Florida Senate - 2013 SB 1658 By Senator Evers 2-00253-13 20131658__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to traffic infraction procedures; 3 amending s. 318.14, F.S.; providing that a person 4 receiving a notice of violation involving a traffic 5 infraction detector or similar unattended device may 6 request a hearing or pay a fine; providing that if a 7 hearing is requested, the person is not required to 8 pay the fine until after adjudication or settlement; 9 prohibiting issuance of a subsequent traffic citation 10 based on the original violation; specifying that the 11 burden for proving guilt in a traffic infraction 12 proceeding rests with the governmental entity bringing 13 the charge; providing that a person is not compelled 14 to be a witness against himself or herself in a 15 traffic court; providing that a person charged with a 16 violation of a traffic infraction detector statute or 17 any similar law has the right to confront witnesses 18 used against himself or herself; providing that 19 evidence from an unattended device must be 20 authenticated in court by specified persons; providing 21 that an affidavit is not sufficient to authenticate 22 the evidence; requiring the governmental entity to 23 account for all evidence collected from the time of 24 the alleged violation until the issuance of a notice 25 of violation or traffic citation in writing; providing 26 for compensation for witnesses as required by law; 27 providing an effective date. 28 29 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 30 31 Section 1. Subsections (2) and (6) of section 318.14, 32 Florida Statutes, are amended to read: 33 318.14 Noncriminal traffic infractions; exception; 34 procedures.— 35 (2)(a) Except as provided in ss. 316.1001(2) and 316.0083, 36 any person cited for a violation requiring a mandatory hearing 37 listed in s. 318.19 or any other criminal traffic violation 38 listed in chapter 316 must sign and accept a citation indicating 39 a promise to appear. The officer may indicate on the traffic 40 citation the time and location of the scheduled hearing and must 41 indicate the applicable civil penalty established in s. 318.18. 42 For all other infractions under this section, except for 43 infractions under s. 316.1001, the officer must certify by 44 electronic, electronic facsimile, or written signature that the 45 citation was delivered to the person cited. This certification 46 is prima facie evidence that the person cited was served with 47 the citation. 48 (b) Notwithstanding any other law, a person receiving a 49 notice of violation involving a traffic infraction detector or 50 similar unattended device has the option of requesting a hearing 51 to contest the notice of violation or of paying a penalty. If 52 the person elects to request a hearing, he or she is not 53 required to pay the penalty until after adjudication or 54 settlement. A second or subsequent traffic citation may not be 55 issued to this person if the traffic citation is based on the 56 original violation involving a traffic infraction detector. 57 (6)(a) The commission of a charged infraction at a hearing 58 under this chapter must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt. 59 (b) Notwithstanding any other law, the governmental entity 60 bringing the charge bears the burden of proving guilt in a non 61 criminal traffic court hearing. A person appearing in a traffic 62 court proceeding may not be compelled to be a witness against 63 himself or herself. 64 (c)1. Notwithstanding any other law, a person charged in a 65 prosecution involving a traffic infraction detector or similar 66 unattended device used to enforce the traffic laws of this state 67 has the right to confront at trial adverse witnesses used 68 against himself or herself. 69 2. Evidence obtained from an unattended device must be 70 authenticated in court by the person: 71 a. Receiving or processing the evidence; 72 b. Reviewing such evidence before making the decision to 73 file a notice of violation; and 74 c. Issuing the notice of violation or traffic citation. 75 3. An affidavit submitted by the governmental entity is 76 insufficient to authenticate the evidence. The governmental 77 entity shall account for all evidence collected from the time of 78 the alleged violation until the issuance of a notice of 79 violation or traffic citation in writing. 80 4. Any witness used to prosecute the proceeding shall be 81 compensated as required in s. 92.143. 82 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2013.