Florida Senate - 2015 COMMITTEE AMENDMENT Bill No. SB 102 Ì9073467Î907346 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House Comm: RCS . 02/05/2015 . . . . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— The Committee on Judiciary (Simpson) recommended the following: 1 Senate Substitute for Amendment (568310) (with title 2 amendment) 3 4 Delete everything after the enacting clause 5 and insert: 6 Section 1. The Division of Law Revision and Information is 7 directed to create chapter 740, Florida Statutes, consisting of 8 ss. 740.001-740.911, Florida Statutes, to be entitled “Fiduciary 9 Access to Digital Assets.” 10 Section 2. Section 740.001, Florida Statutes, is created to 11 read: 12 740.001 Short title.—This chapter may be cited as the 13 “Florida Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act.” 14 Section 3. Section 740.101, Florida Statutes, is created to 15 read: 16 740.101 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, the term: 17 (1) “Account holder” means a person that has entered into a 18 terms-of-service agreement with a custodian or a fiduciary for 19 such person. The term includes a deceased individual who entered 20 into the agreement during the individual’s lifetime. 21 (2) “Agent” means a person that is granted authority to act 22 for a principal under a durable or nondurable power of attorney, 23 whether denominated an agent, an attorney in fact, or otherwise. 24 The term includes an original agent, a co-agent, and a successor 25 agent. 26 (3) “Carry” means to engage in the transmission of 27 electronic communications. 28 (4) “Catalogue of electronic communications” means 29 information that identifies each person with which an account 30 holder has had an electronic communication, the time and date of 31 the communication, and the electronic address of the person. 32 (5) “Content of an electronic communication” means 33 information concerning the substance or meaning of the 34 communication which: 35 (a) Has been sent or received by the account holder; 36 (b) Is in electronic storage by a custodian providing an 37 electronic communication service to the public or is carried or 38 maintained by a custodian providing a remote computing service 39 to the public; and 40 (c) Is not readily accessible to the public. 41 (6) “Court” means a circuit court of this state. 42 (7) “Custodian” means a person that carries, maintains, 43 processes, receives, or stores a digital asset of an account 44 holder. 45 (8) “Digital asset” means an electronic record. The term 46 does not include an underlying asset or liability to which an 47 electronic record refers, unless the asset or liability is 48 itself an electronic record. 49 (9) “Electronic” means technology having electrical, 50 digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or 51 similar capabilities. 52 (10) “Electronic communication” has the same meaning as 53 provided in 18 U.S.C. s. 2510(12). 54 (11) “Electronic communication service” means a custodian 55 that provides to an account holder the ability to send or 56 receive an electronic communication. 57 (12) “Fiduciary” means a person that is an original, 58 additional, or successor personal representative, guardian, 59 agent, or trustee. 60 (13) “Guardian” means a person who is appointed by the 61 court as guardian of the property of a minor or an incapacitated 62 individual. The term includes a person appointed by the court as 63 an emergency temporary guardian of the property. 64 (14) “Information” means data, text, images, videos, 65 sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases, or the 66 like. 67 (15) “Person” means an individual, estate, trust, business 68 or nonprofit entity, public corporation, government or 69 governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or other 70 legal entity. 71 (16) “Personal representative” means the fiduciary 72 appointed by the court to administer the estate of a deceased 73 individual pursuant to letters of administration or an order 74 appointing a curator or administrator ad litem for the estate. 75 (17) “Power of attorney” means a record that grants an 76 agent authority to act in the place of a principal pursuant to 77 chapter 709. 78 (18) “Principal” means an individual who grants authority 79 to an agent in a power of attorney. 80 (19) “Record” means information that is inscribed on a 81 tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other 82 medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. 83 (20) “Remote computing service” means a custodian that 84 provides to an account holder computer processing services or 85 the storage of digital assets by means of an electronic 86 communications system as defined in 18 U.S.C. s. 2510(14). 87 (21) “Termsofservice agreement” means an agreement that 88 controls the relationship between an account holder and a 89 custodian. 90 (22) “Trustee” means a fiduciary that holds legal title to 91 a digital asset pursuant to an agreement, declaration, or trust 92 instrument that creates a beneficial interest in the settlor or 93 others. 94 (23) “Ward” means an individual for whom a guardian has 95 been appointed. 96 (24) “Will” means an instrument admitted to probate, 97 including a codicil, executed by an individual in the manner 98 prescribed by the Florida Probate Code, which disposes of the 99 individual’s property on or after his or her death. The term 100 includes an instrument that merely appoints a personal 101 representative or revokes or revises another will. 102 Section 4. Section 740.201, Florida Statutes, is created to 103 read: 104 740.201 Authority of personal representative over digital 105 assets of a decedent.—Subject to s. 740.601(2) and unless 106 otherwise provided by the court or the will of a decedent, a 107 personal representative has the right to access: 108 (1) The content of an electronic communication that the 109 custodian is permitted to disclose under the Electronic 110 Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b); 111 (2) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 112 received by the decedent; and 113 (3) Any other digital asset in which the decedent had a 114 right or interest at his or her death. 115 Section 5. Section 740.301, Florida Statutes, is created to 116 read: 117 740.301 Authority of guardian over digital assets of a 118 ward.—The court, after an opportunity for hearing, may grant a 119 guardian the right to access: 120 (1) The content of an electronic communication that the 121 custodian is permitted to disclose under the Electronic 122 Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b); 123 (2) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 124 received by the ward; and 125 (3) Any other digital asset in which the ward has a right 126 or interest. 127 Section 6. Section 740.401, Florida Statutes, is created to 128 read: 129 740.401 Control by agent of digital assets.— 130 (1) To the extent that a power of attorney expressly grants 131 an agent authority over the content of an electronic 132 communication of the principal, and subject to s. 740.601(2), 133 the agent has the right to access the content of an electronic 134 communication that the custodian is permitted to disclose under 135 the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b). 136 (2) Except as provided in subsection (1) and unless 137 otherwise provided by a power of attorney or a court order, an 138 agent has the right to access: 139 (a) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 140 received by the principal; and 141 (b) Any other digital asset in which the principal has a 142 right or interest. 143 Section 7. Section 740.501, Florida Statutes, is created to 144 read: 145 740.501 Control by trustee of digital assets.—Subject to s. 146 740.601(2) and unless otherwise provided by the court or the 147 terms of a trust: 148 (1) A trustee or a successor of a trustee who is an 149 original account holder has the right to access each digital 150 asset held in trust, including any catalogue of electronic 151 communications sent or received and the content of an electronic 152 communication; or 153 (2) A trustee or a successor of a trustee who is not an 154 original account holder has the right to access the following 155 digital assets held in trust: 156 (a) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or 157 received by the account holder; 158 (b) The content of an electronic communication that the 159 custodian is permitted to disclose under the Electronic 160 Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. s. 2702(b); and 161 (c) Any other digital asset in which the account holder or 162 any successor account holder has a right or interest. 163 Section 8. Section 740.601, Florida Statutes, is created to 164 read: 165 740.601 Fiduciary access and authority.— 166 (1) A fiduciary that is an account holder or that has the 167 right under this chapter to access a digital asset of an account 168 holder: 169 (a) May take any action concerning the digital asset to the 170 extent of the account holder’s authority and the fiduciary’s 171 powers under the laws of this state, subject to the terms-of 172 service agreement and copyright or other applicable law; 173 (b) Has, for the purpose of applicable electronic privacy 174 laws, the lawful consent of the account holder for the custodian 175 to divulge the content of an electronic communication to the 176 fiduciary; and 177 (c) Is an authorized user under applicable computer fraud 178 and unauthorized access laws. 179 (2) Unless an account holder, after June 30, 2015, agrees, 180 by an affirmative act separate from the account holder’s assent 181 to other provisions of the terms of the service agreement, to a 182 provision in the service agreement which limits a fiduciary’s 183 access to a digital asset of the account holder: 184 (a) The provision is void as against the public policy of 185 this state; and 186 (b) The fiduciary’s access under this chapter to a digital 187 asset does not violate the terms of the service agreement even 188 if the agreement requires notice of a change in the account 189 holder’s status. 190 (3) A choiceoflaw provision in a termsofservice 191 agreement is unenforceable against a fiduciary acting under this 192 chapter to the extent the provision designates a law that 193 enforces a limitation on a fiduciary’s access to a digital asset 194 which is void under subsection (2). 195 (4) As to tangible personal property capable of receiving, 196 storing, processing, or sending a digital asset, a fiduciary 197 with authority over the property of a decedent, ward, principal, 198 or settlor has the right to access the property and any digital 199 asset stored in it and is an authorized user for purposes of any 200 applicable computer fraud and unauthorized access laws, 201 including the laws of this state. 202 Section 9. Section 740.701, Florida Statutes, is created to 203 read: 204 740.701 Compliance.— 205 (1) If a fiduciary that has a right under this chapter to 206 access a digital asset of an account holder complies with 207 subsection (2), the custodian shall comply with the fiduciary’s 208 request for a record for: 209 (a) Access to the digital asset; 210 (b) Control of the digital asset; and 211 (c) A copy of the digital asset to the extent authorized by 212 copyright law. 213 (2) If a request under subsection (1) is made by: 214 (a) A personal representative who has the right of access 215 under s. 740.201, the request must be accompanied by a certified 216 copy of the letters of administration of the personal 217 representative, an order authorizing a curator or administrator 218 ad litem, or other court order; 219 (b) A guardian that has the right of access under s. 220 740.301, the request must be accompanied by a certified copy of 221 letters of plenary guardianship of the property or a court order 222 that gives the guardian authority over the digital asset; 223 (c) An agent that has the right of access under s. 740.401, 224 the request must be accompanied by an original or a copy of the 225 power of attorney which authorizes the agent to exercise 226 authority over the digital asset and a certification of the 227 agent, under penalty of perjury, that the power of attorney is 228 in effect; 229 (d) A trustee that has the right of access under s. 230 740.501, the request must be accompanied by a certified copy of 231 the trust instrument, or a certification of trust under s. 232 736.1017, which authorizes the trustee to exercise authority 233 over the digital asset; or 234 (e) A person that is entitled to receive and collect 235 specified digital assets, the request must be accompanied by a 236 certified copy of an order of summary administration issued 237 pursuant to chapter 735. 238 (3) A custodian shall comply with a request made under 239 subsection (1) not later than 60 days after receipt. If the 240 custodian fails to comply, the fiduciary may apply to the court 241 for an order directing compliance. 242 (4) A custodian that receives a certification of trust may 243 require the trustee to provide copies of excerpts from the 244 original trust instrument and later amendments which designate 245 the trustee and confer on the trustee the power to act in the 246 pending transaction. 247 (5) A custodian that acts in reliance on a certification of 248 trust without knowledge that the representations contained in it 249 are incorrect is not liable to any person for so acting and may 250 assume without inquiry the existence of facts stated in the 251 certification. 252 (6) A custodian that enters into a transaction in good 253 faith and in reliance on a certification of trust may enforce 254 the transaction against the trust property as if the 255 representations contained in the certification were correct. 256 (7) A custodian that demands the trust instrument in 257 addition to a certification of trust or excerpts under 258 subsection (4) is liable for damages if the court determines 259 that the custodian did not act in good faith in demanding the 260 trust instrument. 261 (8) This section does not limit the right of a person to 262 obtain a copy of a trust instrument in a judicial proceeding 263 concerning the trust. 264 Section 10. Section 740.801, Florida Statutes, is created 265 to read: 266 740.801 Immunity.—A custodian and its officers, employees, 267 and agents are immune from liability for any action done in good 268 faith in compliance with this chapter. 269 Section 11. Section 740.901, Florida Statutes, is created 270 to read: 271 740.901 Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and 272 National Commerce Act.—This chapter modifies, limits, or 273 supersedes the Electronic Signatures in Global and National 274 Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. ss. 7001 et seq., but does not modify, 275 limit, or supersede s. 101(c) of that act, 15 U.S.C. s. 7001(c), 276 or authorize electronic delivery of the notices described in s. 277 103(b) of that act, 15 U.S.C. s. 7003(b). 278 Section 12. Section 740.911, Florida Statutes, is created 279 to read: 280 740.911 Applicability.— 281 (1) Subject to subsection (2), this chapter applies to: 282 (a) An agent acting under a power of attorney executed 283 before, on, or after July 1, 2015; 284 (b) A personal representative acting for a decedent who 285 died before, on, or after July 1, 2015; 286 (c) A guardian appointed through a guardianship proceeding, 287 whether pending in a court or commenced before, on, or after 288 July 1, 2015; and 289 (d) A trustee acting under a trust created before, on, or 290 after July 1, 2015. 291 (2) This chapter does not apply to a digital asset of an 292 employer used by an employee in the ordinary course of the 293 employer’s business. 294 Section 13. This act shall take effect July 1, 2015. 295 296 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 297 And the title is amended as follows: 298 Delete everything before the enacting clause 299 and insert: 300 A bill to be entitled 301 An act relating to digital assets; providing a 302 directive to the Division of Law Revision and 303 Information; creating s. 740.001, F.S.; providing a 304 short title; creating s. 740.101, F.S.; defining 305 terms; creating s. 740.201, F.S.; authorizing a 306 personal representative to have access to specified 307 digital assets of a decedent under certain 308 circumstances; creating s. 740.301, F.S.; authorizing 309 a guardian to have access to specified digital assets 310 of a ward under certain circumstances; creating s. 311 740.401, F.S.; authorizing an agent to have access to 312 specified digital assets of a principal under certain 313 circumstances; creating s. 740.501, F.S.; authorizing 314 a trustee to have access to specified digital assets 315 held in trust under certain circumstances; creating s. 316 740.601, F.S.; providing the rights of a fiduciary 317 relating to digital assets; providing that specified 318 provisions in a terms of service agreement are 319 unenforceable or void as against the public policy of 320 this state under certain circumstances; creating s. 321 740.701, F.S.; providing requirements for compliance 322 for a custodian, a personal representative, a 323 guardian, an agent, a trustee, or another person that 324 is entitled to receive and collect specified digital 325 assets; providing for damages if a demand for the 326 trust instrument is not made in good faith by a 327 custodian; providing applicability; creating s. 328 740.801, F.S.; providing immunity for a custodian and 329 its officers, employees, and agents for any action 330 done in good faith and in compliance with ch. 740, 331 F.S.; creating s. 740.901, F.S.; clarifying the 332 relationship of ch. 740, F.S., to the Electronic 333 Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act; 334 creating s. 740.911, F.S.; providing applicability; 335 providing an effective date.