Florida Senate - 2019 CS for SB 1656 By the Committee on Criminal Justice; and Senators Lee and Rouson 591-03685-19 20191656c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to criminal statutes; creating s. 3 775.022, F.S.; providing legislative intent; defining 4 the term “criminal statute”; specifying that the 5 reenactment or amendment of a criminal statute 6 operates prospectively and does not affect or abate 7 specified circumstances; providing exceptions; 8 providing that a reference to any other chapter, part, 9 section, or subdivision of the Florida Statutes in a 10 criminal statute or a reference within a criminal 11 statute constitutes a general reference under the 12 doctrine of incorporation by reference; providing an 13 effective date. 14 15 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 16 17 Section 1. Section 775.022, Florida Statutes, is created to 18 read: 19 775.022 Effect of reenactment or amendment of criminal 20 statutes; references in criminal statutes.— 21 (1) It is the intent of the Legislature that: 22 (a) This section preclude the application of the common law 23 doctrine of abatement to a reenactment or an amendment of a 24 criminal statute; and 25 (b) An act of the Legislature reenacting or amending a 26 criminal statute not be considered a repeal or an implied repeal 27 of such statute for purposes of s. 9, Art. X of the State 28 Constitution. 29 (2) As used in this section, the term “criminal statute” 30 means a statute, whether substantive or procedural, dealing in 31 any way with a crime or its punishment, defining a crime or a 32 defense to a crime, or providing for the punishment of a crime. 33 (3) Except as expressly provided in an act of the 34 Legislature or as provided in subsections (4) and (5) the 35 reenactment or amendment of a criminal statute operates 36 prospectively and does not affect or abate any of the following: 37 (a) The prior operation of the statute or a prosecution or 38 enforcement thereunder. 39 (b) A violation of the statute based on any act or omission 40 occurring before the effective date of the act. 41 (c) A prior penalty, prior forfeiture, or prior punishment 42 incurred or imposed under the statute. 43 (4) If a penalty, forfeiture, or punishment for a violation 44 of a criminal statute is reduced by a reenactment or an 45 amendment of a criminal statute, the penalty, forfeiture, or 46 punishment, if not already imposed, must be imposed according to 47 the statute as amended. 48 (5) This section shall not apply to limit the retroactive 49 effect of any defense to a criminal statute enacted or amended 50 by the Legislature to any criminal case that has not yet reached 51 final judgment. 52 (6) A reference to any other chapter, part, section, or 53 subdivision of the Florida Statutes in a criminal statute or a 54 reference within a criminal statute constitutes a general 55 reference under the doctrine of incorporation by reference. 56 Section 2. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.