Florida Senate - 2015 CS for CS for SB 248 By the Committees on Governmental Oversight and Accountability; and Criminal Justice; and Senators Smith and Thompson 585-02410-15 2015248c2 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to public records; amending s. 3 119.071, F.S.; defining the terms “body camera” and 4 “personal representative”; providing that a body 5 camera recording is confidential and exempt from 6 public records requirements under certain 7 circumstances; providing exceptions; requiring a law 8 enforcement agency to retain body camera recordings 9 for at least a specified period; providing for 10 retroactive application; providing for future 11 legislative review and repeal of the exemption; 12 providing a statement of public necessity; providing 13 an effective date. 14 15 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 16 17 Section 1. Paragraph (l) is added to subsection (2) of 18 section 119.071, Florida Statutes, to read: 19 119.071 General exemptions from inspection or copying of 20 public records.— 21 (2) AGENCY INVESTIGATIONS.— 22 (l)1. As used in this paragraph, the term: 23 a. “Body camera” means a portable electronic recording 24 device that is worn on a law enforcement officer’s body and that 25 records audio and video data of the officer’s activities. 26 b. “Personal representative” means a parent of, a court 27 appointed guardian of, or a person holding a power of attorney 28 for a person recorded by a body camera, or an attorney for such 29 person. If a person depicted in the recording is deceased, the 30 term also means the personal representative of the estate of the 31 deceased person; the deceased person’s surviving spouse, parent, 32 or adult child; the parent or guardian of a surviving minor 33 child of the deceased; or an attorney for such person. 34 2. A body camera recording is confidential and exempt from 35 s. 119.07(1) and s. 24 (a), Art. I of the state constitution if 36 the recording: 37 a. Is taken within the interior of a private residence; 38 b. Is taken on the property of a facility that offers 39 health care, mental health care, or social services; 40 c. Is taken at the scene of a medical emergency; 41 d. Is taken in a place where a person recorded or depicted 42 in the recording has a reasonable expectation of privacy. 43 3. A body camera recording, or a portion thereof, shall be 44 disclosed by a law enforcement agency: 45 a. In furtherance of its official duties and 46 responsibilities; 47 b. To another governmental agency in the furtherance of its 48 official duties and responsibilities; 49 c. Pursuant to a court order; 50 d. To a person recorded by a body camera; however, a law 51 enforcement agency may disclose only those portions that are 52 relevant to the person’s presence in the recording; or 53 e. To the personal representative of a person recorded by a 54 body camera; however, a law enforcement agency may disclose only 55 those portions that are relevant to the represented person’s 56 presence in the recording. 57 4. A law enforcement agency must retain a body camera 58 recording for at least 90 days. 59 5. The exemption provided in subparagraph 2. applies 60 retroactively. 61 6. This paragraph is subject to the Open Government Sunset 62 Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand repealed 63 on October 2, 2020, unless reviewed and saved from repeal 64 through reenactment by the Legislature. 65 Section 2. The Legislature finds that it is a public 66 necessity that body camera recordings are confidential and 67 exempt from s. 119.07(1), Florida Statutes, and s. 24(a), 68 Article I of the State Constitution. The Legislature finds that 69 information recorded by body cameras is significantly more 70 likely to capture highly sensitive personal information than 71 other law enforcement recordings or documents. The Legislature 72 finds that public disclosure of these recordings could have an 73 undesirable chilling effect. People who know that they are being 74 recorded by a body camera may be unwilling to fully cooperate 75 with law enforcement officers if they know that a body camera 76 recording can be made available to anyone in the public. People 77 may also be less likely to call a law enforcement agency for 78 services if their sensitive personal information or the 79 circumstances that necessitate a law enforcement agency’s 80 involvement are subject to public dissemination as a body camera 81 recording. The Legislature also finds that body camera 82 recordings could be used for criminal purposes if they were 83 available upon request. This exemption from public records 84 requirements allows law enforcement officers to more effectively 85 and efficiently administer their duties, which would otherwise 86 be significantly impaired. The Legislature finds that these 87 concerns regarding the impact of the public records requirements 88 for body camera recordings not only necessitate the exemption of 89 the recordings from public records requirements but also 90 outweigh any public benefit that may be derived from the 91 disclosure of the recordings. 92 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2015.