Florida Senate - 2017 CS for SJR 134 By the Committee on Community Affairs; and Senators Artiles and Powell 578-01925-17 2017134c1 1 Senate Joint Resolution 2 A joint resolution proposing an amendment to Section 1 3 of Article VIII of the State Constitution to remove 4 authority for a county charter or special law to 5 provide for choosing a sheriff in a manner other than 6 by election or to alter the duties of the sheriff or 7 abolish the office of the sheriff. 8 9 Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 10 11 That the following amendment to Section 1 of Article VIII 12 of the State Constitution is agreed to and shall be submitted to 13 the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next 14 general election or at an earlier special election specifically 15 authorized by law for that purpose: 16 ARTICLE VIII 17 LOCAL GOVERNMENT 18 SECTION 1. Counties.— 19 (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by 20 law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be 21 created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment 22 or apportionment of the public debt. 23 (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of 24 disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. 25 (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to general or special law, a 26 county government may be established by charter which shall be 27 adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the electors of 28 the county in a special election called for that purpose. 29 (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors 30 of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax 31 collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and 32 a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county 33 charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the 34 county, the tax collector, the property appraiser, the 35 supervisor of elections, and the clerk of the circuit court
any36 county officermay be chosen in another manner therein 37 specified, or any county officemay be abolished when all the 38 duties of the office prescribed by general law are transferred 39 to another office. When not otherwise provided by county charter 40 or special law approved by vote of the electors, the clerk of 41 the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of 42 county commissioners, auditor, recorder, and custodian of all 43 county funds. Notwithstanding section 6(e) of this article, this 44 subsection provides the exclusive manner for the selection, 45 length of terms, abolition of office, and transfer of duties of 46 the sheriff in each county. 47 (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county 48 charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of 49 county commissioners composed of five or seven members serving 50 staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the 51 board of county commissioners shall divide the county into 52 districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population 53 as practicable. One commissioner residing in each district shall 54 be elected as provided by law. 55 (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under 56 county charters shall have such power of self-government as is 57 provided by general or special law. The board of county 58 commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may 59 enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances 60 not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance 61 in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective 62 within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. 63 (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties operating under county 64 charters shall have all powers of local self-government not 65 inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by 66 vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating 67 under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent 68 with general law. The charter shall provide which shall prevail 69 in the event of conflict between county and municipal 70 ordinances. 71 (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within 72 municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services 73 rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the 74 property or residents in unincorporated areas. 75 (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed 76 with the custodian of state records and shall become effective 77 at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. 78 (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county 79 ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. 80 (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county 81 seat at which shall be located the principal offices and 82 permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may 83 not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices 84 for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere 85 in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county 86 in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed 87 recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office 88 designated by the governing body of the county for the recording 89 of instruments, according to law. 90 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the following statement be 91 placed on the ballot: 92 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT 93 ARTICLE VIII, SECTION 1 94 SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY SHERIFF.—Proposing an 95 amendment to the State Constitution to remove authority for a 96 county charter or a special law to provide for choosing a 97 sheriff in a manner other than by election or to alter the 98 duties of the sheriff or abolish the office of the sheriff. The 99 amendment is applicable to all counties and takes effect January 100 8, 2019, if approved.