Florida Senate - 2019 CS for SB 588 By the Committee on Commerce and Tourism; and Senators Hutson and Bradley 577-02659-19 2019588c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to preemption of local regulations; 3 creating s. 403.7034, F.S.; prohibiting local 4 government entities from adopting or enforcing local 5 ordinances or regulations relating to single-use 6 plastic straws before a specified date; requiring the 7 Department of Environmental Protection, or an entity 8 designated by the department, to conduct a study 9 evaluating the environmental impact of single-use 10 plastic straws; providing qualifications for the 11 designated entity; specifying requirements for the 12 environmental impact study; requiring the department 13 to submit a report on the environmental impact study 14 results to the Legislature by a specified date; 15 providing that, under certain circumstances, the 16 moratorium on local regulation is lifted by a 17 specified date; providing penalties for violations of 18 the moratorium by a local government entity; amending 19 s. 499.002, F.S.; preempting the regulation of over 20 the-counter proprietary drugs or cosmetics to the 21 state; providing an effective date. 22 23 WHEREAS, single-use plastic straws comprise less than 1 24 percent of waste and litter, and 25 WHEREAS, alternatives to single-use plastic straws may have 26 equivalent environmental drawbacks or have reduced utility in 27 certain beverage types, and 28 WHEREAS, reducing the availability of single-use plastic 29 straws may negatively impact persons with disabilities who 30 require single-use plastic straws for feeding and hydration, and 31 WHEREAS, businesses should be free to decide the best 32 manner in which to serve their customers, free from unnecessary 33 governmental intrusion or regulation, and 34 WHEREAS, the prudent deliberation regarding materials usage 35 and the development of policy based on sound research and 36 science will result in better long-term solutions for this 37 state, NOW, THEREFORE, 38 39 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 40 41 Section 1. Section 403.7034, Florida Statutes, is created 42 to read: 43 403.7034 Local regulation of single-use plastic straws; 44 moratorium; environmental impact study; penalties.— 45 (1) Before July 1, 2024, a county, a municipality, or 46 another entity of local government may not adopt or enforce an 47 ordinance or other local regulation relating to single-use 48 plastic straws. 49 (2) In the interim, the department, or an entity designated 50 by the department, shall conduct a study to evaluate the 51 environmental impact of single-use plastic straws. A designated 52 entity must be competent, knowledgeable, and unbiased regarding 53 environmental impact studies. 54 (3) The environmental impact study must focus on scientific 55 data regarding the environmental impact of single-use plastic 56 straws and the potential impact on the environment of this state 57 of a reduction in the number of, or a prohibition on the use of, 58 single-use plastic straws. The study may consider single-use 59 plastic straw regulations adopted in other jurisdictions in the 60 United States and the actual effectiveness of such regulations 61 in those jurisdictions in terms of environmental impact. The 62 study must also consider the usefulness and environmental impact 63 of potential alternatives to single-use plastic straws and the 64 potential impact of reducing or eliminating single-use plastic 65 straws on the quality of life of persons with disabilities who 66 may rely on single-use plastic straws for feeding and hydration. 67 (4) The department shall report the results of the 68 environmental impact study to the Legislature by January 1, 69 2024. If, upon evaluating the results of the study, the 70 Legislature does not enact a general law specifying a statewide 71 policy regarding single-use plastic straws or a law preempting 72 local regulation of single-use plastic straws, the moratorium on 73 local regulation and enforcement under this section is lifted, 74 effective July 1, 2024. 75 (5) An attempt by a county, a municipality, or another 76 entity of local government to adopt or enforce single-use 77 plastic straw regulations before July 1, 2024, is a violation of 78 this chapter and shall result in a fine to the offending local 79 government entity in the amount of $25,000. Further, the 80 offending local government entity is responsible for the 81 attorney fees and costs of any party filing and prevailing in a 82 civil action to enforce the terms of the moratorium. 83 Section 2. Subsection (7) is added to section 499.002, 84 Florida Statutes, to read: 85 499.002 Purpose, administration, and enforcement of and 86 exemption from this part.— 87 (7) Notwithstanding any other law or local ordinance to the 88 contrary, the regulation of over-the-counter proprietary drugs 89 and cosmetics is preempted to the state to be uniformly 90 administered. 91 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2019.