Florida Senate - 2016 CS for SB 1602 By the Committee on Regulated Industries; and Senator Galvano 580-02678-16 20161602c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to elevators; creating s. 399.031, 3 F.S.; providing a short title; providing clearance 4 requirements for elevators installed in private 5 residences; requiring certain doors and gates to 6 withstand a specified amount of force; requiring 7 certain doors to reject a sphere of a specified size 8 under certain circumstances; requiring all such 9 elevators to be equipped with a certain device; 10 providing requirements for the device; providing 11 applicability; providing an effective date. 12 13 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 14 15 Section 1. Section 399.031, Florida Statutes, is created to 16 read: 17 399.031 Clearance requirements between elevator doors for 18 elevators inside a private residence.— 19 (1) This section may be cited as the “Maxwell Erik ‘Max’ 20 Grablin Act.” 21 (2) For elevators installed in a private residence: 22 (a) The distance between the hoistway face of the hoistway 23 doors and the hoistway edge of the landing sill may not exceed 24 3/4 inch for swinging doors and 2 1/4 inches for sliding doors. 25 (b)1. Horizontal sliding car doors and gates shall be 26 designed and installed to withstand a force of 75 pounds applied 27 horizontally on an area 4 inches by 4 inches at right angles to 28 and at any location on the car door without permanent 29 deformation. The deflection may not exceed 3/4 inch and may not 30 displace the door from its guides or tracks. The force must be 31 applied while the door is in the fully closed position. 32 2. Folding car doors shall be designed and installed to 33 withstand a force of 75 pounds applied horizontally using a 4 34 inch-diameter sphere at any location within the folds on the car 35 door without permanent deformation. The deflection may not 36 exceed 3/4 inch and may not displace the door from its guides or 37 tracks. The force must be applied while the door is in the fully 38 closed position. 39 (c) The distance between the hoistway face of the landing 40 door and the hoistway face of the car door or gate shall conform 41 to one of the following: 42 1. If a power-operated horizontally sliding hoistway and 43 car doors are used, the measurement between the leading edge of 44 the doors or sight guard, if provided, may not exceed 4 inches. 45 If it is possible for a user to detach or disconnect either door 46 from the operator and such detachment or disconnection allows 47 the user to operate the door manually, the requirement in 48 subparagraph 5. applies. 49 2. If swinging hoistway doors and folding car doors are 50 used and both doors are in the fully closed position, the space 51 between the hoistway door and the folding door must reject a 4 52 inch-diameter sphere at all points. 53 3. If swinging hoistway doors and car gates are used, the 54 space between the hoistway door and the car gate must reject a 55 4-inch-diameter sphere at all points. 56 4. If the car doors are powered and arranged so that they 57 cannot be closed until after the hoistway door is closed, and 58 the car doors automatically open when the car is at a landing 59 and the hoistway door is opened, the measurement between the 60 hoistway face of the hoistway door and the hoistway face of the 61 car door at its leading edge may not exceed 4 inches. If it is 62 possible for a user to detach or disconnect either door from the 63 operator and such detachment or disconnection allows the user to 64 operate the door manually, the requirement in subparagraph 5. 65 applies. 66 5. If swinging or horizontally sliding hoistway doors and 67 manual horizontally sliding car doors are used and both doors 68 are in the fully closed position, the space between the swinging 69 or horizontally sliding hoistway door and the manual 70 horizontally sliding car doors must reject a 4-inch-diameter 71 sphere at all points. 72 (3) The underside of the platform of an elevator car shall 73 be equipped with a device that, if the platform of the elevator 74 car is obstructed anywhere on its underside in its downward 75 travel, interrupts the electric power to the driving machine 76 motor and brake, if provided, and stops the elevator car’s 77 downward motion within 2 inches. The stroke of the device may 78 not be less than the stopping distance of the platform of the 79 elevator car. The force required to operate the device may not 80 exceed 15 pounds. Downward motion shall be permitted to resume 81 only after the elevator has been manually reset. 82 (4) This section applies to all new elevators in a 83 residential dwelling. 84 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2016.