Florida Senate - 2020 SB 184 By Senator Rader 29-00187B-20 2020184__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to Holocaust education in public 3 schools; providing a short title; amending s. 1002.33, 4 F.S.; requiring charter school instructional personnel 5 to teach specified topics; amending s. 1002.421, F.S.; 6 requiring certain private school instructional 7 personnel to teach specified topics; amending s. 8 1003.42, F.S.; revising the requirements for 9 instructional content relating to the Holocaust that 10 members of public school instructional staff are 11 required to teach; creating s. 1003.4201, F.S.; 12 requiring the Department of Education, in consultation 13 with a certain organization, to develop specified 14 content standards for a Holocaust curriculum; 15 requiring school districts to provide specified 16 instruction; requiring the department to develop and 17 maintain a specified roster of volunteers; requiring 18 the department to use public and private funds for a 19 specified purpose; requiring the department to 20 coordinate with school districts to appoint Holocaust 21 curriculum coordinators; providing for rulemaking; 22 providing an effective date. 23 24 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 25 26 Section 1. This act may be cited as the “Holocaust 27 Education Act of 2020.” 28 Section 2. Paragraph (r) is added to subsection (9) of 29 section 1002.33, Florida Statutes, to read: 30 1002.33 Charter schools.— 31 (9) CHARTER SCHOOL REQUIREMENTS.— 32 (r) Each charter school governing board shall require 33 charter school instructional personnel to teach efficiently and 34 faithfully, using the books and materials required which meet 35 the highest standards for professionalism and historical 36 accuracy, following the prescribed courses of study, and 37 employing approved methods of instruction, the topics specified 38 in s. 1003.42(2)(g). 39 Section 3. Paragraph (r) is added to subsection (1) of 40 section 1002.421, Florida Statutes, to read: 41 1002.421 State school choice scholarship program 42 accountability and oversight.— 43 (1) PRIVATE SCHOOL ELIGIBILITY AND OBLIGATIONS.—A private 44 school participating in an educational scholarship program 45 established pursuant to this chapter must be a private school as 46 defined in s. 1002.01(2) in this state, be registered, and be in 47 compliance with all requirements of this section in addition to 48 private school requirements outlined in s. 1002.42, specific 49 requirements identified within respective scholarship program 50 laws, and other provisions of Florida law that apply to private 51 schools, and must: 52 (r) Require members of its instructional personnel to teach 53 efficiently and faithfully, using the books and materials 54 required which meet the highest standards for professionalism 55 and historical accuracy, following the prescribed courses of 56 study, and employing approved methods of instruction, the topics 57 specified in s. 1003.42(2)(g). 58 59 The department shall suspend the payment of funds to a private 60 school that knowingly fails to comply with this subsection, and 61 shall prohibit the school from enrolling new scholarship 62 students, for 1 fiscal year and until the school complies. If a 63 private school fails to meet the requirements of this subsection 64 or has consecutive years of material exceptions listed in the 65 report required under paragraph (q), the commissioner may 66 determine that the private school is ineligible to participate 67 in a scholarship program. 68 Section 4. Subsection (2) of section 1003.42, Florida 69 Statutes, is amended to read: 70 1003.42 Required instruction.— 71 (2) Members of the instructional staff of the public 72 schools, subject to the rules of the State Board of Education 73 and the district school board, shall teach efficiently and 74 faithfully, using the books and materials required which
that75 meet the highest standards for professionalism and historical 76 accuracy, following the prescribed courses of study, and 77 employing approved methods of instruction, the following: 78 (a) The history and content of the Declaration of 79 Independence, including national sovereignty, natural law, self 80 evident truth, equality of all persons, limited government, 81 popular sovereignty, and inalienable rights of life, liberty, 82 and property, and how they form the philosophical foundation of 83 our government. 84 (b) The history, meaning, significance, and effect of the 85 provisions of the Constitution of the United States and 86 amendments thereto, with emphasis on each of the 10 amendments 87 that make up the Bill of Rights and how the constitution 88 provides the structure of our government. 89 (c) The arguments in support of adopting our republican 90 form of government, as they are embodied in the most important 91 of the Federalist Papers. 92 (d) Flag education, including proper flag display and flag 93 salute. 94 (e) The elements of civil government, including the primary 95 functions of and interrelationships between the Federal 96 Government, the state, and its counties, municipalities, school 97 districts, and special districts. 98 (f) The history of the United States, including the period 99 of discovery, early colonies, the War for Independence, the 100 Civil War, the expansion of the United States to its present 101 boundaries, the world wars, and the civil rights movement to the 102 present. American history shall be viewed as factual, not as 103 constructed, shall be viewed as knowable, teachable, and 104 testable, and shall be defined as the creation of a new nation 105 based largely on the universal principles stated in the 106 Declaration of Independence. 107 (g) The history of the Holocaust (1933-1945), the 108 systematic, planned annihilation of European Jews and other 109 groups by Nazi Germany, a watershed event in the history of 110 humanity, to be taught in a manner that meets the requirements 111 under s. 1003.4201 and that leads to an investigation of human 112 behavior, an understanding of the ramifications of prejudice, 113 racism, and stereotyping, and an examination of what it means to 114 be a responsible and respectful person, for the purposes of 115 encouraging tolerance of diversity in a pluralistic society and 116 for nurturing and protecting democratic values and institutions. 117 Members of instructional staff shall also: 118 1. Provide instruction that further emphasizes the personal 119 responsibility that each citizen bears to fight racism and 120 hatred whenever and wherever it happens; 121 2. Prepare students to confront and understand the 122 immorality of the Holocaust; 123 3. Promote students’ understanding of how the Holocaust 124 contributed to the need for the term “genocide” and led to 125 international legislation that recognized genocide as a crime; 126 4. Stimulate students’ reflection on the roles and 127 responsibilities of citizens in democratic societies to combat 128 misinformation, indifference, and discrimination; and 129 5. Preserve the memories of survivors of the Holocaust and 130 provide opportunities for students to discuss and honor 131 survivors’ legacies. 132 (h) The history of African Americans, including the history 133 of African peoples before the political conflicts that led to 134 the development of slavery, the passage to America, the 135 enslavement experience, abolition, and the contributions of 136 African Americans to society. Instructional materials shall 137 include the contributions of African Americans to American 138 society. 139 (i) The elementary principles of agriculture. 140 (j) The true effects of all alcoholic and intoxicating 141 liquors and beverages and narcotics upon the human body and 142 mind. 143 (k) Kindness to animals. 144 (l) The history of the state. 145 (m) The conservation of natural resources. 146 (n) Comprehensive health education that addresses concepts 147 of community health; consumer health; environmental health; 148 family life, including an awareness of the benefits of sexual 149 abstinence as the expected standard and the consequences of 150 teenage pregnancy; mental and emotional health; injury 151 prevention and safety; Internet safety; nutrition; personal 152 health; prevention and control of disease; and substance use and 153 abuse. The health education curriculum for students in grades 7 154 through 12 shall include a teen dating violence and abuse 155 component that includes, but is not limited to, the definition 156 of dating violence and abuse, the warning signs of dating 157 violence and abusive behavior, the characteristics of healthy 158 relationships, measures to prevent and stop dating violence and 159 abuse, and community resources available to victims of dating 160 violence and abuse. 161 (o) Such additional materials, subjects, courses, or fields 162 in such grades as are prescribed by law or by rules of the State 163 Board of Education and the district school board in fulfilling 164 the requirements of law. 165 (p) The study of Hispanic contributions to the United 166 States. 167 (q) The study of women’s contributions to the United 168 States. 169 (r) The nature and importance of free enterprise to the 170 United States economy. 171 (s) A character development program in the elementary 172 schools, similar to Character First or Character Counts, which 173 is secular in nature. Beginning in school year 2004-2005, the 174 character development program shall be required in kindergarten 175 through grade 12. Each district school board shall develop or 176 adopt a curriculum for the character development program that 177 shall be submitted to the department for approval. The character 178 development curriculum shall stress the qualities of patriotism; 179 responsibility; citizenship; kindness; respect for authority, 180 life, liberty, and personal property; honesty; charity; self 181 control; racial, ethnic, and religious tolerance; and 182 cooperation. The character development curriculum for grades 9 183 through 12 shall, at a minimum, include instruction on 184 developing leadership skills, interpersonal skills, organization 185 skills, and research skills; creating a resume; developing and 186 practicing the skills necessary for employment interviews; 187 conflict resolution, workplace ethics, and workplace law; 188 managing stress and expectations; and developing skills that 189 enable students to become more resilient and self-motivated. 190 (t) In order to encourage patriotism, the sacrifices that 191 veterans and Medal of Honor recipients have made in serving our 192 country and protecting democratic values worldwide. Such 193 instruction must occur on or before Medal of Honor Day, 194 Veterans’ Day, and Memorial Day. Members of the instructional 195 staff are encouraged to use the assistance of local veterans and 196 Medal of Honor recipients when practicable. 197 198 The State Board of Education is encouraged to adopt standards 199 and pursue assessment of the requirements of this subsection, 200 notwithstanding paragraph (g). A character development program 201 that incorporates the values of the recipients of the 202 Congressional Medal of Honor and that is offered as part of a 203 social studies, English Language Arts, or other schoolwide 204 character building and veteran awareness initiative meets the 205 requirements of paragraphs (s) and (t). 206 Section 5. Section 1003.4201, Florida Statutes, is created 207 to read: 208 1003.4201 Holocaust awareness instruction.— 209 (1) The Department of Education shall develop academic 210 content standards for a Holocaust curriculum. The department 211 must, during the process of developing the academic content 212 standards for the curriculum, consult an organization located in 213 this state which has the primary purpose of providing education 214 about the Holocaust. School districts shall provide instruction 215 on the Holocaust based on the standards adopted by the 216 department under this section and in accordance with s. 1003.42. 217 (2) The department shall develop and maintain a roster of 218 individual volunteers who may share their knowledge and 219 experience in classrooms, seminars, and workshops on the subject 220 of the Holocaust. Such volunteers may include survivors of the 221 Holocaust, concentration camp liberators, scholars, clergymen, 222 community relations professionals, and other individuals who, by 223 virtue of their experience or interest, have acquired personal 224 or academic knowledge of the Holocaust. 225 (3) The department shall use public and private funds to 226 provide instructional personnel with background content and 227 resources to assist them in teaching the Holocaust. 228 (4) The department shall coordinate with school districts 229 to appoint a designated Holocaust curriculum coordinator for 230 each district. A regional coordinator position may be created 231 for smaller school districts. 232 (5) The Legislature encourages schools to teach the 233 Holocaust curriculum during the week of International Holocaust 234 Remembrance Day. 235 (6) The State Board of Education shall adopt rules to 236 implement this section. 237 Section 6. This act shall take effect July 1, 2020.