Florida Senate - 2019 SB 1346 By Senator Gruters 23-01080-19 20191346__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to public records; creating s. 3 420.6231, F.S.; defining terms; creating an exemption 4 from public records requirements for individual 5 identifying information contained in certain 6 homelessness counts and databases; providing for 7 retroactive application of the exemption; providing 8 for future legislative review and repeal of the 9 exemption; providing construction; providing a 10 statement of public necessity; providing a directive 11 to the Division of Law Revision; providing an 12 effective date. 13 14 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 15 16 Section 1. Section 420.6231, Florida Statutes, is created 17 to read: 18 420.6231 Individual identifying information in homelessness 19 counts and databases; public records exemption.— 20 (1) As used in this section, the term: 21 (a) “Individual identifying information” means information 22 that directly or indirectly identifies a specific person, can be 23 manipulated to identify a specific person, or can be linked with 24 other available information to identify a specific person. 25 (b) “Point-in-Time Count” means an unduplicated count of 26 both the sheltered and unsheltered people in a community who are 27 experiencing homelessness. For purposes of this section, the 28 term includes all survey information received from such persons. 29 (2) Individual identifying information of a person 30 contained in a Point-in-Time Count or a homeless management 31 information system which is collected pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 119, 32 subchapter IV and 24 C.F.R. part 91 is confidential and exempt 33 from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State 34 Constitution. This exemption applies to individual identifying 35 information collected before, on, or after the effective date of 36 this act. This subsection is subject to the Open Government 37 Sunset Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand 38 repealed on October 2, 2024, unless reviewed and saved from 39 repeal through reenactment by the Legislature. 40 (3) This section does not preclude the release of aggregate 41 information in a Point-in-Time Count or data in a homeless 42 management information system which does not disclose the 43 individual identifying information of a person. 44 Section 2. (1) The Legislature finds that it is a public 45 necessity that the individual identifying information of a 46 person contained in a Point-in-Time Count or in a homeless 47 management information system collected pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 48 119, subchapter IV and 24 C.F.R. part 91 be made confidential 49 and exempt from s. 119.07(1), Florida Statutes, and s. 24(a), 50 Article I of the State Constitution. 51 (2) Public knowledge of such information could lead to 52 discrimination against or ridicule of an individual, which could 53 make such individual reluctant to seek assistance. Public 54 knowledge of such information may also create a greater risk of 55 injury to affected individuals who are survivors of domestic 56 violence or suffer from mental illness or substance abuse. 57 Additionally, public knowledge of such information may create a 58 heightened risk for fraud and identity theft to affected 59 individuals. 60 (3) The harm from disclosing the individual identifying 61 information of a person contained in a Point-in-Time Count or in 62 a homeless management information system outweighs any public 63 benefit that can be derived from widespread and unfettered 64 access to such information. The exemption is narrowly written so 65 that certain aggregate information may still be disclosed. 66 (4) Further, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. s. 11363, victim service 67 providers must protect the personally identifying information 68 about a client and may not disclose any personally identifying 69 information about a client for purposes of a homeless management 70 information system. 71 (5) For the foregoing reasons, the Legislature finds that 72 such information must be made confidential and exempt from s. 73 119.07(1), Florida Statutes, and s. 24(a), Article I of the 74 State Constitution. 75 Section 3. The Division of Law Revision is directed to 76 replace the phrase “the effective date of this act” wherever it 77 occurs in this act with the date this act becomes a law. 78 Section 4. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.