Florida Senate - 2015 PROPOSED COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE
Bill No. SB 248
Proposed Committee Substitute by the Committee on Criminal
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to public records; amending s.
3 119.071, F.S.; providing an exemption from public
4 record requirements for an audio or video recording
5 made by a law enforcement officer in the course of the
6 officer performing his or her official duties and
7 responsibilities, if the recording is taken within
8 certain locations, shows a minor inside a school or on
9 school property, or shows a child younger than 14
10 years of age at any location; specifying how the
11 exemption operates in relation to other exemptions
12 that may apply to the recording; providing for future
13 legislative review and repeal of the exemption under
14 the Open Government Sunset Review Act; authorizing the
15 law enforcement agency with custody over the recording
16 to disclose the recording to another law enforcement
17 agency in furtherance of that agency’s official duties
18 and responsibilities; specifying persons who may
19 inspect the recording; amending ss. 92.56, 119.011,
20 119.0714, 784.046, 794.024, and 794.03, F.S.;
21 conforming cross-references; providing a statement of
22 public necessity; providing an effective date.
24 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
26 Section 1. Paragraphs (g), (h), (i), (j), and (k) of
27 subsection (2) of section 119.071, Florida Statutes, are
28 redesignated as paragraphs (h), (i), (j), (k), and (l),
29 respectively, and paragraph (g) is added to that subsection, to
31 119.071 General exemptions from inspection or copying of
32 public records.—
33 (2) AGENCY INVESTIGATIONS.—
34 (g)1. An audio or video recording made by a law enforcement
35 officer in the course of the officer performing his or her
36 official duties and responsibilities is exempt from 119.07(1)
37 and s. 24(a), Art. 1 of the State Constitution, if the
39 a. Is taken within the interior of a private residence;
40 b. Is taken on the property of a facility that offers
41 health care, mental health care, or social services;
42 c. Is taken at the scene of a medical emergency;
43 d. Is taken in a place where a person recorded or depicted
44 in the recording has a reasonable expectation of privacy; or
45 e. Shows a child younger than 18 years of age inside a
46 school, as defined in s. 1003.01, or on school property, as
47 defined in s. 810.095, or shows a child younger than 14 years of
48 age at any location.
49 2. If the audio or video recording or a portion of such
50 recording is exempt or confidential and exempt pursuant to
51 another exemption in this section, that exemption applies and
52 determines under which circumstances, if any, the recording or a
53 portion of the recording may be disclosed to the public.
54 3. This paragraph is subject to the Open Government Sunset
55 Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand repealed
56 on October 2, 2020, unless reviewed and saved from repeal
57 through reenactment by the Legislature.
58 4. The law enforcement agency having custody of an audio or
59 video recording described in subparagraph 1. may disclose the
60 recording to another law enforcement agency in furtherance of
61 that agency’s official duties and responsibilities.
62 5.a. In accordance with s. 119.07, the following persons
63 may inspect an audio or video recording described in
64 subparagraph 1.:
65 (I.) A person recorded or depicted in the recording.
66 (II.) The agent or attorney of a person recorded or
67 depicted in the recording, if inspection is authorized by that
69 (III.) A person not recorded or depicted in the recording,
70 if inspection is authorized by all persons recorded or depicted
71 in the recording.
72 b. This subparagraph does not apply to information in the
73 recording that is exempt or confidential and exempt pursuant to
74 another provision of this section.
75 Section 2. Paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section
76 92.56, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
77 92.56 Judicial proceedings and court records involving
78 sexual offenses and human trafficking.—
79 (1)(a) The confidential and exempt status of criminal
80 intelligence information or criminal investigative information
81 made confidential and exempt pursuant to s. 119.071(2)(i)
82 119.071(2)(h) must be maintained in court records pursuant to s.
83 119.0714(1)(h) and in court proceedings, including testimony
84 from witnesses.
85 Section 3. Paragraph (c) of subsection (3) of section
86 119.011, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
87 119.011 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, the term:
89 (c) “Criminal intelligence information” and “criminal
90 investigative information” shall not include:
91 1. The time, date, location, and nature of a reported
93 2. The name, sex, age, and address of a person arrested or
94 of the victim of a crime except as provided in s. 119.071(2)(i)
95 s. 119.071(2)(h).
96 3. The time, date, and location of the incident and of the
98 4. The crime charged.
99 5. Documents given or required by law or agency rule to be
100 given to the person arrested, except as provided in s.
101 119.071(2)(i) s. 119.071(2)(h), and, except that the court in a
102 criminal case may order that certain information required by law
103 or agency rule to be given to the person arrested be maintained
104 in a confidential manner and exempt from the provisions of s.
105 119.07(1) until released at trial if it is found that the
106 release of such information would:
107 a. Be defamatory to the good name of a victim or witness or
108 would jeopardize the safety of such victim or witness; and
109 b. Impair the ability of a state attorney to locate or
110 prosecute a codefendant.
111 6. Informations and indictments except as provided in s.
113 Section 4. Paragraph (h) of subsection (1) of section
114 119.0714, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
115 119.0714 Court files; court records; official records.—
116 (1) COURT FILES.—Nothing in this chapter shall be construed
117 to exempt from s. 119.07(1) a public record that was made a part
118 of a court file and that is not specifically closed by order of
119 court, except:
120 (h) Criminal intelligence information or criminal
121 investigative information that is confidential and exempt as
122 provided in s. 119.071(2)(i) s. 119.071(2)(h).
123 Section 5. Paragraph (b) of subsection (4) of section
124 784.046, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
125 784.046 Action by victim of repeat violence, sexual
126 violence, or dating violence for protective injunction; dating
127 violence investigations, notice to victims, and reporting;
128 pretrial release violations; public records exemption.—
130 (b) The sworn petition must be in substantially the
131 following form:
133 PETITION FOR INJUNCTION FOR PROTECTION
134 AGAINST REPEAT VIOLENCE, SEXUAL
135 VIOLENCE, OR DATING VIOLENCE
137 Before me, the undersigned authority, personally appeared
138 Petitioner ...(Name)..., who has been sworn and says that the
139 following statements are true:
141 1. Petitioner resides at ...(address)... (A petitioner for
142 an injunction for protection against sexual violence may furnish
143 an address to the court in a separate confidential filing if,
144 for safety reasons, the petitioner requires the location of his
145 or her current residence to be confidential pursuant to s.
146 119.071(2)(k) s. 119.071(2)(j), Florida Statutes.)
147 2. Respondent resides at ...(address)....
148 3.a. Petitioner has suffered repeat violence as
149 demonstrated by the fact that the respondent has:
150 ...(enumerate incidents of violence)...
156 b. Petitioner has suffered sexual violence as demonstrated
157 by the fact that the respondent has: ...(enumerate incident of
158 violence and include incident report number from law enforcement
159 agency or attach notice of inmate release.)...
165 c. Petitioner is a victim of dating violence and has
166 reasonable cause to believe that he or she is in imminent danger
167 of becoming the victim of another act of dating violence or has
168 reasonable cause to believe that he or she is in imminent danger
169 of becoming a victim of dating violence, as demonstrated by the
170 fact that the respondent has: ...(list the specific incident or
171 incidents of violence and describe the length of time of the
172 relationship, whether it has been in existence during the last 6
173 months, the nature of the relationship of a romantic or intimate
174 nature, the frequency and type of interaction, and any other
175 facts that characterize the relationship.)...
181 4. Petitioner genuinely fears repeat violence by the
183 5. Petitioner seeks: an immediate injunction against the
184 respondent, enjoining him or her from committing any further
185 acts of violence; an injunction enjoining the respondent from
186 committing any further acts of violence; and an injunction
187 providing any terms the court deems necessary for the protection
188 of the petitioner and the petitioner’s immediate family,
189 including any injunctions or directives to law enforcement
191 Section 6. Subsection (1) of section 794.024, Florida
192 Statutes, is amended to read:
193 794.024 Unlawful to disclose identifying information.—
194 (1) A public employee or officer who has access to the
195 photograph, name, or address of a person who is alleged to be
196 the victim of an offense described in this chapter, chapter 800,
197 s. 827.03, s. 827.04, or s. 827.071 may not willfully and
198 knowingly disclose it to a person who is not assisting in the
199 investigation or prosecution of the alleged offense or to any
200 person other than the defendant, the defendant’s attorney, a
201 person specified in an order entered by the court having
202 jurisdiction of the alleged offense, or organizations authorized
203 to receive such information made exempt by s. 119.071(2)(i) s.
204 119.071(2)(h), or to a rape crisis center or sexual assault
205 counselor, as defined in s. 90.5035(1)(b), who will be offering
206 services to the victim.
207 Section 7. Section 794.03, Florida Statutes, is amended to
209 794.03 Unlawful to publish or broadcast information
210 identifying sexual offense victim.—No person shall print,
211 publish, or broadcast, or cause or allow to be printed,
212 published, or broadcast, in any instrument of mass communication
213 the name, address, or other identifying fact or information of
214 the victim of any sexual offense within this chapter, except as
215 provided in s. 119.071(2)(i) s. 119.071(2)(h) or unless the
216 court determines that such information is no longer confidential
217 and exempt pursuant to s. 92.56. An offense under this section
218 shall constitute a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable
219 as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
220 Section 8. The Legislature finds that it is a public
221 necessity that an audio or video recording made by a law
222 enforcement officer in the course of the officer performing his
223 or her official duties and responsibilities be made exempt from
224 the public records requirements of s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a),
225 Article I of the State Constitution, if the recording: is taken
226 within the interior of a private residence; is taken on the
227 property of a facility that offers health care, mental health
228 care, or social services; is taken at the scene of a medical
229 emergency; is taken at a place where a person recorded or
230 depicted in the recording has a reasonable expectation of
231 privacy; or shows a child younger than 18 years of age inside a
232 school or on school property or a child younger than 14 years of
233 age at any location. The Legislature finds that information
234 recorded by these devices in these circumstances is
235 significantly more likely to include highly sensitive personal
236 information regarding the persons recorded than in other
237 circumstances. The Legislature finds that public disclosure of
238 these recordings could have an undesirable, chilling effect:
239 persons who know sensitive personal information about them is
240 being or may be recorded may be unwilling to cooperate with law
241 enforcement officers and make calls for the services of law
242 enforcement officers. In the case of minors, information about
243 those minors could jeopardize their safety. The Legislature
244 finds that these interests or concerns not only necessitate the
245 exemption of the recordings but outweigh any public benefit that
246 may be derived from their disclosure.
247 Section 9. This act shall take effect July 1, 2015.