Florida Senate - 2016 CS for CS for CS for SB 1602 By the Committees on Fiscal Policy; Community Affairs; and Regulated Industries; and Senator Galvano 594-03749-16 20161602c3 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to elevators; creating s. 399.031, 3 F.S.; providing a short title; providing clearance 4 requirements for elevators installed in private 5 residences; requiring certain doors and gates to 6 withstand a specified amount of force; requiring 7 certain doors to reject a sphere of a specified size 8 under certain circumstances; requiring all such 9 elevators to be equipped with a certain device; 10 providing requirements for the device; providing 11 applicability; directing the Florida Building 12 Commission to adopt the provisions of the act into the 13 Florida Building Code by a certain date; providing an 14 effective date. 15 16 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 17 18 Section 1. Section 399.031, Florida Statutes, is created to 19 read: 20 399.031 Clearance requirements between elevator doors for 21 elevators inside a private residence.— 22 (1) This section may be cited as the “Maxwell Erik ‘Max’ 23 Grablin Act.” 24 (2) For elevators installed in a private residence: 25 (a) The distance between the hoistway face of the hoistway 26 doors and the hoistway edge of the landing sill may not exceed 27 3/4 inch for swinging doors and 2 1/4 inches for sliding doors. 28 (b)1. Horizontal sliding car doors and gates shall be 29 designed and installed to withstand a force of 75 pounds applied 30 horizontally on an area 4 inches by 4 inches at right angles to 31 and at any location on the car door without permanent 32 deformation. The deflection may not exceed 3/4 inch and may not 33 displace the door from its guides or tracks. The force must be 34 applied while the door is in the fully closed position. 35 2. Folding car doors shall be designed and installed to 36 withstand a force of 75 pounds applied horizontally using a 4 37 inch-diameter sphere at any location within the folds on the car 38 door without permanent deformation. The deflection may not 39 exceed 3/4 inch and may not displace the door from its guides or 40 tracks. The force must be applied while the door is in the fully 41 closed position. 42 (c) The distance between the hoistway face of the landing 43 door and the hoistway face of the car door or gate shall conform 44 to one of the following: 45 1. If a power-operated horizontally sliding hoistway and 46 car doors are used, the measurement between the leading edge of 47 the doors or sight guard, if provided, may not exceed 4 inches. 48 If it is possible for a user to detach or disconnect either door 49 from the operator and such detachment or disconnection allows 50 the user to operate the door manually, the requirement in 51 subparagraph 5. applies. 52 2. If swinging hoistway doors and folding car doors are 53 used and both doors are in the fully closed position, the space 54 between the hoistway door and the folding door must reject a 4 55 inch-diameter sphere at all points. 56 3. If swinging hoistway doors and car gates are used, the 57 space between the hoistway door and the car gate must reject a 58 4-inch-diameter sphere at all points. 59 4. If the car doors are powered and arranged so that they 60 cannot be closed until after the hoistway door is closed, and 61 the car doors automatically open when the car is at a landing 62 and the hoistway door is opened, the measurement between the 63 hoistway face of the hoistway door and the hoistway face of the 64 car door at its leading edge may not exceed 4 inches. If it is 65 possible for a user to detach or disconnect either door from the 66 operator and such detachment or disconnection allows the user to 67 operate the door manually, the requirement in subparagraph 5. 68 applies. 69 5. If swinging or horizontally sliding hoistway doors and 70 manual horizontally sliding car doors are used and both doors 71 are in the fully closed position, the space between the swinging 72 or horizontally sliding hoistway door and the manual 73 horizontally sliding car doors must reject a 4-inch-diameter 74 sphere at all points. 75 (3) The underside of the platform of an elevator car shall 76 be equipped with a device that, if the platform of the elevator 77 car is obstructed anywhere on its underside in its downward 78 travel, interrupts the electric power to the driving machine 79 motor and brake, if provided, and stops the elevator car’s 80 downward motion within 2 inches. The stroke of the device may 81 not be less than the stopping distance of the platform of the 82 elevator car. The force required to operate the device may not 83 exceed 15 pounds. Downward motion shall be permitted to resume 84 only after the elevator has been manually reset. 85 (4) This section applies to all new elevators in a private 86 residence. 87 Section 2. By October 1, 2016, the Florida Building 88 Commission shall adopt s. 399.031, Florida Statutes, into the 89 Florida Building Code pursuant to s. 553.73(8), Florida 90 Statutes. 91 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2016.