Florida Senate - 2019 SB 1272 By Senator Gruters 23-01559A-19 20191272__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to anti-Semitism; amending s. 775.085, 3 F.S.; specifying that the term “religion” includes 4 anti-Semitism; defining the term “anti-Semitism”; 5 specifying duties of law enforcement agencies; 6 providing construction; amending s. 1000.05, F.S.; 7 prohibiting discrimination in the Florida K-20 public 8 education system based on religion; requiring a public 9 K-20 educational institution to take into 10 consideration anti-Semitism under certain instances of 11 discrimination; defining the term “anti-Semitism”; 12 providing construction; amending s. 1002.20, F.S.; 13 conforming provisions to changes made by the act; 14 providing effective dates. 15 16 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 17 18 Section 1. Effective October 1, 2019, section 775.085, 19 Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 20 775.085 Evidencing prejudice while committing offense; 21 reclassification.— 22 (1)(a) The penalty for any felony or misdemeanor shall be 23 reclassified as provided in this subsection if the commission of 24 such felony or misdemeanor evidences prejudice based on the 25 race, color, ancestry, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, 26 national origin, homeless status, or advanced age of the victim: 27 1. A misdemeanor of the second degree is reclassified to a 28 misdemeanor of the first degree. 29 2. A misdemeanor of the first degree is reclassified to a 30 felony of the third degree. 31 3. A felony of the third degree is reclassified to a felony 32 of the second degree. 33 4. A felony of the second degree is reclassified to a 34 felony of the first degree. 35 5. A felony of the first degree is reclassified to a life 36 felony. 37 (b) As used in paragraph (a), the term: 38 1. “Advanced age” means that the victim is older than 65 39 years of age. 40 2. “Homeless status” means that the victim: 41 a. Lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime 42 residence; or 43 b. Has a primary nighttime residence that is: 44 (I) A supervised publicly or privately operated shelter 45 designed to provide temporary living accommodations; or 46 (II) A public or private place not designed for, or 47 ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human 48 beings. 49 3. “Religion” includes, but is not limited to, anti 50 Semitism. The term “anti-Semitism” means a perception of Jewish 51 people, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jewish people. 52 Rhetorical or physical manifestations of anti-Semitism may be 53 directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals or their 54 property, or toward Jewish community institutions and religious 55 facilities. For purposes of this section, the term “anti 56 Semitism” includes all of the following: 57 a. Calling for, aiding, or justifying the killing or 58 harming of Jewish people, often in the name of a radical 59 ideology or an extremist view of religion. 60 b. Making mendacious, dehumanizing, demonizing, or 61 stereotypical allegations about Jewish people as such or the 62 power of Jewish people as a collective, including allegations 63 such as the myth about a world Jewish conspiracy or of Jewish 64 people controlling the media, economy, government, or other 65 societal institutions. 66 c. Accusing the Jewish people as a people of being 67 responsible for real or imagined wrongdoing committed by a 68 single Jewish person or group, the State of Israel, or even for 69 acts committed by non-Jewish people. 70 d. Accusing the Jewish people as a people or the State of 71 Israel of inventing or exaggerating the Holocaust. 72 e. Accusing Jewish citizens of countries other than Israel 73 of being more loyal to Israel, or the alleged priorities of 74 Jewish people worldwide, than to the interest of their own 75 nations. 76 f. Demonizing Israel by using the symbols and images 77 associated with classic anti-Semitism to characterize Israel, 78 Israelis, drawing comparisons of contemporary Israeli policy to 79 that of the Nazis, or blaming Israel for all inter-religious or 80 political tensions. 81 g. Applying a double standard to Israel by requiring 82 behavior of Israel that is not expected or demanded of any other 83 democratic nation, or focusing peace or human rights 84 investigations only on Israel. 85 h. Delegitimizing Israel by denying the Jewish people their 86 right to self-determination and denying Israel the right to 87 exist. 88 89 However, criticism of Israel which is similar to criticism 90 toward any other country may not be regarded as anti-Semitic. 91 (2) A person or organization that establishes by clear and 92 convincing evidence that it has been coerced, intimidated, or 93 threatened in violation of this section has a civil cause of 94 action for treble damages, an injunction, or any other 95 appropriate relief in law or in equity. Upon prevailing in such 96 civil action, the plaintiff may recover reasonable attorney fees 97 and costs. 98 (3) It is an essential element of this section that the 99 record reflect that the defendant perceived, knew, or had 100 reasonable grounds to know or perceive that the victim was 101 within the class delineated in this section. 102 (4)(a) In investigating an alleged violation of law, a law 103 enforcement agency shall take into consideration the 104 requirements of this section and the definition of anti-Semitism 105 for purposes of determining whether the alleged violation was 106 motivated by anti-Semitism or other intent sufficient to fall 107 within this section, consistent with federal statutes 108 prohibiting hate crimes. 109 (b) This section does not diminish or infringe upon any 110 right protected under the First Amendment to the Constitution of 111 the United States or the State Constitution. This section may 112 not be construed to conflict with federal or state 113 discrimination laws. 114 Section 2. Present subsection (7) of section 1000.05, 115 Florida Statutes, is redesignated as subsection (8), a new 116 subsection (7) is added to that section, and paragraphs (a), 117 (b), (c), and (e) of subsection (2) of that section are amended, 118 to read: 119 1000.05 Discrimination against students and employees in 120 the Florida K-20 public education system prohibited; equality of 121 access required.— 122 (2)(a) Discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, 123 national origin, gender, disability, religion, or marital status 124 against a student or an employee in the state system of public 125 K-20 education is prohibited. No person in this state shall, on 126 the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, 127 disability, religion, or marital status, be excluded from 128 participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to 129 discrimination under any public K-20 education program or 130 activity, or in any employment conditions or practices, 131 conducted by a public educational institution that receives or 132 benefits from federal or state financial assistance. 133 (b) The criteria for admission to a program or course shall 134 not have the effect of restricting access by persons of a 135 particular race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, disability, 136 religion, or marital status. 137 (c) All public K-20 education classes shall be available to 138 all students without regard to race, ethnicity, national origin, 139 gender, disability, religion, or marital status; however, this 140 is not intended to eliminate the provision of programs designed 141 to meet the needs of students with limited proficiency in 142 English, gifted students, or students with disabilities or 143 programs tailored to students with specialized talents or 144 skills. 145 (e) Guidance services, counseling services, and financial 146 assistance services in the state public K-20 education system 147 shall be available to students equally. Guidance and counseling 148 services, materials, and promotional events shall stress access 149 to academic and career opportunities for students without regard 150 to race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, disability, 151 religion, or marital status. 152 (7) A public K-20 educational institution must treat 153 discrimination by students or employees or resulting from 154 institutional policies based on anti-Semitism in an identical 155 manner to discrimination based on race. For purposes of this 156 section, the term “anti-Semitism” includes all of the following: 157 (a) A certain perception of the Jewish people, which may be 158 expressed as hatred toward Jewish people. 159 (b) Rhetorical and physical manifestations of anti-Semitism 160 directed toward a Jewish or non-Jewish individual or his or her 161 property or toward Jewish community institutions or religious 162 facilities. 163 (c) Calling for, aiding, or justifying the killing or 164 harming of a Jewish person, often in the name of a radical 165 ideology or an extremist view of religion. 166 (d) Making mendacious, dehumanizing, demonizing, or 167 stereotypical allegations about a Jewish person as such or the 168 power of the Jewish community as a collective, especially, but 169 not exclusively, the myth about a world Jewish conspiracy or of 170 the Jewish community controlling the media, economy, government 171 or other societal institutions. 172 (e) Accusing the Jewish people as a people of being 173 responsible for real or imagined wrongdoing committed by a 174 single Jewish person or group, by the State of Israel, or even 175 for acts committed by non-Jewish people. 176 (f) Accusing the Jewish people as a people or the State of 177 Israel of inventing or exaggerating the Holocaust. 178 (g) Accusing Jewish citizens of being more loyal to Israel, 179 or the alleged priorities of Jewish people worldwide, than to 180 the interest of their own nations. 181 (h) Demonizing Israel by using the symbols and images 182 associated with classic anti-Semitism to characterize Israel, 183 Israelis, drawing comparisons of contemporary Israeli policy to 184 that of the Nazis, or blaming Israel for all inter-religious or 185 political tensions. 186 (i) Applying a double standard to Israel by requiring 187 behavior of Israel that is not expected or demanded of any other 188 democratic nation, or focusing peace or human rights 189 investigations only on Israel. 190 (j) Delegitimizing Israel by denying the Jewish people 191 their right to self-determination and denying Israel the right 192 to exist. 193 194 However, criticism of Israel that is similar to criticism toward 195 any other country may not be regarded as anti-Semitic. 196 Section 3. Subsection (7) of section 1002.20, Florida 197 Statutes, is amended to read: 198 1002.20 K-12 student and parent rights.—Parents of public 199 school students must receive accurate and timely information 200 regarding their child’s academic progress and must be informed 201 of ways they can help their child to succeed in school. K-12 202 students and their parents are afforded numerous statutory 203 rights including, but not limited to, the following: 204 (7) NONDISCRIMINATION.—All education programs, activities, 205 and opportunities offered by public educational institutions 206 must be made available without discrimination on the basis of 207 race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, disability, religion, 208 or marital status, in accordance with the provisions of s. 209 1000.05. 210 Section 4. Except as expressly provided in this act, this 211 act shall take effect July 1, 2019.