Florida Senate - 2019 SB 1158 By Senator Gainer 2-01604-19 20191158__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to motor vehicle lights and signals; 3 amending s. 316.235, F.S.; authorizing any motor 4 vehicle to be equipped with certain lamps or devices 5 under certain circumstances; amending s. 316.2397, 6 F.S.; authorizing certain vehicles to display red and 7 white lights; amending s. 316.2398, F.S.; authorizing 8 certain vehicles to display red and white warning 9 signals under certain circumstances; providing 10 requirements and penalties; amending s. 316.224, F.S.; 11 conforming a cross-reference; providing an effective 12 date. 13 14 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 15 16 Section 1. Present subsections (3) through (6) of section 17 316.235, Florida Statutes, are redesignated as subsections (4) 18 through (7), respectively, and a new subsection (3) is added to 19 that section, to read: 20 316.235 Additional lighting equipment.— 21 (3) Any motor vehicle may be equipped with one or more 22 lamps or devices underneath the motor vehicle as long as such 23 lamps or devices do not emit light in violation of s. 24 316.2397(1) or (7) or s. 316.238. 25 Section 2. Subsections (1) and (3) and paragraph (c) of 26 subsection (7) of section 316.2397, Florida Statutes, are 27 amended to read: 28 316.2397 Certain lights prohibited; exceptions.— 29 (1) A
Noperson may not shalldrive or move or cause to be 30 moved any vehicle or equipment upon any highway within this 31 state with any lamp or device thereon showing or displaying a 32 red, red and white, or blue light visible from directly in front 33 thereof except for certain vehicles hereinafterprovided in this 34 section. 35 (3) Vehicles of the fire department and fire patrol, 36 including vehicles of volunteer firefighters as permitted under 37 s. 316.2398, may show or display red or red and white lights. 38 Vehicles of medical staff physicians or technicians of medical 39 facilities licensed by the state as authorized under s. 40 316.2398, ambulances as authorized under this chapter, and buses 41 and taxicabs as authorized under s. 316.2399 may show or display 42 red lights. Vehicles of the fire department, fire patrol, police 43 vehicles, and such ambulances and emergency vehicles of 44 municipal and county departments, public service corporations 45 operated by private corporations, the Fish and Wildlife 46 Conservation Commission, the Department of Environmental 47 Protection, the Department of Transportation, the Department of 48 Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Department of 49 Corrections as are designated or authorized by their respective 50 department or the chief of police of an incorporated city or any 51 sheriff of any county may operate emergency lights and sirens in 52 an emergency. Wreckers, mosquito control fog and spray vehicles, 53 and emergency vehicles of governmental departments or public 54 service corporations may show or display amber lights when in 55 actual operation or when a hazard exists provided they are not 56 used going to and from the scene of operation or hazard without 57 specific authorization of a law enforcement officer or law 58 enforcement agency. Wreckers must use amber rotating or flashing 59 lights while performing recoveries and loading on the roadside 60 day or night, and may use such lights while towing a vehicle on 61 wheel lifts, slings, or under reach if the operator of the 62 wrecker deems such lights necessary. A flatbed, car carrier, or 63 rollback may not use amber rotating or flashing lights when 64 hauling a vehicle on the bed unless it creates a hazard to other 65 motorists because of protruding objects. Further, escort 66 vehicles may show or display amber lights when in the actual 67 process of escorting overdimensioned equipment, material, or 68 buildings as authorized by law. Vehicles owned or leased by 69 private security agencies may show or display green and amber 70 lights, with either color being no greater than 50 percent of 71 the lights displayed, while the security personnel are engaged 72 in security duties on private or public property. 73 (7) Flashing lights are prohibited on vehicles except: 74 (c) For the lamps authorized under subsections (1), (2), 75 (3), (4), and (9), s. 316.2065, or s. 316.235(6) s. 316.235(5)76 which may flash. 77 Section 3. Section 316.2398, Florida Statutes, is amended 78 to read: 79 316.2398 Display or use of red or red and white warning 80 signals; motor vehicles of volunteer firefighters or medical 81 staff.— 82 (1) A privately owned vehicle belonging to an active 83 firefighter member of a regularly organized volunteer 84 firefighting company or association, while en route to the fire 85 station for the purpose of proceeding to the scene of a fire or 86 other emergency or while en route to the scene of a fire or 87 other emergency in the line of duty as an active firefighter 88 member of a regularly organized firefighting company or 89 association, may display or use red or red and white warning 90 signals. orA privately owned vehicle belonging to a medical 91 staff physician or technician of a medical facility licensed by 92 the state, while responding to an emergency in the line of duty, 93 may display or use red warning signals. Warning signals must be 94 visible from the front and from the rear of such vehicle, 95 subject to the following restrictions and conditions: 96 (a) No more than two red or red and white warning signals 97 may be displayed. 98 (b) No inscription of any kind may appear across the face 99 of the lens of the red or red and white warning signal. 100 (c) In order for an active volunteer firefighter to display 101 such red or red and white warning signals on his or her vehicle, 102 the volunteer firefighter must first secure a written permit 103 from the chief executive officers of the firefighting 104 organization to use the red or red and white warning signals, 105 and this permit must be carried by the volunteer firefighter at 106 all times while the red or red and white warning signals are 107 displayed. 108 (2) A It is unlawful for anyperson who is not an active 109 firefighter member of a regularly organized volunteer 110 firefighting company or association or a physician or technician 111 of the medical staff of a medical facility licensed by the state 112 may not todisplay on any motor vehicle owned by him or her, at 113 any time, any red or red and white warning signals as described 114 in subsection (1). 115 (3) It is unlawful forAn active volunteer firefighter may 116 not tooperate any red or red and white warning signals as 117 authorized in subsection (1), except while en route to the fire 118 station for the purpose of proceeding to the scene of a fire or 119 other emergency, or while at or en route to the scene of a fire 120 or other emergency, in the line of duty. 121 (4) It is unlawful forA physician or technician of the 122 medical staff of a medical facility may not tooperate any red 123 warning signals as authorized in subsection (1), except when 124 responding to an emergency in the line of duty. 125 (5) A violation of this section is a nonmoving violation, 126 punishable as provided in chapter 318. In addition, a any127 volunteer firefighter who violates this section shall be 128 dismissed from membership in the firefighting organization by 129 the chief executive officers thereof. 130 Section 4. Subsection (3) of section 316.224, Florida 131 Statutes, is amended to read: 132 316.224 Color of clearance lamps, identification lamps, 133 side marker lamps, backup lamps, reflectors, and deceleration 134 lights.— 135 (3) All lighting devices and reflectors mounted on the rear 136 of any vehicle shall display or reflect a red color, except the 137 stop light or other signal device, which may be red, amber, or 138 yellow, and except that the light illuminating the license plate 139 shall be white and the light emitted by a backup lamp shall be 140 white or amber. Deceleration lights as authorized by s. 141 316.235(6) s. 316.235(5)shall display an amber color. 142 Section 5. This act shall take effect October 1, 2019.