Florida Senate - 2018 CS for CS for SB 1220
By the Committees on Judiciary; and Criminal Justice; and
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to detention facilities; creating s.
3 900.05, F.S.; defining terms and specifying covered
4 offenses; requiring that a custodial interrogation at
5 a place of detention be electronically recorded in its
6 entirety in connection with certain offenses;
7 requiring law enforcement officers who do not comply
8 with the electronic recording requirement or who
9 conduct custodial interrogations at a place other than
10 a place of detention to prepare a specified report;
11 providing exceptions to the electronic recording
12 requirement; requiring a court to consider a law
13 enforcement officer’s failure to comply with the
14 electronic recording requirements in determining the
15 admissibility of a statement unless an exception
16 applies; requiring a court, upon the request of a
17 defendant, to give cautionary instructions to a jury
18 under certain circumstances; providing immunity from
19 civil liability to law enforcement agencies that
20 enforce certain rules; providing that no cause of
21 action is created against a law enforcement officer;
22 amending s. 951.22, F.S.; prohibiting introduction
23 into or possession of, on the grounds of any county
24 detention facility, any cellular telephone or other
25 portable communication device; defining the term
26 “portable communication device”; providing criminal
27 penalties; amending s. 921.0022, F.S.; conforming a
28 cross-reference; conforming a provision to changes
29 made by the act; providing an effective date.
31 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
33 Section 1. Section 900.05, Florida Statutes, is created to
35 900.05 Recording of custodial interrogations for certain
37 (1) As used in this section, the term:
38 (a) “Custodial interrogation” means questioning or other
39 conduct by a law enforcement officer which is reasonably likely
40 to elicit an incriminating response from an individual and which
41 occurs under circumstances in which a reasonable individual in
42 the same circumstances would consider himself or herself to be
43 in the custody of a law enforcement agency.
44 (b) “Electronic recording” means an audio recording or an
45 audio and video recording that accurately records a custodial
47 (c) “Covered offense” includes:
48 1. Arson.
49 2. Sexual battery.
50 3. Robbery.
51 4. Kidnapping.
52 5. Aggravated child abuse.
53 6. Aggravated abuse of an elderly person or disabled adult.
54 7. Aggravated assault with a deadly weapon.
55 8. Murder.
56 9. Manslaughter.
57 10. Aggravated manslaughter of an elderly person or
58 disabled adult.
59 11. Aggravated manslaughter of a child.
60 12. The unlawful throwing, placing, or discharging of a
61 destructive device or bomb.
62 13. Armed burglary.
63 14. Aggravated battery.
64 15. Aggravated stalking.
65 16. Home-invasion robbery.
66 17. Carjacking.
67 (d) “Place of detention” means a police station, sheriff’s
68 office, correctional facility, prisoner holding facility, or
69 other governmental facility where an individual may be held in
70 connection with a criminal charge that has been or may be filed
71 against the individual.
72 (e) “Statement” means a communication that is oral,
73 written, electronic, nonverbal, or in sign language.
74 (2)(a) A custodial interrogation at a place of detention,
75 including the giving of a required warning, the advisement of
76 the rights of the individual being questioned, and the waiver of
77 any rights by the individual, must be electronically recorded in
78 its entirety if the interrogation is related to a covered
80 (b) If a law enforcement officer conducts a custodial
81 interrogation at a place of detention without electronically
82 recording the interrogation, the officer shall prepare a written
83 report explaining the reason for his or her noncompliance with
84 this section and summarizing the custodial interrogation process
85 and the individual’s statements.
86 (c) As soon as practicable, a law enforcement officer who
87 conducts a custodial interrogation at a place other than a place
88 of detention shall prepare a written report explaining the
89 decision to interrogate at that place and summarizing the
90 custodial interrogation process and the individual’s statements
91 made at that place.
92 (d) Paragraph (a) does not apply:
93 1. If an unforeseen equipment malfunction prevents
94 recording the custodial interrogation in its entirety;
95 2. If a suspect refuses to participate in a custodial
96 interrogation if his or her statements are electronically
98 3. Due to equipment operator error;
99 4. If the statement is made spontaneously and not in
100 response to a custodial interrogation question;
101 5. If a statement is made after questioning that is
102 routinely asked during the processing of the arrest of a
104 6. If the custodial interrogation occurs when no law
105 enforcement officer participating in the interrogation has
106 knowledge of facts and circumstances that would lead an officer
107 to reasonably believe that the individual being interrogated may
108 have committed a covered offense;
109 7. If the law enforcement officer conducting the custodial
110 interrogation reasonably believes that electronic recording
111 would jeopardize the safety of the officer, the individual being
112 interrogated, or of others; or
113 8. If the custodial interrogation is conducted outside of
114 the state.
115 (3) Unless a court finds that one or more of the
116 circumstances specified in paragraph (2)(d) apply, the court
117 must consider a law enforcement officer’s failure to make an
118 electronic recording of all or part of a custodial interrogation
119 in determining whether a statement made during the interrogation
120 is admissible. If the court admits into evidence a statement
121 made during a custodial interrogation that was not
122 electronically recorded as required under paragraph (2)(a), the
123 court must, upon request of the defendant, give cautionary
124 instructions to the jury regarding the law enforcement officer’s
125 failure to comply.
126 (4) A law enforcement agency in this state which has
127 enforced rules adopted pursuant to this section which are
128 reasonably designed to ensure compliance with the requirements
129 of this section is not subject to civil liability for damages
130 arising from a violation of this section. This section does not
131 create a cause of action against a law enforcement officer.
132 Section 2. Section 951.22, Florida Statutes, is amended to
134 951.22 County detention facilities; contraband articles.—
135 (1) It is unlawful, except through regular channels as duly
136 authorized by the sheriff or officer in charge, to introduce
137 into or possess upon the grounds of any county detention
138 facility as defined in s. 951.23 or to give to or receive from
139 any inmate of any such facility wherever said inmate is located
140 at the time or to take or to attempt to take or send therefrom
141 any of the following articles which are hereby declared to be
for the purposes of this act, to wit: Any written or
144 recorded communication. ;
145 (b) Any currency or coin. ;
146 (c) Any article of food or clothing. ;
147 (d) Any tobacco products as defined in s. 210.25(12). ;
148 (e) Any cigarette as defined in s. 210.01(1). ;
149 (f) Any cigar. ;
150 (g) Any intoxicating beverage or beverage which causes or
151 may cause an intoxicating effect. ;
152 (h) Any narcotic, hypnotic, or excitative drug or drug of
153 any kind or nature, including nasal inhalators, sleeping pills,
154 barbiturates, and controlled substances as defined in s.
155 893.02(4). ;
156 (i) Any firearm or any instrumentality customarily used or
157 which is intended to be used as a dangerous weapon. ; and
158 (j) Any instrumentality of any nature that may be or is
159 intended to be used as an aid in effecting or attempting to
160 effect an escape from a county facility.
161 (k) Any cellular telephone or other portable communication
162 device intentionally and unlawfully introduced inside the secure
163 perimeter of a county detention facility without prior
164 authorization or consent from the sheriff or officer in charge
165 of such detention facility. As used in this paragraph, the term
166 “portable communication device” means any device carried, worn,
167 or stored which is designed or intended to receive or transmit
168 verbal or written messages, access or store data, or connect
169 electronically to the Internet or any other electronic device
170 and which allows communications in any form. Such devices
171 include, but are not limited to, portable two-way pagers,
172 handheld radios, cellular telephones, Blackberry-type devices,
173 personal digital assistants or PDAs, laptop computers, or any
174 components of these devices which are intended to be used to
175 assemble such devices. The term also includes any new technology
176 that is developed for similar purposes. Excluded from this
177 definition is any device having communication capabilities which
178 has been approved or issued by the sheriff or officer in charge
179 for investigative or institutional security purposes or for
180 conducting other official business.
181 (2) A person who Whoever violates paragraph (1)(a), (b),
182 (c), (d), (e), (f), or (g) commits a misdemeanor of the first
183 degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. A
184 person who violates paragraph (1)(h), (i), (j), or (k) commits
185 subsection (1) shall be guilty of a felony of the third degree,
186 punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
187 Section 3. Paragraph (f) of subsection (3) of section
188 921.0022, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
189 921.0022 Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking
191 (3) OFFENSE SEVERITY RANKING CHART
192 (f) LEVEL 6
194 FloridaStatute FelonyDegree Description
195 316.027(2)(b) 2nd Leaving the scene of a crash involving serious bodily injury.
196 316.193(2)(b) 3rd Felony DUI, 4th or subsequent conviction.
197 400.9935(4)(c) 2nd Operating a clinic, or offering services requiring licensure, without a license.
198 499.0051(2) 2nd Knowing forgery of transaction history, transaction information, or transaction statement.
199 499.0051(3) 2nd Knowing purchase or receipt of prescription drug from unauthorized person.
200 499.0051(4) 2nd Knowing sale or transfer of prescription drug to unauthorized person.
201 775.0875(1) 3rd Taking firearm from law enforcement officer.
202 784.021(1)(a) 3rd Aggravated assault; deadly weapon without intent to kill.
203 784.021(1)(b) 3rd Aggravated assault; intent to commit felony.
204 784.041 3rd Felony battery; domestic battery by strangulation.
205 784.048(3) 3rd Aggravated stalking; credible threat.
206 784.048(5) 3rd Aggravated stalking of person under 16.
207 784.07(2)(c) 2nd Aggravated assault on law enforcement officer.
208 784.074(1)(b) 2nd Aggravated assault on sexually violent predators facility staff.
209 784.08(2)(b) 2nd Aggravated assault on a person 65 years of age or older.
210 784.081(2) 2nd Aggravated assault on specified official or employee.
211 784.082(2) 2nd Aggravated assault by detained person on visitor or other detainee.
212 784.083(2) 2nd Aggravated assault on code inspector.
213 787.02(2) 3rd False imprisonment; restraining with purpose other than those in s. 787.01.
214 790.115(2)(d) 2nd Discharging firearm or weapon on school property.
215 790.161(2) 2nd Make, possess, or throw destructive device with intent to do bodily harm or damage property.
216 790.164(1) 2nd False report concerning bomb, explosive, weapon of mass destruction, act of arson or violence to state property, or use of firearms in violent manner.
217 790.19 2nd Shooting or throwing deadly missiles into dwellings, vessels, or vehicles.
218 794.011(8)(a) 3rd Solicitation of minor to participate in sexual activity by custodial adult.
219 794.05(1) 2nd Unlawful sexual activity with specified minor.
220 800.04(5)(d) 3rd Lewd or lascivious molestation; victim 12 years of age or older but less than 16 years of age; offender less than 18 years.
221 800.04(6)(b) 2nd Lewd or lascivious conduct; offender 18 years of age or older.
222 806.031(2) 2nd Arson resulting in great bodily harm to firefighter or any other person.
223 810.02(3)(c) 2nd Burglary of occupied structure; unarmed; no assault or battery.
224 810.145(8)(b) 2nd Video voyeurism; certain minor victims; 2nd or subsequent offense.
225 812.014(2)(b)1. 2nd Property stolen $20,000 or more, but less than $100,000, grand theft in 2nd degree.
226 812.014(6) 2nd Theft; property stolen $3,000 or more; coordination of others.
227 812.015(9)(a) 2nd Retail theft; property stolen $300 or more; second or subsequent conviction.
228 812.015(9)(b) 2nd Retail theft; property stolen $3,000 or more; coordination of others.
229 812.13(2)(c) 2nd Robbery, no firearm or other weapon (strong-arm robbery).
230 817.4821(5) 2nd Possess cloning paraphernalia with intent to create cloned cellular telephones.
231 817.505(4)(b) 2nd Patient brokering; 10 or more patients.
232 825.102(1) 3rd Abuse of an elderly person or disabled adult.
233 825.102(3)(c) 3rd Neglect of an elderly person or disabled adult.
234 825.1025(3) 3rd Lewd or lascivious molestation of an elderly person or disabled adult.
235 825.103(3)(c) 3rd Exploiting an elderly person or disabled adult and property is valued at less than $10,000.
236 827.03(2)(c) 3rd Abuse of a child.
237 827.03(2)(d) 3rd Neglect of a child.
238 827.071(2) & (3) 2nd Use or induce a child in a sexual performance, or promote or direct such performance.
239 836.05 2nd Threats; extortion.
240 836.10 2nd Written threats to kill or do bodily injury.
241 843.12 3rd Aids or assists person to escape.
242 847.011 3rd Distributing, offering to distribute, or possessing with intent to distribute obscene materials depicting minors.
243 847.012 3rd Knowingly using a minor in the production of materials harmful to minors.
244 847.0135(2) 3rd Facilitates sexual conduct of or with a minor or the visual depiction of such conduct.
245 914.23 2nd Retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, with bodily injury.
246 944.35(3)(a)2. 3rd Committing malicious battery upon or inflicting cruel or inhuman treatment on an inmate or offender on community supervision, resulting in great bodily harm.
247 944.40 2nd Escapes.
248 944.46 3rd Harboring, concealing, aiding escaped prisoners.
249 944.47(1)(a)5. 2nd Introduction of contraband (firearm, weapon, or explosive) into correctional facility.
250 951.22 (1)(h)-(k) 951.22(1) 3rd Introduction of contraband into county detention facility Intoxicating drug, firearm, or weapon introduced into county facility.
251 Section 4. This act shall take effect January 1, 2019.