Florida Senate - 2020                      CS for CS for SB 1696
       By the Committees on Rules; and Education; and Senators Perry
       and Cruz
       595-04235-20                                          20201696c2
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act relating to student athletes; providing a short
    3         title; amending s. 1006.165, F.S.; revising
    4         requirements for the availability of automated
    5         external defibrillators on school grounds; delaying
    6         implementation of a requirement that certain school
    7         employees and volunteers complete specified training;
    8         requiring that a school employee or volunteer who has
    9         received the training be present at certain athletic
   10         activities, by a specified date; requiring the Florida
   11         High School Athletic Association to establish certain
   12         requirements relating to student athlete safety;
   13         amending s. 1006.20, F.S.; requiring that a medical
   14         evaluation be performed before a student begins
   15         conditioning; applying requirements related to medical
   16         evaluations to activities occurring outside the school
   17         year; providing an effective date.
   19  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
   21         Section 1. This act may be cited as the “Zachary Martin
   22  Act.”
   23         Section 2. Section 1006.165, Florida Statutes, is amended
   24  to read:
   25         1006.165 Well-being of students participating in
   26  extracurricular activities Automated external defibrillator;
   27  user training.—
   28         (1)(a) Each public school that is a member of the Florida
   29  High School Athletic Association must have an operational
   30  automated external defibrillator on the school grounds. The
   31  defibrillator must be available in a clearly marked and
   32  publicized location for each athletic contest, practice,
   33  workout, or conditioning session, including those conducted
   34  outside of the school year. Public and private partnerships are
   35  encouraged to cover the cost associated with the purchase and
   36  placement of the defibrillator and training in the use of the
   37  defibrillator.
   38         (b)(2)Beginning June 1, 2021, a school employee or
   39  volunteer with current training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation
   40  and use of a defibrillator must be present at each athletic
   41  event during and outside of the school year, including
   42  practices, workouts, and conditioning sessions. The training
   43  received by the employee or volunteer must include Each school
   44  must ensure that all employees or volunteers who are reasonably
   45  expected to use the device obtain appropriate training,
   46  including completion of a course in cardiopulmonary
   47  resuscitation or a basic first aid course that includes
   48  cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, and demonstrated
   49  proficiency in the use of an automated external defibrillator.
   50  All employees or volunteers who may be reasonably expected to
   51  use a defibrillator must complete the training.
   52         (c)(3) The location of each automated external
   53  defibrillator must be registered with a local emergency medical
   54  services medical director. Each individual required to complete
   55  the training under paragraph (b) must be notified annually of
   56  the location of each defibrillator on the school grounds.
   57         (2)(a)In order to better protect student athletes
   58  participating in athletics during hot weather and to avoid
   59  preventable injury or death, the Florida High School Athletic
   60  Association shall:
   61         1.Make training and resources available to each member
   62  school for the effective monitoring of heat stress.
   63         2.Establish guidelines for monitoring heat stress and
   64  identify heat stress levels at which a school must make a
   65  cooling zone available for each outdoor athletic contest,
   66  practice, workout, or conditioning session. Heat stress must be
   67  determined by measuring the ambient temperature, humidity, wind
   68  speed, sun angle, and cloud cover at the site of the athletic
   69  activity.
   70         3.Require member schools to monitor heat stress and modify
   71  athletic activities, including suspending or moving activities,
   72  based on the heat stress guidelines.
   73         4.Establish hydration guidelines, including appropriate
   74  introduction of electrolytes after extended activities or when a
   75  student participates in multiple activities in a day.
   76         5.Establish requirements for cooling zones, including, at
   77  a minimum, the immediate availability of cold-water immersion
   78  tubs or equivalent means to rapidly cool internal body
   79  temperature when a student exhibits symptoms of exertional
   80  heatstroke and the presence of an employee or volunteer trained
   81  to administer cold-water immersion.
   82         6.Require each school’s emergency action plan, as required
   83  by the Florida High School Athletic Association, to include a
   84  procedure for onsite cooling using cold-water immersion or
   85  equivalent means before a student is transported to a hospital
   86  for exertional heatstroke.
   88  The requirements of this paragraph apply year round.
   89         (b)Each athletic coach and sponsor of extracurricular
   90  activities involving outdoor practices or events shall annually
   91  complete training in exertional heat illness identification,
   92  prevention, and response, including the effective administration
   93  of cooling zones.
   94         (3)(4) The use of automated external defibrillators by
   95  employees and volunteers is covered under ss. 768.13 and
   96  768.1325.
   97         Section 3. Paragraph (c) of subsection (2) of section
   98  1006.20, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
   99         1006.20 Athletics in public K-12 schools.—
  101         (c) The FHSAA shall adopt bylaws that require all students
  102  participating in interscholastic athletic competition or who are
  103  candidates for an interscholastic athletic team to
  104  satisfactorily pass a medical evaluation each year prior to
  105  participating in interscholastic athletic competition or
  106  engaging in any practice, tryout, workout, conditioning, or
  107  other physical activity associated with the student’s candidacy
  108  for an interscholastic athletic team, including activities that
  109  occur outside of the school year. Such medical evaluation may be
  110  administered only by a practitioner licensed under chapter 458,
  111  chapter 459, chapter 460, or s. 464.012, and in good standing
  112  with the practitioner’s regulatory board. The bylaws must shall
  113  establish requirements for eliciting a student’s medical history
  114  and performing the medical evaluation required under this
  115  paragraph, which must shall include a physical assessment of the
  116  student’s physical capabilities to participate in
  117  interscholastic athletic competition as contained in a uniform
  118  preparticipation physical evaluation and history form. The
  119  evaluation form must shall incorporate the recommendations of
  120  the American Heart Association for participation cardiovascular
  121  screening and shall provide a place for the signature of the
  122  practitioner performing the evaluation with an attestation that
  123  each examination procedure listed on the form was performed by
  124  the practitioner or by someone under the direct supervision of
  125  the practitioner. The form shall also must contain a place for
  126  the practitioner to indicate if a referral to another
  127  practitioner was made in lieu of completion of a certain
  128  examination procedure. The form must shall provide a place for
  129  the practitioner to whom the student was referred to complete
  130  the remaining sections and attest to that portion of the
  131  examination. The preparticipation physical evaluation form must
  132  shall advise students to complete a cardiovascular assessment
  133  and must shall include information concerning alternative
  134  cardiovascular evaluation and diagnostic tests. Results of such
  135  medical evaluation must be provided to the school. A student is
  136  not eligible to participate, as provided in s. 1006.15(3), in
  137  any interscholastic athletic competition or engage in any
  138  practice, tryout, workout, or other physical activity associated
  139  with the student’s candidacy for an interscholastic athletic
  140  team until the results of the medical evaluation have been
  141  received and approved by the school.
  142         Section 4. This act shall take effect July 1, 2020.