Florida Senate - 2015 COMMITTEE AMENDMENT Bill No. CS for CS for SB 248 Ì108082"Î108082 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House Comm: RCS . 04/02/2015 . . . . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— The Committee on Rules (Gibson) recommended the following: 1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment) 2 3 Delete everything after the enacting clause 4 and insert: 5 Section 1. Paragraph (l) is added to subsection (2) of 6 section 119.071, Florida Statutes, to read: 7 119.071 General exemptions from inspection or copying of 8 public records.— 9 (2) AGENCY INVESTIGATIONS.— 10 (l)1. As used in this paragraph, the term: 11 a. “Body camera” means a portable electronic recording 12 device that is worn on a law enforcement officer’s body and that 13 records audio and video data in the course of the officer 14 performing his or her official duties and responsibilities. 15 b. “Law enforcement officer” has the same meaning as 16 provided in s. 943.10. 17 c. “Personal representative” means a parent , a court 18 appointed guardian, an attorney, or an agent of, or a person 19 holding a power of attorney for, a person recorded by a body 20 camera. If a person depicted in the recording is deceased, the 21 term also means the personal representative of the estate of the 22 deceased person; the deceased person’s surviving spouse, parent, 23 or adult child; the deceased person’s attorney or agent; or the 24 parent or guardian of a surviving minor child of the deceased. 25 An agent must possess written authorization of the recorded 26 person to act on his or her behalf. 27 2. A body camera recording, or a portion thereof, is 28 confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I 29 of the State Constitution if the recording: 30 a. Is taken within the interior of a private residence; 31 b. Is taken within the interior of a facility that offers 32 health care, mental health care, or social services; 33 c. Is taken at the scene of a medical emergency involving a 34 death or involving an injury that requires transport to a 35 medical facility; or 36 d. Is taken in a place that a reasonable person would 37 expect to be private. 38 3. Notwithstanding subparagraph 2., a body camera recording 39 may be disclosed by a law enforcement agency: 40 a. In furtherance of its official duties and 41 responsibilities; or 42 b. To another governmental agency in the furtherance of its 43 official duties and responsibilities. 44 4. A body camera recording, or a portion thereof, shall be 45 disclosed by a law enforcement agency: 46 a. To a person recorded by a body camera; however, a law 47 enforcement agency may disclose only those portions that are 48 relevant to the person’s presence in the recording; 49 b. To the personal representative of a person recorded by a 50 body camera; however, a law enforcement agency may disclose only 51 those portions that are relevant to the represented person’s 52 presence in the recording; 53 c. To a person not depicted in a body camera recording if 54 the recording depicts a place in which the person lawfully 55 resided, dwelled, or lodged at the time of the recording; 56 however, a law enforcement agency may disclose only those 57 portions that record the interior of such a place. 58 d. Pursuant to a court order. 59 (I) In addition to any other grounds the court may consider 60 in determining whether to order that a body camera recording be 61 disclosed, the court shall consider whether: 62 (A) Disclosure is necessary to advance a compelling 63 interest; 64 (B) The recording contains information that is otherwise 65 exempt or confidential and exempt under the law; 66 (C) The person requesting disclosure is seeking to obtain 67 evidence to determine legal issues in a case in which the person 68 is a party; 69 (D) Disclosure would reveal information regarding a person 70 that is of a highly sensitive personal nature; 71 (E) Disclosure may harm the reputation or jeopardize the 72 safety of a person depicted in the recording; 73 (F) Confidentiality is necessary to prevent a serious and 74 imminent threat to the fair, impartial, and orderly 75 administration of justice; 76 (G) The recording could be redacted to protect privacy 77 interests; and 78 (H) There is good cause to disclose all or portions of a 79 recording. 80 (II) In any proceeding regarding the disclosure of a body 81 camera recording, the law enforcement agency that made the 82 recording shall be given reasonable notice of hearings and shall 83 be given an opportunity to participate. 84 5. A law enforcement agency must retain a body camera 85 recording for at least 90 days. 86 6. The exemption provided in subparagraph 2. applies 87 retroactively. 88 7. This exemption does not supersede any other public 89 records exemption that existed before or is created after the 90 effective date of this exemption. Those portions of a recording 91 which are protected from disclosure by another public records 92 exemption shall continue to be exempt or confidential and 93 exempt. 94 8. This paragraph is subject to the Open Government Sunset 95 Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand repealed 96 on October 2, 2020, unless reviewed and saved from repeal 97 through reenactment by the Legislature. 98 Section 2. (1) The Legislature finds that it is a public 99 necessity that the following types of body camera recordings are 100 made confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1), Florida 101 Statutes, and s. 24(a), Article I of the State Constitution: 102 recordings taken within the interior of a private residence; 103 recordings taken within the interior of a facility that offers 104 health care, mental health care, or social services; recordings 105 taken at the scene of a medical emergency involving a death or 106 involving an injury that requires transport to a medical 107 facility; and recordings taken in a place that a reasonable 108 person would expect to be private. 109 (2) The Legislature recognizes the increased prevalence of 110 body cameras being used by law enforcement officers. Body 111 cameras preserve information in an objective manner that 112 enhances the ability of both law enforcement officers and the 113 public to review the circumstances surrounding an event in which 114 law enforcement intervention occurs. The availability of readily 115 observable and candid recordings increases transparency and 116 public confidence in law enforcement officers. 117 (3) However, the Legislature also finds that, in certain 118 instances, audio and video recorded by body cameras is 119 significantly more likely to capture highly sensitive personal 120 information than other types of law enforcement recordings or 121 documents. The Legislature finds that public disclosure of these 122 recordings could have an undesirable chilling effect. People who 123 know they are being recorded by a body camera may be unwilling 124 to cooperate fully with law enforcement officers if they know 125 that a body camera recording can be made publicly available to 126 anyone else. People may also be less likely to call a law 127 enforcement agency for services if their sensitive personal 128 information or the circumstances that necessitate a law 129 enforcement agency’s involvement are subject to public 130 dissemination as a body camera recording. The Legislature also 131 finds that body camera recordings could be used for criminal 132 purposes if they were available upon request. This exemption 133 from public records requirements allows law enforcement officers 134 to more effectively and efficiently administer their duties, 135 which would otherwise be significantly impaired. The Legislature 136 finds that these concerns regarding the impact of the public 137 records requirements for body camera recordings not only 138 necessitate the exemption of the recordings from public records 139 requirements, but also outweigh any public benefit that may be 140 derived from their disclosure. 141 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2015. 142 143 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 144 And the title is amended as follows: 145 Delete everything before the enacting clause 146 and insert: 147 A bill to be entitled 148 An act relating to public records; amending s. 149 119.071, F.S.; defining the terms “body camera,” “law 150 enforcement officer,” and “personal representative”; 151 providing that a body camera recording is confidential 152 and exempt from public records requirements under 153 certain circumstances; providing exceptions; requiring 154 a law enforcement agency to retain body camera 155 recordings for at least a specified period; providing 156 for retroactive application; providing for future 157 legislative review and repeal of the exemption; 158 providing a statement of public necessity; providing 159 an effective date.