Florida Senate - 2018 SB 516 By Senator Mayfield 17-00426A-18 2018516__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to duty to provide emergency 3 assistance; creating s. 877.28, F.S.; defining the 4 term “endangered person”; requiring a person at the 5 scene of an emergency to provide reasonable assistance 6 to an endangered person; providing a criminal penalty; 7 providing increased criminal penalties under certain 8 circumstances; requiring a court to impose community 9 service; providing immunity from liability for 10 providing reasonable assistance; providing 11 construction; providing an effective date. 12 13 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 14 15 Section 1. Section 877.28, Florida Statutes, is created to 16 read: 17 877.28 Failure to provide reasonable assistance at scene of 18 emergency; penalty; immunity from civil liability; 19 construction.— 20 (1) As used in this section, the term “endangered person” 21 means a person who is in imminent danger of, or who has 22 suffered, grave physical harm. 23 (2)(a) A person at the scene of an emergency who knows that 24 another person at the scene of the emergency is an endangered 25 person shall, to the extent that he or she is able and can do so 26 without danger or peril to himself, herself, or others, provide 27 reasonable assistance to the endangered person, unless the 28 person knows that such assistance is already being provided by 29 another person. Reasonable assistance may include, but is not 30 limited to, obtaining or attempting to obtain aid from an 31 emergency medical care provider, a firefighter, or a law 32 enforcement officer, as those terms are defined in s. 784.07. 33 (b) A person who violates paragraph (a) commits a 34 misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 35 775.082 or by a fine of up to $10,000, or both. However, a 36 person who, in the course of committing a violation of paragraph 37 (a), videotapes or otherwise electronically records the 38 endangered person and uploads the recording to a social media or 39 social networking website, commits a felony of the third degree, 40 punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or by a fine of up to 41 $10,000, or both. In addition to any other penalty, the court 42 shall order a person who violates paragraph (a) to serve up to 43 100 hours of community service. 44 (3) A person who complies with subsection (2) and provides 45 reasonable assistance, excluding emergency care or treatment, is 46 not liable for civil damages for any injury that arises out of 47 the provision of such assistance. To the extent provided in s. 48 768.13, a person who, in compliance with this section, provides 49 reasonable assistance by providing emergency care or treatment 50 is not liable for civil damages for such assistance. 51 (4) The statutory duty of a person to provide reasonable 52 assistance in compliance with subsection (2) may not be 53 construed as extending to information that is provided in 54 obtaining or attempting to obtain aid which would violate the 55 privilege of such person against self-incrimination. 56 Section 2. This act shall take effect October 1, 2018.