Florida Senate - 2018 SENATOR AMENDMENT Bill No. CS for HB 1301 Ì813382(Î813382 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House . . . Floor: 1/AD/2R . 03/08/2018 03:23 PM . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Senator Book moved the following: 1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment) 2 3 Between lines 205 and 206 4 insert: 5 Section 3. Section 787.061, Florida Statutes, is created to 6 read: 7 787.061 Civil actions by victims of human trafficking.— 8 (1) FINDINGS.-The Legislature finds that, to achieve the 9 intent of the Legislature relating to human trafficking 10 expressed in s. 787.06(1)(d), it is necessary to provide a civil 11 cause of action for the recovery of compensatory and punitive 12 damages, attorney fees, and costs. 13 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term: 14 (a) “Facilitator” means a person who knowingly, or in 15 willful blindness, assists or provides resources or goods or 16 services to a trafficker which assist or enable the trafficker 17 to carry out human trafficking. The term does not include a 18 person who facilitates human trafficking as a result of force, 19 threat, or coercion. 20 (b) “Human trafficking” has the same meaning as provided in 21 s. 787.06. 22 (c) “Trafficker” means any person who knowingly engages in 23 human trafficking, attempts to engage in human trafficking, or 24 benefits financially by receiving anything of value from 25 participation in a venture that has subjected a person to human 26 trafficking. 27 (d) “Trust fund” means the Trust Fund for Victims of Human 28 Trafficking and Prevention created in s. 787.0611. 29 (e) “Venture” means any group of two or more individuals 30 associated in fact, whether or not a legal entity. 31 (f) “Victim of human trafficking” means a person subjected 32 to coercion, as defined in s. 787.06, for the purpose of being 33 used in human trafficking; a child under 18 years of age 34 subjected to human trafficking; or an individual subjected to 35 human trafficking as defined by federal law. 36 (g) “Willful blindness” exists when a person has knowledge 37 of information that would raise suspicions in a reasonable 38 person and he or she deliberately refrains from obtaining 39 confirmation of or acting on the information because he or she 40 wants to remain in ignorance, such that knowledge of the facts 41 avoided can reasonably and fairly be imputed to the person who 42 avoided confirming it. 43 (3) CIVIL CAUSE OF ACTION.— 44 (a) A victim of human trafficking has a civil cause of 45 action against the trafficker or facilitator who victimized her 46 or him and may recover damages as provided in this section. 47 (b) The action may be brought in any court of competent 48 jurisdiction, and the standard of proof is the greater weight of 49 the evidence, but the standard of proof for punitive damages 50 under this section is clear and convincing evidence. 51 (c) A victim who prevails in any such action is entitled to 52 recover economic and noneconomic damages, penalties, punitive 53 damages, reasonable attorney fees, reasonable investigative 54 expenses, and costs. 55 1. Economic damages include, but are not limited to, past 56 and future medical and mental health expenses; repatriation 57 expenses, when a victim elects repatriation; and all other 58 reasonable costs and expenses incurred by the victim in the past 59 or estimated to be incurred by the victim in the future as a 60 result of the human trafficking. 61 2. Noneconomic damages include pain and suffering, 62 inconvenience, physical impairment, mental anguish, 63 disfigurement, loss of capacity for enjoyment of life, and other 64 nonfinancial losses. 65 (d) The remedies provided in this section are in addition 66 to and cumulative with other legal and administrative remedies 67 available to victims of human trafficking, except that a victim 68 may not recover under both this section and s. 772.104(2). If a 69 parent or legal guardian knowingly or through willful blindness 70 trafficked the victim, facilitated such trafficking, or 71 otherwise participated in the human trafficking of the victim, 72 such parent or legal guardian is not entitled to damages or 73 distributions under this section. 74 (e) If a victim prevails in an action under this section, 75 in addition to any other award imposed, the court shall assess a 76 civil penalty against the defendant in the amount of $50,000. 77 This penalty is in addition to and not in lieu of any other 78 damage award. The civil penalty must be assessed by the court 79 and may not be disclosed to the jury. The entire $50,000 civil 80 penalty shall be deposited into the trust fund unless the 81 proceeds become subject to equitable distribution under 82 paragraph (g). 83 (f) If a victim prevails in an action under this section, 84 and if one or more law enforcement agencies rescued the victim 85 or stopped the abuse or exploitation of a victim on the property 86 where it occurred, the court shall assess a civil penalty 87 against the defendant in the amount of $50,000 and award the 88 penalty to such law enforcement agencies to fund future efforts 89 to combat human trafficking. This penalty is in addition to, and 90 not in lieu of, any other damage award or civil penalty. The 91 court shall equitably distribute this civil penalty among the 92 law enforcement agencies. The entire $50,000 civil penalty shall 93 be distributed to the law enforcement agencies unless the 94 proceeds become subject to equitable distribution under 95 paragraph (g). 96 (g) If an action brought under this section is either 97 settled prior to a jury verdict or the victim is unable to 98 recover the full amount of the compensatory damages caused by 99 the human trafficking, the court must determine the percentage 100 of the victim’s damages that were recovered, after deducting the 101 victim’s reasonable and necessary out-of-pocket expenses, but 102 before deducting attorney fees, and that same percentage of 103 $50,000 shall be paid from the recovery to the trust fund. If 104 one or more law enforcement agencies are entitled to a civil 105 penalty under paragraph (f), that same percentage of $50,000 106 shall be paid from the recovery to the law enforcement agencies 107 to fund future efforts to combat human trafficking. 108 (h) The court shall have specific authority to consolidate 109 civil actions for the same trafficker or facilitator for the 110 purpose of case resolution and aggregate jurisdiction. 111 (i) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the 112 amount of punitive damages awarded under this section shall be 113 equally divided between the victim and the trust fund. 114 (j) Moneys collected from penalties, damages, or other 115 costs imposed by this section which are to be deposited into the 116 trust fund shall be remitted to the Department of Revenue for 117 deposit into the Department of Law Enforcement Trust Fund for 118 Victims of Human Trafficking and Prevention. 119 (4) STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS.—The statute of limitations as 120 specified in ss. 95.11(7) and 95.11(9) is applicable to actions 121 brought under this section. 122 (5) AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE.— 123 (a) In any action brought under this section against the 124 owner or operator of a public food service or lodging 125 establishment based on a claim of vicarious liability for an 126 employee’s conduct, it is an affirmative defense to punitive 127 damages recoverable under such claim if the owner or operator 128 proves by the greater weight of evidence that: 129 1. Its personnel have been trained to identify and report 130 suspected human trafficking activity in accordance with s. 131 509.210 and rules adopted thereunder. 132 2. The owner or operator had in place an employee protocol 133 or employee code of conduct to detect and report suspected human 134 trafficking activity to appropriate law enforcement authorities, 135 which may include the National Human Trafficking Hotline, the 136 United States Department of Justice Hotline, the Florida Abuse 137 Hotline, or local law enforcement authorities. 138 3. If the victim of human trafficking was a minor at the 139 time of the trafficking, the owner or operator exercised 140 reasonable care and diligence in screening, training, 141 overseeing, and supervising the employee, and made a reasonable 142 attempt to ensure compliance with the anti-human trafficking 143 protocols and training required by this section. 144 (b) If the victim of human trafficking was an adult at the 145 time of the trafficking, the affirmative defense provided in 146 this subsection may be overcome with proof by clear and 147 convincing evidence that the officers, directors, or managers of 148 the owner or operator of the public food service or lodging 149 establishment knowingly, or in willful blindness, condoned, 150 ratified, permitted, caused, or consented to the conduct 151 constituting human trafficking or the facilitation of such 152 trafficking. 153 Section 4. Section 509.210, Florida Statutes, is created to 154 read: 155 509.210 Training of public food service and lodging 156 establishment personnel regarding human trafficking.— 157 (1) In consultation with the Attorney General, human 158 trafficking victim advocacy organizations, and state and 159 national restaurant and lodging associations, the division shall 160 adopt by rule one or more educational programs designed to train 161 employees of public food service and lodging establishments in 162 the identification and reporting of suspected human trafficking 163 activity. The owner or operator of a public food service or 164 lodging establishment may also adopt its own educational program 165 for this purpose, which must be submitted to the division and 166 approved by it for the owner’s or operator’s use. The division 167 must approve such a program for use by the owner or operator and 168 its affiliated establishments if it is determined to be at least 169 as comprehensive and effective as the other programs adopted by 170 the division by rule. The division rule must require the owner 171 or operator of each public food service or lodging establishment 172 to train those classes of employee reasonably expected to 173 routinely interact with guests, using an approved educational 174 program, within a reasonable time after hiring, and at 175 appropriate intervals thereafter, and to maintain documentation 176 of such training for routine inspection. If the owner or 177 operator fails to comply with the rule’s requirements, the 178 division shall impose administrative sanctions pursuant to s. 179 509.261. 180 (2) All public food service and lodging establishments 181 shall provide the division with proof of employee training upon 182 request, including, but not limited to, at the time of any 183 division inspection of the establishment. Proof of training for 184 each employee shall include the name, date of birth, and job 185 title of the trained employee, the date the training occurred, 186 and the approved educational program used. 187 Section 5. The Division of Hotels and Restaurants of the 188 Department of Business and Professional Regulation may adopt 189 emergency rules pursuant to s. 120.54, Florida Statutes, to 190 implement s. 509.210, Florida Statutes, as created by this act. 191 The Legislature finds emergency rulemaking power necessary for 192 the preservation of the rights and welfare of the people of 193 Florida and to address the scourge of human trafficking in our 194 state. The adoption of emergency rules pursuant to this section 195 is exempt from s. 120.54(4)(a), Florida Statutes. 196 Section 6. Subsection (4) is added to section 772.104, 197 Florida Statutes, to read: 198 772.104 Civil cause of action.— 199 (4) This section does not apply to a cause of action that 200 may be brought under s. 787.061. 201 Section 7. Subsections (7) and (9) of section 95.11, 202 Florida Statutes, are amended to read: 203 95.11 Limitations other than for the recovery of real 204 property.—Actions other than for recovery of real property shall 205 be commenced as follows: 206 (7) FOR INTENTIONAL TORTS BASED ON ABUSE.—An action founded 207 on alleged abuse, as defined in s. 39.01, s. 415.102, or s. 208 984.03,
orincest, as defined in s. 826.04, or human 209 trafficking, as defined in s. 787.06, may be commenced at any 210 time within 7 years after the age of majority, or within 4 years 211 after the injured person leaves the dependency of the abuser, or 212 within 4 years from the time of discovery by the injured party 213 of both the injury and the causal relationship between the 214 injury and the abuse, whichever occurs later. 215 (9) SEXUAL BATTERY OFFENSES ON VICTIMS UNDER AGE 16.—An 216 action related to an act constituting a violation of s. 794.011 217 or brought pursuant to s. 787.061 involving a victim who was 218 under the age of 16 at the time of the act may be commenced at 219 any time. This subsection applies to any such action other than 220 one which would have been time barred on or before July 1, 2010. 221 222 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 223 And the title is amended as follows: 224 Delete line 14 225 and insert: 226 prison sentence; creating s. 787.061, F.S.; providing 227 legislative findings; defining terms; providing a 228 civil cause of action for victims of human trafficking 229 against a trafficker or facilitator; providing 230 procedures and requirements for bringing a claim; 231 providing for damages, penalties, punitive damages, 232 attorney fees, expenses, and costs; requiring a court 233 to impose civil penalties under certain circumstances; 234 providing for the deposit or distribution of civil 235 penalties; requiring the equal distribution of 236 punitive damages between victims and the trust fund; 237 requiring the remittance of collected moneys to the 238 Department of Revenue for deposit into a specified 239 trust fund; providing that such actions are subject to 240 specified statutes of limitations; providing an 241 affirmative defense for owners or operators of public 242 lodging establishments under certain circumstances; 243 creating s. 509.210, F.S.; requiring the Division of 244 Hotels and Restaurants of the Department of Business 245 and Professional Regulation, in consultation with a 246 certain person and certain entities, to adopt by rule 247 certain educational programs; authorizing the owner or 248 operator of a public food service or lodging 249 establishment to adopt its own educational program; 250 requiring the division to approve such programs under 251 certain circumstances; requiring all public food 252 service and lodging establishments to provide proof of 253 training to the division; authorizing the division to 254 adopt emergency rules; providing legislative findings; 255 amending s. 772.104, F.S.; specifying that certain 256 provisions concerning civil actions for criminal 257 practices do not apply to actions that may be brought 258 under s. 787.061, F.S.; amending s. 95.11, F.S.; 259 conforming provisions to changes made by the act; 260 providing an effective date.