Florida Senate - 2015 CS for SB 1536 By the Committee on Criminal Justice; and Senator Flores 591-03144-15 20151536c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to public records; amending s. 895.06, 3 F.S.; providing an exemption from public records 4 requirements for certain documents and information 5 held by an investigative agency pursuant to an 6 investigation relating to an activity prohibited under 7 the Florida RICO Act; authorizing disclosure of such 8 documents and information under certain conditions; 9 providing for future legislative review and repeal of 10 the exemption; providing a statement of public 11 necessity; providing a contingent effective date. 12 13 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 14 15 Section 1. Subsection (7) is added to section 895.06, 16 Florida Statutes, to read: 17 895.06 Civil investigative subpoenas; public records 18 exemption.— 19 (7)(a) Information held by an investigative agency pursuant 20 to an investigation of a violation of s. 895.03 is confidential 21 and exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State 22 Constitution. 23 (b) Information made confidential and exempt under 24 paragraph (a) may be disclosed by the investigative agency to: 25 1. A government entity in the performance of its official 26 duties. 27 2. A court or tribunal. 28 (c) Information made confidential and exempt under 29 paragraph (a) is no longer confidential and exempt once all 30 investigations to which the information pertains are completed, 31 unless the information is otherwise protected by law. 32 (d) For purposes of this subsection, an investigation is 33 considered complete once the investigative agency either files 34 an action or closes its investigation without filing an action. 35 (e) This subsection is subject to the Open Government 36 Sunset Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand 37 repealed on October 2, 2020, unless reviewed and saved from 38 repeal through reenactment by the Legislature. 39 Section 2. The Legislature finds that it is a public 40 necessity that the information held by an investigative agency 41 pursuant to an investigation of a violation of s. 895.03, 42 Florida Statutes, relating to an activity prohibited under the 43 Florida RICO Act, be made confidential and exempt from s. 44 119.07(1), Florida Statutes, and s. 24(a), Article I of the 45 State Constitution. Because a Florida RICO Act investigation 46 conducted by an investigative agency may lead to the filing of a 47 civil action, the premature release of the information held by 48 such investigative agency could frustrate or thwart the 49 investigation and impair the ability of the investigative agency 50 to effectively and efficiently administer its duties under the 51 Florida RICO Act, ss. 895.01-895.09, Florida Statutes. This 52 exemption also protects the reputation of the potential 53 defendant in the event that the investigation is closed without 54 the filing of a civil action. Further, without this exemption, a 55 potential defendant under the Florida RICO Act may learn of the 56 investigation and dissipate his or her assets and thwart any 57 future enforcement action under the act. Therefore, the 58 Legislature finds that it is a public necessity that the 59 documents and information held by the investigative agency 60 pursuant to an investigation of a violation of s. 895.03, 61 Florida Statutes, relating to an activity prohibited under the 62 Florida RICO Act, be made confidential and exempt from public 63 records requirements. 64 Section 3. This act shall take effect on the same date that 65 SB 1514 or similar legislation relating to offenses concerning 66 racketeering and illegal debts takes effect, if such legislation 67 is enacted in the same legislative session or an extension 68 thereof and becomes law.