Florida Senate - 2012 SJR 1628 By Senator Gaetz 4-01604-12 20121628__ 1 Senate Joint Resolution 2 A joint resolution of apportionment; providing for the 3 apportionment of the House of Representatives and the 4 Senate (plans _______ and _______); adopting the 5 United States Decennial Census of 2010 for use in such 6 apportionment; providing for the inclusion of omitted 7 areas; providing contiguity for areas specified for 8 inclusion in one district which are noncontiguous; 9 specifying that the apportioned districts constitute 10 the legislative districts of the state; providing for 11 severability of invalid portions; providing for 12 application beginning in 2012. 13 14 Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 15 16 Section 1. Official census for apportionment; definitions.— 17 (1) In accordance with Section 8(a), Article X of the State 18 Constitution, the United States Decennial Census of 2010 is the 19 official census of the state for the purposes of this joint 20 resolution. 21 (2) The following delineation of representative and 22 senatorial districts employs areas included within official 23 county, voting tabulation district, tract, and block boundary 24 descriptions used by the United States Department of Commerce, 25 Bureau of the Census, in compiling the United States Decennial 26 Census of 2010 in this state. The populations within these 27 census geographic units are the population figures reported in 28 the counts of the United States Decennial Census of 2010 29 provided to the state in accordance with Pub. L. No. 94-171. 30 (3) As used in this joint resolution, the term: 31 (a) “Block” describes the smallest geographic unit for 32 which population was tabulated in the 2010 decennial census. 33 Blocks are nested within tracts and within voting tabulation 34 districts. A block is identified by a four-digit integer that is 35 unique within a tract but is not necessarily unique within a 36 voting tabulation district. 37 (b) “Tract” describes a relatively permanent statistical 38 subdivision of a county updated by local participants prior to 39 the 2010 decennial census. Tracts consist of whole blocks and 40 are nested within counties. Tracts are identified uniquely 41 within a county by an up to four-digit integer and may have an 42 optional two-digit suffix. 43 (c) “Voting tabulation district” describes a subdivision of 44 a county established in Phase 2 of the 2010 Census Redistricting 45 Data Program. Voting tabulation districts consist of whole 46 blocks and are nested within counties. Voting tabulation 47 districts subdivide counties in ways supervisors of elections 48 determined are efficient for conducting elections and keeping 49 communities whole. Voting tabulation districts are identified 50 uniquely within a county by an up to four-digit integer. 51 Section 2. Representative districts.—For the election of 52 members to the House of Representatives of this state, the state 53 is apportioned into 120 consecutively numbered, single-member, 54 representative districts of contiguous territory, to be 55 designated by such numbers as follows: 56 57 Section 3. Senatorial districts.—For the election of 58 members to the Senate of this state, the state is apportioned 59 into 40 consecutively numbered, single-member senatorial 60 districts of contiguous territory, to be designated by such 61 numbers as follows: 62 63 Section 4. Territory not specified for inclusion in any 64 district.—Any portion of the state which is not stated in this 65 joint resolution as being included in any district described in 66 this joint resolution but which is entirely surrounded by a 67 district shall be deemed to be included within the surrounding 68 district. Any portion of the state which is not included in any 69 district described in this joint resolution and which is not 70 entirely surrounded by a district shall be included within that 71 district contiguous to the portion that contains the least 72 population per legislator according to the United States 73 Decennial Census of 2010; however, if every district contiguous 74 to such portion has an equal population, such portion shall be 75 included within the lowest-numbered district that is contiguous 76 to such portion. 77 Section 5. Territory specified for inclusion in one 78 district which is noncontiguous.—If any district described in 79 this joint resolution is composed of noncontiguous territory, 80 the noncontiguous portion that has the least population shall be 81 included in the district that is contiguous to such portion and 82 that has the least population; however, if every district 83 contiguous to such portion has an equal population, such portion 84 shall be included within the lowest-numbered district that is 85 contiguous to such portion. 86 Section 6. Districts to constitute representative and 87 senatorial districts of state.—The districts created by this 88 joint resolution constitute and form the representative and 89 senatorial districts of the state, and members of the 90 Legislature shall be elected in and for these representative and 91 senatorial districts as provided by law. 92 Section 7. Severability.—If any provision of this joint 93 resolution or the application thereof to any person or 94 circumstance is held invalid, or if any representative or 95 senatorial district established in this joint resolution is held 96 invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or 97 applications of this joint resolution, or any other districts 98 established in this joint resolution, which can be given effect 99 without the invalid provision or application, and to this end 100 the provisions of this joint resolution are severable. 101 Section 8. Applicability.—This joint resolution applies 102 with respect to the qualification, nomination, and election of 103 members of the Legislature in the primary and general elections 104 held in 2012 and thereafter.