Florida Senate - 2018 CS for SB 1218 By the Committee on Criminal Justice; and Senator Brandes 591-02583-18 20181218c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to persons awaiting trial; creating s. 3 907.042, F.S.; providing legislative findings; 4 requiring the Department of Corrections to develop a 5 risk assessment instrument; authorizing the department 6 to use or modify an existing risk assessment 7 instrument; requiring the department to develop or 8 modify the risk assessment instrument by a certain 9 date; specifying requirements for the use, 10 implementation, and distribution of the risk 11 assessment instrument; creating the Risk Assessment 12 Pilot Program for a specified period; specifying the 13 participating counties; requiring each participating 14 county’s chief correctional officer to contract with 15 the department to administer the risk assessment 16 instrument; requiring all counties to administer the 17 risk assessment instrument to all persons arrested for 18 a felony; requiring each participating county to 19 submit a report annually by a certain date to the 20 department with specified information; requiring the 21 department to compile the information of the findings 22 from the participating counties and submit an annual 23 report by a certain date to the Governor and the 24 Legislature; authorizing the department, in 25 consultation with specified persons, to adopt rules; 26 providing an effective date. 27 28 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 29 30 Section 1. Section 907.042, Florida Statutes, is created to 31 read: 32 907.042 Risk Assessment Pilot Program.— 33 (1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS.—The Legislature finds that there 34 is a need to use evidence-based methods to reduce recidivism. 35 The Legislature finds that the use of actuarial instruments that 36 classify offenders according to levels of risk to reoffend 37 provides a more consistent and accurate assessment of an 38 offender’s risk and needs. The Legislature also finds that 39 research indicates that using accurate risk and needs assessment 40 instruments to identify appropriate interventions and 41 programming for offenders reduces recidivism. 42 (2) RISK ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT.— 43 (a) The Department of Corrections shall develop a risk 44 assessment instrument that conducts a criminogenic assessment 45 for use in evaluating the proper placement and programming needs 46 for a person who is arrested. The risk assessment instrument 47 must consider, but need not be limited to, the following 48 criteria: 49 1. The nature and circumstances of the offense the person 50 committed. 51 2. The nature and extent of the person’s prior criminal 52 history, if any. 53 3. Any prior history of the person failing to appear in 54 court. 55 4. The person’s employment history, employability skills, 56 and employment interests. 57 5. The person’s educational, vocational, and technical 58 training. 59 6. The person’s background, including his or her family, 60 home, and community environment. 61 7. The person’s physical and mental health history, 62 including any substance use. 63 8. An evaluation of the person’s criminal thinking, 64 criminal associates, and social awareness. 65 (b) The Department of Corrections may use or modify an 66 existing risk assessment instrument, if the instrument contains 67 the criteria enumerated in paragraph (a). 68 (c) The Department of Corrections shall complete the 69 development or modification of a risk assessment instrument no 70 later than March 1, 2019. The department may begin to implement 71 the risk assessment instrument immediately upon completion. 72 Implementation, including training all staff that will 73 administer the risk assessment instrument, must be completed by 74 June 30, 2019. 75 (d) A representative of the county’s chief correctional 76 officer shall administer the risk assessment instrument as early 77 as reasonably possible after a person’s arrest, but no later 78 than 10 business days after the arrest. If a person is released 79 from jail pursuant to chapter 903 before the administration of 80 the risk assessment instrument, the chief correctional officer, 81 or his or her representative, must schedule and provide written 82 notification of a date and time for the person to return to the 83 jail for the administration of the risk assessment instrument. 84 The date and time must be provided in writing upon the person’s 85 pretrial release. The risk assessment instrument may be 86 conducted by video teleconference. 87 (e) A risk assessment instrument report must be made 88 available to the person to whom the instrument is administered, 89 his or her legal counsel, and the state attorney upon completion 90 of the report. The Department of Corrections shall submit to the 91 court the risk assessment instrument report, but the court may 92 not review it without the consent of the person who is the 93 subject of the report and his or her legal counsel. 94 (3) CREATION.—Contingent upon appropriations and a contract 95 with each participating county, it is the intent of the 96 Legislature to establish a 3-year Risk Assessment Pilot Program 97 to perform a risk assessment evaluation on all persons arrested 98 for a felony in participating counties. 99 (4) PARTICIPATING COUNTIES.—Participation in the pilot 100 program is limited to Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas 101 Counties. Each participating county’s chief correctional officer 102 shall enter into a 3-year contract with the Department of 103 Corrections for the ability to utilize the risk assessment 104 instrument that is developed in accordance with this section. 105 (5) PILOT PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.— 106 (a) The participating counties shall administer the risk 107 assessment instrument to all persons arrested for a felony and 108 utilize the results of such risk assessment instrument as a tool 109 for determining appropriate programming and sentencing with the 110 goal of reducing recidivism. 111 (b) Each county participating in the pilot program shall 112 provide an annual report to the Department of Corrections by 113 July 1 of each year of the pilot program which details the 114 results of the administration of the risk assessment instrument, 115 programming used for persons who received the assessment, and 116 the success rate of such programming. The department shall 117 compile the county reports and submit one annual report to the 118 Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the 119 House of Representatives by October 1 of each year of the pilot 120 program. 121 (6) RULEMAKING.—The Department of Corrections, in 122 consultation with a participating county’s chief correctional 123 officer, chief judge, state attorney, and public defender, may 124 adopt rules to administer this section. 125 Section 2. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.