and care
220 necessary to meet the physical, emotional, and social needs of
221 its residents. The capacity of such a facility must shall be at
222 least four 4 but not more than 15 residents.
223 (18) “Guardian advocate” means a person appointed by a
224 written order of the court to represent an individual who has a
225 person wit h developmental disabilities under s. 393.12.
226 (19) “Habilitation” means the process by which a client is
227 assisted to acquire and maintain those life skills that which
228 enable the client to cope more effectively with the demands of
229 his or her condition and environment and to raise the level of
230 his or her physical, mental, and social efficiency. It includes,
231 but is not limited to, programs of formal structured education
232 and treatment.
233 (20) “High-risk child” means, for the purposes of this
234 chapter, a child from 3 to 5 years of age who has with one or
235 more of the following characteristics:
236 (a) A developmental delay in cognition, language, or
237 physical development.
238 (b) A child surviving a catastrophic infectious or
239 traumatic illness known to be associated with developmental
240 delay, if when funds are specifically appropriated.
241 (c) A child who has with a parent or guardian who has with
242 developmental disabilities and who requires assistance in
243 meeting the child’s developmental needs.
244 (d) A child who has a physical or genetic anomaly
245 associated with developmental disability.
246 (21) “Intermediate care facility for the developmentally
247 disabled” or “ICF/DD” means a residential facility licensed and
248 certified under pursuant to part VIII of chapter 400.
249 (22) “Medical/dental services” means medically necessary
250 services that which are provided or ordered for a client by a
251 person licensed under chapter 458, chapter 459, or chapter 466.
252 Such services may include, but are not limited to, prescription
253 drugs, specialized therapies, nursing supervision,
254 hospitalization, dietary services, prosthetic devices, surgery,
255 specialized equipment and supplies, adaptive equipment, and
256 other services as required to prevent or alleviate a medical or
257 dental condition.
258 (23) “Nonwaiver resources” means supports or services
259 obtainable through private insurance, the Medicaid state plan,
260 nonprofit organizations, charitable donations from private
261 businesses, other government programs, family, natural supports,
262 community resources, and any other source other than a waiver.
263 (24) (23) “Personal care services” means individual
264 assistance with or supervision of essential activities of daily
265 living for self-care, including ambulation, bathing, dressing,
266 eating, grooming, and toileting, and other similar services that
267 are incidental to the care furnished and are essential, and that
268 are provided in the amount, duration, frequency, intensity, and
269 scope determined by the agency to be necessary for the client’s
270 health and safety to the health, safety, and welfare of the
271 client when there is no one else available or able to perform
272 those services.
273 (25) (24) “Prader-Willi syndrome” means an inherited
274 condition typified by neonatal hypotonia with failure to thrive,
275 hyperphagia or an excessive drive to eat which leads to obesity
276 usually at 18 to 36 months of age, mild to moderate mental
277 retardation, hypogonadism, short stature, mild facial
278 dysmorphism, and a characteristic neurobehavior.
279 (26) (25) “Relative” means an individual who is connected by
280 affinity or consanguinity to the client and who is 18 years of
281 age or older.
282 (27) (26) “Resident” means an individual who has a ny person
283 wi th developmental disabilities and who resides residing at a
284 residential facility, whether or not such person is a client of
285 the agency.
286 (28) (27) “Residential facility” means a facility providing
287 room and board and personal care for an individual who has
288 persons wit h developmental disabilities.
289 (29) (28) “Residential habilitation” means supervision and
290 training in with the acquisition, retention, or improvement in
291 skills related to activities of daily living, such as personal
292 hygiene skills, homemaking skills, and the social and adaptive
293 skills necessary to enable the individual to reside in the
295 (30) (29) “Residential habilitation center” means a
296 community residential facility licensed under this chapter which
297 provides habilitation services. The capacity of such a facility
298 may shall not be fewer than nine residents. After October 1,
299 1989, new residential habilitation centers may not be licensed
300 and the licensed capacity for any existing residential
301 habilitation center may not be increased.
302 (31) (30) “Respite service” means appropriate, short-term,
303 temporary care that is provided to an individual who has a
304 person with developmental disabilities in order to meet the
305 planned or emergency needs of the individual person or the
306 family or other direct service provider.
307 (32) (31) “Restraint” means a physical device, method, or
308 drug used to control dangerous behavior.
309 (a) A physical restraint is any manual method or physical
310 or mechanical device, material, or equipment attached or
311 adjacent to the individual’s body so that he or she cannot
312 easily remove the restraint and which restricts freedom of
313 movement or normal access to one’s body.
314 (b) A drug used as a restraint is a medication used to
315 control the person’s behavior or to restrict his or her freedom
316 of movement and is not a standard treatment for the person’s
317 medical or psychiatric condition. Physically holding a person
318 during a procedure to forcibly administer psychotropic
319 medication is a physical restraint.
320 (c) Restraint does not include physical devices, such as
321 orthopedically prescribed appliances, surgical dressings and
322 bandages, supportive body bands, or other physical holding when
323 necessary for routine physical examinations and tests; for
324 purposes of orthopedic, surgical, or other similar medical
325 treatment; when used to provide support for the achievement of
326 functional body position or proper balance; or when used to
327 protect a person from falling out of bed.
328 (33) (32) “Retardation” means significantly subaverage
329 general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with
330 deficits in adaptive behavior which manifest that manifests
331 before the age of 18 and can reasonably be expected to continue
332 indefinitely. For the purposes of this definition, the term:
333 (a) “Significantly subaverage general intellectual
334 functioning ,” for the purpose of this definition, means
335 performance that which is two or more standard deviations from
336 the mean score on a standardized intelligence test specified in
337 the rules of the agency.
338 (b) “Adaptive behavior ,” for the purpose of this
339 definition, means the effectiveness or degree with which an
340 individual meets the standards of personal independence and
341 social responsibility expected of his or her age, cultural
342 group, and community.
343 (34) (33) “Seclusion” means the involuntary isolation of a
344 person in a room or area from which the person is prevented from
345 leaving. The prevention may be by physical barrier or by a staff
346 member who is acting in a manner, or who is physically situated,
347 so as to prevent the person from leaving the room or area. For
348 the purposes of this chapter, the term does not mean isolation
349 due to the medical condition or symptoms of the person.
350 (35) (34) “Self-determination” means an individual’s freedom
351 to exercise the same rights as all other citizens, authority to
352 exercise control over funds needed for one’s own support,
353 including prioritizing those these funds when necessary,
354 responsibility for the wise use of public funds, and self
355 advocacy to speak and advocate for oneself in order to gain
356 independence and ensure that individuals who have with a
357 developmental disability are treated equally.
358 (36) (35) “Specialized therapies” means those treatments or
359 activities prescribed by and provided by an appropriately
360 trained, licensed, or certified professional or staff person and
361 may include, but are not limited to, physical therapy, speech
362 therapy, respiratory therapy, occupational therapy, behavior
363 therapy, physical management services, and related specialized
364 equipment and supplies.
365 (37) (36) “Spina bifida” means , for purposes of this
366 chapter, a person with a medical diagnosis of spina bifida
367 cystica or myelomeningocele.
368 (38) (37) “Support coordinator” means a person who is
369 contracting with designated by the agency to assist clients
370 individuals and families in identifying their capacities, needs,
371 and resources, as well as finding and gaining access to
372 necessary supports and services; locating or developing
373 employment opportunities; coordinating the delivery of supports
374 and services; advocating on behalf of the client individual and
375 family; maintaining relevant records; and monitoring and
376 evaluating the delivery of supports and services to determine
377 the extent to which they meet the needs and expectations
378 identified by the client individual, family, and others who
379 participated in the development of the support plan.
380 (39) (38) “Supported employment” means employment located or
381 provided in an integrated work setting, with earnings paid on a
382 commensurate wage basis, and for which continued support is
383 needed for job maintenance.
384 (40) (39) “Supported living” means a category of
385 individually determined services designed and coordinated in
386 such a manner that provides as to provide assistance to adult
387 clients who require ongoing supports to live as independently as
388 possible in their own homes, to be integrated into the
389 community, and to participate in community life to the fullest
390 extent possible.
391 (41) (40) “Training” means a planned approach to assisting a
392 client to attain or maintain his or her maximum potential and
393 includes services ranging from sensory stimulation to
394 instruction in skills for independent living and employment.
395 (42) (41) “Treatment” means the prevention, amelioration, or
396 cure of a client’s physical and mental disabilities or
398 (43) “Waiver” means a federally approved Medicaid waiver
399 program, including, but not limited to, the Developmental
400 Disabilities Home and Community-Based Services Waivers Tiers 1
401 4, the Developmental Disabilities Individual Budget Waiver, and
402 the Consumer-Directed Care Plus Program, authorized pursuant to
403 s. 409.906 and administered by the agency to provide home and
404 community-based services to clients.
405 Section 3. Subsections (1) and (6) of section 393.065,
406 Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
407 393.065 Application and eligibility determination.—
408 (1) Application for services shall be made, in writing, to
409 the agency , in the service area in which the applicant resides.
410 The agency shall review each applicant for eligibility within 45
411 days after the date the application is signed for children under
412 6 years of age and within 60 days after the date the application
413 is signed for all other applicants. If When necessary to
414 definitively identify individual conditions or needs, the agency
415 shall provide a comprehensive assessment. Eligibility is limited
416 to United States citizens and to qualified noncitizens who meet
417 the criteria provided in s. 414.095(3), and who have established
418 domicile in Florida pursuant to s. 222.17 or are otherwise
419 determined to be legal residents of this state. Only applicants
420 whose domicile is in Florida are eligible for services.
421 Information accumulated by other agencies, including
422 professional reports and collateral data, shall be considered if
423 in this process wh en available.
424 (6) The client, the client’s guardian, or the client’s
425 family must ensure that accurate, up-to-date contact information
426 is provided to the agency at all times. The agency shall remove
427 from the wait list an any individual who cannot be located using
428 the contact information provided to the agency, fails to meet
429 eligibility requirements, or no longer qualifies as a legal
430 resident of this state becomes domiciled outside the state.
431 Section 4. Section 393.066, Florida Statutes, is amended to
433 393.066 Community services and treatment.—
434 (1) The agency shall plan, develop, organize, and implement
435 its programs of services and treatment for individuals who have
436 persons wit h developmental disabilities in order to assist them
437 in living allow clients to live as independently as possible in
438 their own homes or communities and avoid institutionalization
439 and to achieve productive lives as close to normal as possible.
440 All elements of community-based services shall be made
441 available, and eligibility for these services shall be
442 consistent across the state.
443 (2) All Services that are not available through nonwaiver
444 resources or not donated needed shall be purchased instead of
445 provided directly by the agency if , whe n such arrangement is
446 more cost-efficient than having those services provided
447 directly. All purchased services must be approved by the agency.
448 Authorization for such services is dependent on the availability
449 of agency funding.
450 (3) Community C ommunity-based services that are medically
451 necessary to prevent client institutionalization must be
452 provided in the most cost-effective manner to the extent of the
453 availability of agency resources as specified in the General
454 Appropriations Act. These services may shall, to the extent of
455 available resource s, include:
456 (a) Adult day training and adult day services.
457 (b) Family care services.
458 (c) Guardian advocate referral services.
459 (d) Medical/dental services, except that medical services
460 shall not be provided to clients with spina bifida except as
461 specifically appropriated by the Legislature.
462 (e) Parent training.
463 (e) (f) Personal care services.
464 (g) Recreation.
465 (f) (h) Residential habilitation facility services.
466 (g) (i) Respite services.
467 (h) (j) Support coordination Social services.
468 (i) (k) Specialized therapies.
469 (j) (l) Supported employment.
470 (k) (m) Supported living.
471 (l) (n) Training, including behavioral analysis services.
472 (m) (o) Transportation.
473 (n) (p) Other habilitative and rehabilitative services as
475 (4) The agency or the agency’s agents shall identify and
476 engage in efforts to develop, increase, or enhance the
477 availability of nonwaiver resources to individuals who have
478 developmental disabilities. The agency shall promote
479 partnerships and collaborative efforts with families and
480 organizations, such as nonprofit agencies, foundations, places
481 of worship, schools, community organizations and clubs,
482 businesses, local governments, and state and federal agencies.
483 The agency shall implement policies and procedures that
484 establish waivers as the payor of last resort for home and
485 community-based services and supports shall utilize the services
486 of private businesses, not-for-profit organizations, and units
487 of local government whenever such services are more cost
488 efficient than such services provided directly by the
489 department, including arrangements for provision of residential
491 (5) In order to improve the potential for utilization of
492 more cost-effective, community-based residential facilities, the
493 agency shall promote the statewide development of day
494 habilitation services for clients who live with a direct service
495 provider in a community-based residential facility and who do
496 not require 24-hour-a-day care in a hospital or other health
497 care institution, but who may, in the absence of day
498 habilitation services, require admission to a developmental
499 disabilities center. Each day service facility shall provide a
500 protective physical environment for clients, ensure that direct
501 service providers meet minimum screening standards as required
502 in s. 393.0655 , make available to all day habilitation service
503 participants at least one meal on each day of operation, provide
504 facilities to enable participants to obtain needed rest while
505 attending the program, as appropriate, and provide social and
506 educational activities designed to stimulate interest and
507 provide socialization skills.
508 (5) (6) To promote independence and productivity, the agency
509 shall provide supports and services, within available resources,
510 to assist clients enrolled in Medicaid waivers who choose to
511 pursue gainful employment.
512 (6) (7) For the purpose of making needed community-based
513 residential facilities available at the least possible cost to
514 the state, the agency may is authorized to lease privately owned
515 residential facilities under long-term rental agreements , if
516 such rental agreements are projected to be less costly to the
517 state over the useful life of the facility than state purchase
518 or state construction of such a facility.
519 (7) (8) The agency may adopt rules providing definitions,
520 eligibility criteria, and procedures for the purchase of
521 services provided pursuant to this section.
522 Section 5. Section 393.0661, Florida Statutes, is amended
523 to read:
524 393.0661 Home and community-based services delivery system;
525 comprehensive redesign.—The Legislature finds that the home and
526 community-based services delivery system for individuals who
527 have persons with developmental disabilities and the
528 availability of appropriated funds are two of the critical
529 elements in making services available. Therefore, it is the
530 intent of the Legislature that the Agency for Persons with
531 Disabilities shall develop and implement a comprehensive
532 redesign of the system.
533 (1) The redesign of the home and community-based services
534 system must shall include, at a minimum, all actions necessary
535 to achieve an appropriate rate structure, client choice within a
536 specified service package, appropriate assessment strategies, an
537 efficient billing process that contains reconciliation and
538 monitoring components, and a redefined role for support
539 coordinators which that avoids conflicts of interest and ensures
540 that the client’s needs for critical services are addressed
541 potential conflicts of interest and ensures that family/client
542 budgets are linked to levels of need.
543 (a) The agency shall use the Questionnaire for Situational
544 Information, or other an assessment instruments deemed by
545 instrument th at the agency deems to be reliable and valid ,
546 including, but not limited to, the Department of Children and
547 Family Services’ Individual Cost Guidelines or the agency’s
548 Questionnaire for Situational Information. The agency may
549 contract with an external vendor or may use support coordinators
550 to complete client assessments if it develops sufficient
551 safeguards and training to ensure ongoing inter-rater
553 (b) The agency, with the concurrence of the Agency for
554 Health Care Administration, may contract for the determination
555 of medical necessity and establishment of individual budgets.
556 (2) A provider of services rendered to persons with
557 developmental disabilities pursuant to a federally approved
558 waiver shall be reimbursed according to a rate methodology based
559 upon an analysis of the expenditure history and prospective
560 costs of providers participating in the waiver program, or under
561 any other methodology developed by the Agency for Health Care
562 Administration, in consultation with the agency for Persons with
563 Disabilities, and approved by the Federal Government in
564 accordance with the waiver.
565 (3) The Agency for Health Care Administration, in
566 consultation with the agency, shall seek federal approval and
567 implement a four-tiered waiver system to serve eligible clients
568 through the developmental disabilities and family and supported
569 living waivers. For the purpose of the this waiver program,
570 eligible clients shall include individuals who have with a
571 diagnosis of Down syndrome or a developmental disability as
572 defined in s. 393.063. The agency shall assign all clients
573 receiving services through the developmental disabilities waiver
574 to a tier based on the Department of Children and Family
575 Services’ Individual Cost Guidelines, the agency’s Questionnaire
576 for Situational Information, or another such assessment
577 instrument deemed to be valid and reliable by the agency; client
578 characteristics, including, but not limited to, age; and other
579 appropriate assessment methods. Final determination of tier
580 eligibility may not be made until a waiver slot and funding
581 become available and only then may the client be enrolled in the
582 appropriate tier. If a client is later determined eligible for a
583 higher tier, assignment to the higher tier must be based on
584 crisis criteria as adopted by rule. The agency may also later
585 move a client to a lower tier if the client’s service needs
586 change and can be met by services provided in a lower tier. The
587 agency may not authorize the provision of services that are
588 duplicated by, or above the coverage limits of, the Medicaid
589 state plan.
590 (a) Tier one is limited to clients who have intensive
591 medical or adaptive service needs that cannot be met in tier
592 two, three, or four for intensive medical or adaptive needs and
593 that are essential f or avoiding institutionalization, or who
594 possess behavioral problems that are exceptional in intensity,
595 duration, or frequency and present a substantial risk of harm to
596 themselves or others. Total annual expenditures under tier one
597 may not exceed $150,000 per client each year, pro vided that
598 expenditures for clients in tier one with a documented medical
599 necessity requiring intensive behavioral residential
600 habilitation services, intensive behavioral residential
601 habilitation services with medical needs, or special medical
602 home care, as provided in the Developmental Disabilities Waiver
603 Services Coverage and Limitations Handbook, are not subject to
604 the $150,000 limit on annual expenditures .
605 (b) Tier two is limited to clients whose service needs
606 include a licensed residential facility and who are authorized
607 to receive a moderate level of support for standard residential
608 habilitation services or a minimal level of support for behavior
609 focus residential habilitation services, or clients in supported
610 living who receive more than 6 hours a day of in-home support
611 services. Tier two also includes clients whose need for
612 authorized services meets the criteria for tier one but which
613 can be met within the expenditure limit of tier two. Total
614 annual expenditures under tier two may not exceed $53,625 per
615 client each year.
616 (c) Tier three includes, but is not limited to, clients
617 requiring residential placements, clients in independent or
618 supported living situations, and clients who live in their
619 family home. Tier three also includes clients whose need for
620 authorized services meet the criteria for tiers one or two but
621 which can be met within the expenditure limit of tier three.
622 Total annual expenditures under tier three may not exceed
623 $34,125 per client each year.
624 (d) Tier four includes clients individuals who were
625 enrolled in the family and supported living waiver on July 1,
626 2007, who were shall be assigned to this tier without the
627 assessments required by this section. Tier four also includes,
628 but is not limited to, clients in independent or supported
629 living situations and clients who live in their family home.
630 Total annual expenditures under tier four may not exceed $14,422
631 per client each year.
632 (e) The Agency for Health Care Administration shall also
633 seek federal approval to provide a consumer-directed option for
634 clients person s with developmental disabilities whi ch
635 corresponds to the funding levels in each of the waiver tiers.
636 The agency shall implement the four-tiered waiver system
637 beginning with tiers one, three, and four and followed by tier
638 tw o . The agency and the Agency for Health Care Administration
639 may adopt rules necessary to administer this subsection.
640 (f) The agency shall seek federal waivers and amend
641 contracts as necessary to make changes to services defined in
642 federal waiver programs administered by the agency as follows:
643 1. Supported living coaching services may not exceed 20
644 hours per month for clients persons who also receive in-home
645 support services.
646 2. Limited support coordination services is the only type
647 of support coordination service that may be provided to clients
648 persons under the age of 18 who live in the family home.
649 3. Personal care assistance services are limited to 180
650 hours per calendar month and may not include rate modifiers.
651 Additional hours may be authorized for clients persons who have
652 intensive physical, medical, or adaptive needs if such hours are
653 essential for avoiding institutionalization.
654 4. Residential habilitation services are limited to 8 hours
655 per day. Additional hours may be authorized for clients persons
656 who have intensive medical or adaptive needs and if such hours
657 are essential for avoiding institutionalization, or for clients
658 persons who possess behavioral problems that are exceptional in
659 intensity, duration, or frequency and present a substantial risk
660 of harming themselves or others. This restriction shall be in
661 effect until the four-tiered waiver system is fully implemented.
662 5. Chore services, nonresidential support services, and
663 homemaker services are eliminated. The agency shall expand the
664 definition of in-home support services to allow the service
665 provider to include activities previously provided in these
666 eliminated services.
667 6. Massage therapy, medication review, and psychological
668 assessment services are eliminated.
669 5. 7. The agency shall conduct supplemental cost plan
670 reviews to verify the medical necessity of authorized services
671 for plans that have increased by more than 8 percent during
672 either of the 2 preceding fiscal years.
673 6. 8. The agency shall implement a consolidated residential
674 habilitation rate structure to increase savings to the state
675 through a more cost-effective payment method and establish
676 uniform rates for intensive behavioral residential habilitation
678 9. Pending federal approval, the agency may extend current
679 support plans for clients receiving services under Medicaid
680 waivers for 1 year beginning July 1, 2007, or from the date
681 approved, whichever is later. Clients who have a substantial
682 change in circumstances which threatens their health and safety
683 may be reassessed during this year in order to determine the
684 necessity for a change in their support plan.
685 7. 10 . The agency shall develop a plan to eliminate
686 redundancies and duplications between in-home support services,
687 companion services, personal care services, and supported living
688 coaching by limiting or consolidating such services.
689 8. 11 . The agency shall develop a plan to reduce the
690 intensity and frequency of supported employment services to
691 clients in stable employment situations who have a documented
692 history of at least 3 years’ employment with the same company or
693 in the same industry.
694 (g) The agency and the Agency for Health Care
695 Administration may adopt rules as necessary to administer this
697 (4) The geographic differential for Miami-Dade, Broward,
698 and Palm Beach Counties for residential habilitation services is
699 shall be 7.5 percent.
700 (5) The geographic differential for Monroe County for
701 residential habilitation services is shall be 20 percent.
702 (6) Effective January 1, 2010, and except as otherwise
703 provided in this section, a client served by the home and
704 community-based services waiver or the family and supported
705 living waiver funded through the agency shall have his or her
706 cost plan adjusted to reflect the amount of expenditures for the
707 previous state fiscal year plus 5 percent if such amount is less
708 than the client’s existing cost plan. The agency shall use
709 actual paid claims for services provided during the previous
710 fiscal year that are submitted by October 31 to calculate the
711 revised cost plan amount. If the client was not served for the
712 entire previous state fiscal year or there was any single change
713 in the cost plan amount of more than 5 percent during the
714 previous state fiscal year, the agency shall set the cost plan
715 amount at an estimated annualized expenditure amount plus 5
716 percent. The agency shall estimate the annualized expenditure
717 amount by calculating the average of monthly expenditures,
718 beginning in the fourth month after the client enrolled,
719 interrupted services are resumed, or the cost plan was changed
720 by more than 5 percent and ending on August 31, 2009, and
721 multiplying the average by 12. In order to determine whether a
722 client was not served for the entire year, the agency shall
723 include any interruption of a waiver-funded service or services
724 lasting at least 18 days. If at least 3 months of actual
725 expenditure data are not available to estimate annualized
726 expenditures, the agency may not rebase a cost plan pursuant to
727 this subsection. The agency may not rebase the cost plan of any
728 client who experiences a significant change in recipient
729 condition or circumstance which results in a change of more than
730 5 percent to his or her cost plan between July 1 and the date
731 that a rebased cost plan would take effect pursuant to this
733 (6) (7) The agency shall collect premiums, fees, or other
734 cost sharing from the parents of children being served by the
735 agency through a waiver pursuant to s. 409.906(13)(d).
736 (7) In determining whether to continue a Medicaid waiver
737 provider agreement for support coordinator services, the agency
738 shall review waiver support coordination performance to ensure
739 that the support coordinator meets or exceeds the criteria
740 established by the agency. The support coordinator is
741 responsible for assisting the client in meeting his or her
742 service needs through nonwaiver resources, as well as through
743 the client’s budget allocation or cost plan under the waiver.
744 The waiver is the funding source of last resort for client
745 services. The waiver support coordinator provider agreements and
746 performance reviews shall be conducted and managed by the
747 agency’s area offices.
748 (a) Criteria for evaluating support coordinator performance
749 must include, but is not limited to:
750 1. The protection of the health and safety of clients.
751 2. Assisting clients to obtain employment and pursue other
752 meaningful activities.
753 3. Assisting clients to access services that allow them to
754 live in their community.
755 4. The use of family resources.
756 5. The use of private resources.
757 6. The use of community resources.
758 7. The use of charitable resources.
759 8. The use of volunteer resources.
760 9. The use of services from other governmental entities.
761 10. The overall outcome in securing nonwaiver resources.
762 11. The cost-effective use of waiver resources.
763 12. Coordinating all available resources to ensure that
764 clients’ outcomes are met.
765 (b) The agency may recognize consistently superior
766 performance by exempting a waiver support coordinator from
767 annual quality assurance reviews or other mechanisms established
768 by the agency. The agency may issue sanctions for poor
769 performance, including, but not limited to, a reduction in
770 caseload size, recoupment or other financial penalties, and
771 termination of the waiver support coordinator’s provider
772 agreement. The agency may adopt rules to administer this
774 (8) This section or related rule does not prevent or limit
775 the Agency for Health Care Administration, in consultation with
776 the agency for Persons with Disabilities, from adjusting fees,
777 reimbursement rates, lengths of stay, number of visits, or
778 number of services, or from limiting enrollment, or making any
779 other adjustment necessary to comply with the availability of
780 moneys and any limitations or directions provided in the General
781 Appropriations Act.
782 (9) The agency for Persons with Disabilities shall submit
783 quarterly status reports to the Executive Office of the Governor
784 and , the chairs of the legislative appropriations committees
785 chair of the Senate Ways and Means Committee or its successor,
786 and the chair of the House Fiscal Council or its successor
787 regarding the financial status of waiver home and community
788 based services, including the number of enrolled individuals who
789 are receiving services through one or more programs; the number
790 of individuals who have requested services who are not enrolled
791 but who are receiving services through one or more programs,
792 including with a description indicating the programs from which
793 the individual is receiving services; the number of individuals
794 who have refused an offer of services but who choose to remain
795 on the list of individuals waiting for services; the number of
796 individuals who have requested services but are not who are
797 receiving no services; a frequency distribution indicating the
798 length of time individuals have been waiting for services; and
799 information concerning the actual and projected costs compared
800 to the amount of the appropriation available to the program and
801 any projected surpluses or deficits. If at any time an analysis
802 by the agency, in consultation with the Agency for Health Care
803 Administration, indicates that the cost of services is expected
804 to exceed the amount appropriated, the agency shall submit a
805 plan in accordance with subsection (8) to the Executive Office
806 of the Governor and the chairs of the legislative appropriations
807 committees , the chair of the Senate Ways and Means Committee or
808 its successor, and the chair of the House Fiscal Council or its
809 successor to remain within the amount appropriated. The agency
810 shall work with the Agency for Health Care Administration to
811 implement the plan so as to remain within the appropriation.
812 (10) Implementation of Medicaid waiver programs and
813 services authorized under this chapter is limited by the funds
814 appropriated for the individual budgets pursuant to s. 393.0662
815 and the four-tiered waiver system pursuant to subsection (3).
816 Contracts with independent support coordinators and service
817 providers must include provisions requiring compliance with
818 agency cost containment initiatives. The agency shall implement
819 monitoring and accounting procedures necessary to track actual
820 expenditures and project future spending compared to available
821 appropriations for Medicaid waiver programs. If When necessary,
822 based on projected deficits, the agency shall must establish
823 specific corrective action plans that incorporate corrective
824 actions for of contracted providers which that are sufficient to
825 align program expenditures with annual appropriations. If
826 deficits continue during the 2012-2013 fiscal year, the agency
827 in conjunction with the Agency for Health Care Administration
828 shall develop a plan to redesign the waiver program and submit
829 the plan to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the
830 House of Representatives by September 30, 2013. At a minimum,
831 the plan must include the following elements:
832 (a) Budget predictability.—Agency budget recommendations
833 must include specific steps to restrict spending to budgeted
834 amounts based on alternatives to the iBudget and four-tiered
835 Medicaid waiver models.
836 (b) Services.—The agency shall identify core services that
837 are essential to provide for client health and safety and
838 recommend the elimination of coverage for other services that
839 are not affordable based on available resources.
840 (c) Flexibility.—The redesign must shall be responsive to
841 individual needs and to the extent possible encourage client
842 control over allocated resources for their needs.
843 (d) Support coordination services.—The plan must shall
844 modify the manner of providing support coordination services to
845 improve management of service utilization and increase
846 accountability and responsiveness to agency priorities.
847 (e) Reporting.—The agency shall provide monthly reports to
848 the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of
849 Representatives on plan progress and development on July 31,
850 2013, and August 31, 2013.
851 (f) Implementation.—The implementation of a redesigned
852 program is subject to legislative approval and must shall occur
853 by no later than July 1, 2014. The Agency for Health Care
854 Administration shall seek federal waivers as needed to implement
855 the redesigned plan approved by the Legislature.
856 Section 6. Section 393.0662, Florida Statutes, is amended
857 to read:
858 393.0662 Individual budgets for delivery of home and
859 community-based services; iBudget system established.—The
860 Legislature finds that improved financial management of the
861 existing home and community-based Medicaid waiver program is
862 necessary to avoid deficits that impede the provision of
863 services to individuals who are on the waiting list for
864 enrollment in the program. The Legislature further finds that
865 clients and their families should have greater flexibility to
866 choose the services that best allow them to live in their
867 community within the limits of an established budget. Therefore,
868 the Legislature intends that the agency, in consultation with
869 the Agency for Health Care Administration, develop and implement
870 a comprehensive redesign of the service delivery system using
871 individual budgets as the basis for allocating the funds
872 appropriated for the home and community-based services Medi caid
873 waiver program among eligible enrolled clients. The service
874 delivery system that uses individual budgets shall be called the
875 iBudget system.
876 (1) The agency shall establish an individual budget, to be
877 referred to as an iBudget, for each client individual served by
878 the home and community-based services Medicaid waiver program.
879 The funds appropriated to the agency shall be allocated through
880 the iBudget system to eligible, Medicaid-enrolled clients who
881 have . For the iBudget system, Eligible clients shall include
882 individuals with a diagn osis of Down syndrome or a developmental
883 disability as defined in s. 393.063. The iBudget system shall be
884 designed to provide for: enhanced client choice within a
885 specified service package; appropriate assessment strategies; an
886 efficient consumer budgeting and billing process that includes
887 reconciliation and monitoring components; a redefined role for
888 support coordinators which that avoids potential conflicts of
889 interest; a flexible and streamlined service review process; and
890 a methodology and process that ensures the equitable allocation
891 of available funds to each client based on the client’s level of
892 need, as determined by the variables in the allocation
894 (2) (a) In developing each client’s iBudget, the agency
895 shall use an allocation algorithm and methodology.
896 (a) The algorithm shall use variables that have been
897 determined by the agency to have a statistically validated
898 relationship to the client’s level of need for services provided
899 through the home and community-based services Medica id waiver
900 program. The algorithm and methodology may consider individual
901 characteristics, including, but not limited to, a client’s age
902 and living situation, information from a formal assessment
903 instrument that the agency determines is valid and reliable, and
904 information from other assessment processes.
905 (b) The allocation methodology shall provide the algorithm
906 that determines the amount of funds allocated to a client’s
907 iBudget. The agency may approve an increase in the amount of
908 funds allocated , as determined by the algorithm, based on the
909 client having one or more of the following needs that cannot be
910 accommodated within the funding as determined by the algorithm
911 allocation and having no other resources, supports, or services
912 available to meet such needs the need:
913 1. An extraordinary need that would place the health and
914 safety of the client, the client’s caregiver, or the public in
915 immediate, serious jeopardy unless the increase is approved. An
916 extraordinary need may include, but is not limited to:
917 a. A documented history of significant, potentially life
918 threatening behaviors, such as recent attempts at suicide,
919 arson, nonconsensual sexual behavior, or self-injurious behavior
920 requiring medical attention;
921 b. A complex medical condition that requires active
922 intervention by a licensed nurse on an ongoing basis that cannot
923 be taught or delegated to a nonlicensed person;
924 c. A chronic comorbid condition. As used in this
925 subparagraph, the term “comorbid condition” means a medical
926 condition existing simultaneously but independently with another
927 medical condition in a patient; or
928 d. A need for total physical assistance with activities
929 such as eating, bathing, toileting, grooming, and personal
932 However, the presence of an extraordinary need alone does not
933 warrant an increase in the amount of funds allocated to a
934 client’s iBudget as determined by the algorithm.
935 2. A significant need for one-time or temporary support or
936 services that, if not provided, would place the health and
937 safety of the client, the client’s caregiver, or the public in
938 serious jeopardy, unless the increase is approved. A significant
939 need may include, but is not limited to, the provision of
940 environmental modifications, durable medical equipment, services
941 to address the temporary loss of support from a caregiver, or
942 special services or treatment for a serious temporary condition
943 when the service or treatment is expected to ameliorate the
944 underlying condition. As used in this subparagraph, the term
945 “temporary” means less a period of fewer than 12 continuous
946 months. However, the presence of such significant need for one
947 time or temporary supports or services alone does not warrant an
948 increase in the amount of funds allocated to a client’s iBudget
949 as determined by the algorithm.
950 3. A significant increase in the need for services after
951 the beginning of the service plan year which that would place
952 the health and safety of the client, the client’s caregiver, or
953 the public in serious jeopardy because of substantial changes in
954 the client’s circumstances, including, but not limited to,
955 permanent or long-term loss or incapacity of a caregiver, loss
956 of services authorized under the state Medicaid plan due to a
957 change in age, or a significant change in medical or functional
958 status which requires the provision of additional services on a
959 permanent or long-term basis which that cannot be accommodated
960 within the client’s current iBudget. As used in this
961 subparagraph, the term “long-term” means a period of 12 or more
962 continuous months. However, such significant increase in need
963 for services of a permanent or long-term nature alone does not
964 warrant an increase in the amount of funds allocated to a
965 client’s iBudget as determined by the algorithm.
967 The agency shall reserve portions of the appropriation for the
968 home and community-based services Medic aid waiver program for
969 adjustments required pursuant to this paragraph and may use the
970 services of an independent actuary in determining the amount of
971 the portions to be reserved.
972 (c) A client’s iBudget shall be the total of the amount
973 determined by the algorithm and any additional funding provided
974 pursuant to paragraph (b).
975 (d) A client shall have the flexibility to determine the
976 type, amount, frequency, duration, and scope of the services on
977 his or her cost plan if the agency determines that such services
978 meet his or her health and safety needs, meet the requirements
979 contained in the Coverage and Limitations Handbook for each
980 service included on the cost plan, and comply with the other
981 requirements of this section.
982 (e) A client’s annual expenditures for home and community
983 based services Medicaid waiver services may not exceed the
984 limits of his or her iBudget. The total of all clients’
985 projected annual iBudget expenditures may not exceed the
986 agency’s appropriation for waiver services.
987 (3) (2) The Agency for Health Care Administration, in
988 consultation with the agency, shall seek federal approval to
989 amend current waivers, request a new waiver, and amend contracts
990 as necessary to implement the iBudget system to serve eligible,
991 enrolled clients through the home and community-based services
992 Medicaid waiver program and the Consumer-Directed Care Plus
994 (4) (3) The agency shall transition all eligible, enrolled
995 clients to the iBudget system. The agency may gradually phase in
996 the iBudget system.
997 (a) During the 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 fiscal years, the
998 agency shall determine a client’s initial iBudget by comparing
999 the client’s algorithm allocation to the client’s existing
1000 annual cost plan and the amount for the client’s extraordinary
1001 needs. The client’s algorithm allocation shall be the amount
1002 determined by the algorithm, adjusted to the agency’s
1003 appropriation and any set-asides determined necessary by the
1004 agency, including, but not limited to, funding for extraordinary
1005 needs. The amount for the client’s extraordinary needs shall be
1006 the annualized sum of any of the following services authorized
1007 on the client’s cost plan in the amount, duration, frequency,
1008 intensity, and scope determined by the agency to be necessary
1009 for the client’s health and safety:
1010 1. Behavior assessment, behavior analysis services, and
1011 behavior assistant services.
1012 2. Consumable medical supplies.
1013 3. Durable medical equipment.
1014 4. In-home support services.
1015 5. Nursing services.
1016 6. Occupational therapy assessment and occupational
1018 7. Personal care assistance.
1019 8. Physical therapy assessment and physical therapy.
1020 9. Residential habilitation.
1021 10. Respiratory therapy assessment and respiratory therapy.
1022 11. Special medical home care.
1023 12. Support coordination.
1024 13. Supported employment.
1025 14. Supported living coaching.
1026 (b) If the client’s algorithm allocation is:
1027 1. Greater than the client’s cost plan, the client’s
1028 initial iBudget is equal to the cost plan.
1029 2. Less than the client’s cost plan but greater than the
1030 amount for the client’s extraordinary needs, the client’s
1031 initial iBudget is equal to the algorithm allocation.
1032 3. Less than the amount for the client’s extraordinary
1033 needs, the client’s initial iBudget is equal to the amount for
1034 the client’s extraordinary needs.
1036 However, the client’s initial annualized iBudget amount may not
1037 be less than 50 percent of that client’s existing annualized
1038 cost plan.
1039 (c) During the 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 fiscal years,
1040 increases to a client’s initial iBudget amount may be granted
1041 only if his or her situation meets the crisis criteria provided
1042 under agency rule.
1043 (d) (a) While the agency phases in the iBudget system, the
1044 agency may continue to serve eligible, enrolled clients under
1045 the four-tiered waiver system established under s. 393.065 while
1046 those clients await transitioning to the iBudget system.
1047 (b) The agency shall design the phase-in process to ensure
1048 that a client does not experience more than one-half of any
1049 expected overall increase or decrease to his or her existing
1050 annualized cost plan during the first year that the client is
1051 provided an iBudget due solely to the transition to the iBudget
1053 (5) (4) A client must use all available nonwaiver services
1054 authorized under the state Medicaid plan, school-based services,
1055 private insurance and other benefits, and any other resources
1056 that may be available to the client before using funds from his
1057 or her iBudget to pay for support and services.
1058 (6) (5) The service limitations in s. 393.0661(3)(f)1., 2.,
1059 and 3. do not apply to the iBudget system.
1060 (7) (6) Rates for any or all services established under
1061 rules of the Agency for Health Care Administration must shall be
1062 designated as the maximum rather than a fixed amount for clients
1063 individuals who receive an iBudget, except for services
1064 specifically identified in those rules that the agency
1065 determines are not appropriate for negotiation, which may
1066 include, but are not limited to, residential habilitation
1068 (8) (7) The agency must shall ensure that clients and
1069 caregivers have access to training and education that informs to
1070 inform them about the iBudget system and enhances enhance their
1071 ability for self-direction. Such training must be provided shall
1072 be offered in a variety of formats and, at a minimum, must shall
1073 address the policies and processes of the iBudget system; the
1074 roles and responsibilities of consumers, caregivers, waiver
1075 support coordinators, providers, and the agency; information
1076 that is available to help the client make decisions regarding
1077 the iBudget system; and examples of nonwaiver support and
1078 resources that may be available in the community.
1079 (9) (8) The agency shall collect data to evaluate the
1080 implementation and outcomes of the iBudget system.
1081 (10) (9) The agency and the Agency for Health Care
1082 Administration may adopt rules specifying the allocation
1083 algorithm and methodology; criteria and processes that allow for
1084 clients to access reserved funds for extraordinary needs,
1085 temporarily or permanently changed needs, and one-time needs;
1086 and processes and requirements for the selection and review of
1087 services, development of support and cost plans, and management
1088 of the iBudget system as needed to administer this section.
1089 Section 7. Subsection (2) of section 393.067, Florida
1090 Statutes, is amended to read:
1091 393.067 Facility licensure.—
1092 (2) The agency shall conduct annual inspections and reviews
1093 of facilities and programs licensed under this section unless
1094 the facility or program is currently accredited by the Joint
1095 Commission, the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation
1096 Facilities, or the Council on Accreditation. Facilities or
1097 programs that are operating under such accreditation must be
1098 inspected and reviewed by the agency once every 2 years. If,
1099 upon inspection and review, the services and service delivery
1100 sites are not those for which the facility or program is
1101 accredited, the facilities and programs must be inspected and
1102 reviewed in accordance with this section and related rules
1103 adopted by the agency. Notwithstanding current accreditation,
1104 the agency may continue to monitor the facility or program as
1105 necessary with respect to:
1106 (a) Ensuring that services for which the agency is paying
1107 are being provided.
1108 (b) Investigating complaints, identifying problems that
1109 would affect the safety or viability of the facility or program,
1110 and monitoring the facility or program’s compliance with any
1111 resulting negotiated terms and conditions, including provisions
1112 relating to consent decrees which are unique to a specific
1113 service and are not statements of general applicability.
1114 (c) Ensuring compliance with federal and state laws,
1115 federal regulations, or state rules if such monitoring does not
1116 duplicate the accrediting organization’s review pursuant to
1117 accreditation standards.
1118 (d) Ensuring Medicaid compliance with federal certification
1119 and precertification review requirements.
1120 Section 8. Subsections (2) and (4) of section 393.068,
1121 Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
1122 393.068 Family care program.—
1123 (2) Services and support authorized under the family care
1124 program shall, to the extent of available resources, include the
1125 services listed under s. 393.0662(4) 393.066 and, in addition,
1126 shall include, but not be limited to:
1127 (a) Attendant care.
1128 (b) Barrier-free modifications to the home.
1129 (c) Home visitation by agency workers.
1130 (d) In-home subsidies.
1131 (e) Low-interest loans.
1132 (f) Modifications for vehicles used to transport the
1133 individual with a developmental disability.
1134 (g) Facilitated communication.
1135 (h) Family counseling.
1136 (i) Equipment and supplies.
1137 (j) Self-advocacy training.
1138 (k) Roommate services.
1139 (l) Integrated community activities.
1140 (m) Emergency services.
1141 (n) Support coordination.
1142 (o) Other support services as identified by the family or
1143 client individual.
1144 (4) All existing nonwaiver community resources available to
1145 the client must be used shall be utilized to support program
1146 objectives. Additional services may be incorporated into the
1147 program as appropriate and to the extent that resources are
1148 available. The agency may is authorized to accept gifts and
1149 grants in order to carry out the program.
1150 Section 9. Subsections (1) through (3), paragraph (b) of
1151 subsection (4), paragraphs (f) and (g) of subsection (5),
1152 subsection (6), paragraphs (d) and (e) of subsection (7), and
1153 paragraph (b) of subsection (12) of section 393.11, Florida
1154 Statutes, are amended to read:
1155 393.11 Involuntary admission to residential services.—
1156 (1) JURISDICTION.—If Wh en a person is determined to be
1157 eligible to receive services from the agency mentally retarded
1158 and requires involuntary admission to residential services
1159 provided by the agency, the circuit court of the county in which
1160 the person resides shall have jurisdiction to conduct a hearing
1161 and enter an order involuntarily admitting the person in order
1162 for that the person to ma y receive the care, treatment,
1163 habilitation, and rehabilitation that he or she whi ch the person
1164 needs. For the purpose of identifying mental retardation or
1165 autism, diagnostic capability shall be established by the
1166 agency. Except as otherwise specified, the proceedings under
1167 this section are shall be governed by the Florida Rules of Civil
1169 (2) PETITION.—
1170 (a) A petition for involuntary admission to residential
1171 services may be executed by a petitioning commission or the
1173 (b) The petitioning commission shall consist of three
1174 persons. One of whom these persons shall be a physician licensed
1175 and practicing under chapter 458 or chapter 459.
1176 (c) The petition shall be verified and shall:
1177 1. State the name, age, and present address of the
1178 commissioners and their relationship to the person who is the
1179 subject of the petition with m ental retardation or autism;
1180 2. State the name, age, county of residence, and present
1181 address of the person who is the subject of the petition with
1182 ment al retardation or autism;
1183 3. Allege that the commission believes that the person
1184 needs involuntary residential services and specify the factual
1185 information on which the belief is based;
1186 4. Allege that the person lacks sufficient capacity to give
1187 express and informed consent to a voluntary application for
1188 services and lacks the basic survival and self-care skills to
1189 provide for the person’s well-being or is likely to physically
1190 injure others if allowed to remain at liberty; and
1191 5. State which residential setting is the least restrictive
1192 and most appropriate alternative and specify the factual
1193 information on which the belief is based.
1194 (d) The petition shall be filed in the circuit court of the
1195 county in which the person who is the subject of the petition
1196 with mental retardation or autism resides.
1197 (3) NOTICE.—
1198 (a) Notice of the filing of the petition shall be given to
1199 the defendant individual and his or her legal guardian. The
1200 notice shall be given both verbally and in writing in the
1201 language of the defendant client, or in other modes of
1202 communication of the defendant client, and in English. Notice
1203 shall also be given to such other persons as the court may
1204 direct. The petition for involuntary admission to residential
1205 services shall be served with the notice.
1206 (b) If Whenever a motion or petition has been filed
1207 pursuant to s. 916.303 to dismiss criminal charges against a
1208 defendant with retardation or autism, and a petition is filed to
1209 involuntarily admit the defendant to residential services under
1210 this section, the notice of the filing of the petition shall
1211 also be given to the defendant’s attorney, the state attorney of
1212 the circuit from which the defendant was committed, and the
1214 (c) The notice shall state that a hearing shall be set to
1215 inquire into the need of the defendant person with mental
1216 retardation or autism for involuntary residential services. The
1217 notice shall also state the date of the hearing on the petition.
1218 (d) The notice shall state that the defendant individual
1219 with mental retardation or autism has the right to be
1220 represented by counsel of his or her own choice and that, if the
1221 defendant person cannot afford an attorney, the court shall
1222 appoint one.
1223 (4) AGENCY PARTICIPATION.—
1224 (b) Following examination, the agency shall file a written
1225 report with the court not less than 10 working days before the
1226 date of the hearing. The report must be served on the
1227 petitioner, the defendant person with mental retardation, and
1228 the defendant’s person’s attorney at the time the report is
1229 filed with the court.
1230 (5) EXAMINING COMMITTEE.—
1231 (f) The committee shall file the report with the court not
1232 less than 10 working days before the date of the hearing. The
1233 report shall be served on the petitioner, the defendant person
1234 with mental retardation, the defendant’s person’s attorney at
1235 the time the report is filed with the court, and the agency.
1236 (g) Members of the examining committee shall receive a
1237 reasonable fee to be determined by the court. The fees are to be
1238 paid from the general revenue fund of the county in which the
1239 defendant person with mental retardation resided when the
1240 petition was filed.
1241 (6) COUNSEL; GUARDIAN AD LITEM.—
1242 (a) The defendant must person with mental retardation shall
1243 be represented by counsel at all stages of the judicial
1244 proceeding. If In the event the defendant person is indigent and
1245 cannot afford counsel, the court shall appoint a public defender
1246 not less than 20 working days before the scheduled hearing. The
1247 defendant’s person’s counsel shall have full access to the
1248 records of the service provider and the agency. In all cases,
1249 the attorney shall represent the rights and legal interests of
1250 the defendant person with mental retardation, regardless of who
1251 may initiate the proceedings or pay the attorney’s fee.
1252 (b) If the attorney, during the course of his or her
1253 representation, reasonably believes that the defendant person
1254 with mental retardation cannot adequately act in his or her own
1255 interest, the attorney may seek the appointment of a guardian ad
1256 litem. A prior finding of incompetency is not required before a
1257 guardian ad litem is appointed pursuant to this section.
1258 (7) HEARING.—
1259 (d) The defendant may person with mental retardation sha ll
1260 be physically present throughout all or part of the entire
1261 proceeding. If the defendant’s person’s attorney or any other
1262 interested party believes that the person’s presence at the
1263 hearing is not in the person’s best interest, or good cause is
1264 otherwise shown, the person’s presence may be waived onc e the
1265 court may order that the defendant be excluded from the hearing
1266 has seen the person and the hearing has commenced.
1267 (e) The defendant person has the right to present evidence
1268 and to cross-examine all witnesses and other evidence alleging
1269 the appropriateness of the person’s admission to residential
1270 care. Other relevant and material evidence regarding the
1271 appropriateness of the person’s admission to residential
1272 services; the most appropriate, least restrictive residential
1273 placement; and the appropriate care, treatment, and habilitation
1274 of the person, including written or oral reports, may be
1275 introduced at the hearing by any interested person.
1276 (12) APPEAL.—
1277 (b) The filing of an appeal by the person ordered to be
1278 involuntarily admitted under this section with mental
1279 retardation shall stay admission of the person into residential
1280 care. The stay shall remain in effect during the pendency of all
1281 review proceedings in Florida courts until a mandate issues.
1282 Section 10. Paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section
1283 393.125, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
1284 393.125 Hearing rights.—
1285 (1) REVIEW OF AGENCY DECISIONS.—
1286 (a) For Medicaid programs administered by the agency, any
1287 developmental services applicant or client, or his or her
1288 parent, guardian advocate, or authorized representative, may
1289 request a hearing in accordance with federal law and rules
1290 applicable to Medicaid cases and has the right to request an
1291 administrative hearing pursuant to ss. 120.569 and 120.57. The
1292 hearing These hearings shall be provided by the Department of
1293 Children and Family Services pursuant to s. 409.285 and shall
1294 follow procedures consistent with federal law and rules
1295 applicable to Medicaid cases. At the conclusion of the hearing,
1296 the department shall submit its recommended order to the agency
1297 as provided in s. 120.57(1)(k) and the agency shall issue final
1298 orders as provided in s. 120.57(1)(i).
1299 Section 11. Subsection (1) of section 393.23, Florida
1300 Statutes, is amended to read:
1301 393.23 Developmental disabilities centers; trust accounts.
1302 All receipts from the operation of canteens, vending machines,
1303 hobby shops, sheltered workshops, activity centers, farming
1304 projects, and other like activities operated in a developmental
1305 disabilities center, and moneys donated to the center, must be
1306 deposited in a trust account in any bank, credit union, or
1307 savings and loan association authorized by the State Treasury as
1308 a qualified depository to do business in this state, if the
1309 moneys are available on demand.
1310 (1) Moneys in the trust account must be expended for the
1311 benefit, education, or welfare of clients. However, if
1312 specified, moneys that are donated to the center must be
1313 expended in accordance with the intentions of the donor. Trust
1314 account money may not be used for the benefit of agency
1315 employees or to pay the wages of such employees. The welfare of
1316 clients includes the expenditure of funds for the purchase of
1317 items for resale at canteens or vending machines, and for the
1318 establishment of, maintenance of, and operation of canteens,
1319 hobby shops, recreational or entertainment facilities, sheltered
1320 workshops that include client wages, activity centers, farming
1321 projects, or other like facilities or programs established at
1322 the center for the benefit of clients.
1323 Section 12. Paragraph (d) of subsection (13) of section
1324 409.906, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
1325 409.906 Optional Medicaid services.—Subject to specific
1326 appropriations, the agency may make payments for services which
1327 are optional to the state under Title XIX of the Social Security
1328 Act and are furnished by Medicaid providers to recipients who
1329 are determined to be eligible on the dates on which the services
1330 were provided. Any optional service that is provided shall be
1331 provided only when medically necessary and in accordance with
1332 state and federal law. Optional services rendered by providers
1333 in mobile units to Medicaid recipients may be restricted or
1334 prohibited by the agency. Nothing in this section shall be
1335 construed to prevent or limit the agency from adjusting fees,
1336 reimbursement rates, lengths of stay, number of visits, or
1337 number of services, or making any other adjustments necessary to
1338 comply with the availability of moneys and any limitations or
1339 directions provided for in the General Appropriations Act or
1340 chapter 216. If necessary to safeguard the state’s systems of
1341 providing services to elderly and disabled persons and subject
1342 to the notice and review provisions of s. 216.177, the Governor
1343 may direct the Agency for Health Care Administration to amend
1344 the Medicaid state plan to delete the optional Medicaid service
1345 known as “Intermediate Care Facilities for the Developmentally
1346 Disabled.” Optional services may include:
1347 (13) HOME AND COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICES.—
1348 (d) The agency shall request federal approval to develop a
1349 system to require payment of premiums, fees, or other cost
1350 sharing by the parents of a child younger than 18 years of age
1351 who is being served by a waiver under this subsection if the
1352 adjusted household income is greater than 100 percent of the
1353 federal poverty level. The amount of the premium, fee, or cost
1354 sharing shall be calculated using a sliding scale based on the
1355 size of the family, the amount of the parent’s adjusted gross
1356 income, and the federal poverty guidelines. The premium, fee, or
1357 other cost sharing paid by a parent may not exceed the cost of
1358 waiver services to the client. Parents who have more than one
1359 child receiving services may not be required to pay more than
1360 the amount required for the child who has the highest
1361 expenditures. Parents who do not live with each other remain
1362 responsible for paying the required contribution. The client may
1363 not be denied waiver services due to nonpayment by a parent.
1364 Adoptive and foster parents are exempt from payment of any
1365 premiums, fees, or other cost-sharing for waiver services. The
1366 agency shall request federal approval as necessary to implement
1367 the program. The premium and cost-sharing system developed by
1368 the agency shall not adversely affect federal funding to the
1369 state. Upon receiving After the agency receives federal
1370 approval, if required, the agency, the Agency for Persons with
1371 Disabilities, and the Department of Children and Family Services
1372 may implement the system and collect income information from
1373 parents of children who will be affected by this paragraph. The
1374 parents must provide information upon request. The agency shall
1375 prepare a report to include the estimated operational cost of
1376 implementing the premium, fee, and cost-sharing system and the
1377 estimated revenues to be collected from parents of children in
1378 the waiver program. The report shall be delivered to the
1379 President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of
1380 Representatives by June 30, 2012. The agency, the Department of
1381 Children and Family Services, and the Agency for Persons with
1382 Disabilities may adopt rules to administer this paragraph.
1383 Section 13. Section 514.072, Florida Statutes, is amended
1384 to read:
1385 514.072 Certification of swimming instructors for people
1386 who have developmental disabilities required.—Any person working
1387 at a swimming pool who holds himself or herself out as a
1388 swimming instructor specializing in training people who have a
1389 developmental disability developmental disabilities, as defined
1390 in s. 393.063(11) 393.063 (10 ), may be certified by the Dan
1391 Marino Foundation, Inc., in addition to being certified under s.
1392 514.071. The Dan Marino Foundation, Inc., must develop
1393 certification requirements and a training curriculum for
1394 swimming instructors for people who have developmental
1395 disabilities and must submit the certification requirements to
1396 the Department of Health for review by January 1, 2007. A person
1397 certified under s. 514.071 before July 1, 2007, must meet the
1398 additional certification requirements of this section before
1399 January 1, 2008. A person certified under s. 514.071 on or after
1400 July 1, 2007, must meet the additional certification
1401 requirements of this section within 6 months after receiving
1402 certification under s. 514.071 .
1403 Section 14. This act shall take effect July 1, 2012.