Florida Senate - 2017 SB 1392 By Senator Latvala 16-00944-17 20171392__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to Temporary Assistance for Needy 3 Families (TANF) applicant drug screening; creating s. 4 414.0653, F.S.; requiring the Department of Children 5 and Families to perform a drug test on an applicant 6 for TANF benefits with a prior felony conviction or 7 history of arrests for a drug-related offenses; 8 specifying that the cost of drug testing is the 9 responsibility of the individual tested; requiring the 10 department to provide notice of the drug-screening 11 policy; requiring the department to increase the 12 amount of the initial TANF benefit under certain 13 circumstances; providing procedures for testing and 14 retesting; requiring the department to provide 15 information concerning local substance abuse treatment 16 programs to certain individuals; providing conditions 17 for an individual to reapply for TANF benefits; 18 specifying that a child remains eligible for benefits 19 if a parent fails a drug test; providing conditions 20 for designating another protective payee; providing 21 rulemaking authority to the department; providing an 22 effective date. 23 24 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 25 26 Section 1. Section 414.0653, Florida Statutes, is created 27 to read: 28 414.0653 Drug screening for applicants for Temporary 29 Assistance for Needy Families.— 30 (1)(a) The department shall require a drug test consistent 31 with s. 112.0455, to be administered at the time of application 32 for benefits and every 2 months after that date, to screen each 33 individual who applies for Temporary Assistance for Needy 34 Families (TANF) who: 35 1. Has a previous conviction of committing or attempting to 36 commit a felony listed in chapter 893, relating to drug abuse 37 prevention and control. 38 2. Has a documented history of multiple arrests for drug 39 use or possession within the past 10 years. 40 41 The cost of drug testing is the responsibility of the individual 42 tested. 43 (b) An individual who tests positive for controlled 44 substances as a result of a drug test required under this 45 subsection is ineligible to receive TANF benefits for 2 years 46 after the date of the positive drug test unless the individual 47 meets the requirements of paragraph (2)(g). 48 (2) The department shall: 49 (a) Provide notice of drug testing required pursuant to 50 subsection (1) to each individual at the time of application. 51 The notice must advise the individual that drug testing will be 52 conducted as a condition for receiving TANF benefits and that 53 the individual must bear the cost of testing. If the individual 54 tests negative for controlled substances, the department shall 55 increase the amount of the initial TANF benefit by the amount 56 paid by the individual for the drug testing. The individual 57 shall be advised that the required drug testing may be avoided 58 if the individual does not apply for TANF benefits. Dependent 59 children under the age of 18 are exempt from the drug-testing 60 requirement. 61 (b) Advise each individual to be tested, before the test is 62 conducted, that he or she may, but is not required to, advise 63 the agent administering the test of any prescription or over 64 the-counter medication the individual is taking. 65 (c) Require each individual to be tested to sign a written 66 acknowledgment that he or she has received and understood the 67 notice and advice provided under paragraphs (a) and (b). 68 (d) Assure each individual being tested a reasonable degree 69 of dignity while producing and submitting a sample for drug 70 testing, consistent with the state’s need to ensure the 71 reliability of the sample. 72 (e) Inform an individual who tests positive for a 73 controlled substance and is deemed ineligible for TANF benefits 74 that the individual may reapply for those benefits 2 years after 75 the date of the positive drug test unless the individual meets 76 the requirements of paragraph (g). If the individual tests 77 positive again, he or she is ineligible to receive TANF benefits 78 for 3 years after the date of the second positive drug test 79 unless the individual meets the requirements of paragraph (g). 80 (f) Provide any individual who tests positive with a list 81 of licensed substance abuse treatment providers available in the 82 area in which he or she resides which meet the requirements of 83 s. 397.401 and are licensed by the department. Neither the 84 department nor the state is responsible for providing or paying 85 for substance abuse treatment as part of the screening conducted 86 under this section. 87 (g) An individual who tests positive under this section and 88 is denied TANF benefits as a result may reapply for those 89 benefits after 6 months if the individual can document the 90 successful completion of a substance abuse treatment program 91 offered by a provider that meets the requirements of s. 397.401 92 and is licensed by the department. An individual who has met the 93 requirements of this paragraph and reapplies for TANF benefits 94 must also pass an initial drug test and meet the requirements of 95 subsection (1). Any drug test conducted while the individual is 96 undergoing substance abuse treatment must meet the requirements 97 of subsection (1). The cost of any drug testing and substance 98 abuse treatment provided under this section shall be the 99 responsibility of the individual being tested and receiving 100 treatment. An individual who fails the drug test required under 101 subsection (1) may reapply for benefits under this paragraph 102 only once. 103 (3) If a parent is deemed ineligible for TANF benefits as a 104 result of failing a drug test conducted under this section: 105 (a) The dependent child’s eligibility for TANF benefits is 106 not affected. 107 (b) An appropriate protective payee shall be designated to 108 receive benefits on behalf of the child. 109 (c) The parent may choose to designate another individual 110 to receive benefits for the parent’s minor child. The designated 111 individual must be an immediate family member or, if an 112 immediate family member is not available or the family member 113 declines the option, another individual, approved by the 114 department, may be designated. The designated individual must 115 also undergo drug testing before being approved to receive 116 benefits on behalf of the child. If the designated individual 117 tests positive for controlled substances, he or she is 118 ineligible to receive benefits on behalf of the child. 119 (4) The department shall adopt rules to implement this 120 section. 121 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2017.