Florida Senate - 2013 SENATOR AMENDMENT Bill No. CS for HB 953 Barcode 217524 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House . . . . . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Senator Brandes moved the following: 1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment) 2 3 Between lines 73 and 74 4 insert: 5 Section 3. Location informational tracking; prohibited 6 search and seizure.- 7 (1) FINDINGS.-The Legislature finds that existing law 8 authorizes a court to issue a warrant for the search of a place 9 and the seizure of property or things identified in the warrant 10 when there is probable cause to believe that specified grounds 11 exist. The Legislature also finds that existing law provides for 12 a judicial procedure for the acquisition of stored 13 communications in the possession of a provider of electronic 14 communication service or a remote computing service. 15 (2) INTENT.-It is the intent of the Legislature to prohibit 16 a governmental entity from obtaining the location information of 17 an electronic device without a valid court order issued by a 18 duly authorized judicial officer unless certain exceptions 19 apply, including in an emergency or when requested by the owner 20 of the device. However, it is also the intent of the Legislature 21 that this act, with certain exceptions, prohibits the use of 22 information obtained in violation of this section in a civil or 23 administrative hearing. 24 (3) DEFINITIONS.-As used in this section, the term: 25 (a) “Electronic communication service” means a service that 26 provides to its users the ability to send or receive wire or 27 electronic communications. 28 (b) “Governmental entity” means a state or local agency, 29 including, but not limited to, a law enforcement entity or any 30 other investigative entity, agency, department, division, 31 bureau, board, or commission, or an individual acting or 32 purporting to act for or on behalf of a state or local agency. 33 (c) “Location information” means information, concerning 34 the location of an electronic device, including both the current 35 location and any previous location of the device, which, in 36 whole or in part, is generated, derived from, or obtained by the 37 operation of an electronic device. 38 (d) “Location information service” means the provision of a 39 global positioning service or other mapping, locational, or 40 directional information service. 41 (e) “Owner” means the person or entity recognized by the 42 law as having the legal title, claim, or right to an electronic 43 device. 44 (f) “Portable electronic device” means an object capable of 45 being easily transported or conveyed by a person which is 46 capable of creating, receiving, accessing, or storing electronic 47 data or communications and communicates by any means with 48 another entity or individual. 49 (g) “Remote computing service” means the provision of 50 computer storage or processing services by means of an 51 electronic communications system. 52 (h) “User” means a person or entity that uses an electronic 53 device. 54 (4) PROHIBITED ACTS.- 55 (a) A law enforcement agency or other governmental entity 56 may not obtain the location information of an electronic device 57 without a valid court order issued by a duly authorized judicial 58 officer using the procedure set forth in this section. 59 (b) An investigative or law enforcement officer may make 60 application to a judge of competent jurisdiction for an order 61 authorizing or approving the search for and seizure of the 62 location information related to a specific electronic device or 63 any electronic device used by a particular person. 64 (c) The application must include: 65 1. A statement of the identity of the applicant and the 66 identity of the law enforcement agency conducting the 67 investigation. 68 2. A certification by the applicant that the information 69 likely to be obtained is relevant to an ongoing criminal 70 investigation being conducted by the investigating agency, or a 71 non-criminal investigation being conducted to prevent harm to a 72 person. 73 3. A statement of the offense to which the information 74 likely to be obtained relates, if applicable. 75 4. A statement as to whether it may be necessary to monitor 76 the electronic device outside the jurisdiction of the court from 77 which authorization is being sought. 78 (d) If the court finds that the required certification and 79 statements have been made in the application, the court shall 80 enter an ex parte order authorizing the monitoring of a specific 81 electronic device or authorize the monitoring of any device 82 being used by a specific person during the time period for which 83 an order may be issued under this section. Such order may 84 authorize the monitoring of the device within the jurisdiction 85 of the court and outside that jurisdiction, but within this 86 state. 87 (e) A court may not require greater specificity or 88 additional information beyond that which is required by this 89 section as a requisite for issuing an order. 90 (f) A court order may not be issued for the location of an 91 electronic device pursuant to this section for a period of time 92 longer than is necessary to achieve the objective of the 93 authorization, and in any event no longer than 30 days, 94 commencing on the day the order is issued, or 10 days after the 95 location information is initially obtained, whichever comes 96 first. 97 (g) Extensions of an order may be granted, but only upon a 98 judge finding that the extension is necessary to achieve the 99 objective of the original authorization. Each extension granted 100 for an order pursuant to this section may not exceed the time 101 period that the authorizing judge deems necessary to achieve the 102 purposes for which the order was originally granted, but in any 103 event, each extension may not exceed 60 days. 104 (5) EXCEPTIONS.—Notwithstanding subsection (4), a 105 governmental entity may obtain location information without a 106 court order if disclosure of the location information is not 107 prohibited by federal law and any of the following circumstances 108 exists: 109 (a) Transponders used for the purpose of assessing or 110 collecting tolls. 111 (b) Reliance by a law enforcement agency or other 112 governmental entity on lawful exceptions to the warrant 113 requirement. 114 (c) A high risk of a terrorist attack by a specific 115 individual or organization if the United States Secretary of 116 Homeland Security determines that credible intelligence 117 indicates that there is such a risk. 118 (d) Cases of a search for a missing endangered person, as 119 defined in s. 937.0201. 120 (e) In order to respond to any user’s call for emergency 121 services. 122 (f) With the informed, affirmative consent of the owner or 123 user of the electronic device; however the owner or user may not 124 consent to the disclosure of location information if the device 125 is known or believed to be in the possession of, or attached to 126 a possession of, a third party known to the owner or user and to 127 whom the owner or user has intentionally provided electronic 128 device, unless the third party is under 18 years of age. The 129 informed, affirmative consent of the owner or user of the 130 electronic device may not be used as consent to disclose the 131 location information of another portable electronic device that 132 may be remotely linked or connected to the owner or user of the 133 subject portable electronic device. 134 (g) With the informed, affirmative consent of the legal 135 guardian or next of kin of the electronic device’s owner or 136 user, if the owner or user is believed to be deceased or has 137 been reported missing and unable to be contacted. 138 (h) If the governmental entity reasonably believes that an 139 emergency involving immediate danger of death or serious 140 physical injury to a person requires the disclosure, without 141 delay, of location information concerning a specific person or 142 persons and that a court order cannot be obtained in time to 143 prevent the identified danger and the possessor of the location 144 information, in good faith, believes that an emergency involving 145 danger of death or serious physical injury to a person requires 146 the disclosure without delay. 147 (6) REMEDY.— 148 (a) Any aggrieved person in a trial, hearing, or proceeding 149 in or before a court, department, officer, agency, regulatory 150 body, or other authority may move to suppress the contents of 151 information contained in a portable electronic device or 152 evidence derived therefrom, on the grounds that: 153 1. The information was unlawfully obtained; 154 2. The order of authorization or approval under which it 155 was obtained is insufficient on its face; or 156 3. The information was not obtained in conformity with the 157 order of authorization or approval. 158 159 Such motion shall be made before the trial, hearing, or 160 proceeding unless there was no opportunity to make such motion 161 or the person was not aware of the grounds of the motion. If the 162 motion is granted, the information or evidence derived therefrom 163 shall be suppressed. The judge, upon the filing of such motion 164 by the aggrieved person, may make available to the aggrieved 165 person or his or her counsel for inspection such portions of the 166 information or evidence derived therefrom as the judge 167 determines to be in the interest of justice. 168 (b) In addition to any other right to appeal, the state has 169 the right to appeal from an order granting a motion to suppress 170 made under paragraph (a) or the denial of an application for an 171 order of approval if the attorney certifies to the judge or 172 other official granting such motion or denying such application 173 that the appeal is not taken for purposes of delay. Such appeal 174 shall be taken within 30 days after the date the order was 175 entered and shall be diligently prosecuted. 176 (c) The remedies and sanctions described herein with 177 respect to the information contained in a portable electronic 178 device are the only judicial remedies and sanctions for 179 violations of those sections involving such information. 180 (7) CAUSE OF ACTION.—This section does not create a cause 181 of action against any foreign or Florida private entity, its 182 officers, employees, agents, or other specified persons for 183 providing location information. 184 185 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 186 And the title is amended as follows: 187 Delete line 15 188 and insert: 189 “electronic signature”; prohibiting location 190 informational tracking; providing legislative findings 191 and intent; defining terms; prohibiting a governmental 192 entity from obtaining the location information of an 193 electronic device without a valid court order issued 194 by a duly authorized judicial officer; providing that 195 a court order may not be issued for the location of an 196 electronic device for a period of time longer than is 197 necessary to achieve the objective of the court order; 198 providing time periods for the validity of a court 199 order; providing criteria by which a court order for 200 location information may be extended; providing 201 exceptions to the requirement that a court order be 202 obtained for location information; providing a remedy; 203 providing applicability; providing an effective date.