Florida Senate - 2016 CS for CS for SB 618 By the Committees on Community Affairs; and Criminal Justice; and Senator Evers 578-02306-16 2016618c2 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to prearrest diversion programs; 3 creating s. 901.40, F.S.; encouraging local 4 communities and public or private educational 5 institutions to implement prearrest diversion programs 6 for certain offenders; authorizing law enforcement 7 officers of participating law enforcement agencies, at 8 their sole discretion, to issue civil citations to 9 adults under specified circumstances; requiring an 10 adult who is issued a civil citation by a 11 participating law enforcement agency to report for 12 intake as required by the prearrest diversion program; 13 requiring the provision of appropriate behavioral 14 health care services; requiring that an adult who is 15 issued a civil citation fulfill a community service 16 requirement; providing for criminal prosecution of 17 adults who fail to complete the prearrest diversion 18 program; prohibiting an arrest record from being 19 associated with a certain offense for adults who 20 successfully complete the program; establishing a 21 steering committee for the prearrest diversion 22 program; providing duties and membership of the 23 committee; specifying the nonviolent misdemeanor 24 offenses that are eligible for the prearrest diversion 25 program; providing applicability; providing an 26 effective date. 27 28 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 29 30 Section 1. Section 901.40, Florida Statutes, is created to 31 read: 32 901.40 Prearrest diversion programs.— 33 (1) INTENT.—The Legislature encourages local communities 34 and public or private educational institutions to implement 35 prearrest diversion programs that afford certain adults who 36 fulfill specified intervention and community service obligations 37 the opportunity to avoid an arrest record. The Legislature does 38 not mandate that a particular prearrest diversion program for 39 adults be adopted but finds that the adoption of the model 40 provided in this section would allow certain adults to avoid an 41 arrest record while ensuring that those adults receive 42 appropriate intervention and fulfill community service 43 obligations. The Legislature further encourages that a prearrest 44 diversion program share information with other prearrest 45 diversion programs. 46 (2) MODEL ADULT CIVIL CITATION PROGRAM.— 47 (a) Law enforcement officers, at their sole discretion, may 48 issue civil citations to certain adults who commit a qualifying 49 nonviolent misdemeanor offense listed in subsection (3). A civil 50 citation may be issued only if the adult admits that he or she 51 committed the offense and if the adult has not previously 52 received a civil citation. However, an adult may not be issued a 53 civil citation if the nonviolent misdemeanor offense involves a 54 victim and the victim objects to issuance of the civil citation. 55 (b) An adult who receives a civil citation shall report for 56 intake as required by the local prearrest diversion program and 57 shall be provided appropriate assessment, intervention, 58 education, and behavioral health care services. While in the 59 local prearrest diversion program, the adult shall perform 60 community service hours as specified by the local prearrest 61 diversion program. If the adult does not successfully complete 62 the prearrest diversion program, the law enforcement agency that 63 issued the civil citation shall criminally charge the adult for 64 the original offense and refer the case to the state attorney to 65 determine if prosecution is appropriate. If the adult 66 successfully completes the program, an arrest record may not be 67 associated with the offense. 68 (c) A steering committee shall be created for the prearrest 69 diversion program to develop policies and procedures for the 70 program, including, but not limited to, eligibility criteria, 71 program implementation and operation, and the fee to be paid by 72 adults participating in the program. At a minimum, the steering 73 committee shall be composed of representatives of the law 74 enforcement agencies participating in the program, a 75 representative of the program services provider, and other 76 interested stakeholders. 77 (3) QUALIFYING OFFENSES.—Nonviolent misdemeanor offenses 78 that qualify for a prearrest diversion program include, but are 79 not limited to: 80 (a) Disorderly conduct. 81 (b) An open house party in violation of s. 856.015(2). 82 (c) Petit theft of stolen property valued at less than $50. 83 (d) Possession of alcohol by a person younger than 21 years 84 of age. 85 (e) Possession of 20 grams or less of cannabis. 86 (f) Selling or providing alcoholic beverages to a minor. 87 (g) Trespass in a structure or conveyance. 88 (4) APPLICABILITY.—This section does not preempt a county 89 or municipality from enacting noncriminal sanctions for a 90 violation of an ordinance or other violation, and does not 91 preempt a county, a municipality, or a public or private 92 educational institution from creating its own model for a 93 prearrest diversion program for adults. 94 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2016.