Florida Senate - 2016 CS for SB 618 By the Committee on Criminal Justice; and Senator Evers 591-01283-16 2016618c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to prearrest diversion programs; 3 creating s. 901.40, F.S.; encouraging local 4 communities and public or private educational 5 institutions to implement prearrest diversion programs 6 for certain offenders; requiring that the programs 7 allow law enforcement officers of participating 8 agencies, at their sole discretion, to issue civil 9 citations to adults under specified circumstances; 10 prohibiting the issuance of the civil citation if the 11 misdemeanor offense involves a victim and he or she 12 objects to its issuance; requiring that an adult who 13 receives a civil citation from a participating law 14 enforcement agency report for intake as required by 15 the local prearrest diversion program; requiring the 16 provision of appropriate assessment, intervention, 17 education, and behavioral health care services; 18 requiring that an adult who is issued a citation 19 fulfill a community service requirement specified by 20 the local prearrest diversion program; requiring the 21 law enforcement agency that issued the civil citation 22 to criminally charge an adult who fails to complete 23 the prearrest diversion program and refer that adult 24 to the state attorney for prosecution; prohibiting the 25 association of an arrest record with adults who 26 successfully complete the program; specifying 27 misdemeanor offenses that qualify for the local 28 prearrest diversion program; providing an effective 29 date. 30 31 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 32 33 Section 1. Section 901.40, Florida Statutes, is created to 34 read: 35 901.40 Prearrest diversion programs.—The Legislature 36 encourages local communities and public or private educational 37 institutions to implement prearrest diversion programs that 38 afford certain adults who fulfill specified intervention and 39 community service obligations the opportunity to avoid an arrest 40 record. Such programs shall allow law enforcement officers, at 41 their sole discretion, to issue civil citations to certain 42 adults who commit misdemeanor offenses. A civil citation may be 43 issued under this section only if the adult admits that he or 44 she committed the offense and if the adult has not been 45 previously arrested as an adult for an offense. However, an 46 adult may not be issued a civil citation if the misdemeanor 47 offense involves a victim and the victim objects to issuance of 48 the civil citation. 49 (1) An adult who receives a civil citation shall report for 50 intake as required by the local prearrest diversion program and 51 shall be provided appropriate assessment, intervention, 52 education, and behavioral health care services. While in the 53 local prearrest diversion program, the adult shall perform 54 community service hours as specified by the local prearrest 55 diversion program. If the adult does not successfully complete 56 the prearrest diversion program, the law enforcement agency that 57 issued the civil citation shall criminally charge the adult for 58 the original offense and refer the case to the state attorney to 59 determine if prosecution is appropriate. If the adult 60 successfully completes the program, an arrest record may not be 61 associated with the offense. 62 (2) Misdemeanor offenses that qualify for a prearrest 63 diversion program include, but are not limited to: 64 (a) Disorderly conduct. 65 (b) Nondomestic assault as defined in s. 784.011 or 66 nondomestic battery as provided in s. 784.03(1). 67 (c) Open house parties. 68 (d) Petit theft of stolen property valued at less than $50. 69 (e) Possession of alcohol by a person younger than 21 years 70 of age. 71 (f) Possession of 20 grams or less of cannabis. 72 (g) Selling or providing alcoholic beverages to a minor. 73 (h) Trespass in structure or conveyance. 74 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2016.