Florida Senate - 2013                                     SB 744
       By Senator Simmons
       10-01072A-13                                           2013744__
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act relating to charter schools; amending s.
    3         1002.33, F.S.; revising the requirements of charter
    4         school applications regarding the submission of
    5         detailed financial information and annual employee
    6         compensation; requiring a charter school application
    7         to demonstrate that the applicant is financially
    8         capable and qualified to open, operate, and maintain a
    9         high-quality charter school; revising the requirements
   10         of a charter to include a requirement that the charter
   11         school comply with applicable law, its
   12         representations, and agreements provided in the
   13         application for the charter school; requiring a
   14         charter to set forth a program of reporting by the
   15         charter school and review by the sponsor of the
   16         financial operations of the charter school; requiring
   17         the term of a charter to provide for cancellation of
   18         the charter under certain circumstances; revising the
   19         grounds in which a sponsor may choose not to renew or
   20         terminate a charter; defining the term “welfare” as it
   21         relates to the termination of a charter; authorizing a
   22         governing board of a charter school, with the consent
   23         of the sponsor, to choose a corrective action if the
   24         charter school receives certain failing grades;
   25         providing that a charter school system is designated
   26         as a local educational agency solely for the purpose
   27         of receiving federal funds in the same manner as if
   28         the charter school system were a school district if
   29         the charter school system meets certain requirements;
   30         providing an effective date.
   32  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
   34         Section 1. Paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (6),
   35  paragraph (a) of subsection (7), paragraphs (a) and (d) of
   36  subsection (8), paragraph (n) of subsection (9), and subsection
   37  (25) of section 1002.33, Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
   38         1002.33 Charter schools.—
   39         (6) APPLICATION PROCESS AND REVIEW.—Charter school
   40  applications are subject to the following requirements:
   41         (a) A person or entity wishing to open a charter school
   42  shall prepare and submit an application on a model application
   43  form prepared by the Department of Education which:
   44         1. Demonstrates how the school will use the guiding
   45  principles and meet the statutorily defined purpose of a charter
   46  school.
   47         2. Provides a detailed curriculum plan that illustrates how
   48  students will be provided services to attain the Sunshine State
   49  Standards.
   50         3. Contains goals and objectives for improving student
   51  learning and measuring that improvement. These goals and
   52  objectives must indicate how much academic improvement students
   53  are expected to show each year, how success will be evaluated,
   54  and the specific results to be attained through instruction.
   55         4. Describes the reading curriculum and differentiated
   56  strategies that will be used for students reading at grade level
   57  or higher and a separate curriculum and strategies for students
   58  who are reading below grade level. A sponsor shall deny a
   59  charter if the school does not propose a reading curriculum that
   60  is consistent with effective teaching strategies that are
   61  grounded in scientifically based reading research.
   62         5. Contains an annual financial plan for each year
   63  requested by the charter for operation of the school for up to 5
   64  years and provides detailed financial information evidencing
   65  that the applicant is financially qualified and capable of
   66  opening, operating, and maintaining a high-quality charter
   67  school in accordance with the applicant’s plan and applicable
   68  law. This plan must contain anticipated fund balances based on
   69  revenue projections, a spending plan based on projected revenues
   70  and expenses, including annual compensation to all employees,
   71  and a description of controls that will safeguard finances and
   72  projected enrollment trends.
   73         6. Documents that the applicant has participated in the
   74  training required in subparagraph (f)2. A sponsor may require an
   75  applicant to provide additional information as an addendum to
   76  the charter school application described in this paragraph.
   77         7. For the establishment of a virtual charter school,
   78  documents that the applicant has contracted with a provider of
   79  virtual instruction services pursuant to s. 1002.45(1)(d).
   80         (b) A sponsor shall receive and review all applications for
   81  a charter school using an evaluation instrument developed by the
   82  Department of Education and in compliance with this section. A
   83  sponsor shall receive and consider charter school applications
   84  received on or before August 1 of each calendar year for charter
   85  schools to be opened at the beginning of the school district’s
   86  next school year, or to be opened at a time agreed to by the
   87  applicant and the sponsor. A sponsor may receive applications
   88  later than this date if it chooses. A sponsor may not charge an
   89  applicant for a charter any fee for the processing or
   90  consideration of an application, and a sponsor may not base its
   91  consideration or approval of an application upon the promise of
   92  future payment of any kind. Before approving or denying any
   93  application, the sponsor shall allow the applicant, upon receipt
   94  of written notification, at least 7 calendar days to make
   95  technical or nonsubstantive corrections and clarifications,
   96  including, but not limited to, corrections of grammatical,
   97  typographical, and like errors or missing signatures, if such
   98  errors are identified by the sponsor as cause to deny the
   99  application.
  100         1. In order to facilitate an accurate budget projection
  101  process, a sponsor shall be held harmless for FTE students who
  102  are not included in the FTE projection due to approval of
  103  charter school applications after the FTE projection deadline.
  104  In a further effort to facilitate an accurate budget projection,
  105  within 15 calendar days after receipt of a charter school
  106  application, a sponsor shall report to the Department of
  107  Education the name of the applicant entity, the proposed charter
  108  school location, and its projected FTE.
  109         2. In order to ensure fiscal responsibility, an application
  110  for a charter school shall include a full accounting of expected
  111  assets, a projection of expected sources and amounts of income,
  112  including income derived from projected student enrollments and
  113  from community support, and an expense projection that includes
  114  full accounting of the costs of operation, including start-up
  115  costs. The application must evidence that the applicant is
  116  financially capable and qualified to open, operate, and maintain
  117  a high-quality charter school in accordance with the applicant’s
  118  plan and applicable law.
  119         3.a. A sponsor shall by a majority vote approve or deny an
  120  application no later than 60 calendar days after the application
  121  is received, unless the sponsor and the applicant mutually agree
  122  in writing to temporarily postpone the vote to a specific date,
  123  at which time the sponsor shall by a majority vote approve or
  124  deny the application. If the sponsor fails to act on the
  125  application, an applicant may appeal to the State Board of
  126  Education as provided in paragraph (c). If an application is
  127  denied, the sponsor shall, within 10 calendar days after such
  128  denial, articulate in writing the specific reasons, based upon
  129  good cause, supporting its denial of the charter application and
  130  shall provide the letter of denial and supporting documentation
  131  to the applicant and to the Department of Education.
  132         b. An application submitted by a high-performing charter
  133  school identified pursuant to s. 1002.331 may be denied by the
  134  sponsor only if the sponsor demonstrates by clear and convincing
  135  evidence that:
  136         (I) The application does not materially comply with the
  137  requirements in paragraph (a);
  138         (II) The charter school proposed in the application does
  139  not materially comply with the requirements in paragraphs
  140  (9)(a)-(f);
  141         (III) The proposed charter school’s educational program
  142  does not substantially replicate that of the applicant or one of
  143  the applicant’s high-performing charter schools;
  144         (IV) The applicant has made a material misrepresentation or
  145  false statement or concealed an essential or material fact
  146  during the application process; or
  147         (V) The proposed charter school’s educational program and
  148  financial management practices do not materially comply with the
  149  requirements of this section.
  151  Material noncompliance is a failure to follow requirements or a
  152  violation of prohibitions applicable to charter school
  153  applications, which failure is quantitatively or qualitatively
  154  significant either individually or when aggregated with other
  155  noncompliance. An applicant is considered to be replicating a
  156  high-performing charter school if the proposed school is
  157  substantially similar to at least one of the applicant’s high
  158  performing charter schools and the organization or individuals
  159  involved in the establishment and operation of the proposed
  160  school are significantly involved in the operation of replicated
  161  schools.
  162         c. If the sponsor denies an application submitted by a
  163  high-performing charter school, the sponsor must, within 10
  164  calendar days after such denial, state in writing the specific
  165  reasons, based upon the criteria in sub-subparagraph b.,
  166  supporting its denial of the application and must provide the
  167  letter of denial and supporting documentation to the applicant
  168  and to the Department of Education. The applicant may appeal the
  169  sponsor’s denial of the application directly to the State Board
  170  of Education pursuant to sub-subparagraph (c)3.b.
  171         4. For budget projection purposes, the sponsor shall report
  172  to the Department of Education the approval or denial of a
  173  charter application within 10 calendar days after such approval
  174  or denial. In the event of approval, the report to the
  175  Department of Education shall include the final projected FTE
  176  for the approved charter school.
  177         5. Upon approval of a charter application, the initial
  178  startup shall commence with the beginning of the public school
  179  calendar for the district in which the charter is granted unless
  180  the sponsor allows a waiver of this subparagraph for good cause.
  181         (7) CHARTER.—The major issues involving the operation of a
  182  charter school shall be considered in advance and written into
  183  the charter. The charter shall be signed by the governing board
  184  of the charter school and the sponsor, following a public
  185  hearing to ensure community input.
  186         (a) The charter shall address and criteria for approval of
  187  the charter shall be based on:
  188         1. The school’s mission, the students to be served, and the
  189  ages and grades to be included, and the requirement that the
  190  charter school comply with applicable law, its representations,
  191  and agreements that are outlined in its application that was
  192  approved by the sponsor.
  193         2. The focus of the curriculum, the instructional methods
  194  to be used, any distinctive instructional techniques to be
  195  employed, and identification and acquisition of appropriate
  196  technologies needed to improve educational and administrative
  197  performance which include a means for promoting safe, ethical,
  198  and appropriate uses of technology which comply with legal and
  199  professional standards.
  200         a. The charter shall ensure that reading is a primary focus
  201  of the curriculum and that resources are provided to identify
  202  and provide specialized instruction for students who are reading
  203  below grade level. The curriculum and instructional strategies
  204  for reading must be consistent with the Sunshine State Standards
  205  and grounded in scientifically based reading research.
  206         b. In order to provide students with access to diverse
  207  instructional delivery models, to facilitate the integration of
  208  technology within traditional classroom instruction, and to
  209  provide students with the skills they need to compete in the
  210  21st century economy, the Legislature encourages instructional
  211  methods for blended learning courses consisting of both
  212  traditional classroom and online instructional techniques.
  213  Charter schools may implement blended learning courses which
  214  combine traditional classroom instruction and virtual
  215  instruction. Students in a blended learning course must be full
  216  time students of the charter school and receive the online
  217  instruction in a classroom setting at the charter school.
  218  Instructional personnel certified pursuant to s. 1012.55 who
  219  provide virtual instruction for blended learning courses may be
  220  employees of the charter school or may be under contract to
  221  provide instructional services to charter school students. At a
  222  minimum, such instructional personnel must hold an active state
  223  or school district adjunct certification under s. 1012.57 for
  224  the subject area of the blended learning course. The funding and
  225  performance accountability requirements for blended learning
  226  courses are the same as those for traditional courses.
  227         3. The current incoming baseline standard of student
  228  academic achievement, the outcomes to be achieved, and the
  229  method of measurement that will be used. The criteria listed in
  230  this subparagraph shall include a detailed description of:
  231         a. How the baseline student academic achievement levels and
  232  prior rates of academic progress will be established.
  233         b. How these baseline rates will be compared to rates of
  234  academic progress achieved by these same students while
  235  attending the charter school.
  236         c. To the extent possible, how these rates of progress will
  237  be evaluated and compared with rates of progress of other
  238  closely comparable student populations.
  240  The district school board is required to provide academic
  241  student performance data to charter schools for each of their
  242  students coming from the district school system, as well as
  243  rates of academic progress of comparable student populations in
  244  the district school system.
  245         4. The methods used to identify the educational strengths
  246  and needs of students and how well educational goals and
  247  performance standards are met by students attending the charter
  248  school. The methods shall provide a means for the charter school
  249  to ensure accountability to its constituents by analyzing
  250  student performance data and by evaluating the effectiveness and
  251  efficiency of its major educational programs. Students in
  252  charter schools shall, at a minimum, participate in the
  253  statewide assessment program created under s. 1008.22.
  254         5. In secondary charter schools, a method for determining
  255  that a student has satisfied the requirements for graduation in
  256  s. 1003.428, s. 1003.429, or s. 1003.43.
  257         6. A method for resolving conflicts between the governing
  258  board of the charter school and the sponsor.
  259         7. The admissions procedures and dismissal procedures,
  260  including the school’s code of student conduct.
  261         8. The ways by which the school will achieve a
  262  racial/ethnic balance reflective of the community it serves or
  263  within the racial/ethnic range of other public schools in the
  264  same school district.
  265         9. The financial and administrative management of the
  266  school, including a reasonable demonstration of the professional
  267  experience or competence of those individuals or organizations
  268  applying to operate the charter school or those hired or
  269  retained to perform such professional services and the
  270  description of clearly delineated responsibilities and the
  271  policies and practices needed to effectively manage the charter
  272  school. A description of internal audit procedures and
  273  establishment of controls to ensure that financial resources are
  274  properly managed must be included. Both public sector and
  275  private sector professional experience shall be equally valid in
  276  such a consideration. The charter must set forth, at least
  277  annually, a program of continual, detailed reporting by the
  278  charter school and review by the sponsor of the financial
  279  operations of the charter school, including, specifically, the
  280  capitalization, solvency, proper financial management, and
  281  compensation paid to employees of the charter school, so as to
  282  ensure that employees are not paid unreasonable compensation.
  283         10. The asset and liability projections required in the
  284  application which are incorporated into the charter and shall be
  285  compared with information provided in the annual report of the
  286  charter school.
  287         11. A description of procedures that identify various risks
  288  and provide for a comprehensive approach to reduce the impact of
  289  losses; plans to ensure the safety and security of students and
  290  staff; plans to identify, minimize, and protect others from
  291  violent or disruptive student behavior; and the manner in which
  292  the school will be insured, including whether or not the school
  293  will be required to have liability insurance, and, if so, the
  294  terms and conditions thereof and the amounts of coverage.
  295         12. The term of the charter which must shall provide for
  296  cancellation of the charter if:
  297         a. Insufficient progress has been made in attaining the
  298  student achievement objectives of the charter and if it is not
  299  likely that such objectives can be achieved before expiration of
  300  the charter;
  301         b. The charter school, at any time, becomes insolvent or
  302  otherwise fails to pay its debts as they become due;
  303         c. The charter school fails to provide a quality education
  304  to its students; or
  305         d. The charter school does not comply with applicable law.
  307  The initial term of a charter shall be for 4 or 5 years. In
  308  order to facilitate access to long-term financial resources for
  309  charter school construction, charter schools that are operated
  310  by a municipality or other public entity as provided by law are
  311  eligible for up to a 15-year charter, subject to approval by the
  312  district school board. A charter lab school is eligible for a
  313  charter for a term of up to 15 years. In addition, to facilitate
  314  access to long-term financial resources for charter school
  315  construction, charter schools that are operated by a private,
  316  not-for-profit, s. 501(c)(3) status corporation are eligible for
  317  up to a 15-year charter, subject to approval by the district
  318  school board. Such long-term charters remain subject to annual
  319  review and may be terminated during the term of the charter, but
  320  only according to the provisions set forth in subsection (8).
  321         13. The facilities to be used and their location.
  322         14. The qualifications to be required of the teachers and
  323  the potential strategies used to recruit, hire, train, and
  324  retain qualified staff to achieve best value.
  325         15. The governance structure of the school, including the
  326  status of the charter school as a public or private employer as
  327  required in paragraph (12)(i).
  328         16. A timetable for implementing the charter which
  329  addresses the implementation of each element thereof and the
  330  date by which the charter shall be awarded in order to meet this
  331  timetable.
  332         17. In the case of an existing public school that is being
  333  converted to charter status, alternative arrangements for
  334  current students who choose not to attend the charter school and
  335  for current teachers who choose not to teach in the charter
  336  school after conversion in accordance with the existing
  337  collective bargaining agreement or district school board rule in
  338  the absence of a collective bargaining agreement. However,
  339  alternative arrangements shall not be required for current
  340  teachers who choose not to teach in a charter lab school, except
  341  as authorized by the employment policies of the state university
  342  which grants the charter to the lab school.
  343         18. Full disclosure of the identity of all relatives
  344  employed by the charter school who are related to the charter
  345  school owner, president, chairperson of the governing board of
  346  directors, superintendent, governing board member, principal,
  347  assistant principal, or any other person employed by the charter
  348  school who has equivalent decisionmaking authority. For the
  349  purpose of this subparagraph, the term “relative” means father,
  350  mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, first
  351  cousin, nephew, niece, husband, wife, father-in-law, mother-in
  352  law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law,
  353  stepfather, stepmother, stepson, stepdaughter, stepbrother,
  354  stepsister, half brother, or half sister.
  355         19. Implementation of the activities authorized under s.
  356  1002.331 by the charter school when it satisfies the eligibility
  357  requirements for a high-performing charter school. A high
  358  performing charter school shall notify its sponsor in writing by
  359  March 1 if it intends to increase enrollment or expand grade
  360  levels the following school year. The written notice shall
  361  specify the amount of the enrollment increase and the grade
  362  levels that will be added, as applicable.
  364         (a) The sponsor may choose not to renew or may terminate
  365  the charter for any of the following grounds:
  366         1. Failure to participate in the state’s education
  367  accountability system created in s. 1008.31, as required in this
  368  section, or failure to meet the requirements for student
  369  performance stated in the charter.
  370         2. Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal
  371  management, including, but not limited to, insolvency, payment
  372  of unreasonable compensation to employees, or unlawful diversion
  373  of the moneys or property of the charter school to the private
  374  benefit of an employee of the charter school.
  375         3. Violation of law.
  376         4. Other good cause shown.
  377         5. Violation of the charter.
  378         6. Failure to implement a corrective action provided under
  379  sub-subparagraph (9)(n)2.a., if applicable.
  380         (d) A charter may be terminated immediately if the sponsor
  381  sets forth in writing the particular facts and circumstances
  382  indicating that an immediate and serious danger to the health,
  383  safety, or welfare of the charter school’s students exists. The
  384  term “welfare” includes, but is not limited to, providing a
  385  quality education to students of the charter school. The
  386  sponsor’s determination is subject to the procedures set forth
  387  in paragraphs (b) and (c), except that the hearing may take
  388  place after the charter has been terminated. The sponsor shall
  389  notify in writing the charter school’s governing board, the
  390  charter school principal, and the department if a charter is
  391  terminated immediately. The sponsor shall clearly identify the
  392  specific issues that resulted in the immediate termination and
  393  provide evidence of prior notification of issues resulting in
  394  the immediate termination when appropriate. Upon receiving
  395  written notice from the sponsor, the charter school’s governing
  396  board has 10 calendar days to request a hearing. A requested
  397  hearing must be expedited and the final order must be issued
  398  within 60 days after the date of request. The sponsor shall
  399  assume operation of the charter school throughout the pendency
  400  of the hearing under paragraphs (b) and (c) unless the continued
  401  operation of the charter school would materially threaten the
  402  health, safety, or welfare of the students. Failure by the
  403  sponsor to assume and continue operation of the charter school
  404  shall result in the awarding of reasonable costs and attorney’s
  405  fees to the charter school if the charter school prevails on
  406  appeal.
  408         (n)1. The director and a representative of the governing
  409  board of a charter school that has earned a grade of “D” or “F”
  410  pursuant to s. 1008.34(2) shall appear before the sponsor to
  411  present information concerning each contract component having
  412  noted deficiencies. The director and a representative of the
  413  governing board shall submit to the sponsor for approval a
  414  school improvement plan to raise student achievement. Upon
  415  approval by the sponsor, the charter school shall begin
  416  implementation of the school improvement plan. The department
  417  shall offer technical assistance and training to the charter
  418  school and its governing board and establish guidelines for
  419  developing, submitting, and approving such plans.
  420         2.a. If a charter school earns three consecutive grades of
  421  “D,” two consecutive grades of “D” followed by a grade of “F,”
  422  or two nonconsecutive grades of “F” within a 3-year period, the
  423  charter school governing board, with the consent of the sponsor,
  424  shall choose one of the following corrective actions:
  425         (I) Contract for educational services to be provided
  426  directly to students, instructional personnel, and school
  427  administrators, as prescribed in state board rule;
  428         (II) Contract with an outside entity that has a
  429  demonstrated record of effectiveness to operate the school;
  430         (III) Reorganize the school under a new director or
  431  principal who is authorized to hire new staff; or
  432         (IV) Voluntarily close the charter school.
  433         b. The charter school must implement the corrective action
  434  in the school year following receipt of a third consecutive
  435  grade of “D,” a grade of “F” following two consecutive grades of
  436  “D,” or a second nonconsecutive grade of “F” within a 3-year
  437  period.
  438         c. The sponsor may annually waive a corrective action if it
  439  determines that the charter school is likely to improve a letter
  440  grade if additional time is provided to implement the
  441  intervention and support strategies prescribed by the school
  442  improvement plan. Notwithstanding this sub-subparagraph, a
  443  charter school that earns a second consecutive grade of “F” is
  444  subject to subparagraph 4.
  445         d. A charter school is no longer required to implement a
  446  corrective action if it improves by at least one letter grade.
  447  However, the charter school must continue to implement
  448  strategies identified in the school improvement plan. The
  449  sponsor must annually review implementation of the school
  450  improvement plan to monitor the school’s continued improvement
  451  pursuant to subparagraph 5.
  452         e. A charter school implementing a corrective action that
  453  does not improve by at least one letter grade after 2 full
  454  school years of implementing the corrective action must select a
  455  different corrective action. Implementation of the new
  456  corrective action must begin in the school year following the
  457  implementation period of the existing corrective action, unless
  458  the sponsor determines that the charter school is likely to
  459  improve a letter grade if additional time is provided to
  460  implement the existing corrective action. Notwithstanding this
  461  sub-subparagraph, a charter school that earns a second
  462  consecutive grade of “F” while implementing a corrective action
  463  is subject to subparagraph 4.
  464         3. A charter school with a grade of “D” or “F” that
  465  improves by at least one letter grade must continue to implement
  466  the strategies identified in the school improvement plan. The
  467  sponsor must annually review implementation of the school
  468  improvement plan to monitor the school’s continued improvement
  469  pursuant to subparagraph 5.
  470         4. The sponsor shall terminate a charter if the charter
  471  school earns two consecutive grades of “F” unless:
  472         a. The charter school is established to turn around the
  473  performance of a district public school pursuant to s.
  474  1008.33(4)(b)3. Such charter schools shall be governed by s.
  475  1008.33;
  476         b. The charter school serves a student population the
  477  majority of which resides in a school zone served by a district
  478  public school that earned a grade of “F” in the year before the
  479  charter school opened and the charter school earns at least a
  480  grade of “D” in its third year of operation. The exception
  481  provided under this sub-subparagraph does not apply to a charter
  482  school in its fourth year of operation and thereafter; or
  483         c. The state board grants the charter school a waiver of
  484  termination. The charter school must request the waiver within
  485  30 days after completion of school grade appeals. The state
  486  board may waive termination if the charter school demonstrates
  487  that the learning gains of its students on statewide assessments
  488  are comparable to or better than the learning gains of similarly
  489  situated students enrolled in nearby district public schools.
  490  The waiver is valid for 1 year and may only be granted once.
  491  Charter schools that have been in operation for more than 5
  492  years are not eligible for a waiver under this sub-subparagraph.
  493         5. The director and a representative of the governing board
  494  of a graded charter school that has implemented a school
  495  improvement plan under this paragraph shall appear before the
  496  sponsor at least once a year to present information regarding
  497  the progress of intervention and support strategies implemented
  498  by the school pursuant to the school improvement plan and
  499  corrective actions, if applicable. The sponsor shall communicate
  500  at the meeting, and in writing to the director, the services
  501  provided to the school to help the school address its
  502  deficiencies.
  503         6. Notwithstanding any provision of this paragraph except
  504  sub-subparagraphs 4.a.-c., the sponsor may terminate the charter
  505  at any time pursuant to subsection (8).
  507  SCHOOL SYSTEMS.—A charter school system shall be designated a
  508  local educational agency solely for the purpose of receiving
  509  federal funds, the same manner as if though the charter school
  510  system were a school district, if the governing board of the
  511  charter school system has adopted and filed a resolution with
  512  its sponsoring district school board and the Department of
  513  Education in which the governing board of the charter school
  514  system accepts the full responsibility for all local education
  515  agency requirements and if the charter school system meets all
  516  of the following:
  517         (a) Includes both conversion charter schools and
  518  nonconversion charter schools.;
  519         (b) Has all schools located in the same county.;
  520         (c) Has a total enrollment exceeding the total enrollment
  521  of at least one school district in the state.;
  522         (d) Has the same governing board.; and
  523         (e) Does not contract with a for-profit service provider
  524  for management of school operations.
  526  Such designation does not apply to other provisions of law
  527  unless specifically provided in law.
  528         Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2013.