Florida Senate - 2020 SB 7030 By the Committee on Infrastructure and Security 596-02241-20 20207030__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to public records; amending s. 3 119.071, F.S.; exempting from public records 4 requirements active threat assessments and threat 5 management records; providing circumstances under 6 which such records are considered active; defining 7 terms; providing for future legislative review and 8 repeal of the exemption; providing a statement of 9 public necessity; providing a contingent effective 10 date. 11 12 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 13 14 Section 1. Paragraph (c) of subsection (2) of section 15 119.071, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 16 119.071 General exemptions from inspection or copying of 17 public records.— 18 (2) AGENCY INVESTIGATIONS.— 19 (c)1. Active criminal intelligence information and active 20 criminal investigative information are exempt from s. 119.07(1) 21 and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution. 22 2.a. A request made by a law enforcement agency to inspect 23 or copy a public record that is in the custody of another agency 24 and the custodian’s response to the request, and any information 25 that would identify whether a law enforcement agency has 26 requested or received that public record are exempt from s. 27 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution, during 28 the period in which the information constitutes active criminal 29 intelligence information or active criminal investigative 30 information. 31 b. The law enforcement agency that made the request to 32 inspect or copy a public record shall give notice to the 33 custodial agency when the criminal intelligence information or 34 criminal investigative information is no longer active so that 35 the request made by the law enforcement agency, the custodian’s 36 response to the request, and information that would identify 37 whether the law enforcement agency had requested or received 38 that public record are available to the public. 39 c. This exemption is remedial in nature, and it is the 40 intent of the Legislature that the exemption be applied to 41 requests for information received before, on, or after the 42 effective date of this paragraph. 43 3.a. Active criminal intelligence information and active 44 criminal investigative information or other exempt information 45 or records shared with another agency or governmental entity in 46 the furtherance of its official duties and responsibilities 47 pursuant to a multidisciplinary information-sharing agreement 48 retain their exempt status pursuant to s. 119.07(1) and s. 49 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution. 50 b. Active threat assessment and active threat management 51 records are exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the 52 State Constitution. Threat assessment and threat management 53 records shall be considered “active” as long as they relate to 54 an ongoing good faith belief by the Department of Law 55 Enforcement that a threat assessment or a threat management plan 56 will lead to detection, reasonable anticipation, prevention, or 57 monitoring of possible targeted violence when the assessment or 58 records are in the possession of a criminal justice agency or 59 its employees, a governmental agency, whether state or federal, 60 or any other governmental entity pursuant to a multidisciplinary 61 information-sharing agreement for a public safety purpose, 62 including, but not limited to, a targeted violence threat 63 assessment and management plan. 64 c. As used in this subparagraph, the term: 65 (I) “Multidisciplinary information-sharing agreement” means 66 an agreement entered into between a law enforcement agency and 67 another law enforcement agency, a criminal justice agency, or 68 any other entity to share active criminal intelligence or active 69 criminal investigative information for the purposes of 70 furthering information sharing for law enforcement criminal 71 intelligence purposes, criminal investigative purposes, threat 72 assessments, or threat management plans. 73 (II) “Targeted violence” means a situation involving an 74 identifiable person or group of persons who actively pursue 75 physical injury or harm toward an identifiable target or 76 prospective victim, including, but not limited to, a specific 77 person, a group of persons, an entity, or a location. 78 (III) “Threat assessment” means the process of collecting 79 and sharing active criminal intelligence information or active 80 criminal investigative information in a multidisciplinary effort 81 to contextualize and understand a targeted violence threat. 82 (IV) “Threat management” means the process of developing, 83 implementing, and monitoring an individualized plan in a 84 multidisciplinary effort to intervene, mitigate, or prevent a 85 targeted violence threat. 86 d. This subparagraph is subject to the Open Government 87 Sunset Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand 88 repealed on October 2, 2025, unless reviewed and saved from 89 repeal through reenactment by the Legislature. 90 Section 2. The Legislature finds that it is a public 91 necessity that records related to active threat assessments and 92 active threat management plans be made exempt from s. 119.07(1), 93 Florida Statutes, and s. 24(a), Article I of the State 94 Constitution. The Legislature finds that it is a public 95 necessity for law enforcement agencies and criminal justice 96 agencies to be able to share active threat assessment and threat 97 management records securely with vital multidisciplinary 98 partners who have important roles in threat assessments and 99 threat management plans and that the information retain its 100 exempt status. The Legislature finds that the release of these 101 records could hinder active criminal investigations and could 102 cause harm to the person under the threat assessment and threat 103 management plan and could potentially cause certain individuals 104 to proceed with their intentions to cause targeted violence. The 105 Legislature finds that the release of these records and the 106 potential impact that the release may have on an individual 107 under an active threat assessment or active threat management 108 plan could cause harm to the residents in this state if such 109 information were made public. The Legislature is gravely 110 concerned and saddened by the horrific mass shootings 111 perpetrated in this state. The Legislature is concerned about 112 the increase in these targeted violence incidents and finds that 113 it is important for law enforcement agencies, criminal justice 114 agencies, and their multidisciplinary partners to use the 115 valuable tool of threat assessments and threat management plans 116 to proactively mitigate and prevent these threats and protect 117 the people of this state. 118 Section 3. This act shall take effect on the same date that 119 SB 7028 or similar legislation takes effect, if such legislation 120 is adopted in the same legislative session or an extension 121 thereof and becomes a law.