Florida Senate - 2016 (NP) SB 24 By Senator Grimsley 21-00143-16 201624__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act for the relief of Clinton Treadway; providing 3 an appropriation and certain benefits to compensate 4 Clinton Treadway for being wrongfully incarcerated for 5 7 years and 25 days; directing the Chief Financial 6 Officer to draw a warrant for the purchase of an 7 annuity; providing conditions for the purchase of the 8 annuity; requiring the Department of Legal Affairs and 9 the Department of Law Enforcement to immediately 10 expunge Clinton Treadway’s criminal record arising 11 from his wrongful incarceration; waiving all fees 12 related to the expunction of his criminal record; 13 providing that the act does not waive certain defenses 14 or increase the state’s liability; providing that 15 certain benefits and the appropriation satisfy all 16 present and future claims related to the wrongful 17 arrest, conviction, and incarceration of Clinton 18 Treadway; providing a limitation on the payment of 19 fees and costs; providing that unused benefits 20 provided under the act shall be revoked and that 21 remaining sums shall revert to the General Revenue 22 Fund upon any future finding that Clinton Treadway is 23 not innocent of the alleged crimes for which he was 24 wrongfully incarcerated; providing an effective date. 25 26 WHEREAS, Clinton Treadway was arrested on June 11, 2005, 27 and convicted on February 6, 2006, of four counts of uttering a 28 forged instrument and four counts of grand theft, and 29 WHEREAS, Clinton Treadway has always maintained his 30 innocence of the offenses, and 31 WHEREAS, based on new evidence in the case, the Office of 32 the State Attorney in the 10th Judicial Circuit determined with 33 certainty that Clinton Treadway did not participate in the 34 offenses for which he was convicted, and 35 WHEREAS, on July 3, 2012, the Circuit Court in the 10th 36 Judicial Circuit granted a motion for postconviction relief, 37 vacated the judgment and sentence of Clinton Treadway as entered 38 on February 6, 2006, and ordered a new trial, and 39 WHEREAS, the state filed a nolle prosequi as related to the 40 retrial on July 3, 2012, and Clinton Treadway was released from 41 physical confinement on July 5, 2012, and 42 WHEREAS, the Legislature acknowledges that the state’s 43 system of justice yielded an imperfect result that had tragic 44 consequences in this case, and 45 WHEREAS, as a result of his physical confinement and the 46 deprivation of the exercise of freedom to which all innocent 47 citizens are entitled, Clinton Treadway suffered significant 48 damages that are unique to him, and 49 WHEREAS, before his wrongful conviction for the 50 aforementioned offenses, Clinton Treadway pled guilty to 51 unrelated felonies, and 52 WHEREAS, because of his prior felony convictions, Clinton 53 Treadway is ineligible for compensation under chapter 961, 54 Florida Statutes, and 55 WHEREAS, the Legislature is providing compensation to 56 Clinton Treadway to acknowledge the fact that he suffered 57 significant damages that are unique to him, and 58 WHEREAS, the compensation provided by this act is the sole 59 compensation from the state for any and all present and future 60 claims arising in connection with Clinton Treadway’s wrongful 61 arrest, wrongful conviction, and wrongful incarceration, and 62 WHEREAS, Clinton Treadway may not seek future compensation 63 from the state or any agency, instrumentality, or political 64 subdivision thereof, or any other entity subject to s. 768.28, 65 Florida Statutes, in state or federal court, for any and all 66 present or future claims arising out of the facts in connection 67 with his wrongful arrest, wrongful conviction, and wrongful 68 incarceration, and 69 WHEREAS, the Legislature apologizes to Clinton Treadway on 70 behalf of the state, NOW, THEREFORE, 71 72 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 73 74 Section 1. The facts stated in the preamble to this act are 75 found and declared to be true. 76 Section 2. The sum of $350,000 is appropriated from the 77 General Revenue Fund to the Department of Financial Services for 78 the relief of Clinton Treadway for the injuries and damages he 79 sustained as a result of his wrongful arrest, wrongful 80 conviction, and wrongful incarceration. 81 Section 3. The Chief Financial Officer is directed to draw 82 a warrant in the sum of $350,000 upon the funds of the 83 Department of Financial Services in the State Treasury, which 84 shall be payable to an insurance company or other financial 85 institution admitted and authorized to issue annuity contracts 86 in this state and selected by Clinton Treadway, to purchase an 87 annuity or annuities on behalf of Clinton Treadway for a term of 88 not less than 10 years. The terms of the annuity or annuities 89 must provide that the annuity or annuities may not be sold, 90 discounted, or used as security for a loan or mortgage by 91 Clinton Treadway and must contain beneficiary provisions for the 92 continued disbursement of the annuity or annuities in the event 93 of the death of Clinton Treadway. The Chief Financial Officer is 94 directed to execute all necessary agreements to implement this 95 section and to maximize the benefit of the annuity or annuities 96 to Clinton Treadway. 97 Section 4. The Chief Financial Officer shall purchase the 98 annuity or annuities required by this act upon delivery by 99 Clinton Treadway to the Chief Financial Officer, the Department 100 of Financial Services, the President of the Senate, and the 101 Speaker of the House of Representatives of a release executed by 102 Clinton Treadway for himself and on behalf of his heirs, 103 successors, and assigns, fully and forever releasing and 104 discharging the State of Florida, and its agencies and 105 subdivisions, as defined in s. 768.28(2), Florida Statutes, from 106 any and all present or future claims or declaratory relief that 107 Clinton Treadway or any of his heirs, successors, or assigns may 108 have against the State of Florida, and its agencies and 109 subdivisions, as defined in s. 768.28(2), Florida Statutes, 110 arising out of the factual situation in connection with the 111 wrongful arrest, wrongful conviction, and wrongful incarceration 112 for which compensation is awarded under this act. Without 113 limitation of the foregoing, the release shall specifically 114 release and discharge the Sheriff of Polk County, in his 115 official capacity, and any current or former sheriffs, deputies, 116 agents, or employees of the Sheriff of Polk County, in their 117 individual capacities, from all claims, causes of action, 118 demands, rights, and claims for attorney fees or costs, of 119 whatever kind or nature, whether in law or equity, including, 120 but not limited to, any claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. s. 1983, 121 which Clinton Treadway had, has, or may in the future have or 122 claim to have, whether known or unknown, against the Sheriff of 123 Polk County, and his assigns, successors in interest, 124 predecessors in interest, heirs, employees, agents, servants, 125 officers, directors, deputies, insurers, reinsurers, and excess 126 insurers, in their official and individual capacities, which 127 arise out of, are associated with, or are a cause of, the 128 wrongful arrest, wrongful conviction, and wrongful incarceration 129 for which compensation is awarded under this act, including any 130 known or unknown loss, injury, or damage related to or caused by 131 the same and which may arise in the future. 132 Section 5. Notwithstanding Section 4, this act does not 133 prohibit Clinton Treadway from seeking declaratory action to 134 obtain judicial expunction of his criminal record as related to 135 the arrest and conviction of uttering a forged instrument and 136 grand theft within a judicial or executive branch agency as 137 otherwise provided by law. The Department of Legal Affairs and 138 the Department of Law Enforcement shall immediately take all 139 action necessary to administratively expunge Clinton Treadway’s 140 criminal record arising from his wrongful arrest, wrongful 141 conviction, and wrongful incarceration. All fees related to the 142 expunction process are waived. 143 Section 6. Tuition and fees for Clinton Treadway shall be 144 waived for up to a total of 120 hours of instruction at any 145 career center established under s. 1001.44, Florida Statutes, 146 any Florida College System institution as defined in s. 147 1000.21(3), Florida Statutes, or any state university as defined 148 in s. 1000.21(6), Florida Statutes, if Clinton Treadway meets 149 and maintains the regular admissions requirements of such career 150 center, Florida College System institution, or state university; 151 remains registered at such educational institution; and makes 152 satisfactory academic progress as defined by the educational 153 institution in which he is enrolled. 154 Section 7. The Legislature, by this act, does not waive any 155 defense of sovereign immunity or increase the limits of 156 liability on behalf of the state or any person or entity that is 157 subject to s. 768.28, Florida Statutes, or any other law. 158 Section 8. This award is intended to provide the sole 159 compensation for any and all present and future claims arising 160 out of the factual situation in connection with Clinton 161 Treadway’s wrongful arrest, wrongful conviction, and wrongful 162 incarceration. No further award, including attorney fees, 163 lobbying fees, costs, or other similar expenses, may be made to 164 Clinton Treadway by the state or any agency, instrumentality, or 165 political subdivision thereof, or any other entity, including 166 any county constitutional office, officer, or employee, in state 167 or federal court. 168 Section 9. If a future factual finding determines, by DNA 169 evidence or otherwise, that Clinton Treadway participated in any 170 manner related to the four counts of uttering a forged 171 instrument or four counts of grand theft, the unused benefits 172 awarded to Clinton Treadway under this act, including any 173 disbursements remaining under any annuity purchased on his 174 behalf, shall be immediately revoked and any remaining sums 175 shall revert to the General Revenue Fund. 176 Section 10. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.