Florida Senate - 2019 SB 534 By Senator Brandes 24-00752-19 2019534__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to pretrial release; creating s. 3 907.042, F.S.; providing legislative findings; 4 authorizing each county to establish a supervised bond 5 program with the concurrence of the chief judge of the 6 judicial circuit, the county’s chief correctional 7 officer, the state attorney, and the public defender; 8 providing an exception for a county that has already 9 established and implemented a supervised bond program 10 that uses a risk assessment instrument; providing 11 minimum program requirements; requiring each county 12 that establishes a supervised bond program to have the 13 risk assessment instrument validated by the Department 14 of Corrections; requiring each county that establishes 15 a supervised bond program to submit an annual report 16 by a certain date to the Office of Program Policy 17 Analysis and Government Accountability; requiring the 18 Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government 19 Accountability to compile such reports and include 20 such information in a specified report sent to the 21 Legislature; authorizing the department to adopt 22 rules; creating s. 907.0421, F.S.; providing 23 legislative findings; authorizing the chief judge of 24 each circuit, with the concurrence of the county’s 25 chief correctional officer, the state attorney, and 26 the public defender, to enter an administrative order 27 for the use of a risk assessment instrument in 28 pretrial release determinations; requiring the risk 29 assessment instrument results to be used as 30 supplemental factors for the court’s evaluation of 31 appropriate pretrial release conditions; requiring the 32 court to impose the least restrictive conditions 33 necessary to reasonably ensure the defendant’s 34 appearance at subsequent hearings; providing that a 35 court retains sole discretion to determine the 36 appropriateness of pretrial release and any necessary 37 pretrial release conditions; requiring a circuit that 38 uses a risk assessment instrument to have the 39 instrument validated by the department; authorizing 40 the circuit to implement the risk assessment 41 instrument immediately after validation and 42 implementation of training of all local staff who will 43 administer the risk assessment instrument; requiring 44 each circuit that enters an administrative order to 45 use risk assessment instruments in pretrial release 46 determinations to submit an annual report by a certain 47 date to the Office of Program Policy Analysis and 48 Government Accountability; requiring the Office of 49 Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability 50 to compile the reports and include such information in 51 a specified report sent to the Legislature; 52 authorizing the department to adopt rules; providing 53 an effective date. 54 55 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 56 57 Section 1. Section 907.042, Florida Statutes, is created to 58 read: 59 907.042 Supervised bond program.— 60 (1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS.—The Legislature finds that there 61 is a need to use evidence-based methods to identify defendants 62 who can successfully comply with specified pretrial release 63 conditions. The Legislature finds that the use of actuarial 64 instruments that evaluate criminogenic-based needs and classify 65 defendants according to levels of risk provides a more 66 consistent and accurate assessment of a defendant’s risk of 67 noncompliance while on pretrial release pending trial. The 68 Legislature also finds that both the community and a defendant 69 are better served when a defendant who poses a low risk to 70 society is provided the opportunity to fulfill employment and 71 familial responsibilities in the community under a structured 72 pretrial release plan that ensures the best chance of remaining 73 compliant with all pretrial conditions, rather than remaining in 74 custody. The Legislature finds that there is a benefit to 75 establishing a supervised bond program in each county for the 76 purpose of providing pretrial release to certain defendants who 77 may not otherwise be eligible for pretrial release on 78 unsupervised nonmonetary conditions and who do not have the 79 ability to satisfy the bond imposed by the court. The 80 Legislature finds that the creation of such a program will 81 reduce the likelihood of defendants remaining unnecessarily in 82 custody pending trial. 83 (2) CREATION.—A supervised bond program may be established 84 in each county with the terms of each program to be developed 85 with concurrence of the chief judge of the judicial circuit, the 86 county’s chief correctional officer, the state attorney, and the 87 public defender. A county that has already established and 88 implemented a supervised bond program that uses a validated risk 89 assessment instrument for similar pretrial or supervision 90 determinations may continue to operate without such concurrence, 91 as long as the program meets all other requirements of this 92 section. 93 (3) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—A supervised bond program, at a 94 minimum, shall: 95 (a) Require the county’s chief correctional officer to 96 administer the supervised bond program. 97 (b) Use the results of a validated pretrial risk assessment 98 instrument that has been administered to the defendant for the 99 purposes of pretrial release or supervision determinations. 100 (c) Assess the defendant’s behavioral characteristics and 101 needs that increase the likelihood of criminal activity and that 102 are able to be addressed through the placement of services. 103 (d) Coordinate necessary services and supervision through 104 the program to reduce the likelihood of criminal activity and to 105 increase the likelihood of compliance with pretrial release 106 conditions. 107 (e) Require the appropriate court to make a final 108 determination regarding whether a defendant will be placed into 109 the supervised bond program. If such a determination is made, 110 the court must also: 111 1. Determine the conditions of the individualized 112 supervision plan with which the defendant must comply as a part 113 of the supervised bond program, including, but not limited to, 114 the requirement that the defendant must: 115 a. Be placed on active electronic monitoring or active 116 continuous alcohol monitoring, or both, dependent upon the level 117 of risk indicated by the risk assessment instrument; and 118 b. Communicate weekly, via telephone or in-person contact, 119 as determined by the court, with the office of the county’s 120 chief correctional officer. 121 2. Review the bond of a defendant who is being accepted 122 into the supervised bond program to determine if a reduction of 123 the court-ordered bond, up to and including its entirety, is 124 appropriate. 125 (f) Establish procedures for reassessing or terminating 126 from the supervised bond program defendants who do not comply 127 with the terms of the individualized supervision plan imposed 128 through the program. 129 (4) VALIDATION.—Each county that establishes a supervised 130 bond program in accordance with this section must use a risk 131 assessment instrument that is validated by the Department of 132 Corrections. A risk assessment instrument that is used for other 133 pretrial release determinations in accordance with s. 907.0421 134 and that has previously been validated by the department does 135 not need to be validated for use in the supervised bond program. 136 A supervised bond program that is in operation on October 1, 137 2019, and that uses a risk assessment instrument may continue to 138 operate while the department validates the risk assessment 139 instrument used by the program. 140 (5) REPORTING.— 141 (a) Each county that establishes a supervised bond program 142 in accordance with this section, or that has an existing 143 supervised bond program that operates in compliance with this 144 section, shall provide an annual report to the Office of Program 145 Policy Analysis and Government Accountability which details: 146 1. The results of the administration of the risk assessment 147 instrument; 148 2. The programming used for defendants who received the 149 assessment and were accepted into the supervised bond program; 150 3. The success rate of the program; and 151 4. Any savings realized by the county as a result of such 152 defendants being released from custody pending trial. 153 (b) Beginning in 2020, and by each October 1 thereafter, 154 the annual report from the county must be submitted to the 155 Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability. 156 The Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government 157 Accountability shall compile the results of such reports for 158 inclusion in an independent section of its annual report 159 developed and submitted to the President of the Senate and the 160 Speaker of the House of Representatives in accordance with s. 161 907.044. 162 (6) RULEMAKING.—The department may adopt rules to 163 administer this section. 164 Section 2. Section 907.0421, Florida Statutes, is created 165 to read: 166 907.0421 Use of risk assessment instruments in pretrial 167 release determinations.— 168 (1) The Legislature finds that there is a need to use 169 evidence-based methods to identify defendants who can 170 successfully comply with specified pretrial release conditions. 171 The Legislature finds that the use of actuarial instruments that 172 classify offenders according to the likelihood of failure to 173 appear at subsequent hearings or to engage in criminal conduct 174 while awaiting trial provides a more consistent and accurate 175 assessment of a defendant’s risk of noncompliance while on 176 pretrial release pending trial. The Legislature also finds that 177 research indicates that using accurate risk and needs assessment 178 instruments ensures successful compliance with pretrial release 179 conditions imposed on a defendant and reduces the likelihood of 180 a defendant remaining unnecessarily in custody pending trial. 181 (2) The chief judge of each judicial circuit, with the 182 concurrence of the county’s chief correctional officer, the 183 state attorney, and the public defender, may enter an 184 administrative order to administer a risk assessment instrument 185 in preparation for first appearance or within 72 hours after 186 arrest for use in pretrial release determinations. The risk 187 assessment instrument must be objective, standardized, and based 188 on analysis of empirical data and risk factors relevant to 189 failure of pretrial release conditions which evaluates the 190 likelihood of failure to appear in court and the likelihood of 191 rearrest during the pretrial release period and which is 192 validated on the pretrial population. 193 (3)(a) The risk assessment instrument results must be used 194 as supplemental factors for the court to consider when 195 determining the appropriateness of first appearance pretrial 196 release and, if applicable, the conditions of release which are 197 appropriate based on predicted level of risk and failure of 198 pretrial release conditions. Based on the risk assessment 199 instrument results, the court shall impose the least restrictive 200 conditions necessary to reasonably ensure that the defendant 201 will be present at subsequent hearings. 202 (b) A court that uses the results from a risk assessment 203 instrument in first appearance pretrial release determinations 204 retains sole discretion to impose any pretrial conditions it 205 deems necessary to ensure the defendant’s subsequent appearance 206 at hearings. 207 (4) A circuit that intends to use a risk assessment 208 instrument in pretrial release determinations must have such 209 instrument independently validated by the Department of 210 Corrections. A circuit may begin to use such instrument in 211 pretrial release determinations immediately after validation of 212 such instrument and implementation of training of all local 213 staff who will administer the risk assessment instrument. 214 (5)(a) Each circuit that establishes an administrative 215 order for the use of risk assessment instruments in first 216 appearance pretrial release determinations shall provide an 217 annual report to the Office of Program Policy Analysis and 218 Government Accountability which details: 219 1. The risk assessment instrument used; 220 2. The results of the administration of the risk assessment 221 instrument, including the results of defendants who were 222 detained in custody awaiting trial and those who were released 223 from custody awaiting trial; 224 3. The frequency at which released defendants failed to 225 appear at one or more subsequent court hearings; and 226 4. The level of risk determined in the risk assessment 227 instrument associated with a defendant that failed to appear for 228 any court hearings. 229 (b) Beginning in 2020, and by each October 1 thereafter, 230 the annual report from each circuit must be submitted to the 231 Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability. 232 The Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government 233 Accountability shall compile the results of such reports for 234 inclusion in an independent section of its annual report 235 developed and submitted to the President of the Senate and the 236 Speaker of the House of Representatives in accordance with s. 237 907.044. 238 (6) The department may adopt rules to administer this 239 section. 240 Section 3. This act shall take effect October 1, 2019.