Florida Senate - 2018 CS for SB 280 By the Committee on Banking and Insurance; and Senator Bean 597-02153-18 2018280c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to telehealth; creating s. 456.4501, 3 F.S.; defining terms; establishing the standard of 4 care for telehealth providers; authorizing telehealth 5 providers to use telehealth to perform patient 6 evaluations; providing that telehealth providers, 7 under certain circumstances, are not required to 8 research a patient’s history or conduct physical 9 examinations before providing services through 10 telehealth; providing that a nonphysician telehealth 11 provider using telehealth and acting within her or her 12 relevant scope of practice is not deemed to be 13 practicing medicine without a license; authorizing 14 certain telehealth providers to use telehealth to 15 prescribe specified controlled substances; providing 16 for construction; requiring the Department of Health 17 to develop and disseminate certain educational 18 materials to specified licensees by a specified date; 19 providing recordkeeping requirements for telehealth 20 providers; providing requirements for patient consent 21 for telehealth treatment; providing an effective date. 22 23 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 24 25 Section 1. Section 456.4501, Florida Statutes, is created 26 to read: 27 456.4501 Use of telehealth to provide services.— 28 (1) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term: 29 (a) “Information and telecommunications technologies” means 30 those secure electronic applications used by health care 31 practitioners and health care providers to provide health care 32 services, evaluate health care information or data, provide 33 remote patient monitoring, or promote healthy behavior through 34 interactions that include, but are not limited to, live video 35 interactions, text messages, or store and forward transmissions. 36 (b) “Store and forward” means the type of telehealth 37 encounter which uses still images of patient data for rendering 38 a medical opinion or patient diagnosis. The term includes the 39 asynchronous transmission of clinical data from one site to 40 another site. 41 (c) “Synchronous” means live or two-way interactions using 42 a telecommunications system between a provider and a person who 43 is a patient, caregiver, or provider. 44 (d) “Telecommunications system” means the transfer of 45 health care data through advanced information technology using 46 compressed digital interactive video, audio, or other data 47 transmission; clinical data transmission using computer image 48 capture; and other technology that facilitates access to health 49 care services or medical specialty expertise. 50 (e) “Telehealth” means the mode of providing health care 51 services and public health services by a Florida licensed 52 practitioner, within the scope of his or her practice, through 53 synchronous and asynchronous information and telecommunications 54 technologies where the practitioner is located at a site other 55 than the site where the recipient, whether a patient or another 56 licensed practitioner, is located. 57 (f) “Telehealth provider” means a person who provides 58 health care services and related services through telehealth and 59 who is licensed under chapter 457; chapter 458; chapter 459; 60 chapter 460; chapter 461; chapter 462; chapter 463; chapter 464; 61 chapter 465; chapter 466; chapter 467; part I, part III, part 62 IV, part V, part X, part XIII, or part XIV of chapter 468; 63 chapter 478; chapter 480; parts III and IV of chapter 483; 64 chapter 484; chapter 486; chapter 490; or chapter 491; or who is 65 certified under s. 393.17 or part III of chapter 401. 66 (2) PRACTICE STANDARDS.— 67 (a) The standard of care for a telehealth provider 68 providing medical care to a patient is the same as the standard 69 of care generally accepted for a health care professional 70 providing in-person health care services to a patient. A 71 telehealth provider may use telehealth to perform a patient 72 evaluation. If a telehealth provider conducts a patient 73 evaluation sufficient to diagnose and treat the patient, the 74 telehealth provider is not required to research the patient’s 75 medical history or conduct a physical examination of the patient 76 before using telehealth to provide services to the patient. 77 (b) A telehealth provider and a patient may be in separate 78 locations when telehealth is used to provide health care 79 services to the patient. 80 (c) A nonphysician telehealth provider using telehealth and 81 acting within his or her relevant scope of practice is not 82 deemed to be practicing medicine without a license under any 83 provision of law listed in paragraph (1)(f). 84 (d) A telehealth provider who is authorized to prescribe a 85 controlled substance named or described in Schedules I through V 86 of s. 893.03 may use telehealth to prescribe a controlled 87 substance, except that telehealth may not be used to prescribe a 88 controlled substance to treat chronic nonmalignant pain as 89 defined in ss. 458.3265(1)(a) and 459.0137(1)(a) or to issue a 90 physician certification for marijuana pursuant to s. 381.986. 91 This paragraph does not prohibit a physician from using 92 telehealth to order a controlled substance for an inpatient 93 admitted to a facility licensed under chapter 395 or a patient 94 of a hospice licensed under chapter 400. 95 (e) By January 1, 2019, the department, in coordination 96 with the applicable boards, shall develop and disseminate 97 educational materials for the licensees listed in paragraph 98 (1)(f) on the use of telehealth modalities to treat patients. 99 (3) RECORDS.—A telehealth provider shall document in the 100 patient’s medical record the health care services rendered using 101 telehealth according to the same standard used for in-person 102 health care services pursuant to ss. 395.3025(4) and 456.057. 103 (4) CONSENT.—Patients are not required to provide specific 104 authorization for treatment through telehealth, but must 105 authorize treatment that meets the requirements of the 106 applicable practice acts and s. 766.103, and must be allowed to 107 withhold consent for any specific procedure or treatment through 108 telehealth. 109 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2018.