Florida Senate - 2020 SB 7056 By the Committee on Governmental Oversight and Accountability 585-03763-20 20207056__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to public records; amending s. 3 119.071, F.S.; exempting from public records 4 requirements active threat assessment and active 5 threat management records; providing circumstances 6 under which such records are considered active; 7 defining terms; providing for future legislative 8 review and repeal of the exemption; providing a 9 statement of public necessity; providing an effective 10 date. 11 12 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 13 14 Section 1. Paragraph (c) of subsection (2) of section 15 119.071, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 16 119.071 General exemptions from inspection or copying of 17 public records.— 18 (2) AGENCY INVESTIGATIONS.— 19 (c)1. Active criminal intelligence information and active 20 criminal investigative information are exempt from s. 119.07(1) 21 and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution. 22 2.a. A request made by a law enforcement agency to inspect 23 or copy a public record that is in the custody of another agency 24 and the custodian’s response to the request, and any information 25 that would identify whether a law enforcement agency has 26 requested or received that public record are exempt from s. 27 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution, during 28 the period in which the information constitutes active criminal 29 intelligence information or active criminal investigative 30 information. 31 b. The law enforcement agency that made the request to 32 inspect or copy a public record shall give notice to the 33 custodial agency when the criminal intelligence information or 34 criminal investigative information is no longer active so that 35 the request made by the law enforcement agency, the custodian’s 36 response to the request, and information that would identify 37 whether the law enforcement agency had requested or received 38 that public record are available to the public. 39 c. This exemption is remedial in nature, and it is the 40 intent of the Legislature that the exemption be applied to 41 requests for information received before, on, or after the 42 effective date of this paragraph. 43 3.a. Active criminal intelligence information and active 44 criminal investigative information or other exempt information 45 or records shared with another agency or governmental entity in 46 the furtherance of its official duties and responsibilities 47 under a multidisciplinary information-sharing agreement retain 48 their exempt status. Active criminal intelligence information 49 and active criminal investigative information and other exempt 50 information or records shared with another criminal justice 51 agency in the furtherance of its official duties retain their 52 exempt status as otherwise provided by law. 53 b. Active threat assessment and active threat management 54 records are exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the 55 State Constitution. Threat assessment and threat management 56 records shall be considered “active” as long as they relate to 57 an ongoing good faith belief by the Department of Law 58 Enforcement or the lead law enforcement agency that a threat 59 assessment or a threat management plan will lead to detection, 60 reasonable anticipation, prevention, or monitoring of possible 61 targeted violence when the assessment or records are in the 62 possession of a criminal justice agency or its employees, a 63 governmental agency, whether state or federal, or any other 64 governmental entity pursuant to a multidisciplinary information 65 sharing agreement. 66 c. As used in this subparagraph, the term: 67 (I) “Lead law enforcement agency” means the law enforcement 68 agency designated as the lead agency in a multidisciplinary 69 information-sharing agreement. 70 (II) “Multidisciplinary information-sharing agreement” 71 means an agreement entered into between a lead law enforcement 72 agency and another law enforcement agency, a criminal justice 73 agency, or any other entity to share active criminal 74 intelligence or active criminal investigative information for 75 the purposes of furthering information sharing for law 76 enforcement criminal intelligence purposes, criminal 77 investigative purposes, threat assessments, or threat management 78 plans. 79 (III) “Targeted violence” means a situation involving an 80 identifiable person or group of persons who actively pursue 81 physical injury or harm toward an identifiable target or 82 prospective victim, including, but not limited to, a specific 83 person, a group of persons, an entity, or a location. 84 (IV) “Threat assessment” means the process of collecting 85 and sharing active criminal intelligence information or active 86 criminal investigative information in a multidisciplinary effort 87 to contextualize and understand a targeted violence threat. 88 (V) “Threat management” means the process of developing, 89 implementing, and monitoring an individualized plan in a 90 multidisciplinary effort to intervene, mitigate, or prevent a 91 targeted violence threat. 92 d. This subparagraph is subject to the Open Government 93 Sunset Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand 94 repealed on October 2, 2025, unless reviewed and saved from 95 repeal through reenactment by the Legislature. 96 Section 2. The Legislature finds that it is a public 97 necessity that records related to active threat assessments and 98 active threat management plans be made exempt from s. 119.07(1), 99 Florida Statutes, and s. 24(a), Article I of the State 100 Constitution. The Legislature finds that it is a public 101 necessity for law enforcement agencies and criminal justice 102 agencies to be able to share active threat assessment and active 103 threat management records securely with vital multidisciplinary 104 partners who have important roles in threat assessments and 105 threat management plans and that the information retain its 106 exempt status. The Legislature finds that the release of these 107 records could hinder active criminal investigations and could 108 cause harm to the person under the threat assessment and threat 109 management plan and could potentially cause certain individuals 110 to proceed with their intentions to cause targeted violence. The 111 Legislature finds that the release of these records and the 112 potential impact that the release may have on an individual 113 under an active threat assessment or active threat management 114 plan could cause harm to the residents in this state if such 115 information were made public. The Legislature is gravely 116 concerned and saddened by the horrific mass shootings 117 perpetrated in this state. The Legislature is concerned about 118 the increase in these targeted violence incidents and finds that 119 it is important for law enforcement agencies, criminal justice 120 agencies, and their multidisciplinary partners to use the 121 valuable tools of threat assessments and threat management plans 122 to proactively mitigate and prevent these threats and protect 123 the people of this state. 124 Section 3. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.