Florida Senate - 2015 COMMITTEE AMENDMENT Bill No. SB 102 Ì470380ÆÎ470380 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House Comm: WD . 02/05/2015 . . . . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— The Committee on Judiciary (Simpson) recommended the following: 1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment) 2 3 Delete everything after the enacting clause 4 and insert: 5 Section 1. The Division of Law Revision and Information is 6 directed to create chapter 740, Florida Statutes, consisting of 7 ss. 740.001-740.911, Florida Statutes, to be entitled “Fiduciary 8 Access to Digital Assets.” 9 Section 2. Section 740.001, Florida Statutes, is created to 10 read: 11 740.001 Short title.—This chapter may be cited as the 12 “Florida Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act.” 13 Section 3. Section 740.101, Florida Statutes, is created to 14 read: 15 740.101 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, the term: 16 (1) “Account holder” means a person that has entered into a 17 terms-of-service agreement with a custodian or a fiduciary for 18 such person. The term includes a deceased individual who entered 19 into the agreement during the individual’s lifetime. 20 (2) “Agent” means a person that is granted authority to act 21 for a principal under a durable or nondurable power of attorney, 22 whether denominated an agent, an attorney in fact, or otherwise. 23 The term includes an original agent, a co-agent, and a successor 24 agent. 25 (3) “Carry” means to engage in the transmission of 26 electronic communications. 27 (4) “Catalogue of electronic communications” means 28 information that identifies each person with which an account 29 holder has had an electronic communication, the time and date of 30 the communication, and the electronic address of the person. 31 (5) “Content of an electronic communication” means 32 information concerning the substance or meaning of the 33 communication which: 34 (a) Has been sent or received by the account holder; 35 (b) Is in electronic storage by a custodian providing an 36 electronic communication service to the public or is carried or 37 maintained by a custodian providing a remote computing service 38 to the public; and 39 (c) Is not readily accessible to the public. 40 (6) “Court” means a circuit court of this state. 41 (7) “Custodian” means a person that carries, maintains, 42 processes, receives, or stores a digital asset of an account 43 holder. 44 (8) “Digital asset” means an electronic record. The term 45 does not include an underlying asset or liability to which an 46 electronic record refers, unless the asset or liability is 47 itself an electronic record. 48 (9) “Electronic” means technology having electrical, 49 digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or 50 similar capabilities. 51 (10) “Electronic communication” has the same meaning as 52 provided in 18 U.S.C. s. 2510(12). 53 (11) “Electronic communication service” means a custodian 54 that provides to an account holder the ability to send or 55 receive an electronic communication. 56 (12) “Fiduciary” means a person that is an original, 57 additional, or successor personal representative, guardian, 58 agent, or trustee. 59 (13) “Guardian” means a person who is appointed by the 60 court as guardian of the property of a minor or an incapacitated 61 individual. The term includes a person appointed by the court as 62 an emergency temporary guardian of the property. 63 (14) “Information” means data, text, images, videos, 64 sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases, or the 65 like. 66 (15) “Person” means an individual, estate, trust, business 67 or nonprofit entity, public corporation, government or 68 governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or other 69 legal entity. 70 (16) “Personal representative” means the fiduciary 71 appointed by the court to administer the estate of a deceased 72 individual pursuant to letters of administration or an order 73 appointing a curator or administrator ad litem for the estate. 74 (17) “Power of attorney” means a record that grants an 75 agent authority to act in the place of a principal pursuant to 76 chapter 709. 77 (18) “Principal” means an individual who grants authority 78 to an agent in a power of attorney. 79 (19) “Record” means information that is inscribed on a 80 tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other 81 medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. 82 (20) “Remote computing service” means a custodian that 83 provides to an account holder computer processing services or 84 the storage of digital assets by means of an electronic 85 communications system as defined in 18 U.S.C. s. 2510(14). 86 (21) “Termsofservice agreement” means an agreement that 87 controls the relationship between an account holder and a 88 custodian. 89 (22) “Trustee” means a fiduciary that holds legal title to 90 a digital asset pursuant to an agreement, declaration, or trust 91 instrument that creates a beneficial interest in the settlor or 92 others. 93 (23) “Ward” means an individual for whom a guardian has 94 been appointed. 95 (24) “Will” means an instrument admitted to probate, 96 including a codicil, executed by an individual in the manner 97 prescribed by the Florida Probate Code, which disposes of the 98 individual’s property on or after his or her death. The term 99 includes an instrument that merely appoints a personal 100 representative or revokes or revises another will. 101 Section 4. Section 740.201, Florida Statutes, is created to 102 read: 103 740.201 Authority of personal representative over digital 104 assets of a decedent.—Subject to s. 740.601(2) and unless 105 otherwise provided by the court or the will of a decedent, a 106 personal representative has the right to access: 107 (1) The content of an electronic communication that the 108 custodian is permitted to disclose under the Electronic 109 Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b); 110 (2) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 111 received by the decedent; and 112 (3) Any other digital asset in which the decedent had a 113 right or interest at his or her death. 114 Section 5. Section 740.301, Florida Statutes, is created to 115 read: 116 740.301 Authority of guardian over digital assets of a 117 ward.—The court, after an opportunity for hearing, may grant a 118 guardian the right to access: 119 (1) The content of an electronic communication that the 120 custodian is permitted to disclose under the Electronic 121 Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b); 122 (2) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 123 received by the ward; and 124 (3) Any other digital asset in which the ward has a right 125 or interest. 126 Section 6. Section 740.401, Florida Statutes, is created to 127 read: 128 740.401 Control by agent of digital assets.— 129 (1) To the extent that a power of attorney expressly grants 130 an agent authority over the content of an electronic 131 communication of the principal, and subject to s. 740.601(2), 132 the agent has the right to access the content of an electronic 133 communication that the custodian is permitted to disclose under 134 the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b). 135 (2) Except as provided in subsection (1) and unless 136 otherwise provided by a power of attorney or a court order, an 137 agent has the right to access: 138 (a) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 139 received by the principal; and 140 (b) Any other digital asset in which the principal has a 141 right or interest. 142 Section 7. Section 740.501, Florida Statutes, is created to 143 read: 144 740.501 Control by trustee of digital assets.—Subject to s. 145 740.601(2) and unless otherwise provided by the court or the 146 terms of a trust: 147 (1) A trustee or a successor of a trustee who is an 148 original account holder has the right to access each digital 149 asset held in trust, including any catalogue of electronic 150 communications sent or received and the content of an electronic 151 communication; or 152 (2) A trustee or a successor of a trustee who is not an 153 original account holder has the right to access the following 154 digital assets held in trust: 155 (a) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 156 received by the account holder; 157 (b) The content of an electronic communication that the 158 custodian is permitted to disclose under the Electronic 159 Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b); and 160 (c) Any other digital asset in which the account holder or 161 any successor account holder has a right or interest. 162 Section 8. Section 740.601, Florida Statutes, is created to 163 read: 164 740.601 Fiduciary access and authority.— 165 (1) A fiduciary that is an account holder or that has the 166 right under this chapter to access a digital asset of an account 167 holder: 168 (a) May take any action concerning the digital asset to the 169 extent of the account holder’s authority and the fiduciary’s 170 powers under the laws of this state, subject to the terms-of 171 service agreement and copyright or other applicable law; 172 (b) Has, for the purpose of applicable electronic privacy 173 laws, the lawful consent of the account holder for the custodian 174 to divulge the content of an electronic communication to the 175 fiduciary; and 176 (c) Is an authorized user under applicable computer fraud 177 and unauthorized access laws. 178 (2) Unless an account holder, after June 30, 2015, agrees, 179 by an affirmative act separate from the account holder’s assent 180 to other provisions of the terms of the service agreement, to a 181 provision in the service agreement which limits a fiduciary’s 182 access to a digital asset of the account holder: 183 (a) The provision is void as against the public policy of 184 this state; and 185 (b) The fiduciary’s access under this chapter to a digital 186 asset does not violate the terms of the service agreement even 187 if the agreement requires notice of a change in the account 188 holder’s status. 189 (3) A choiceoflaw provision in a termsofservice 190 agreement is unenforceable against a fiduciary acting under this 191 chapter to the extent the provision designates a law that 192 enforces a limitation on a fiduciary’s access to a digital asset 193 which is void under subsection (2). 194 (4) As to tangible personal property capable of receiving, 195 storing, processing, or sending a digital asset, a fiduciary 196 with authority over the property of a decedent, ward, principal, 197 or settlor has the right to access the property and any digital 198 asset stored in it and is an authorized user for purposes of any 199 applicable computer fraud and unauthorized access laws, 200 including the laws of this state. 201 Section 9. Section 740.701, Florida Statutes, is created to 202 read: 203 740.701 Compliance.— 204 (1) If a fiduciary that has a right under this chapter to 205 access a digital asset of an account holder complies with 206 subsection (2), the custodian shall comply with the fiduciary’s 207 request for a record for: 208 (a) Access to the digital asset; 209 (b) Control of the digital asset; and 210 (c) A copy of the digital asset to the extent authorized by 211 copyright law. 212 (2) If a request under subsection (1) is made by: 213 (a) A personal representative who has the right of access 214 under s. 740.201, the request must be accompanied by a certified 215 copy of the letters of administration of the personal 216 representative, an order authorizing a curator or administrator 217 ad litem, or other court order; 218 (b) A guardian that has the right of access under s. 219 740.301, the request must be accompanied by a certified copy of 220 letters of plenary guardianship of the property or a court order 221 that gives the guardian authority over the digital asset; 222 (c) An agent that has the right of access under s. 740.401, 223 the request must be accompanied by an original or a copy of the 224 power of attorney which authorizes the agent to exercise 225 authority over the digital asset and a certification of the 226 agent, under penalty of perjury, that the power of attorney is 227 in effect; 228 (d) A trustee that has the right of access under s. 229 740.501, the request must be accompanied by a certified copy of 230 the trust instrument, or a certification of trust under s. 231 736.1017, which authorizes the trustee to exercise authority 232 over the digital asset; or 233 (e) A person that is entitled to receive and collect 234 specified digital assets, the request must be accompanied by a 235 certified copy of an order of summary administration issued 236 pursuant to chapter 735. 237 (3) A custodian shall comply with a request made under 238 subsection (1) not later than 60 days after receipt. If the 239 custodian fails to comply, the fiduciary may apply to the court 240 for an order directing compliance. 241 (4) A custodian that receives a certification of trust may 242 require the trustee to provide copies of excerpts from the 243 original trust instrument and later amendments which designate 244 the trustee and confer on the trustee the power to act in the 245 pending transaction. 246 (5) A custodian that acts in reliance on a certification of 247 trust without knowledge that the representations contained in it 248 are incorrect is not liable to any person for so acting and may 249 assume without inquiry the existence of facts stated in the 250 certification. 251 (6) A custodian that enters into a transaction in good 252 faith and in reliance on a certification of trust may enforce 253 the transaction against the trust property as if the 254 representations contained in the certification were correct. 255 (7) A custodian that demands the trust instrument in 256 addition to a certification of trust or excerpts under 257 subsection (4) is liable for damages if the court determines 258 that the custodian did not act in good faith in demanding the 259 trust instrument. 260 (8) This section does not limit the right of a person to 261 obtain a copy of a trust instrument in a judicial proceeding 262 concerning the trust. 263 Section 10. Section 740.801, Florida Statutes, is created 264 to read: 265 740.801 Immunity.—A custodian and its officers, employees, 266 and agents are immune from liability for any action done in good 267 faith in compliance with this chapter. 268 Section 11. Section 740.901, Florida Statutes, is created 269 to read: 270 740.901 Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and 271 National Commerce Act.—This chapter modifies, limits, or 272 supersedes the Electronic Signatures in Global and National 273 Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. ss. 7001 et seq., but does not modify, 274 limit, or supersede s. 101(c) of that act, 15 U.S.C. s. 7001(c), 275 or authorize electronic delivery of the notices described in s. 276 103(b) of that act, 15 U.S.C. s. 7003(b). 277 Section 12. Section 740.911, Florida Statutes, is created 278 to read: 279 740.911 Applicability.— 280 (1) Subject to subsection (2), this chapter applies to: 281 (a) An agent acting under a power of attorney executed 282 before, on, or after July 1, 2015; 283 (b) A personal representative acting for a decedent who 284 died before, on, or after July 1, 2015; 285 (c) A guardian appointed through a guardianship proceeding, 286 whether pending in a court or commenced before, on, or after 287 July 1, 2015; and 288 (d) A trustee acting under a trust created before, on, or 289 after July 1, 2015. 290 (2) This chapter does not apply to a digital asset of an 291 employer used by an employee in the ordinary course of the 292 employer’s business. 293 Section 13. This act shall take effect July 1, 2015. 294 295 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 296 And the title is amended as follows: 297 Delete everything before the enacting clause 298 and insert: 299 A bill to be entitled 300 An act relating to digital assets; providing a 301 directive to the Division of Law Revision and 302 Information; creating s. 740.001, F.S.; providing a 303 short title; creating s. 740.101, F.S.; defining 304 terms; creating s. 740.201, F.S.; authorizing a 305 personal representative to have access to specified 306 digital assets of a decedent under certain 307 circumstances; creating s. 740.301, F.S.; authorizing 308 a guardian to have access to specified digital assets 309 of a ward under certain circumstances; creating s. 310 740.401, F.S.; authorizing an agent to have access to 311 specified digital assets of a principal under certain 312 circumstances; creating s. 740.501, F.S.; authorizing 313 a trustee to have access to specified digital assets 314 held in trust under certain circumstances; creating s. 315 740.601, F.S.; providing the rights of a fiduciary 316 relating to digital assets; providing that specified 317 provisions in a terms of service agreement are 318 unenforceable or void as against the public policy of 319 this state under certain circumstances; creating s. 320 740.701, F.S.; providing requirements for compliance 321 for a custodian, a personal representative, a 322 guardian, an agent, a trustee, or another person that 323 is entitled to receive and collect specified digital 324 assets; providing for damages if a demand for the 325 trust instrument is not made in good faith by a 326 custodian; providing applicability; creating s. 327 740.801, F.S.; providing immunity for a custodian and 328 its officers, employees, and agents for any action 329 done in good faith and in compliance with ch. 740, 330 F.S.; creating s. 740.901, F.S.; clarifying the 331 relationship of ch. 740, F.S., to the Electronic 332 Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act; 333 creating s. 740.911, F.S.; providing applicability; 334 providing an effective date.