Florida Senate - 2011 CS for SB 556 By the Committee on Criminal Justice; and Senators Oelrich, Dockery, and Garcia 591-02842-11 2011556c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating the Temporary Assistance for Needy 3 Families Program; creating s. 414.145, F.S.; requiring 4 the Department of Children and Family Services to 5 perform a drug test on individuals who apply for 6 benefits funded by the Temporary Assistance for Needy 7 Families Program; making individuals responsible for 8 bearing the cost of drug testing; requiring certain 9 notice; providing procedures for testing and 10 retesting; providing for notice of local substance 11 abuse programs; providing that, if a parent is deemed 12 ineligible due to failing a drug test, the eligibility 13 of the children is not affected; providing an 14 effective date. 15 16 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 17 18 Section 1. Section 414.145, Florida Statutes, is created to 19 read: 20 414.145 Drug-screening program.— 21 (1) The Department of Children and Family Services shall 22 require a drug test consistent with s. 112.0455 to screen each 23 individual who applies for temporary assistance for needy 24 families (TANF). The cost of drug testing shall be the 25 responsibility of the individual. 26 (a) Individuals who are subject to the requirements of this 27 section include any parent or caretaker relative who is included 28 in the cash assistance group, including individuals who may be 29 exempt from work activity requirements due to the age of the 30 youngest child or who may be excepted from work activity 31 requirements under s. 414.065(4). 32 (b) Individuals who test positive for controlled substances 33 as a result of a drug test required under this section are 34 ineligible to receive TANF benefits for 1 year. 35 (2) The Department of Children and Family Services shall: 36 (a) Provide notice of drug testing to each individual at 37 the time of application. The notice must advise the individual 38 that drug testing will be conducted as a condition for receiving 39 TANF benefits, and that the individual must bear the cost of 40 testing. The individual shall be advised that the required drug 41 testing may be avoided if the individual does not apply for TANF 42 benefits. Children under the age of 18 are exempt from the drug 43 testing requirement. 44 (b) Require that, for two-parent families, both parents 45 comply with the drug-testing requirement. 46 (c) Advise each individual to be tested, before the test is 47 conducted, that he or she may, but is not required to, advise 48 the agent administering the test of any prescription or over 49 the-counter medication he or she is taking. 50 (d) Require each individual to be tested to sign a written 51 acknowledgment that he or she has received and understood the 52 notice and advice provided under paragraphs (a) and (c). 53 (e) Ensure each individual being tested a reasonable degree 54 of dignity while producing and submitting a sample for drug 55 testing, consistent with the state’s need to ensure the 56 reliability of the sample. 57 (f) Specify circumstances under which an individual who 58 fails a drug test has the right to take one or more additional 59 tests. 60 (g) Inform individuals who test positive for controlled 61 substances and are deemed ineligible for TANF benefits that they 62 may reapply for those benefits 1 year after the date of the 63 positive drug test. If the individual tests positive again, he 64 or she is ineligible to receive TANF benefits for 3 years 65 following the date of the second positive drug test. 66 (h) Provide any individual who tests positive with 67 information concerning substance abuse treatment programs that 68 may be available in the area in which he or she resides. Neither 69 the department nor the state is responsible for providing or 70 paying for substance abuse treatment as part of the screening 71 conducted under this section. 72 (3)(a) If a parent is deemed ineligible for TANF benefits 73 due to failing a drug test under this section, his or her 74 dependent child’s eligibility for TANF benefits is not affected. 75 (b) If a parent is deemed ineligible for TANF benefits due 76 to failing a drug test, an appropriate protective payee shall be 77 established for the benefit of the child. 78 (c) The parent may choose to designate another individual 79 to receive benefits for the parent’s minor child. The designated 80 individual must be an immediate family member or, if an 81 immediate family member is not available or the family member 82 declines the option, another individual, approved by the 83 department, may be designated. The designated individual must 84 also undergo drug testing before being approved to receive 85 benefits on behalf of the child. If the designated individual 86 tests positive for controlled substances, he or she shall be 87 deemed ineligible to receive benefits on behalf of the child. 88 (4) The Department of Children and Family Services shall 89 adopt rules as necessary to administer this section. 90 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2011.