Florida Senate - 2019 SB 654 By Senator Book 32-01016-19 2019654__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to transfers of firearms; amending s. 3 790.001, F.S.; providing a definition; creating s. 4 790.0653, F.S.; requiring transfers of firearms to be 5 conducted through a licensed dealer; requiring deposit 6 of the firearm with the licensed dealer under certain 7 circumstances; requiring processing by the licensed 8 dealer; providing for disposition of the firearm if 9 the licensed dealer cannot legally complete the 10 transaction or return the firearm to its owner; 11 authorizing a fee; providing exceptions; providing 12 criminal penalties; requiring law enforcement agencies 13 to report certain violations by licensed dealers to 14 the Attorney General; providing an effective date. 15 16 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 17 18 Section 1. Subsection (20) is added to section 790.001, 19 Florida Statutes, to read: 20 790.001 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, except where 21 the context otherwise requires: 22 (20) “Adult family member” means an individual’s spouse, 23 parent, child, sibling, grandparent, grandchild, niece, nephew, 24 first cousin, aunt, or uncle who is over 21 years of age. 25 Section 2. Section 790.0653, Florida Statutes, is created 26 to read: 27 790.0653 Transfers of firearms; transfer through licensed 28 dealer required.— 29 (1) A person may not sell or otherwise transfer a firearm, 30 including selling or transferring a firearm via the Internet, 31 unless: 32 (a) The person is a licensed dealer; 33 (b) The purchaser or other transferee is a licensed dealer; 34 or 35 (c) The requirements of subsection (2) are met. 36 (2) If neither party to a prospective firearms transaction 37 is a licensed dealer, the parties to the transaction shall 38 complete the sale or other transfer through a licensed dealer as 39 follows: 40 (a) The seller or other transferor shall deliver the 41 firearm to the licensed dealer, who shall retain possession of 42 the firearm until all legal requirements for the sale or other 43 transfer have been met, including compliance with any state or 44 local waiting periods. 45 (b) The licensed dealer shall process the sale or other 46 transfer as if he or she were the seller or other transferor. 47 The licensed dealer must comply with all requirements of federal 48 and state law that would apply if he or she were the seller or 49 other transferor of the firearm. 50 (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 51 licensed dealer may allow the seller or transferor who is not a 52 licensed dealer to remove the firearm from the business premises 53 of the licensed dealer while the background check is conducted 54 and while the applicable waiting period requirements are met. 55 The licensed dealer must comply with all requirements of federal 56 and state law which would apply if he or she were the seller or 57 other transferor of the firearm. 58 (d) The licensed dealer shall comply with s. 790.065 and, 59 if the transaction is not prohibited and after all other legal 60 requirements are met, deliver the firearm to the purchaser or 61 other transferee. 62 (e) If the licensed dealer cannot legally deliver the 63 firearm to the purchaser or other transferee because the person 64 is prohibited from possessing a firearm under s. 790.065(2) or 65 other state or federal law, the licensed dealer shall follow the 66 requirements of s. 790.065, and, if the return is not 67 prohibited, return the firearm to the seller or other 68 transferor. 69 (f) If the licensed dealer cannot legally return the 70 firearm to the seller or other transferor, the licensed dealer 71 shall deliver the firearm to the sheriff of the county in which 72 the licensed dealer is located within 24 hours for disposition 73 as provided in s. 790.08(5). 74 (g) The licensed dealer may require the purchaser or other 75 transferee to pay a fee covering the administrative costs 76 incurred by the licensed dealer for facilitating the sale or 77 transfer of the firearm, plus applicable fees pursuant to 78 federal and state law. 79 (3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to the following: 80 (a) A law enforcement or corrections agency, or a law 81 enforcement or corrections officer acting within the course and 82 scope of his or her employment or official duties. 83 (b) The activities of the United States Marshals Service, 84 members of the United States Armed Forces or the National Guard, 85 or federal officials required to carry firearms while performing 86 their official duties. 87 (c) A gunsmith who receives a firearm solely for the 88 purposes of service or repair, or the return of the firearm to 89 its owner by the gunsmith. 90 (d) A common carrier, warehouseman, or other person engaged 91 in the business of transportation or storage, to the extent that 92 the receipt of any firearm is in the ordinary course of business 93 and not for the personal use of any such person. 94 (e) A person who is loaned a firearm solely for the purpose 95 of shooting at targets, if the loan occurs on the premises of a 96 sport shooting range, and the firearm is at all times kept on 97 the premises of the sport shooting range. 98 (f) A person who is under 18 years of age who is loaned a 99 firearm for lawful hunting or sporting purposes or for any other 100 lawful recreational activity while under the direct supervision 101 and control of a responsible adult. 102 (g) A person who is 18 years of age or older who is loaned 103 a firearm while he or she is accompanying the lawful owner and 104 using the firearm for lawful hunting or sporting purposes or for 105 any other lawful recreational activity. 106 (h) An adult family member of the lawful owner of the 107 firearm if the owner resides with the family member but is not 108 currently present in the residence, provided that the family 109 member does not maintain control over the firearm for more than 110 14 consecutive days. This paragraph does not apply if the owner 111 or the family member knows or has reasonable cause to believe 112 that federal or state law prohibits the family member from 113 purchasing or possessing firearms, or the owner knows or has 114 reasonable cause to believe that the family member is likely to 115 use the firearm for unlawful purposes. 116 (i) A spouse, child, or parent of the firearm owner who 117 acquired the firearm by operation of law upon the death of the 118 former firearm owner. 119 (j) The temporary transfer of a firearm if such transfer is 120 to prevent immediate or imminent death or great bodily harm to 121 one’s self or others, provided that the person to whom the 122 firearm is transferred is not prohibited from possessing a 123 firearm under state or federal law and the temporary transfer 124 lasts no longer than necessary to prevent such immediate or 125 imminent death or great bodily harm. 126 (k) The sale or transfer of an antique firearm. 127 (4) A person who violates this section commits a felony of 128 the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 129 775.083, or s. 775.084. 130 (5) In addition to any other penalty or remedy, the 131 investigating law enforcement agency shall report any violation 132 of this section committed by a licensed dealer to the Attorney 133 General. 134 (6) This section does not apply to any firearm modified to 135 render it permanently inoperable. 136 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2019.