HB 933

A bill to be entitled
2An act relating to public housing; amending s. 421.02,
3F.S.; revising a declaration of necessity; providing
4that access to essential commercial goods and services
5for persons of low income served by housing
6authorities is a public use; amending s. 421.03, F.S.;
7reordering and revising definitions applicable to the
8Housing Authorities Law; revising the definition of
9the term "housing project"; defining the term
10"essential commercial goods and services"; amending s.
11421.08, F.S.; prohibiting the use of eminent domain
12for certain purposes; expanding certain powers of
13housing authorities to include certain commercial
14projects providing essential goods and services;
15providing for the use of revenues received from such
16projects; amending s. 421.09, F.S.; conforming a
17cross-reference; reenacting and amending s. 421.21,
18F.S., relating to tax exemptions applicable to housing
19authorities created pursuant to certain federal
20programs; amending s. 421.32, F.S.; conforming a
21cross-reference; amending s. 422.02, F.S.; revising a
22declaration of necessity; providing that there exists
23a shortage of access to essential commercial goods and
24services necessary for daily living for persons of low
25income; amending s. 422.04, F.S.; expanding certain
26powers of state public bodies to include certain
27commercial projects providing essential goods and
28services; amending s. 423.01, F.S.; revising and
29providing findings and declarations of property of tax
30exemption for housing authorities relating to access
31to essential commercial goods and services necessary
32for daily living for persons of low income; amending
33s. 423.02, F.S.; exempting certain commercial projects
34that allow access to essential goods and services for
35persons of low income residing in such housing
36projects from certain taxes and special assessments;
37providing organizational and editorial changes for
38purposes of clarifying various provisions; providing
39an effective date.
41Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
43     Section 1.  Section 421.02, Florida Statutes, is amended to
45     421.02  Finding and declaration of necessity.-It is hereby
46declared that:
47     (1)  There exist in the state insanitary or unsafe dwelling
48accommodations and that persons of low income are forced to
49reside in such insanitary or unsafe accommodations; that within
50the state there is a shortage of safe or sanitary dwelling
51accommodations available at rents which persons of low income
52can afford and that such persons are forced to occupy
53overcrowded and congested dwelling accommodations; that such the
54aforesaid conditions cause an increase in and spread of disease
55and crime and constitute a menace to the health, safety, morals,
56and welfare of the residents of the state and impair economic
57values; and that these conditions necessitate excessive and
58disproportionate expenditures of public funds for crime
59prevention and punishment, public health, welfare and safety,
60fire and accident protection, and other public services and
62     (2)  Blighted areas in the state cannot be revitalized, nor
63can the shortage of safe and sanitary dwellings for persons of
64low income be relieved, solely through the operation of private
66     (3)  The clearance, replanning, and reconstruction of the
67areas in which insanitary or unsafe housing conditions exist,
68and the providing of safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations,
69and the access to essential commercial goods and services
70necessary for daily living for persons of low income, including
71the acquisition by a housing authority of property to be used
72for or in connection with housing projects or appurtenant
73thereto, are exclusively public uses and purposes for which
74public money may be spent and private property acquired and are
75governmental functions of public concern.
76     (4)  An important public purpose is served by providing
77access to essential commercial goods and services necessary for
78daily living for persons served by public housing authorities as
79those persons often have limited transportation capacity and
80significant family demands. Issues such as limited
81transportation capacity and significant family demands
82complicate daily living and make access to essential commercial
83goods and services difficult.
84     (5)(4)  The necessity in the public interest for the
85provisions hereinafter enacted, is hereby declared as a matter
86of legislative determination.
87     Section 2.  Section 421.03, Florida Statutes, is amended to
89     421.03  Definitions.-As used The following terms, wherever
90used or referred to in this part, except where the context
91clearly indicates otherwise, the term shall have the following
92respective meanings for the purposes of this part, unless a
93different meaning clearly appears from the context:
94     (1)(6)  "Area of operation":
95     (a)  In the case of a housing authority of a city having a
96population of less than 25,000, includes shall include such city
97and the area within 5 miles of its the territorial boundaries
98thereof.; and
99     (b)  In the case of a housing authority of a city having a
100population of 25,000 or more includes shall include such city
101and the area within 10 miles from its the territorial
102boundaries. thereof; provided However, that the area of
103operation of a housing authority of a any city may shall not
104include any area that which lies within the territorial
105boundaries of another some other city as herein defined; and may
106further provided that the area of operation shall not extend
107outside of the boundaries of the county in which the city is
108located, and a no housing authority has no shall have any power
109or jurisdiction outside of the county in which the city is
111     (2)(1)  "Authority" or "housing authority" means a shall
112mean any of the public corporation corporations created pursuant
113to by s. 421.04.
114     (3)(2)  "City" means shall mean any city or town of the
115state having a population of more than 2,500, according to the
116last preceding federal or state census. The term means "The
117city" shall mean the particular city for which a particular
118housing authority is created.
119     (4)(5)  "Clerk" means shall mean the clerk of the city or
120the officer of the city charged with the duties customarily
121imposed on the clerk thereof.
122     (5)(11)  "Debentures" means shall mean any notes, interim
123certificates, debentures, revenue certificates, or other
124obligations issued by an authority pursuant to this chapter.
125     (6)  "Essential commercial goods and services" means goods,
126such as groceries and clothing, and services, such as child
127care, K-12 education, financial services, job training and
128placement, and laundry facilities, that are necessary for daily
129living and that may be difficult for persons of low income to
130access unless collocated with the housing project where they
131live and substantially serving persons of low income.
132     (7)  "Federal Government" means shall include the United
133States Government, the Federal Emergency Administration of
134Public Works or any department, commission, other agency, or
135other instrumentality thereof, corporate or otherwise, of the
136United States.
137     (8)(3)  "Governing body" means shall mean the city council,
138the commission, or other legislative body charged with governing
139the city, as the case may be.
140     (9)  "Housing project" means shall mean any work or
142     (a)  To demolish, clear, or remove buildings from any slum
143area, which; such work or undertaking may embrace the adaption
144of such area to public purposes, including parks or other
145recreational or community purposes; or
146     (b)  To provide decent, safe, and sanitary urban or rural
147dwellings, apartments, or other living accommodations for
148persons of low income, which; such work or undertaking may
149include buildings, land, equipment, facilities, and other real
150or personal property for necessary, convenient, or desirable
151appurtenances, streets, sewers, water service, parks, site
152preparation, gardening, administrative, community, health,
153recreational, educational, welfare, or other purposes; or
154     (c)  To provide access to essential commercial goods and
155services; or
156     (d)(c)  To accomplish a combination of the foregoing.
158The term "housing project" also applies may be applied to the
159planning of the buildings and improvements, the acquisition of
160property, the demolition of existing structures, the
161construction, reconstruction, alteration, and repair of the
162improvements, and all other work in connection therewith.
163     (10)(4)  "Mayor" means shall mean the mayor of the city or
164the officer thereof charged with the duties customarily imposed
165on the mayor or executive head of the city.
166     (11)(13)  "Obligee of the authority" or "obligee" includes
167shall include any holder of debentures, trustee or trustees for
168any such holders, or lessor demising to the authority property
169used in connection with a housing project, or any assignee or
170assignees of such lessor's interest or any part thereof, and the
171Federal Government when it is a party to any contract with the
173     (12)(10)  "Persons of low income" means shall mean persons
174or families who lack the amount of income which is necessary, as
175determined by the authority undertaking the housing project, to
176enable them, without financial assistance, to live in decent,
177safe and sanitary dwellings, without overcrowding.
178     (13)(12)  "Real property" includes shall include all lands,
179including improvements and fixtures thereon, and property of any
180nature appurtenant thereto, or used in connection therewith, and
181every estate, interest and right, legal or equitable, therein,
182including terms for years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage
183or otherwise and the indebtedness secured by such liens.
184     (14)(8)  "Slum" means shall mean any area where dwellings
185predominate which, by reason of dilapidation, overcrowding,
186faulty arrangement or design, lack of ventilation, light or
187sanitary facilities, or any combination of these factors, are
188detrimental to safety, health and morals.
189     Section 3.  Section 421.08, Florida Statutes, is amended to
191     421.08  Powers of authority.-
192     (1)  An authority shall constitute a public body corporate
193and politic, exercising the public and essential governmental
194functions set forth in this chapter, and having all the powers
195necessary or convenient to carry out and effectuate the purpose
196and provisions of this chapter, including the following powers
197in addition to others herein granted in this chapter:
198     (a)(1)  To sue and be sued; to have a seal and to alter it
199the same at pleasure; to have perpetual succession; to make and
200execute contracts and other instruments necessary or convenient
201to the exercise of the powers of the authority; to appear in
202court through any of its officers, agents, or employees, for the
203exclusive purpose of filing eviction papers; and to make and
204from time to time amend and repeal bylaws, rules and
205regulations, not inconsistent with this chapter, to carry into
206effect the powers and purposes of the authority.
207     (b)(2)  Within its area of operation, to prepare, carry
208out, acquire, lease, and operate housing projects and; to
209provide for the construction, reconstruction, improvement,
210alteration, or repair of any housing project or any part
212     (c)(3)  To arrange or contract for the furnishing by any
213person or agency, public or private, of services, privileges,
214works, or facilities for, or in connection with, a housing
215project or the occupants thereof.; provided, however, that
216     1.  Notwithstanding any other power or provision in this
217chapter, the authority may shall not construct, lease, control,
218purchase, or otherwise establish, in connection with or as a
219part of any housing project or any other real or any other
220property under its control, any system, work, facilities,
221plants, or other equipment for the purpose of furnishing utility
222service of any kind to such projects or to any tenant or
223occupant thereof if in the event that a system, work, facility,
224plant, or other equipment for the furnishing of the same utility
225service is being actually operated by a municipality or private
226concern in the area of operation or the city or the territory
227immediately adjacent thereto; provided, further, but this does
228not that nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the
229construction or acquisition by the authority of any system,
230work, facilities, or other equipment for the sole and only
231purpose of receiving utility services from any such municipality
232or such private concern and then distributing such utility
233services to the project and to the tenants and occupants
234thereof.; and,
235     2.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in
236this chapter or in any other provision of law, the authority may
237to include, in any contract let in connection with a project,
238stipulations requiring that the contractor and any
239subcontractors comply with requirements as to minimum wages and
240maximum hours of labor, and comply with any conditions which the
241Federal Government may have attached to its financial aid of the
243     (d)(4)  To lease or rent any dwellings, houses,
244accommodations, lands, buildings, structures, or facilities
245embraced in any housing project and, subject to the limitations
246contained in this chapter, to establish and revise the rents or
247charges therefor; to own, hold, and improve real or personal
248property; to purchase, lease, obtain options upon, acquire by
249gift, grant, bequest, devise, or otherwise any real or personal
250property or any interest therein; to acquire by the exercise of
251the power of eminent domain any real property, except real
252property to be used to provide access to essential commercial
253goods and services; to sell, lease, exchange, transfer, assign,
254pledge, or dispose of any real or personal property or any
255interest therein; to insure or provide for the insurance of any
256real or personal property or operations of the authority against
257any risks or hazards; and to procure or agree to the procurement
258of insurance or guarantees from the Federal Government of the
259payment of any such debts or parts thereof, whether or not
260incurred by the said authority, including the power to pay
261premiums on any such insurance.
262     (e)(5)  To invest any funds held in reserves or sinking
263funds, or any funds not required for immediate disbursement, in
264property or securities in which savings banks may legally invest
265funds subject to their control and; to purchase its debentures
266at a price not exceeding more than the principal amount thereof
267and accrued interest, with all debentures so purchased to be
269     (f)(6)  Within its area of operation: to investigate into
270living, dwelling, and housing conditions and into the means and
271methods of improving such conditions; to determine where slum
272areas exist or where there is a shortage of decent, safe, and
273sanitary dwelling accommodations for persons of low income; to
274make studies and recommendations relating to the problem of
275clearing, replanning, and reconstruction of slum areas and the
276problem of providing dwelling accommodations for persons of low
277income; to administer fair housing ordinances and other
278ordinances as adopted by cities, counties, or other authorities
279who wish to contract for administrative services and to
280cooperate with the city, the county, or the state or any
281political subdivision thereof in action taken in connection with
282such problems; and to engage in research, studies, and
283experimentation on the subject of housing.
284     (g)(7)  Acting through one or more commissioners or other
285person or persons designated by the authority:; to conduct
286examinations and investigations and to hear testimony and take
287proof under oath at public or private hearings on any matter
288material for its information; to administer oaths, issue
289subpoenas requiring the attendance of witnesses or the
290production of books and papers, and to issue commissions for the
291examination of witnesses who are outside of the state, or unable
292to attend before the authority, or excused from attendance; and
293to make available to appropriate agencies, including those
294charged with the duty of abating or requiring the correction of
295nuisances or like conditions, or of demolishing unsafe or
296insanitary structures within its area of operation, its findings
297and recommendations with regard to any building or property
298where conditions exist which are dangerous to the public health,
299morals, safety, or welfare.
300     (h)(8)(a)  To organize for the purpose of creating a for-
301profit or not-for-profit corporation, limited liability company,
302or other similar business entity pursuant to all applicable laws
303of this state in which the housing authority may hold an
304ownership interest or participate in its governance in order to
305develop, acquire, lease, construct, rehabilitate, manage, or
306operate multifamily or single-family residential projects and
307commercial projects that allow access to essential goods and
308services for persons of low income residing in such residential
310     1.  These projects may include nonresidential uses and may
311use public and private funds to serve individuals or families
312who meet the applicable income requirements of the state or
313federal program involved; whose income does not exceed 150
314percent of the applicable median income for the area, as
315established by the United States Department of Housing and Urban
316Development; and who, in the determination of the housing
317authority, lack sufficient income or assets to enable them to
318purchase or rent a decent, safe, and sanitary dwelling. These
319corporations, limited liability companies, or other business
320entities may join partnerships, joint ventures, or limited
321liability companies pursuant to applicable laws or may otherwise
322engage with business entities in developing, acquiring, leasing,
323constructing, rehabilitating, managing, or operating such
325     2.(b)  The creation by a housing authority of such a
326corporation, limited liability company, or other business entity
327that is properly registered pursuant to all applicable laws
328before the effective date of this act is ratified and validated
329if the creation of such corporation, limited liability company,
330or other business entity would have been valid had this act been
331in effect at the time such corporation, limited liability
332company, or other business entity was created and registered.
333     3.(c)  Proceedings or acts performed by a housing authority
334or a corporation, limited liability company, or other business
335entity authorized pursuant to subparagraph 2. paragraph (b) are
336ratified and validated if such proceedings or acts were in
337furtherance of the purposes set forth in this chapter and would
338have been valid had this act been in effect at the time such
339proceedings or acts were performed.
340     (i)(9)  Notwithstanding s. 112.061, to the governing board
341of an authority may approve and implement policies for per diem,
342travel, and other expenses of its officials, officers, board
343members, employees, and authorized persons in a manner
344consistent with federal guidelines.
345     (j)(10)  To exercise all or any part or combination of
346powers herein granted in this section. No Provisions of law
347relating with respect to acquisition, operation, or disposition
348of property by other public bodies do not apply shall be
349applicable to an authority unless the Legislature shall
350specifically states so state.
351     (2)  Any revenue received by a housing authority from
352commercial projects that provide access to essential goods and
353services necessary for daily living of persons residing in
354housing projects must be used exclusively to upgrade and improve
355living conditions in the housing project or to preserve and
356rehabilitate public or affordable housing managed by the housing
358     Section 4.  Subsection (2) of section 421.09, Florida
359Statutes, is amended to read:
360     421.09  Operation not for profit.-
361     (2)  This section does not prohibit or restrict the
362activities or operations of a business entity created under s.
363421.08(1)(h) 421.08(8).
364     Section 5.  Section 421.21, Florida Statutes, is reenacted
365and amended to read:
366     421.21  Aid from Federal Government; tax exemptions.-
367     (1)  In addition to the powers conferred upon an authority
368by other provisions of this chapter, an authority is empowered
369to borrow money or accept grants or other financial assistance
370from the Federal Government for or in aid of any housing project
371within its area of operation, to take over or lease or manage
372any housing project or undertaking constructed or owned by the
373Federal Government, and to these ends, to comply with such
374conditions and enter into such trust indentures, leases or
375agreements as may be necessary, convenient or desirable. It is
376the purpose and intent of this chapter to authorize every
377authority to do any and all things necessary or desirable to
378secure the financial aid or cooperation of the Federal
379Government in the undertaking, construction, maintenance, or
380operation of any housing project by such authority.
381     (2)  In addition to the powers conferred upon an authority
382by subsection (1) and other provisions of this chapter, an
383authority is empowered to borrow money or accept grants or other
384financial assistance from the Federal Government under s. 202 of
385the Housing Act of 1959 (Pub. L. No. 86-372) or any law or
386program of the United States Department of Housing and Urban
387Development, which provides for direct federal loans in the
388maximum amount, as defined therein, for the purpose of assisting
389certain nonprofit corporations to provide housing and related
390facilities for elderly families and elderly persons.
391     (a)  Housing authorities created under this section are
392authorized to execute mortgages, notes, bills, or other forms of
393indebtedness together with any agreements, contracts, or other
394instruments required by the United States Department of Housing
395and Urban Development in connection with loans made for the
396purposes set forth in this subsection.
397     (b)  This provision relating to housing facilities for the
398elderly is cumulative and in addition to the powers given to
399housing authorities under this chapter. All powers granted
400generally by law to housing authorities in Florida relating to
401issuance of trust indentures, debentures, and other methods of
402raising capital shall apply also to housing authorities in
403connection with their participation in programs of the United
404States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
405     (3)  It is the legislative intent that the tax exemption of
406housing authorities provided by chapter 423, shall specifically
407applies apply to any housing authority created under this
409     Section 6.  Section 421.32, Florida Statutes, is amended to
411     421.32  Rural housing projects.-County housing authorities
412and regional housing authorities are specifically empowered and
413authorized to borrow money, accept grants, and exercise their
414other powers to provide housing for farmers of low income and
415domestic farm labor as defined in s. 514 of the Federal Housing
416Act of 1949. In connection with such projects, any such housing
417authority may enter into such leases or purchase agreements,
418accept such conveyances and rent or sell dwellings forming part
419of such projects to or for farmers of low income, as such
420housing authority deems necessary in order to ensure assure the
421achievement of the objectives of this law. Such leases,
422agreements, or conveyances may include such covenants as the
423housing authority deems appropriate regarding such dwellings and
424the tracts of land described in any such instrument, which
425covenants shall be deemed to run with the land where the housing
426authority deems it necessary and the parties to such instrument
427so stipulate. In providing housing for farmers of low income,
428county housing authorities and regional housing authorities are
429shall not be subject to the limitations provided in ss.
430421.08(1)(c) 421.08(3) and 421.10(3). Nothing contained in This
431section may not shall be construed as limiting any other powers
432of any housing authority.
433     Section 7.  Section 422.02, Florida Statutes, is amended to
435     422.02  Finding and declaration of necessity.-It has been
436found and declared in the Housing Authorities Law that there
437exist in the state unsafe and insanitary housing conditions and
438a shortage of safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations and
439access to essential commercial goods and services necessary for
440daily living for persons of low income; that these conditions
441necessitate excessive and disproportionate expenditures of
442public funds for crime prevention and punishment, public health,
443welfare and safety, fire and accident protection, and other
444public services and facilities; and that the public interest
445requires the remedying of these conditions. It is found and
446declared that the assistance herein provided for the remedying
447of the conditions set forth in the Housing Authorities Law
448constitutes a public use and purpose and an essential
449governmental function for which public moneys may be spent and
450other aid given; that it is a proper public purpose for any
451state public body to aid any housing authority operating within
452its boundaries or jurisdiction or any housing project located
453therein, as the state public body derives immediate benefits and
454advantages from such an authority or project; and that the
455provisions hereinafter enacted are necessary in the public
457     Section 8.  Section 422.04, Florida Statutes, is amended to
459     422.04  Cooperation in undertaking housing projects.-
460     (1)  For the purpose of aiding and cooperating in the
461planning, undertaking, construction, or operation of housing
462projects located within the area in which it is authorized to
463act, any state public body may, upon such terms, with or without
464consideration, as it may determine:
465     (a)  Dedicate, sell, convey, or lease any of its property
466to a housing authority or the Federal Government.;
467     (b)  Cause parks;, playgrounds;, recreational, community,
468educational, water, sewer, or drainage facilities; commercial
469projects that allow access to essential goods and services for
470persons of low income residing in housing projects; or any other
471works, which it is otherwise empowered to undertake, to be
472furnished adjacent to or in connection with housing projects.;
473     (c)  Furnish, dedicate, close, pave, install, grade,
474regrade, plan, or replan streets, roads, roadways, alleys,
475sidewalks, or other places which it is otherwise empowered to
477     (d)  Plan or replan, zone or rezone any part of such state
478public body; make exceptions from building regulations and
479ordinances; and, with respect to any city or town, also may
480change its map.;
481     (e)  Enter into agreements, which may extend over any
482period, notwithstanding any provision or rule of law to the
483contrary, with a housing authority or the Federal Government
484respecting action to be taken by such state public body pursuant
485to any of the powers granted by this chapter.;
486     (f)  Do any and all things, necessary, or convenient to aid
487and cooperate in the planning, undertaking, construction, or
488operation of such housing projects.;
489     (g)  Purchase or legally invest in any of the debentures of
490a housing authority and exercise all of the rights of any holder
491of such debentures.;
492     (h)  Not require any changes to be made in a housing
493project or the manner of its construction or take any other
494action relating to such construction with respect to any housing
495project which a housing authority has acquired or taken over
496from the Federal Government and which the housing authority by
497resolution has found and declared to have been constructed in a
498manner that will promote the public interest and afford
499necessary safety, sanitation, and other protection., no state
500public body shall require any changes to be made in the housing
501project or the manner of its construction or take any other
502action relating to such construction;
503     (i)  Incur the entire expense of In connection with any
504public improvements made by the a state public body in
505exercising the powers herein granted, such state public body may
506incur the entire expense thereof.
507     (2)  Any law or statute to the contrary notwithstanding,
508any sale, conveyance, lease, or agreement provided for in this
509section may be made by a state public body without appraisal,
510public notice, advertisement, or public bidding.
511     Section 9.  Section 423.01, Florida Statutes, is amended to
513     423.01  Finding and declaration of property of tax
514exemption for housing authorities.-It has been found and
515declared in the Housing Authorities Law and the Housing
516Cooperation Law that:
517     (1)  There exist in the state housing conditions that which
518constitute a menace to the health, safety, morals, and welfare
519of the residents of the state;
520     (2)  These conditions necessitate excessive and
521disproportionate expenditures of public funds for crime
522prevention and punishment, public health, welfare and safety,
523fire and accident prevention, and other public services and
525     (3)  The public interest requires the remedying of these
526conditions by the creation of housing authorities to undertake
527projects for slum clearance and for providing safe and sanitary
528dwelling accommodations and access to essential commercial goods
529and services necessary for daily living for persons who lack
530sufficient income to enable them to live in decent, safe, and
531sanitary dwellings without overcrowding; and
532     (4)  Facilities made available by housing authorities to
533provide access to essential goods and services necessary for
534daily living for persons residing in housing projects are a
535critical component of those housing projects and constitute a
536public use and a governmental function; and
537     (5)(4)  Such housing projects, including all property of a
538housing authority used for or in connection therewith or
539appurtenant thereto and all property used to provide access to
540essential goods and services necessary for daily living for
541persons residing in such housing projects, are exclusively for
542public uses and municipal purposes and not for profit, and are
543governmental functions of state concern. As a matter of
544legislative determination, it is found and declared that the
545property and debentures of a housing authority are of such
546character as may be exempt from taxation.
547     Section 10.  Section 423.02, Florida Statutes, is amended
548to read:
549     423.02  Housing projects exempted from taxes and
550assessments; payments in lieu thereof.-The housing projects,
551including all property of housing authorities used for or in
552connection therewith or appurtenant thereto and all commercial
553projects that allow access to essential goods and services for
554persons of low income residing in such housing projects, of
555housing authorities shall be exempt from all taxes and special
556assessments of the state or any city, town, county, or political
557subdivision of the state., provided, However, that in lieu of
558such taxes or special assessments, a housing authority may agree
559to make payments to any city, town, county, or political
560subdivision of the state for services, improvements, or
561facilities furnished by such city, town, county, or political
562subdivision for the benefit of a housing project owned by the
563housing authority, but in no event shall such payments may not
564exceed the estimated cost to such city, town, county, or
565political subdivision of the services, improvements, or
566facilities to be so furnished.
567     Section 11.  This act shall take effect July 1, 2012.

CODING: Words stricken are deletions; words underlined are additions.