Florida Senate - 2018 COMMITTEE AMENDMENT
Bill No. SB 260
Senate . House
Comm: RCS .
The Committee on Education (Book) recommended the following:
1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment)
3 Delete everything after the enacting clause
4 and insert:
5 Section 1. Section 1003.573, Florida Statutes, is amended
6 to read:
7 1003.573 Seclusion and
Use of restraint of and seclusion on
8 students with disabilities in public schools.—
9 (1) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term:
10 (a) “Department” means the Department of Education.
11 (b) “Exclusionary time” means the period during which a
12 student is removed from an event, activity, or instructional
13 environment to encourage reflection on behavior and allow space
14 and time for understanding of choices and consequences.
15 (c) “Imminent risk of serious injury or death” means the
16 impending risk of a significant injury, such as a laceration,
17 bone fracture, substantial hematoma, or injury to an internal
18 organ, or death.
19 (d) “Medical protective equipment” means health-related
20 protective devices prescribed by a physician or dentist for use
21 as student protection in response to an existing medical
23 (e) “Nonexclusionary time” means a period during which a
24 student remains in the event or instructional environment but is
25 redirected from the activities so that he or she has an
26 opportunity to reflect on the behavior and is given space and
27 time for understanding of choices and consequences.
28 (f) “Restraint” means the use of a mechanical or physical
29 restraint which may be used only when all other behavioral
30 strategies and intervention techniques have been exhausted.
31 1. “Mechanical restraint” means the use of a device that
32 restricts a student’s freedom of movement. The term includes,
33 but is not limited to, the use of straps, belts, tie-downs, and
34 chairs with straps; however, the term does not include the use
35 of any of the following:
36 a. Medical protective equipment.
37 b. Behavioral protective equipment, including helmets,
38 gloves, wraps, calming blankets, and other devices that are used
39 temporarily to prevent severe tissue damage caused by behavioral
41 c. Physical equipment or orthopedic appliances, surgical
42 dressings or bandages, or supportive body bands or other
43 restraints necessary for ongoing medical treatment in the
44 educational setting.
45 d. Devices used to support functional body position or
46 proper balance, or to prevent a person from falling out of a bed
47 or a wheelchair, except when such a device is used for a purpose
48 other than supporting a body position or proper balance, such as
49 coercion, discipline, convenience, or retaliation, to prevent
50 imminent risk of serious injury or death of the student or
51 others, or for any other behavior management reason.
52 e. Equipment used for safety during transportation, such as
53 seatbelts or wheelchair tie-downs.
54 2. “Physical restraint” means the use of manual restraint
55 techniques that involve significant physical force applied by a
56 teacher or other staff member to restrict the movement of all or
57 part of a student’s body.
58 (g) “Seclusion” means the removal of a student from an
59 educational environment, involuntarily confining the student in
60 a room or area, and preventing the student from leaving the area
61 by locking or artificially blocking the door. The term does not
62 include exclusionary time.
63 (h) “Student” means a student with a disability.
64 (2) PHYSICAL RESTRAINT.—
65 (a) Physical restraint may be used only when there is an
66 imminent risk of serious injury or death to the student or
67 others and only for the period of time necessary to eliminate
68 such risk.
69 (b) Notwithstanding the authority provided in s. 1003.32,
70 physical restraint shall be used only to protect the safety of
71 students, school personnel, or others and may not be used for
72 student discipline, to correct student noncompliance, or for the
73 convenience of school district staff. Physical restraint shall
74 be used only for the period needed to provide such protection.
75 (c) The degree of force applied during physical restraint
76 must be only that degree of force necessary to protect the
77 student or others from serious injury or death.
78 (d) School personnel who have received training that is not
79 associated with their employment with the school district, such
80 as a former law enforcement officer who is now a teacher, shall
81 receive training in the specific district-approved techniques
82 and may not apply techniques or procedures acquired elsewhere.
83 (e) School personnel may not use any of the following
84 physical restraint techniques on a student:
85 1. Pain inducement to obtain compliance.
86 2. Bone locks.
87 3. Hyperextension of joints.
88 4. Peer restraint.
89 5. Pressure or weight on the chest, lungs, sternum,
90 diaphragm, back, or abdomen causing chest compression.
91 6. Straddling or sitting on any part of the body or any
92 maneuver that places pressure, weight, or leverage on the neck
93 or throat, on an artery, or on the back of the head or neck or
94 that otherwise obstructs or restricts the circulation of blood
95 or obstructs an airway.
96 7. Any type of choking, including hand chokes, and any type
97 of neck or head hold.
98 8. A technique that involves spraying or pushing anything
99 on or into the mouth, nose, eyes, or any part of the face or
100 that involves covering the face or body with anything, including
101 soft objects such as pillows or washcloths.
102 9. Any maneuver that involves punching, hitting, poking,
103 pinching, or shoving.
104 10. Prone or supine restraint.
105 (3) EXCLUSIONARY AND NONEXCLUSIONARY TIME.—
106 (a) School personnel may place a student in exclusionary or
107 nonexclusionary time if all of the following conditions are met:
108 1. The exclusionary or nonexclusionary time is part of a
109 positive behavioral intervention plan developed for the student.
110 2. There is documentation that the exclusionary or
111 nonexclusionary time was preceded by the use of other positive
112 behavioral supports that were not effective.
113 3. The exclusionary or nonexclusionary time takes place in
114 a classroom or in another environment where class educational
115 activities are taking place.
116 4. The student is not physically prevented from leaving the
117 exclusionary or nonexclusionary time area.
118 5. The student is observed on a constant basis by an adult
119 for the duration of the exclusionary or nonexclusionary time.
120 6. The exclusionary or nonexclusionary time area and
121 process are free of any action that is likely to embarrass or
122 humiliate the student.
123 (b) Exclusionary or nonexclusionary time may not be used
124 for a period that exceeds 1 minute for each year of a student’s
125 age or until the student is calm enough to return to his or her
127 (c) Exclusionary or nonexclusionary time may not be used as
128 a punishment or negative consequence of a student’s behavior.
129 (4) TRAINING.—
130 (a) Each school district shall report its procedures for
131 training in the use of restraint to the department by publishing
132 the procedures in the district’s special policies and procedures
134 (b) Training in the use of restraint must include all of
135 the following:
136 1. Procedures for deescalating a problem behavior before
137 the problem behavior increases to a level or intensity
138 necessitating physical intervention.
139 2. Information regarding the risks associated with
140 restraint and procedures for assessing individual situations and
141 students in order to determine whether the use of restraint is
142 appropriate and sufficiently safe.
143 3. The actual use of specific techniques that range from
144 the least to most restrictive, with ample opportunity for
145 trainees to demonstrate proficiency in the use of such
147 4. Techniques for implementing restraint with multiple
148 staff members working as a team.
149 5. Techniques for assisting a student in reentering the
150 instructional environment and reengaging in learning.
151 6. Instruction in the district’s documentation and
152 reporting requirements.
153 7. Procedures to identify and deal with possible medical
154 emergencies arising during the use of restraint.
155 8. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
156 (5) STUDENT-CENTERED FOLLOWUP.—If a student is restrained
157 more than twice during a semester, the school shall conduct a
158 review of:
159 (a) The incidents in which restraint was used and an
160 analysis of how future incidents may be avoided;
161 (b) The student’s functional behavioral assessment and
162 positive behavioral intervention plan by the school personnel
163 and parent within two weeks before the end of the semester; and
164 (c) The training provided to school personnel concerning
165 the use of restraint.
166 (6) (1) DOCUMENTATION AND REPORTING.—
167 (a) At the beginning of each school year, a school district
168 shall publicly post its policies on all emergency procedures,
169 including its policies on the use of restraint.
170 (b) (a) A school shall prepare an incident report within 24
171 hours after a student is released from restraint or exclusionary
172 or nonexclusionary time seclusion. If the student’s release
173 occurs on a day before the school closes for the weekend, a
174 holiday, or another reason, the incident report must be
175 completed by the end of the school day on the day the school
177 (c) (b) The following must be included in the incident
179 1. The name of the student restrained or placed in
180 exclusionary or nonexclusionary time secluded.
181 2. The age, grade, ethnicity, and disability of the student
182 restrained or placed in exclusionary or nonexclusionary time
184 3. The date and time of the event and the duration of the
185 restraint or exclusionary or nonexclusionary time seclusion.
186 4. The location at which the restraint or exclusionary or
187 nonexclusionary time seclusion occurred.
188 5. If a restraint is used, a description of the type of
189 restraint used in terms established by the department of
191 6. The name of the person using or assisting in the
192 restraint of or imposition of exclusionary or nonexclusionary
193 time on seclusion of the student and the date the person was
194 last trained in the use of restraint on students.
195 7. The name of any nonstudent who was present to witness
196 the restraint or exclusionary or nonexclusionary time seclusion.
197 8. A description of the incident, including all of the
199 a. The context in which the restraint or exclusionary or
200 nonexclusionary time seclusion occurred.
201 b. The student’s behavior leading up to and precipitating
202 the decision to use manual or physical restraint or exclusionary
203 or nonexclusionary time seclusion, including an indication as to
204 why there was an imminent risk of serious injury or death to the
205 student or others if a student was subject to restraint.
206 c. The specific positive behavioral strategies used to
207 prevent and deescalate the behavior.
208 d. What occurred with the student immediately after the
209 termination of the restraint or exclusionary or nonexclusionary
210 time seclusion.
211 e. Any injuries, visible marks, or possible medical
212 emergencies that may have occurred during the restraint or
213 exclusionary or nonexclusionary time seclusion, documented
214 according to district policies.
215 f. Evidence of steps taken to notify the student’s parent
216 or guardian.
217 (d) (c) A school shall notify the parent or guardian of a
218 student each time manual or physical restraint or exclusionary
219 or nonexclusionary time seclusion is used. Such notification
220 must be in writing and provided before the end of the school day
221 on which the restraint or exclusionary or nonexclusionary time
222 seclusion occurs. Reasonable efforts must also be taken to
223 notify the parent or guardian by telephone or computer e-mail,
224 or both, and these efforts must be documented. The school shall
225 obtain, and keep in its records, the parent’s or guardian’s
226 signed acknowledgment that he or she was notified of his or her
227 child’s restraint or exclusionary or nonexclusionary time
229 (e) (d) A school shall also provide the parent or guardian
230 with the completed incident report in writing by mail within 3
231 school days after a student was manually or physically
232 restrained or placed in exclusionary or nonexclusionary time
233 secluded. The school shall obtain, and keep in its records, the
234 parent’s or guardian’s signed acknowledgment that he or she
235 received a copy of the incident report.
236 (7) (2) MONITORING.—
237 (a) Monitoring of The use of manual or physical restraint
238 or exclusionary or nonexclusionary time seclusion on students
239 shall be monitored occur at the classroom, building, district,
240 and state levels.
241 (b) Any documentation prepared by a school pursuant to as
242 required in subsection (6) (1) shall be provided to the school
243 principal, the district director of Exceptional Student
244 Education, and the bureau chief of the Bureau of Exceptional
245 Education and Student Services electronically each month that
246 the school is in session. Redacted copies of such documentation
247 must be updated monthly and made available to the public through
248 the department’s website no later than October 1, 2018.
249 (c) The department shall maintain aggregate data of
250 incidents of manual or physical restraint or exclusionary or
251 nonexclusionary time and seclusion and disaggregate the data for
252 analysis by county, school, student exceptionality, and other
253 variables, including the type and method of restraint or
254 exclusionary or nonexclusionary time seclusion used. This
255 information must shall be updated monthly and made available to
256 the public through the department’s website beginning no later
257 than October 1, 2018.
258 (d) The department shall establish and provide to school
259 districts standards for documenting, reporting, and monitoring
260 the use of manual or physical restraint or mechanical restraint,
261 and occurrences of exclusionary or nonexclusionary time
262 seclusion. These standards shall be provided to school districts
263 by October 1, 2011 .
264 (8) (3) SCHOOL DISTRICT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES REGARDING
266 (a) School districts shall develop policies and procedures
267 that provide for the physical safety and security of all
268 students and school personnel and which treat all students with
269 respect and dignity in an environment that promotes a positive
270 school culture and climate. Such Each school district shall
271 develop policies and procedures must be that are consistent with
272 this section and must that govern the following:
273 1. A description of escalating behavioral strategies that
274 may be used.
275 2. Allowable use of restraint on students.
276 3. Training procedures.
277 4. 1. Incident-reporting procedures.
278 5. 2. Data collection and monitoring, including when, where,
279 and why students are restrained and or secluded; the frequency
280 of occurrences of such restraint or s eclusion; and the prone or
281 mechanical restraint that is most used.
282 6. 3. Monitoring and reporting of data collected.
283 7. 4. Training programs and procedures relating to manual or
284 physical restraint and seclusion.
285 8. 5. The district’s plan for selecting personnel to be
286 trained and the timeframe for completing such training pursuant
287 to subsection (4).
288 9. 6. The district’s plan for reducing the use of restraint,
289 and seclusion particularly in settings in which it occurs
290 frequently or with students who are restrained repeatedly , and
291 for reducing the use of prone restraint and mechanical
292 restraint. The plan must include a goal for reducing the use of
293 restraint and seclusion and must include activities, skills, and
294 resources needed to achieve that goal. Activities may include,
295 but are not limited to, all of the following:
296 a. Additional training in positive behavioral support and
297 crisis management. ;
298 b. Parental involvement. ;
299 c. Data review. ;
300 d. Updates of students’ functional behavioral analysis and
301 positive behavior intervention plans. ;
302 e. Additional student evaluations. ;
303 f. Debriefing with staff. ;
304 g. Use of schoolwide positive behavior support. ; and
305 h. Changes to the school environment.
306 10. Analysis of data to determine trends.
307 11. Ongoing reduction of the use of restraint.
308 (b) Any revisions a school district makes to its to the
309 district’s policies and procedures, which must be prepared as
310 part of the school district’s its special policies and
311 procedures, must be filed with the bureau chief of the Bureau of
312 Exceptional Education and Student Services no later than January
313 31, 2012.
314 (9) (4) PROHIBITED RESTRAINT.—School personnel may not use a
315 mechanical restraint or a manual or physical restraint that
316 restricts a student’s breathing.
317 (10) (5) SECLUSION.—School personnel may not place a student
318 in seclusion close, lock, or physically block a student in a
319 room that is unlit and does not meet the rules of the State Fire
320 Marshal for seclusion time-out rooms.
321 Section 2. Subsections (1) and (2) of section 1012.582,
322 Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
323 1012.582 Continuing education and inservice training for
324 teaching students with developmental and emotional or behavioral
326 (1) The Commissioner of Education shall develop
327 recommendations to incorporate instruction regarding autism
328 spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, and other developmental
329 disabilities, and emotional or behavioral disabilities into
330 continuing education or inservice training requirements for
331 instructional personnel. These recommendations shall address:
332 (a) Early identification of, and intervention for, students
333 who have autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, or other
334 developmental disabilities, or emotional or behavioral
336 (b) Curriculum planning and curricular and instructional
337 modifications, adaptations, and specialized strategies and
339 (c) The use of available state and local resources.
340 (d) The use of positive behavioral supports to deescalate
341 problem behaviors.
342 (e) Appropriate use of manual physical restraint and
343 effective classroom behavior management strategies, including,
344 but not limited to, differential reinforcement, precision
345 commands, minimizing attention or access to other reinforcers,
346 and exclusionary and nonexclusionary time methods seclusion
348 (2) In developing the recommendations, the commissioner
349 shall consult with the State Surgeon General, the Director of
350 the Agency for Persons with Disabilities, representatives from
351 the education community in the state, and representatives from
352 entities that promote awareness about autism spectrum disorder,
353 Down syndrome, and other developmental disabilities, and
354 emotional or behavioral disabilities and provide programs and
355 services to persons with developmental disabilities, including,
356 but not limited to, regional autism centers pursuant to s.
358 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2018.
360 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================
361 And the title is amended as follows:
362 Delete everything before the enacting clause
363 and insert:
364 A bill to be entitled
365 An act relating to students with disabilities in
366 public schools; amending s. 1003.573, F.S., relating
367 to the seclusion and restraint of students with
368 disabilities; defining terms; providing requirements
369 for the use of restraint; prohibiting specified
370 physical restraint techniques; providing requirements
371 for the use of exclusionary and nonexclusionary time;
372 providing requirements for school districts to report
373 and publish training procedures; providing for
374 student-centered followup; providing requirements for
375 documenting, reporting, and monitoring the use of
376 restraint and exclusionary or nonexclusionary time;
377 revising school district policies and procedures
378 relating to restraint; amending s. 1012.582, F.S.;
379 requiring continuing education and inservice training
380 for teaching students with emotional or behavioral
381 disabilities; conforming provisions to changes made by
382 the act; providing an effective date.