Florida Senate - 2017 SB 702 By Senator Campbell 38-01146-17 2017702__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to child support; amending s. 61.13, 3 F.S.; requiring a court to suspend an order requiring 4 a parent to pay child support under certain 5 circumstances; amending s. 61.14, F.S.; requiring a 6 court to suspend an order requiring a parent to pay 7 child support and to deny an order of contempt under 8 certain circumstances; providing an effective date. 9 10 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 11 12 Section 1. Paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 13 61.13, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 14 61.13 Support of children; parenting and time-sharing; 15 powers of court.— 16 (1)(a) In a proceeding under this chapter, the court may at 17 any time order either or both parents who owe a duty of support 18 to a child to pay support to the other parent or, in the case of 19 both parents, to a third party who has custody in accordance 20 with the child support guidelines schedule in s. 61.30. 21 1. All child support orders and income deduction orders 22 entered on or after October 1, 2010, must provide: 23 a. For child support to terminate on a child’s 18th 24 birthday unless the court finds or previously found that s. 25 743.07(2) applies, or is otherwise agreed to by the parties; 26 b. A schedule, based on the record existing at the time of 27 the order, stating the amount of the monthly child support 28 obligation for all the minor children at the time of the order 29 and the amount of child support that will be owed for any 30 remaining children after one or more of the children are no 31 longer entitled to receive child support; and 32 c. The month, day, and year that the reduction or 33 termination of child support becomes effective. 34 2. The court initially entering an order requiring one or 35 both parents to make child support payments has continuing 36 jurisdiction after the entry of the initial order to modify the 37 amount and terms and conditions of the child support payments if 38 the modification is found by the court to be in the best 39 interests of the child; when the child reaches majority; if 40 there is a substantial change in the circumstances of the 41 parties; if s. 743.07(2) applies; or when a child is 42 emancipated, marries, joins the armed services, or dies. The 43 court initially entering a child support order has continuing 44 jurisdiction to require the obligee to report to the court on 45 terms prescribed by the court regarding the disposition of the 46 child support payments. 47 3. The court shall suspend an order requiring a parent to 48 make child support payments while such parent is involuntarily 49 unemployed as a result of his or her incarceration lasting 50 longer than 30 days. The suspension must continue for at least 51 30 days after such parent is released from incarceration. 52 Section 2. Paragraph (a) of subsection (1) and paragraph 53 (a) of subsection (5) of section 61.14, Florida Statutes, are 54 amended to read: 55 61.14 Enforcement and modification of support, maintenance, 56 or alimony agreements or orders.— 57 (1)(a) When the parties enter into an agreement for 58 payments for, or instead of, support, maintenance, or alimony, 59 whether in connection with a proceeding for dissolution or 60 separate maintenance or with any voluntary property settlement, 61 or when a party is required by court order to make any payments, 62 and the circumstances or the financial ability of either party 63 changes or the child who is a beneficiary of an agreement or 64 court order as described herein reaches majority after the 65 execution of the agreement or the rendition of the order, either 66 party may apply to the circuit court of the circuit in which the 67 parties, or either of them, resided at the date of the execution 68 of the agreement or reside at the date of the application, or in 69 which the agreement was executed or in which the order was 70 rendered, for an order decreasing or increasing the amount of 71 support, maintenance, or alimony, and the court has jurisdiction 72 to make orders as equity requires, with due regard to the 73 changed circumstances or the financial ability of the parties or 74 the child, decreasing, increasing, or confirming the amount of 75 separate support, maintenance, or alimony provided for in the 76 agreement or order. A finding that medical insurance is 77 reasonably available or the child support guidelines schedule in 78 s. 61.30 may constitute changed circumstances. The court shall 79 suspend an order requiring a parent to make child support 80 payments while such parent is involuntarily unemployed as a 81 result of his or her incarceration lasting longer than 30 days. 82 The suspension must continue for at least 30 days after such 83 parent is released from incarceration. Except as otherwise 84 provided in s. 61.30(11)(c), the court may modify an order of 85 support, maintenance, or alimony by increasing or decreasing the 86 support, maintenance, or alimony retroactively to the date of 87 the filing of the action or supplemental action for modification 88 as equity requires, giving due regard to the changed 89 circumstances or the financial ability of the parties or the 90 child. 91 (5)(a) When a court of competent jurisdiction enters an 92 order for the payment of alimony or child support or both, the 93 court shall make a finding of the obligor’s imputed or actual 94 present ability to comply with the order. If the obligor 95 subsequently fails to pay alimony or support and a contempt 96 hearing is held, the original order of the court creates a 97 presumption that the obligor has the present ability to pay the 98 alimony or support and to purge himself or herself from the 99 contempt. At the contempt hearing, the obligor shall have the 100 burden of proof to show that he or she lacks the ability to 101 purge himself or herself from the contempt. This presumption is 102 adopted as a presumption under s. 90.302(2) to implement the 103 public policy of this state that children shall be maintained 104 from the resources of their parents and as provided for in s. 105 409.2551, and that spouses be maintained as provided for in s. 106 61.08. The court shall state in its order the reasons for 107 granting or denying the contempt. The court shall deny the 108 contempt if the obligor failed to make child support payments 109 while he or she was involuntary unemployed as a result of his or 110 her incarceration lasting longer than 30 days or during the 30 111 days after the obligor was released from incarceration. 112 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2017.