Florida Senate - 2011 SB 402
By Senator Negron
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to regulation of firearms and
3 ammunition; amending s. 790.33, F.S.; clarifying and
4 reorganizing provisions that preempt to the state the
5 entire field of regulation of firearms; prohibiting
6 specified persons and entities, when acting in their
7 official capacity, from regulating or attempting to
8 regulate firearms or ammunition in any manner except
9 as specifically authorized by s. 790.33, F.S., or by
10 general law; providing a penalty for knowing and
11 willful violations; eliminating provisions authorizing
12 counties to adopt an ordinance requiring a waiting
13 period between the purchase and delivery of a handgun;
14 providing additional intent of the section; providing
15 that public funds may not be used to defend the
16 unlawful conduct of any person charged with a knowing
17 and willful violation of the section; providing
18 exceptions; providing fines for governmental entities
19 in whose service or employ the provisions of the
20 section are knowingly and willfully violated;
21 providing for deposit of fines; providing for
22 investigation of complaints of criminal violations of
23 the section and prosecution of violators by the state
24 attorney; providing for termination of employment or
25 contract or removal from office of a person acting in
26 an official capacity who knowingly and willfully
27 violates any provision of the section; providing for
28 declarative and injunctive relief for specified
29 persons or organizations; providing for specified
30 damages and interest; providing for seizure of certain
31 municipal vehicles for specified nonpayment of
32 damages; providing exceptions to prohibitions of the
33 section; providing an effective date.
35 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
37 Section 1. Section 790.33, Florida Statutes, is amended to
39 790.33 Field of regulation of firearms and ammunition
41 (1) PREEMPTION.—Except as expressly provided by general
42 law, the Legislature hereby declares that it is occupying the
43 whole field of regulation of firearms and ammunition, including
44 the purchase, sale, transfer, taxation, manufacture, ownership,
45 possession, storage, and transportation thereof, to the
46 exclusion of all existing and future county, city, town, or
47 municipal ordinances or regulations relating thereto. Any such
48 existing ordinances or regulations are hereby declared null and
This subsection shall not affect zoning ordinances which
50 encompass firearms businesses along with other businesses.
51 Zoning ordinances which are designed for the purpose of
52 restricting or prohibiting the sale, purchase, transfer, or
53 manufacture of firearms or ammunition as a method of regulating
54 firearms or ammunition are in conflict with this subsection and
55 are prohibited.
56 (2) PROHIBITIONS.—The following entities may not, when
57 acting in their official capacity or otherwise under color of
58 law, regulate or attempt to regulate firearms or ammunition in
59 any manner, whether by the enactment or enforcement of any
60 ordinance, regulation, measure, directive, rule, enactment,
61 order, policy, or exercise of proprietary authority, or by any
62 other means, except as specifically authorized by this section
63 or by general law:
64 (a) A local government.
65 (b) A special district.
66 (c) A political subdivision.
67 (d) A governmental authority, commission, or board.
68 (e) A state governmental agency.
69 (f) Any official, agent, employee, or person, whether
70 public or private, who works or contracts with any state or
71 other governmental entity.
72 (g) Any entity that serves the public good when such
73 service is provided in whole or in part by any governmental
74 entity or utilizes public support or public funding.
75 (h) Any public entity other than those specified in this
76 subsection, including, but not limited to, libraries, convention
77 centers, fairgrounds, parks, and recreational facilities.
78 (i) Any body to which authority or jurisdiction is given by
79 any unit or subdivision of any government or that serves the
80 public good in whole or in part with public support,
81 authorization, or funding or that has the authority to establish
82 rules or regulations that apply to the public use of facilities,
83 property, or grounds.
84 (2) LIMITED EXCEPTION; COUNTY WAITING-PERIOD ORDINANCES.—
85 (a) Any county may have the option to adopt a waiting
86 period ordinance requiring a waiting period of up to, but not to
87 exceed, 3 working days between the purchase and delivery of a
88 handgun. For purposes of this subsection, “purchase” means
89 payment of deposit, payment in full, or notification of intent
90 to purchase. Adoption of a waiting-period ordinance, by any
91 county, shall require a majority vote of the county commission
92 on votes on waiting-period ordinances. This exception is limited
93 solely to individual counties and is limited to the provisions
94 and restrictions contained in this subsection.
95 (b) Ordinances authorized by this subsection shall apply to
96 all sales of handguns to individuals by a retail establishment
97 except those sales to individuals exempted in this subsection.
98 For purposes of this subsection, “retail establishment” means a
99 gun shop, sporting goods store, pawn shop, hardware store,
100 department store, discount store, bait or tackle shop, or any
101 other store or shop that offers handguns for walk-in retail sale
102 but does not include gun collectors shows or exhibits, or gun
104 (c) Ordinances authorized by this subsection shall not
105 require any reporting or notification to any source outside the
106 retail establishment, but records of handgun sales must be
107 available for inspection, during normal business hours, by any
108 law enforcement agency as defined in s. 934.02 .
109 (d) The following shall be exempt from any waiting period:
110 1. Individuals who are licensed to carry concealed firearms
111 under the provisions of s. 790.06 or who are licensed to carry
112 concealed firearms under any other provision of state law and
113 who show a valid license;
114 2. Individuals who already lawfully own another firearm and
115 who show a sales receipt for another firearm; who are known to
116 own another firearm through a prior purchase from the retail
117 establishment; or who have another firearm for trade-in;
118 3. A law enforcement or correctional officer as defined in
119 s. 943.10 ;
120 4. A law enforcement agency as defined in s. 934.02 ;
121 5. Sales or transactions between dealers or between
122 distributors or between dealers and distributors who have
123 current federal firearms licenses; or
124 6. Any individual who has been threatened or whose family
125 has been threatened with death or bodily injury, provided the
126 individual may lawfully possess a firearm and provided such
127 threat has been duly reported to local law enforcement.
128 (3) POLICY AND INTENT.—
129 (a) It is the intent of this section to provide uniform
130 firearms laws in the state; to declare all ordinances and
131 regulations null and void which have been enacted by any
132 jurisdictions other than state and federal, which regulate
133 firearms, ammunition, or components thereof; to prohibit the
134 enactment of any future ordinances or regulations relating to
135 firearms, ammunition, or components thereof unless specifically
136 authorized by this section or general law; and to require local
137 jurisdictions to enforce state firearms laws.
138 (b) It is further the intent of this section to deter and
139 prevent the violation of this section, the abuse of official
140 authority that occurs when local enactments are knowingly passed
141 in violation of state law, and the violation under color of
142 local authority of rights protected under the constitution and
143 laws of this state.
144 (4) PENALTIES.—
145 (a) Any person who, or entity that, knowingly and willfully
146 violates a provision of this section commits a felony of the
147 third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s.
149 (b)1. Except as required by s. 16, Art. I of the State
150 Constitution or the Sixth Amendment to the United States
151 Constitution, public funds may not be used to defend the
152 unlawful conduct of any person charged with a knowing and
153 willful violation of this section, unless the charges against
154 such person are dismissed or such person is determined to be not
155 guilty at trial.
156 2. Notwithstanding subparagraph 1., public funds may be
157 expended to provide the services of the office of public
158 defender or court-appointed conflict counsel as provided by law.
159 (c) The governmental entity in whose service or employ a
160 provision of this section is violated may be assessed a fine of
161 not more than $5 million if the court determines that the
162 violation was willful and that any person at the governmental
163 entity with oversight of the offending official, designee,
164 contractee, or employee knew or in the exercise of ordinary care
165 should have known the act was a violation. Fines assessed under
166 this section shall be deposited in equal amounts into the
167 administrative account of the state attorney and the
168 administrative account of the court in the jurisdiction in which
169 the offense occurred and was prosecuted.
170 (d) The state attorney in the appropriate jurisdiction
171 shall investigate complaints of criminal violations of this
172 section and, where the state attorney determines probable cause
173 of a violation exists, shall prosecute violators. Any state
174 attorney who fails to execute his or her duties under this
175 section may be held accountable under the appropriate Florida
176 rules of professional conduct.
177 (e) A knowing and willful violation of any provision of
178 this section by a person acting in an official capacity for any
179 of the entities specified in this section or otherwise under
180 color of law shall be cause for immediate termination of
181 employment or contract or removal from office by the Governor.
182 (f) A person or an organization whose membership is
183 adversely affected by any ordinance, regulation, measure,
184 directive, rule, enactment, order, or policy promulgated or
185 enforced in violation of this section may file suit in an
186 appropriate court for declarative and injunctive relief and for
187 all actual and consequential damages attributable to the
188 violation. A court shall award the prevailing plaintiff in any
189 such suit:
190 1. Attorney’s fees in the trial and appellate courts to be
191 determined by the rate used by the federal district court with
192 jurisdiction over the political subdivision for civil rights
194 2. Liquidated damages of three times the attorney’s fees
195 under subparagraph 1.; and
196 3. Litigation costs in the trial and appellate courts.
198 Interest on the sums awarded pursuant to this subsection shall
199 accrue at 15 percent from the date on which suit was filed.
200 Where applicable, payment may be secured by seizure against any
201 municipal vehicles used or operated for the benefit of any
202 elected officeholder in the appropriate municipality if not paid
203 within 72 hours after the order’s enrollment and publication.
204 (5) EXCEPTIONS.—This section does not prohibit:
205 (a) Zoning ordinances that encompass firearms businesses
206 along with other businesses, except that zoning ordinances that
207 are designed for the purpose of restricting or prohibiting the
208 sale, purchase, transfer, or manufacture of firearms or
209 ammunition as a method of regulating firearms or ammunition are
210 in conflict with this subsection and are prohibited;
211 (b) A duly organized law enforcement agency from enacting
212 and enforcing regulations pertaining to firearms, ammunition, or
213 firearm accessories issued to or used by peace officers in the
214 course of their official duties;
215 (c) Except as provided in s. 790.251, any entity listed in
216 paragraphs (2)(a)-(i) from regulating or prohibiting the
217 carrying of firearms and ammunition by an employee of the entity
218 during and in the course of the employee’s official duties; or
219 (d) A court or administrative law judge from hearing and
220 resolving any case or controversy or issuing any opinion or
221 order on a matter within the jurisdiction of that court or
223 (6) (b) SHORT TITLE.—As created by chapter 87-23, Laws of
224 Florida, this section shall be known and may be cited as the
225 “Joe Carlucci Uniform Firearms Act.”
226 Section 2. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.