Florida Senate - 2019 SM 1230 By Senator Powell 30-02048-19 20191230__ 1 Senate Memorial 2 A memorial to the Congress of the United States, 3 urging Congress to call a convention under Article V 4 of the Constitution of the United States for the 5 exclusive purpose of proposing an amendment to the 6 Constitution of the United States to permanently 7 restore free and fair elections in the United States. 8 9 WHEREAS, the framers of the Constitution of the United 10 States intended that the United States Congress should be 11 “dependent on the people alone,” (James Madison, Federalist No. 12 52), and 13 WHEREAS, that dependency has evolved from a dependency on 14 the people alone to a dependency on powerful special interests, 15 through campaigns or third-party groups, which has created a 16 fundamental imbalance in our representative democracy, and 17 WHEREAS, Americans across the political spectrum agree that 18 elections in the United States should be free from the 19 disproportional influence of special interests and fair enough 20 that any citizen can be elected to office, and 21 WHEREAS, Article I, Section 1 of the State Constitution 22 states that “all political power is inherent in the people,” and 23 WHEREAS, Article V of the Constitution of the United States 24 requires Congress to call a convention for proposing amendments 25 to the Constitution of the United States on the application of 26 two-thirds of the legislatures of the several states, and 27 WHEREAS, multiple Florida counties and municipalities have 28 expressed by citizen referendum or through their elected 29 officials the need to free our elections from the 30 disproportional influence of special interests, including, but 31 not limited to, Escambia, Gadsden, and Alachua Counties and the 32 Cities of Key West, Sarasota, Tampa, and Miami, and 33 WHEREAS, the Florida Legislature perceives the need for an 34 Article V convention in order to restore balance and integrity 35 to our elections by proposing an amendment to the Constitution 36 of the United States that will permanently restore free and fair 37 elections in the United States by addressing, among other 38 things, issues raised by the decisions of the United States 39 Supreme Court in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 40 558 U.S. 310 (2010), and related cases and events, and desires 41 that such convention should be so limited, and 42 WHEREAS, the State of Florida desires that the delegates to 43 such convention shall be comprised equally of individuals 44 currently elected to state and local office, or be selected by 45 election, in each congressional district for the purpose of 46 serving as delegates, though all individuals elected or 47 appointed to federal office, past or present, shall be 48 prohibited from serving as delegates to the convention, and the 49 state intends to retain the ability to restrict or expand the 50 power of its delegates within the limits expressed herein, and 51 WHEREAS, the State of Florida intends that this be a 52 continuing application considered together with applications 53 calling for a convention passed in the 2013-2014 Vermont 54 legislature as R454, the 2013-2014 California legislature as 55 Resolution Chapter 77, the 98th Illinois General Assembly as SJR 56 42, the 2014-2015 New Jersey legislature as SCR 132, the 2015 57 2016 Rhode Island legislature as HR 7670 and SR 2589, and all 58 other passed, pending, and future applications until such time 59 as two-thirds of the several states have applied for a 60 convention for a similar purpose and such convention is convened 61 by Congress, NOW, THEREFORE, 62 63 Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 64 65 (1) That the Legislature of the State of Florida does 66 hereby make application to Congress, pursuant to Article V of 67 the Constitution of the United States, to call an Article V 68 Convention for the exclusive purpose of proposing an amendment 69 to the Constitution of the United States which will restore free 70 and fair elections by addressing the issues raised by the 71 decisions of the United States Supreme Court in Citizens United 72 v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S. 310 (2010), and related 73 cases and events. 74 (2) That this application constitutes a continuing 75 application in accordance with Article V of the Constitution of 76 the United States until the legislatures of at least two-thirds 77 of the several states have made application on the subject of 78 free and fair elections as specified in this application. 79 (3) That this application be aggregated with the 80 applications from other states on the same subject for the 81 purpose of attaining the two-thirds majority needed to require 82 Congress to call a limited Article V convention as specified in 83 this application, but not be aggregated with any other 84 applications on any other subject. 85 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Secretary of State dispatch 86 copies of this memorial to the President of the United States, 87 to the President of the United States Senate, to the Speaker of 88 the United States House of Representatives, and to each member 89 of the Florida delegation to the United States Congress.