Florida Senate - 2019 SB 168 By Senator Gruters 23-00406A-19 2019168__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to federal immigration enforcement; 3 providing a short title; creating chapter 908, F.S., 4 relating to federal immigration enforcement; providing 5 legislative findings and intent; providing 6 definitions; prohibiting sanctuary policies; requiring 7 state entities, local governmental entities, and law 8 enforcement agencies to comply with and support the 9 enforcement of federal immigration law; prohibiting 10 restrictions by such entities and agencies on taking 11 certain actions with respect to information regarding 12 a person’s immigration status; providing requirements 13 concerning certain criminal defendants subject to 14 immigration detainers or otherwise subject to transfer 15 to federal custody; authorizing a law enforcement 16 agency to transport an alien unlawfully present in the 17 United States under certain circumstances; providing 18 an exception to reporting requirements for crime 19 victims or witnesses; requiring recordkeeping relating 20 to crime victim and witness cooperation in certain 21 investigations; specifying duties concerning certain 22 arrested persons; specifying duties concerning 23 immigration detainers; authorizing a board of county 24 commissioners to adopt an ordinance to recover costs 25 for complying with an immigration detainer; 26 authorizing local governmental entities and law 27 enforcement agencies to petition the Federal 28 Government for reimbursement of certain costs; 29 requiring reports of violations; providing penalties 30 for failure to report violations; providing whistle 31 blower protections for persons who report violations; 32 requiring the Attorney General to prescribe and 33 provide the format for submitting complaints; 34 providing requirements for entities to comply with 35 document requests from state attorneys concerning 36 violations; providing for investigation of possible 37 violations; providing for injunctive relief and civil 38 penalties; providing for venue; requiring written 39 findings; prohibiting the expenditure of public funds 40 for specified purposes; providing a civil cause of 41 action for personal injury or wrongful death 42 attributed to a sanctuary policy; providing that a 43 trial by jury is a matter of right; requiring written 44 findings; providing for ineligibility to receive 45 certain funding for a specified period of time; 46 providing for applicability to certain education 47 records; prohibiting discrimination on specified 48 grounds; providing for implementation; requiring 49 repeal of existing sanctuary policies within a 50 specified period; providing effective dates. 51 52 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 53 54 Section 1. Short title.—This act may be cited as the “Rule 55 of Law Adherence Act.” 56 Section 2. Chapter 908, Florida Statutes, consisting of 57 sections 908.101-908.402, is created to read: 58 CHAPTER 908 59 FEDERAL IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT 60 PART I 61 FINDINGS AND INTENT AND DEFINITIONS 62 908.101 Legislative findings and intent.—The Legislature 63 finds that it is an important state interest that state and 64 local governmental entities and their officials have an 65 affirmative duty to all citizens and other persons lawfully 66 present in the United States to assist the Federal Government in 67 the enforcement of federal immigration laws within this state, 68 including their compliance with federal immigration detainers. 69 The Legislature further finds that it is an important state 70 interest that, in the interest of public safety and adherence to 71 federal law, this state support federal immigration enforcement 72 efforts and ensure that such efforts are not impeded or thwarted 73 by state or local laws, policies, practices, procedures, or 74 customs. State and local governmental entities and their 75 officials who encourage persons unlawfully present in the United 76 States to locate within this state or who shield such persons 77 from personal responsibility for their unlawful actions breach 78 this duty and should be held accountable. 79 908.102 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, the term: 80 (1) “Federal immigration agency” means the United States 81 Department of Justice and the United States Department of 82 Homeland Security, a division within such an agency, including 83 United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement and United 84 States Customs and Border Protection, any successor agency, and 85 any other federal agency charged with the enforcement of 86 immigration law. The term includes an official or employee of 87 such an agency. 88 (2) “Immigration detainer” means a facially sufficient 89 written or electronic request issued by a federal immigration 90 agency using that agency’s official form to request that another 91 law enforcement agency detain a person based on probable cause 92 to believe that the person to be detained is a removable alien 93 under federal immigration law, including detainers issued 94 pursuant to 8 U.S.C. ss. 1226 and 1357. For purposes of this 95 subsection, an immigration detainer is deemed facially 96 sufficient if: 97 (a) The federal immigration agency’s official form is 98 complete and indicates on its face that the federal immigration 99 official has probable cause to believe that the person to be 100 detained is a removable alien under federal immigration law; or 101 (b) The federal immigration agency’s official form is 102 incomplete and fails to indicate on its face that the federal 103 immigration official has probable cause to believe that the 104 person to be detained is a removable alien under federal 105 immigration law, but is supported by an affidavit, order, or 106 other official documentation that indicates that the federal 107 immigration agency has probable cause to believe that the person 108 to be detained is a removable alien under federal immigration 109 law. 110 (3) “Inmate” means a person in the custody of a law 111 enforcement agency. 112 (4) “Law enforcement agency” means an agency in this state 113 charged with enforcement of state, county, municipal, or federal 114 laws or with managing custody of detained persons in the state 115 and includes municipal police departments, sheriff’s offices, 116 state police departments, state university and college police 117 departments, and the Department of Corrections. The term 118 includes an official or employee of such an agency. 119 (5) “Local governmental entity” means any county, 120 municipality, or other political subdivision of this state. The 121 term includes a person holding public office or having official 122 duties as a representative, agent, or employee of such entity. 123 (6) “Sanctuary policy” means a law, policy, practice, 124 procedure, or custom adopted or permitted by a state entity, 125 local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency which 126 contravenes 8 U.S.C. s. 1373(a) or (b) or which knowingly 127 prohibits or impedes a law enforcement agency from communicating 128 or cooperating with a federal immigration agency with respect to 129 federal immigration enforcement, including, but not limited to, 130 limiting a state entity, local governmental entity, or law 131 enforcement agency in, or prohibiting such an entity or agency 132 from: 133 (a) Complying with an immigration detainer; 134 (b) Complying with a request from a federal immigration 135 agency to notify the agency before the release of an inmate or 136 detainee in the custody of the state entity, local governmental 137 entity, or law enforcement agency; 138 (c) Providing a federal immigration agency access to an 139 inmate for interview; 140 (d) Initiating an immigration status investigation; or 141 (e) Providing a federal immigration agency with an inmate’s 142 incarceration status or release date. 143 (7) “Sanctuary policymaker” means a state or local elected 144 official, or an appointed official of the governing body of a 145 local governmental entity, who has voted for, allowed to be 146 implemented, or voted against repeal or prohibition of a 147 sanctuary policy. 148 (8) “State entity” means the state or any office, board, 149 bureau, commission, department, branch, division, or institution 150 thereof, including institutions within the State University 151 System and the Florida College System. The term includes a 152 person holding public office or having official duties as a 153 representative, agent, or employee of such entity. 154 PART II 155 DUTIES 156 908.201 Sanctuary policies prohibited.—A state entity, law 157 enforcement agency, or local governmental entity may not adopt 158 or have in effect a sanctuary policy. 159 908.202 Cooperation with federal immigration authorities.— 160 (1) A state entity, local governmental entity, or law 161 enforcement agency shall fully comply with and, to the full 162 extent permitted by law, support the enforcement of federal 163 immigration law. This subsection applies to an official, 164 representative, agent, or employee of such entity or agency only 165 when he or she is acting within the scope of his or her official 166 duties or within the scope of his or her employment. 167 (2) Except as otherwise expressly prohibited by federal 168 law, a state entity, local governmental entity, or law 169 enforcement agency may not prohibit or in any way restrict 170 another state entity, local governmental entity, or law 171 enforcement agency from taking any of the following actions with 172 respect to information regarding a person’s immigration status: 173 (a) Sending such information to or requesting, receiving, 174 or reviewing such information from a federal immigration agency 175 for purposes of this chapter. 176 (b) Recording and maintaining such information for purposes 177 of this chapter. 178 (c) Exchanging such information with a federal immigration 179 agency or another state entity, local governmental entity, or 180 law enforcement agency for purposes of this chapter. 181 (d) Using such information to determine eligibility for a 182 public benefit, service, or license pursuant to federal or state 183 law or an ordinance or regulation of a local governmental 184 entity. 185 (e) Using such information to verify a claim of residence 186 or domicile if a determination of residence or domicile is 187 required under federal or state law, an ordinance or regulation 188 of a local governmental entity, or a judicial order issued 189 pursuant to a civil or criminal proceeding in this state. 190 (f) Using such information to comply with an immigration 191 detainer. 192 (g) Using such information to confirm the identity of a 193 person who is detained by a law enforcement agency. 194 (3)(a) For purposes of this subsection the term “applicable 195 criminal case” means a criminal case in which: 196 1. The judgment requires the defendant to be confined in a 197 secure correctional facility; and 198 2. The judge: 199 a. Indicates in the record under s. 908.204 that the 200 defendant is subject to an immigration detainer; or 201 b. Otherwise indicates in the record that the defendant is 202 subject to a transfer into federal custody. 203 (b) In an applicable criminal case, at the time of 204 pronouncement of a sentence of confinement, the judge shall 205 issue an order requiring the secure correctional facility in 206 which the defendant is to be confined to reduce the defendant’s 207 sentence by a period of not more than 7 days on the facility’s 208 determination that the reduction in sentence will facilitate the 209 seamless transfer of the defendant into federal custody. For 210 purposes of this paragraph, the term “secure correctional 211 facility” means a state correctional institution as defined in 212 s. 944.02 or a county detention facility or a municipal 213 detention facility as defined in s. 951.23. 214 (c) If the information specified in sub-subparagraph 215 (a)2.a. or sub-subparagraph (a)2.b. is not available at the time 216 the sentence is pronounced in the case, the judge shall issue 217 the order described by paragraph (b) as soon as the information 218 becomes available. 219 (4) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a law 220 enforcement agency has received verification from a federal 221 immigration agency that an alien in the law enforcement agency’s 222 custody is unlawfully present in the United States, the law 223 enforcement agency may securely transport such alien to a 224 federal facility in this state or to another point of transfer 225 to federal custody outside the jurisdiction of the law 226 enforcement agency. A law enforcement agency shall obtain 227 judicial authorization before securely transporting such alien 228 to a point of transfer outside of this state. 229 (5) This section does not require a state entity, local 230 governmental entity, or law enforcement agency to provide a 231 federal immigration agency with information related to a victim 232 of or a witness to a criminal offense if such victim or witness 233 timely and in good faith responds to the entity’s or agency’s 234 request for information and cooperation in the investigation or 235 prosecution of such offense. 236 (6) A state entity, local governmental entity, or law 237 enforcement agency that, pursuant to subsection (5), withholds 238 information regarding the immigration information of a victim of 239 or witness to a criminal offense shall document such victim’s or 240 witness’s cooperation in the entity’s or agency’s investigative 241 records related to the offense and shall retain such records for 242 at least 10 years for the purpose of audit, verification, or 243 inspection by the Auditor General. 244 908.203 Duties related to certain arrested persons.— 245 (1) If a person is arrested and is unable to provide proof 246 of his or her lawful presence in the United States, not later 247 than 48 hours after the person is arrested, and before the 248 person is released on bond, a law enforcement agency performing 249 the booking process: 250 (a) Shall review any information available from a federal 251 immigration agency. 252 (b) If information obtained under paragraph (a) reveals 253 that the person is not a citizen of the United States and is 254 unlawfully present in the United States according to the terms 255 of the federal Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. ss. 256 1101 et seq., must: 257 1. Provide immediate notice of the person’s arrest and 258 charges to a federal immigration agency. 259 2. Provide notice of that fact to the judge authorized to 260 grant or deny the person’s release on bail under chapter 903. 261 3. Record the person’s arrest and charges in the person’s 262 case file. 263 (2) A law enforcement agency is not required to perform the 264 duty imposed by subsection (1) with respect to a person who is 265 transferred to the custody of the agency by another law 266 enforcement agency if the transferring agency performed that 267 duty before the transfer. 268 (3) A judge who receives notice of a person’s immigration 269 status under this section shall ensure that such status is 270 recorded in the court record. 271 908.204 Duties related to immigration detainers.— 272 (1) A law enforcement agency that has custody of a person 273 subject to an immigration detainer issued by a federal 274 immigration agency shall: 275 (a) Provide to the judge authorized to grant or deny the 276 person’s release on bail under chapter 903 notice that the 277 person is subject to an immigration detainer. 278 (b) Record in the person’s case file that the person is 279 subject to an immigration detainer. 280 (c) Comply with, honor, and fulfill the requests made in 281 the immigration detainer. 282 (2) A law enforcement agency is not required to perform a 283 duty imposed by paragraph (1)(a) or paragraph (1)(b) with 284 respect to a person who is transferred to the custody of the 285 agency by another law enforcement agency if the transferring 286 agency performed that duty before the transfer. 287 (3) A judge who receives notice that a person is subject to 288 an immigration detainer shall ensure that such fact is recorded 289 in the court record, regardless of whether the notice is 290 received before or after a judgment in the case. 291 908.205 Reimbursement of costs.— 292 (1) A board of county commissioners may adopt an ordinance 293 requiring a person detained pursuant to an immigration detainer 294 to reimburse the county for any expenses incurred in detaining 295 the person pursuant to the immigration detainer. A person 296 detained pursuant to an immigration detainer is not liable under 297 this section if a federal immigration agency determines that the 298 immigration detainer was improperly issued. 299 (2) A local governmental entity or law enforcement agency 300 may petition the Federal Government for reimbursement of the 301 entity’s or agency’s detention costs and the costs of compliance 302 with federal requests when such costs are incurred in support of 303 the enforcement of federal immigration law. 304 908.206 Duty to report.— 305 (1) An official, representative, agent, or employee of a 306 state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement 307 agency shall promptly report a known or probable violation of 308 this chapter to the Attorney General or the state attorney 309 having jurisdiction over the entity or agency. 310 (2) An official, representative, agent, or employee of a 311 state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement 312 agency who willfully and knowingly fails to report a known or 313 probable violation of this chapter may be suspended or removed 314 from office pursuant to general law and s. 7, Art. IV of the 315 State Constitution. 316 (3) A state entity, local governmental entity, or law 317 enforcement agency may not dismiss, discipline, take any adverse 318 personnel action as defined in s. 112.3187(3) against, or take 319 any adverse action described in s. 112.3187(4)(b) against, an 320 official, representative, agent, or employee for complying with 321 subsection (1). 322 (4) Section 112.3187 of the Whistle-blower’s Act applies to 323 an official, representative, agent, or employee of a state 324 entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency who 325 is dismissed, disciplined, subject to any adverse personnel 326 action as defined in s. 112.3187(3) or any adverse action 327 described in s. 112.3187(4)(b), or denied employment because he 328 or she complied with subsection (1). 329 908.207 Implementation.—This chapter shall be implemented 330 to the fullest extent permitted by federal law regulating 331 immigration and the legislative findings and intent declared in 332 s. 908.101. 333 PART III 334 ENFORCEMENT 335 908.301 Complaints.—The Attorney General shall prescribe 336 and provide through the Department of Legal Affairs’ website the 337 format for a person to submit a complaint alleging a violation 338 of this chapter. This section does not prohibit the filing of an 339 anonymous complaint or a complaint not submitted in the 340 prescribed format. Any person has standing to submit a complaint 341 under this chapter. 342 908.302 Enforcement; penalties.— 343 (1) The state attorney for the county in which a state 344 entity is headquartered or in which a local governmental entity 345 or law enforcement agency is located has primary responsibility 346 and authority for investigating credible complaints of a 347 violation of this chapter. The results of an investigation by a 348 state attorney shall be provided to the Attorney General in a 349 timely manner. 350 (2)(a) A state entity, local governmental entity, or law 351 enforcement agency about which the state attorney has received a 352 complaint shall comply with a document request from the state 353 attorney related to the complaint. 354 (b) If the state attorney determines that a complaint filed 355 against a state entity, local governmental entity, or law 356 enforcement agency is valid, the state attorney shall, not later 357 than the 10th day after the date of the determination, provide 358 written notification to the entity or agency that: 359 1. The complaint has been filed. 360 2. The state attorney has determined that the complaint is 361 valid. 362 3. The state attorney is authorized to file an action to 363 enjoin the violation if the entity or agency does not come into 364 compliance with the requirements of this chapter on or before 365 the 60th day after the notification is provided. 366 (c) No later than the 30th day after the day a state 367 entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency 368 receives written notification under paragraph (b), the entity or 369 agency shall provide the state attorney with a copy of: 370 1. The entity’s or agency’s written policies and procedures 371 with respect to federal immigration agency enforcement actions, 372 including the entity’s or agency’s policies and procedures with 373 respect to immigration detainers. 374 2. Each immigration detainer received by the entity or 375 agency from a federal immigration agency in the current calendar 376 year-to-date and the 2 prior calendar years. 377 3. Each response sent by the entity or agency for an 378 immigration detainer described by subparagraph 2. 379 (3) The Attorney General, the state attorney who conducted 380 the investigation, or a state attorney so ordered by the 381 Governor pursuant to s. 27.14 may institute proceedings in 382 circuit court to enjoin a state entity, local governmental 383 entity, or law enforcement agency found to be in violation of 384 this chapter. Venue of an action brought by the Attorney General 385 may be in Leon County. The court shall expedite an action under 386 this section, including setting a hearing at the earliest 387 practicable date. 388 (4) Upon adjudication by the court or as provided in a 389 consent decree declaring that a state entity, local governmental 390 entity, or law enforcement agency has violated this chapter, the 391 court shall enjoin the unlawful sanctuary policy and order that 392 such entity or agency pay a civil penalty to the state of at 393 least $1,000 but not more than $5,000 for each day that the 394 sanctuary policy was in effect commencing on October 1, 2019, or 395 the date the sanctuary policy was first enacted, whichever is 396 later, until the date the injunction was granted. The court has 397 continuing jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter and 398 may enforce its orders with the imposition of additional civil 399 penalties as provided for in this section and the initiation of 400 contempt proceedings as provided by law. 401 (5) An order approving a consent decree or granting an 402 injunction or imposing civil penalties pursuant to subsection 403 (4) must include written findings of fact that describe with 404 specificity the existence and nature of the sanctuary policy 405 that is in violation of s. 908.201 and identify each sanctuary 406 policymaker who voted for, allowed to be implemented, or voted 407 against repeal or prohibition of the sanctuary policy. The court 408 shall provide to the Governor a copy of the consent decree or 409 order granting an injunction or imposing civil penalties which 410 contains the written findings required by this subsection within 411 30 days after the date of rendition. A sanctuary policymaker 412 identified in an order approving a consent decree or granting an 413 injunction or imposing civil penalties may be suspended or 414 removed from office pursuant to general law and s. 7, Art. IV of 415 the State Constitution. 416 (6) A state entity, local governmental entity, or law 417 enforcement agency ordered to pay a civil penalty pursuant to 418 subsection (4) shall remit such payment to the Chief Financial 419 Officer, who shall deposit it into the General Revenue Fund. 420 (7) Except as required by law, public funds may not be used 421 to defend or reimburse a sanctuary policymaker or an official, 422 representative, agent, or employee of a state entity, local 423 governmental entity, or law enforcement agency who knowingly and 424 willfully violates this chapter. 425 908.303 Civil cause of action for personal injury or 426 wrongful death attributed to a sanctuary policy; trial by jury; 427 required written findings.— 428 (1) A person injured in this state by the tortious acts or 429 omissions of an alien unlawfully present in the United States, 430 or the personal representative of a person killed in this state 431 by the tortious acts or omissions of an alien unlawfully present 432 in the United States, has a cause of action for damages against 433 a state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement 434 agency in violation of ss. 908.201 and 908.202 upon proof by the 435 greater weight of the evidence of: 436 (a) The existence of a sanctuary policy in violation of s. 437 908.201; and 438 (b)1. A failure to comply with s. 908.202 which results in 439 such alien’s having access to the person injured or killed when 440 the tortious acts or omissions occurred; or 441 2. A failure to comply with s. 908.204(1)(c) which results 442 in such alien’s having access to the person injured or killed 443 when the tortious acts or omissions occurred. 444 (2) A cause of action brought pursuant to subsection (1) 445 may not be brought against a person who holds public office or 446 who has official duties as a representative, agent, or employee 447 of a state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement 448 agency, including a sanctuary policymaker. 449 (3) Trial by jury is a matter of right in an action brought 450 under this section. 451 (4) A final judgment entered in favor of a plaintiff in a 452 cause of action brought pursuant to this section must include 453 written findings of fact that describe with specificity the 454 existence and nature of the sanctuary policy that is in 455 violation of s. 908.201 and that identify each sanctuary 456 policymaker who voted for, allowed to be implemented, or voted 457 against repeal or prohibition of the sanctuary policy. The court 458 shall provide a copy of the final judgment containing the 459 written findings required by this subsection to the Governor 460 within 30 days after the date of rendition. A sanctuary 461 policymaker identified in a final judgment may be suspended or 462 removed from office pursuant to general law and s. 7, Art. IV of 463 the State Constitution. 464 (5) Except as provided in this section, this chapter does 465 not create a private cause of action against a state entity, 466 local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency that 467 complies with this chapter. 468 908.304 Ineligibility for state grant funding.— 469 (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a state 470 entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency is 471 ineligible to receive funding from nonfederal grant programs 472 administered by state agencies that receive funding from the 473 General Appropriations Act for a period of 5 years after the 474 date of adjudication that such state entity, local governmental 475 entity, or law enforcement agency had in effect a sanctuary 476 policy in violation of this chapter. 477 (2) The applicable state attorney shall notify the Chief 478 Financial Officer of an adjudicated violation of this chapter by 479 a state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement 480 agency and shall provide him or her a copy of the final court 481 injunction, order, or judgment. Upon receiving such notice, the 482 Chief Financial Officer shall timely inform all state agencies 483 that administer nonfederal grant funding of the adjudicated 484 violation by the state entity, local governmental entity, or law 485 enforcement agency and direct such agencies to cancel all 486 pending grant applications and enforce the ineligibility of such 487 entity for the prescribed period. 488 (3) This subsection does not apply to: 489 (a) Funding that is received as a result of an 490 appropriation to a specifically named state entity, local 491 governmental entity, or law enforcement agency in the General 492 Appropriations Act or other law. 493 (b) Grants awarded prior to the date of adjudication that 494 such state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement 495 agency had in effect a sanctuary policy in violation of this 496 chapter. 497 PART IV 498 MISCELLANEOUS 499 908.401 Education records.—This chapter does not apply to 500 the release of information contained in education records of an 501 educational agency or institution, except in conformity with the 502 Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, 20 U.S.C. s. 503 1232g. 504 908.402 Discrimination prohibited.—A state entity, a local 505 governmental entity, or a law enforcement agency, or a person 506 employed by or otherwise under the direction or control of such 507 an entity or agency, may not base its actions under this chapter 508 on the gender, race, religion, national origin, or physical 509 disability of a person except to the extent authorized by the 510 United States Constitution or the State Constitution. 511 Section 3. A sanctuary policy, as defined in s. 908.102, 512 Florida Statutes, as created by this act, that is in effect on 513 the effective date of this act must be repealed within 90 days 514 after that date. 515 Section 4. Sections 908.302 and 908.303, Florida Statutes, 516 as created by this act, shall take effect October 1, 2019, and, 517 except as otherwise expressly provided in this act, this act 518 shall take effect July 1, 2019.