Florida Senate - 2020 SENATOR AMENDMENT Bill No. CS for CS for SB 404 Ì9099328Î909932 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House . . . . . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Senator Farmer moved the following: 1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment) 2 3 Delete everything after the enacting clause 4 and insert: 5 Section 1. Section 390.01117, Florida Statutes, is created 6 to read: 7 390.01117 Parental consent for abortion.— 8 (1) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the “Parental 9 Consent for Abortion Act.” 10 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term: 11 (a) “Consent” means a notarized written statement signed by 12 a minor and either her mother, her father, or her legal guardian 13 declaring that the minor is pregnant, that she intends to seek 14 an abortion, and that her mother, father, or legal guardian, as 15 applicable, consents to the abortion. 16 (b) “Minor” means an unemancipated person younger than 18 17 years of age. 18 (c) “Statement of veto of abortion” means a written 19 statement signed by a minor and either her mother, her father, 20 or her legal guardian declaring that the minor is pregnant, that 21 she desires an abortion, and that her mother, father, or legal 22 guardian, as applicable, objects to the abortion, including a 23 detailed explanation by the minor’s mother, father, or legal 24 guardian of the reasons for his or her veto of the abortion. 25 (3) CONSENT OF ONE PARENT OR LEGAL GUARDIAN REQUIRED.—A 26 physician may not perform an abortion on a minor unless the 27 physician has been presented with consent as defined in this 28 section. 29 (4) EXCEPTIONS.—Consent is not required under subsection 30 (3) if: 31 (a) The attending physician certifies in the minor’s 32 medical record that a medical emergency, as defined in s. 33 390.01114(2)(d), exists and there is insufficient time to obtain 34 consent; 35 (b) The attending physician certifies in the minor’s 36 medical record that the minor’s parent or legal guardian has 37 failed to fully and properly complete a statement of veto of 38 abortion within the required time limit established in 39 subsection (5); or 40 (c) Consent is waived under subsection (7). 41 (5) PROCEDURE FOR STATEMENT OF VETO OF ABORTION.— 42 (a) A minor may request written documentation of a parent’s 43 or legal guardian’s decision to veto an abortion in the form of 44 a statement of veto of abortion. 45 (b) A parent or legal guardian who vetoes a minor’s 46 abortion must complete and sign the statement of veto of 47 abortion within 3 days after the minor requests the statement. A 48 parent’s or legal guardian’s failure to fully and properly 49 complete a statement of veto of abortion within the required 3 50 day timeframe constitutes a waiver of the parent’s or legal 51 guardian’s ability to veto the minor’s abortion. 52 (c) Forms for a statement of veto of abortion shall be made 53 available to a minor both online and in print by all of the 54 following entities: 55 1. Any abortion provider. 56 2. Any crisis pregnancy center. 57 3. Any school counselor. 58 4. Any court participating in the judicial waiver process. 59 5. The Florida Department of Health. 60 (6) DUTIES AND LIABILITIES ASSOCIATED WITH STATEMENTS OF 61 VETO OF ABORTION.— 62 (a) A parent or legal guardian who has completed a 63 statement of veto of abortion is financially responsible for all 64 medical costs associated with the continuation of a pregnancy as 65 a result of the parent’s or legal guardian’s objection to the 66 abortion, including, but not limited to, all of the following: 67 1. Medical appointments, procedures, and equipment. 68 2. Prescription medication. 69 3. Nonprescription medication. 70 4. Vitamins or nutritional supplements. 71 5. Psychological care. 72 6. Psychiatric care. 73 (b) A parent or legal guardian who has completed a 74 statement of veto of abortion is financially responsible for all 75 education costs ordinarily or customarily related to a child 76 born as a result of the parent’s or legal guardian’s objection 77 to the abortion, including, but not limited to, all of the 78 following: 79 1. Costs associated with child care, such as day care or 80 babysitting. 81 2. Pre-kindergarten. 82 3. Private education tuition and fees. 83 4. Parochial education tuition and fees. 84 5. Educational supplies, such as notebooks, pens, pencils, 85 and backpacks. 86 6. Tutoring. 87 7. College or university tuition at a private or public 88 institution. 89 8. Special education programs. 90 (c) A parent or legal guardian who has completed a 91 statement of veto of abortion is financially responsible for all 92 costs ordinarily and customarily related to providing food and 93 housing for a child born as a result of the parent’s or legal 94 guardian’s veto of abortion, including, but not limited to, all 95 of the following: 96 1. Rent or mortgage for a living space. 97 2. Disposable or reusable diapers. 98 3. Clothing. 99 4. Food. 100 5. Hygiene items, such as toothbrushes, toothpaste, or 101 sanitary napkins. 102 (7) PROCEDURE FOR JUDICIAL WAIVER OF CONSENT.— 103 (a) A minor may petition any circuit court in the district 104 in which the minor resides for a waiver of the right of the 105 mother, father, or legal guardian to veto an abortion and may 106 participate in proceedings on her own behalf. The petition must 107 include a statement that the minor is pregnant and is 108 unemancipated, that a parent or a legal guardian of the minor 109 has vetoed her right to an abortion, and that the minor wishes 110 to obtain an abortion regardless of the express veto of her 111 parent or legal guardian. The circuit court shall advise the 112 minor that she has a right to court-appointed counsel and shall 113 provide her with counsel upon her request. The court also may 114 appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor. A guardian ad litem 115 appointed under this subsection must maintain the 116 confidentiality of the minor’s identity. 117 (b) Court proceedings under this section shall be 118 confidential and must ensure the anonymity of the minor. All 119 court proceedings under this section shall be sealed. The minor 120 may file her petition in the court using a pseudonym or using 121 solely her initials. All documents related to this petition 122 shall be confidential and may not be made available to the 123 public. These proceedings shall be given precedence over other 124 pending matters to the extent necessary to ensure that the court 125 reaches a decision promptly. The court shall rule, and issue 126 written findings of fact and conclusions of law, within 3 127 business days after the petition is filed, except that the 3 128 business-day limitation may be extended at the request of the 129 minor. 130 1. If the court fails to rule within the 3-business-day 131 period and an extension has not been requested, the minor may 132 immediately petition for a hearing upon the expiration of the 3 133 business-day period to the chief judge of the circuit, who must 134 ensure that a hearing is held within 48 hours after receipt of 135 the minor’s petition and that an order is entered within 24 136 hours after the hearing. 137 2. If the circuit court does not grant a judicial waiver of 138 consent, the minor has the right to an appeal. An appellate 139 court must rule within 7 days after receipt of the appeal, but a 140 ruling may be remanded with further instruction, in which case a 141 ruling must be made within 3 business days after the remand. The 142 reason for overturning a ruling on appeal must be based on abuse 143 of discretion by the court and may not be based on the weight of 144 the evidence presented to the circuit court, since the 145 proceeding is a nonadversarial proceeding. 146 (c) If the court finds, by clear and convincing evidence, 147 that the minor is sufficiently mature to decide whether to 148 terminate her pregnancy, the court shall issue an order 149 authorizing the minor to obtain an abortion without the consent 150 of a parent or legal guardian. If the court does not make the 151 finding specified in this paragraph or paragraph (d), it must 152 dismiss the petition. The court shall consider whether there may 153 be any undue influence by another on the minor’s decision to 154 have an abortion and all of the following factors concerning the 155 minor: 156 1. Age. 157 2. Overall intelligence. 158 3. Emotional development and stability. 159 4. Credibility and demeanor as a witness. 160 5. Ability to accept responsibility. 161 6. Ability to assess both the immediate and long-range 162 consequences of her choices. 163 7. Ability to understand and explain the medical risks of 164 terminating her pregnancy and to apply that understanding to her 165 decision. 166 (d) If the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, 167 that the petitioner is the victim of child abuse or sexual 168 abuse, as those terms are defined in s. 390.01114(2), inflicted 169 by one or both of her parents or her legal guardian, or finds, 170 by clear and convincing evidence, that requiring the consent of 171 a parent or legal guardian is not in the best interest of the 172 petitioner, the court shall issue an order authorizing the minor 173 to obtain an abortion without the consent of a parent or legal 174 guardian. The best-interest standard does not include financial 175 best interest or financial considerations or the potential 176 financial impact on the minor or her family if she does not 177 terminate the pregnancy. If the court finds evidence of child 178 abuse or sexual abuse of the petitioner by any person, the court 179 shall report the evidence of child abuse or sexual abuse of the 180 petitioner, as provided in s. 39.201. If the court does not make 181 the finding specified in this paragraph or paragraph (c), it 182 must dismiss the petition. 183 (e) If the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, 184 that a statement of veto of abortion is based predominantly on 185 the philosophical views of the parent or legal guardian, and not 186 on the best interest of the minor, the court shall grant a 187 judicial waiver of consent. 188 (f) A court that conducts proceedings under this section 189 shall: 190 1. Provide for a written transcript of all testimony and 191 proceedings; 192 2. Issue a final written order containing factual findings 193 and legal conclusions supporting its decision, including factual 194 findings and legal conclusions relating to the maturity of the 195 minor as provided under paragraph (c); and 196 3. Order that a confidential record be maintained. 197 (g) All hearings under this section, including appeals, 198 shall remain confidential and closed to the public, as provided 199 by court rule. 200 (h) An expedited appeal shall be made available, as the 201 Supreme Court provides by rule, to any minor to whom the circuit 202 court denies a waiver of consent. An order authorizing an 203 abortion without parental consent is not subject to appeal. 204 (i) Filing fees or court costs may not be required of any 205 minor who petitions a court for a waiver of consent under this 206 subsection at either the trial or the appellate level. 207 (j) A county is not required to pay the salaries, costs, or 208 expenses of any counsel appointed by the court under this 209 subsection. 210 (8) RULEMAKING.—The Supreme Court is requested to adopt 211 rules and forms for statements of veto of abortion and for 212 petitions for judicial waiver to ensure that proceedings under 213 subsections (6) and (8) are handled expeditiously and in a 214 manner consistent with this section. The Supreme Court is also 215 requested to adopt rules to ensure that the hearings protect the 216 confidentiality of the minor’s identity and the confidentiality 217 of the proceedings. 218 (9) CRIMINAL PENALTIES AND CIVIL REMEDIES.— 219 (a) Any person who willfully and intentionally performs an 220 abortion with knowledge that, or with reckless disregard as to 221 whether, the minor upon whom the abortion is to be performed is 222 unemancipated without obtaining the required consent commits a 223 misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 224 775.082 or s. 775.083. It is a defense to prosecution under this 225 section that the minor falsely represented her age or identity 226 to the physician to be at least 18 years of age by displaying an 227 apparently valid governmental record of identification such that 228 a careful and prudent person under similar circumstances would 229 have relied on the representation. The defense does not apply if 230 the physician is shown to have had independent knowledge of the 231 minor’s actual age or identity or failed to use due diligence in 232 determining her age or identity. 233 (b) Any person not authorized to provide consent under this 234 section who provides consent commits a misdemeanor of the first 235 degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. 236 (c) Failure to obtain consent from a person from whom 237 consent is required under this section is prima facie evidence 238 of failure to obtain consent and of interference with family 239 relations in appropriate civil actions. Such prima facie 240 evidence does not apply to any issue other than failure to 241 obtain consent from the parent or legal guardian and 242 interference with family relations in appropriate civil actions. 243 The civil action may be based on a claim that the act was a 244 result of negligence, gross negligence, wantonness, willfulness, 245 intention, or other legal standard of care. Exemplary damages 246 may be awarded in appropriate civil actions relevant to 247 violations of this section. 248 (d) Failure to comply with the requirements of this section 249 constitutes grounds for disciplinary action under each 250 respective practice act and under s. 456.072. 251 (e) An individual whose pregnancy has continued as a result 252 of her parent’s or legal guardian’s objection to an abortion may 253 petition a court to recover any expenses provided in subsection 254 (7) which have not been paid directly by the parent or legal 255 guardian who completed the statement of veto of abortion. 256 (f) Any legal expenses and attorney fees incurred while 257 recovering expenses provided in subsection (7) by an individual 258 whose pregnancy has continued as a result of her parent’s or 259 legal guardian’s objection to an abortion shall be paid by the 260 parent or legal guardian who completed the statement of veto of 261 abortion. 262 (g) An individual whose pregnancy has continued as a result 263 of her parent’s or legal guardian’s objection to an abortion is 264 entitled to financial compensation from the parent or legal 265 guardian who completed a statement of veto of abortion for any 266 physical, emotional, psychological, or financial damage incurred 267 as a result of the continuation of pregnancy. 268 (h) Any legal expenses and attorney fees incurred while 269 pursuing compensation under paragraph (g) shall be paid by the 270 parent or legal guardian who completed the statement of veto of 271 abortion. 272 (10) CONSTRUCTION.— 273 (a) This section may not be construed to create or 274 recognize a right to abortion. 275 (b) This section may not be construed to limit the common 276 law rights of parents or legal guardians. 277 (c) By enacting this section, the Legislature does not 278 intend to make lawful an abortion that is currently unlawful. 279 (d) This section may not be construed to grant a parent or 280 legal guardian who completes a statement of veto of abortion any 281 right to make or influence decisions regarding a child born as a 282 result of the continuation of pregnancy. 283 (11) SEVERABILITY.—Any provision of this section held to be 284 invalid or unenforceable by its terms, or as applied to any 285 person or circumstance, shall be construed so as to give it the 286 maximum effect permitted by law, unless such holding is one of 287 utter invalidity or unenforceability, in which event such 288 provision shall be deemed severable and may not affect the 289 remainder hereof or the application of such provision to other 290 persons not similarly situated or to other, dissimilar 291 circumstances. 292 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2020. 293 294 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 295 And the title is amended as follows: 296 Delete everything before the enacting clause 297 and insert: 298 A bill to be entitled 299 An act relating to parental consent for abortion; 300 creating s. 390.01117, F.S.; providing a short title; 301 defining terms; prohibiting a physician from 302 performing an abortion on a minor unless the physician 303 has been presented with consent from the minor’s 304 parent or legal guardian, as appropriate; providing 305 exceptions; authorizing a minor to request a parent or 306 legal guardian document his or her veto of an abortion 307 in a specified form; requiring the parent or legal 308 guardian to complete and sign the form within a 309 specified timeframe; requiring certain entities to 310 make the form available online and in printed format; 311 providing duties and liabilities for a parent or legal 312 guardian who completes the form; authorizing a minor 313 to petition any circuit court in the district in which 314 the minor resides for a waiver of consent required to 315 obtain an abortion; requiring a specified statement to 316 be included in the petition; providing for court 317 appointed counsel and confidentiality; requiring the 318 court to give precedence to waiver of consent 319 proceedings and requiring a court to rule within a 320 specified timeframe; providing for an extension of 321 time at the request of the minor; authorizing a minor 322 to petition for a hearing upon the expiration of the 323 time allowed and requiring the chief judge of the 324 circuit to ensure that a hearing is held and that an 325 order is entered within specified timeframes; 326 providing for appeals within a specified timeframe; 327 requiring the court to dismiss the petition if it does 328 not make specified findings; requiring the court to 329 consider undue influence on the minor’s decision and 330 specified factors; requiring the court to report any 331 findings of evidence of child abuse or sexual abuse of 332 the petitioner; requiring the court to grant a 333 judicial waiver of consent under certain 334 circumstances; requiring a court to provide for a 335 written transcript of waiver of consent proceedings 336 and to include certain findings and conclusions in its 337 order; prohibiting filing fees or costs for a minor 338 who petitions the court for a waiver of consent; 339 specifying that a county is not required to pay the 340 salaries, costs, or expenses of certain court 341 appointed counsel; requesting the Supreme Court to 342 adopt certain rules and forms relating to waiver of 343 consent proceedings; providing criminal penalties, 344 disciplinary action, and civil remedies; providing 345 construction and severability; providing an effective 346 date.