Florida Senate - 2019 SB 204
By Senator Brandes
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to detention facilities; creating s.
3 900.06, F.S.; defining terms and specifying covered
4 offenses; requiring that a custodial interrogation at
5 a place of detention be electronically recorded in its
6 entirety in connection with certain offenses;
7 requiring law enforcement officers who do not comply
8 with the electronic recording requirement or who
9 conduct custodial interrogations at a place other than
10 a place of detention to prepare a specified report;
11 providing exceptions to the electronic recording
12 requirement; requiring a court to consider a law
13 enforcement officer’s failure to comply with the
14 electronic recording requirements in determining the
15 admissibility of a statement, unless an exception
16 applies; requiring a court, upon the request of a
17 defendant, to give cautionary instructions to a jury
18 under certain circumstances; providing immunity from
19 civil liability to law enforcement agencies that
20 enforce certain rules; providing that no cause of
21 action is created against a law enforcement officer;
22 amending s. 951.22, F.S.; prohibiting introduction
23 into or possession of any cellular telephone or other
24 portable communication device on the grounds of any
25 county detention facility; defining the term “portable
26 communication device”; providing criminal penalties;
27 amending s. 921.0022, F.S.; conforming a cross
28 reference; conforming a provision to changes made by
29 the act; providing an effective date.
31 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
33 Section 1. Section 900.06, Florida Statutes, is created to
35 900.06 Recording of custodial interrogations for certain
37 (1) As used in this section, the term:
38 (a) “Custodial interrogation” means questioning or other
39 conduct by a law enforcement officer which is reasonably likely
40 to elicit an incriminating response from an individual and which
41 occurs under circumstances in which a reasonable individual in
42 the same circumstances would consider himself or herself to be
43 in the custody of a law enforcement agency.
44 (b) “Electronic recording” means an audio recording or an
45 audio and video recording that accurately records a custodial
47 (c) “Covered offense” includes:
48 1. Arson.
49 2. Sexual battery.
50 3. Robbery.
51 4. Kidnapping.
52 5. Aggravated child abuse.
53 6. Aggravated abuse of an elderly person or disabled adult.
54 7. Aggravated assault with a deadly weapon.
55 8. Murder.
56 9. Manslaughter.
57 10. Aggravated manslaughter of an elderly person or
58 disabled adult.
59 11. Aggravated manslaughter of a child.
60 12. The unlawful throwing, placing, or discharging of a
61 destructive device or bomb.
62 13. Armed burglary.
63 14. Aggravated battery.
64 15. Aggravated stalking.
65 16. Home-invasion robbery.
66 17. Carjacking.
67 (d) “Place of detention” means a police station, sheriff’s
68 office, correctional facility, prisoner holding facility, or
69 other governmental facility where an individual may be held in
70 connection with a criminal charge that has been or may be filed
71 against the individual.
72 (e) “Statement” means a communication that is oral,
73 written, electronic, nonverbal, or in sign language.
74 (2)(a) A custodial interrogation at a place of detention,
75 including the giving of a required warning, the advisement of
76 the rights of the individual being questioned, and the waiver of
77 any rights by the individual, must be electronically recorded in
78 its entirety if the interrogation is related to a covered
80 (b) If a law enforcement officer conducts a custodial
81 interrogation at a place of detention without electronically
82 recording the interrogation, the officer must prepare a written
83 report explaining the reason why he or she did not record the
85 (c) As soon as practicable, a law enforcement officer who
86 conducts a custodial interrogation at a place other than a place
87 of detention shall prepare a written report explaining the
88 circumstances of the interrogation at that place and summarizing
89 the custodial interrogation process and the individual’s
90 statements made at that place.
91 (d) Paragraph (a) does not apply:
92 1. If an unforeseen equipment malfunction prevents
93 recording the custodial interrogation in its entirety;
94 2. If a suspect refuses to participate in a custodial
95 interrogation if his or her statements are to be electronically
97 3. If an equipment operator error prevents recording the
98 custodial interrogation in its entirety;
99 4. If the statement is made spontaneously and not in
100 response to a custodial interrogation question;
101 5. If the statement is made during the processing of the
102 arrest of a suspect;
103 6. If the custodial interrogation occurs when the law
104 enforcement officer participating in the interrogation does not
105 have any knowledge of facts and circumstances that would lead an
106 officer to reasonably believe that the individual being
107 interrogated may have committed a covered offense;
108 7. If the law enforcement officer conducting the custodial
109 interrogation reasonably believes that making an electronic
110 recording would jeopardize the safety of the officer, the
111 individual being interrogated, or others; or
112 8. If the custodial interrogation is conducted outside of
113 this state.
114 (3) Unless a court finds that one or more of the
115 circumstances specified in paragraph (2)(d) apply, the court
116 must consider the circumstances of an interrogation conducted by
117 a law enforcement officer in which he or she did not
118 electronically record all or part of a custodial interrogation
119 in determining whether a statement made during the interrogation
120 is admissible. If the court admits into evidence a statement
121 made during a custodial interrogation that was not
122 electronically recorded as required under paragraph (2)(a), the
123 court must, upon request of the defendant, give cautionary
124 instructions to the jury regarding the law enforcement officer’s
125 failure to comply with that requirement.
126 (4) A law enforcement agency in this state which has
127 enforced rules adopted pursuant to this section which are
128 reasonably designed to ensure compliance with the requirements
129 of this section is not subject to civil liability for damages
130 arising from a violation of this section. This section does not
131 create a cause of action against a law enforcement officer.
132 Section 2. Section 951.22, Florida Statutes, is amended to
134 951.22 County detention facilities; contraband articles.—
135 (1) It is unlawful, except through regular channels as duly
136 authorized by the sheriff or officer in charge, to introduce
137 into or possess upon the grounds of any county detention
138 facility as defined in s. 951.23 or to give to or receive from
139 any inmate of any such facility wherever said inmate is located
140 at the time or to take or to attempt to take or send therefrom
141 any of the following articles, which are
hereby declared to be
143 (a) for the purposes of this act, to wit: Any written or
144 recorded communication. ;
145 (b) Any currency or coin. ;
146 (c) Any article of food or clothing. ;
147 (d) Any tobacco products as defined in s. 210.25(12). ;
148 (e) Any cigarette as defined in s. 210.01(1). ;
149 (f) Any cigar. ;
150 (g) Any intoxicating beverage or beverage that which causes
151 or may cause an intoxicating effect. ;
152 (h) Any narcotic, hypnotic, or excitative drug or drug of
153 any kind or nature, including nasal inhalators, sleeping pills,
154 barbiturates, and controlled substances as defined in s.
155 893.02(4). ;
156 (i) Any firearm or any instrumentality customarily used or
157 which is intended to be used as a dangerous weapon. ; and
158 (j) Any instrumentality of any nature which that may be or
159 is intended to be used as an aid in effecting or attempting to
160 effect an escape from a county facility.
161 (k) Any cellular telephone or other portable communication
162 device intentionally and unlawfully introduced inside the secure
163 perimeter of a county detention facility without prior
164 authorization or consent from the sheriff or officer in charge
165 of such detention facility. As used in this paragraph, the term
166 “portable communication device” means any device carried, worn,
167 or stored which is designed or intended to receive or transmit
168 verbal or written messages, access or store data, or connect
169 electronically to the Internet, or any other electronic device
170 and which allows communications in any form. Such devices
171 include, but are not limited to, portable two-way pagers,
172 handheld radios, cellular telephones, Blackberry-type devices,
173 personal digital assistants, laptop computers, or any components
174 of these devices which are intended to be used to assemble such
175 devices. The term also includes any new technology that is
176 developed for similar purposes. The term does not include any
177 device that has communication capabilities which has been
178 approved or issued by the sheriff or officer in charge for
179 investigative or institutional security purposes or for
180 conducting other official business.
181 (2) A person who Whoever violates paragraph (1)(a),
182 paragraph (1)(b), paragraph (1)(c), paragraph (1)(d), paragraph
183 (1)(e), paragraph (1)(f), or paragraph (1)(g) commits a
184 misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s.
185 775.082 or s. 775.083. A person who violates paragraph (1)(h),
186 paragraph (1)(i), paragraph (1)(j), or paragraph (1)(k) commits
187 subsection (1) shall be guilty of a felony of the third degree,
188 punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
189 Section 3. Paragraph (f) of subsection (3) of section
190 921.0022, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
191 921.0022 Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking
193 (3) OFFENSE SEVERITY RANKING CHART
194 (f) LEVEL 6
196 FloridaStatute FelonyDegree Description
197 316.027(2)(b) 2nd Leaving the scene of a crash involving serious bodily injury.
198 316.193(2)(b) 3rd Felony DUI, 4th or subsequent conviction.
199 400.9935(4)(c) 2nd Operating a clinic, or offering services requiring licensure, without a license.
200 499.0051(2) 2nd Knowing forgery of transaction history, transaction information, or transaction statement.
201 499.0051(3) 2nd Knowing purchase or receipt of prescription drug from unauthorized person.
202 499.0051(4) 2nd Knowing sale or transfer of prescription drug to unauthorized person.
203 775.0875(1) 3rd Taking firearm from law enforcement officer.
204 784.021(1)(a) 3rd Aggravated assault; deadly weapon without intent to kill.
205 784.021(1)(b) 3rd Aggravated assault; intent to commit felony.
206 784.041 3rd Felony battery; domestic battery by strangulation.
207 784.048(3) 3rd Aggravated stalking; credible threat.
208 784.048(5) 3rd Aggravated stalking of person under 16.
209 784.07(2)(c) 2nd Aggravated assault on law enforcement officer.
210 784.074(1)(b) 2nd Aggravated assault on sexually violent predators facility staff.
211 784.08(2)(b) 2nd Aggravated assault on a person 65 years of age or older.
212 784.081(2) 2nd Aggravated assault on specified official or employee.
213 784.082(2) 2nd Aggravated assault by detained person on visitor or other detainee.
214 784.083(2) 2nd Aggravated assault on code inspector.
215 787.02(2) 3rd False imprisonment; restraining with purpose other than those in s. 787.01.
216 790.115(2)(d) 2nd Discharging firearm or weapon on school property.
217 790.161(2) 2nd Make, possess, or throw destructive device with intent to do bodily harm or damage property.
218 790.164(1) 2nd False report concerning bomb, explosive, weapon of mass destruction, act of arson or violence to state property, or use of firearms in violent manner.
219 790.19 2nd Shooting or throwing deadly missiles into dwellings, vessels, or vehicles.
220 794.011(8)(a) 3rd Solicitation of minor to participate in sexual activity by custodial adult.
221 794.05(1) 2nd Unlawful sexual activity with specified minor.
222 800.04(5)(d) 3rd Lewd or lascivious molestation; victim 12 years of age or older but less than 16 years of age; offender less than 18 years.
223 800.04(6)(b) 2nd Lewd or lascivious conduct; offender 18 years of age or older.
224 806.031(2) 2nd Arson resulting in great bodily harm to firefighter or any other person.
225 810.02(3)(c) 2nd Burglary of occupied structure; unarmed; no assault or battery.
226 810.145(8)(b) 2nd Video voyeurism; certain minor victims; 2nd or subsequent offense.
227 812.014(2)(b)1. 2nd Property stolen $20,000 or more, but less than $100,000, grand theft in 2nd degree.
228 812.014(6) 2nd Theft; property stolen $3,000 or more; coordination of others.
229 812.015(9)(a) 2nd Retail theft; property stolen $300 or more; second or subsequent conviction.
230 812.015(9)(b) 2nd Retail theft; property stolen $3,000 or more; coordination of others.
231 812.13(2)(c) 2nd Robbery, no firearm or other weapon (strong-arm robbery).
232 817.4821(5) 2nd Possess cloning paraphernalia with intent to create cloned cellular telephones.
233 817.505(4)(b) 2nd Patient brokering; 10 or more patients.
234 825.102(1) 3rd Abuse of an elderly person or disabled adult.
235 825.102(3)(c) 3rd Neglect of an elderly person or disabled adult.
236 825.1025(3) 3rd Lewd or lascivious molestation of an elderly person or disabled adult.
237 825.103(3)(c) 3rd Exploiting an elderly person or disabled adult and property is valued at less than $10,000.
238 827.03(2)(c) 3rd Abuse of a child.
239 827.03(2)(d) 3rd Neglect of a child.
240 827.071(2) & (3) 2nd Use or induce a child in a sexual performance, or promote or direct such performance.
241 836.05 2nd Threats; extortion.
242 836.10 2nd Written threats to kill, do bodily injury, or conduct a mass shooting or an act of terrorism.
243 843.12 3rd Aids or assists person to escape.
244 847.011 3rd Distributing, offering to distribute, or possessing with intent to distribute obscene materials depicting minors.
245 847.012 3rd Knowingly using a minor in the production of materials harmful to minors.
246 847.0135(2) 3rd Facilitates sexual conduct of or with a minor or the visual depiction of such conduct.
247 914.23 2nd Retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, with bodily injury.
248 944.35(3)(a)2. 3rd Committing malicious battery upon or inflicting cruel or inhuman treatment on an inmate or offender on community supervision, resulting in great bodily harm.
249 944.40 2nd Escapes.
250 944.46 3rd Harboring, concealing, aiding escaped prisoners.
251 944.47(1)(a)5. 2nd Introduction of contraband (firearm, weapon, or explosive) into correctional facility.
252 951.22 (1)(h)-(k) 951.22(1) 3rd Introduction of contraband into county detention facility Intoxicating drug, firearm, or weapon introduced into county facility.
253 Section 4. This act shall take effect January 1, 2020.