Florida Senate - 2021 SB 370 By Senator Farmer 34-00616-21 2021370__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to assault weapons and large-capacity 3 magazines; creating s. 790.301, F.S.; defining terms; 4 prohibiting the sale or transfer of an assault weapon 5 or a large-capacity magazine; providing exceptions; 6 providing criminal penalties; prohibiting possession 7 of an assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine; 8 providing exceptions; providing criminal penalties; 9 requiring certificates of possession for assault 10 weapons or large-capacity magazines lawfully possessed 11 before a specified date; providing requirements for 12 the certificates; requiring the Department of Law 13 Enforcement to adopt rules; specifying the form of the 14 certificates; limiting sales or transfers of assault 15 weapons or large-capacity magazines documented by such 16 certificates; providing conditions for continued 17 possession of such weapons or large-capacity 18 magazines; providing requirements for an applicant who 19 fails to qualify for such a certificate; requiring 20 certificates of transfer for transfers of certain 21 assault weapons or large-capacity magazines; providing 22 requirements for certificates of transfer; requiring 23 the Department of Law Enforcement to maintain a file 24 of such certificates; providing for relinquishment of 25 assault weapons or large-capacity magazines; providing 26 requirements for transportation of assault weapons or 27 large-capacity magazines under certain circumstances; 28 providing criminal penalties; specifying circumstances 29 in which the manufacture or transportation of assault 30 weapons or large-capacity magazines is not prohibited; 31 exempting permanently inoperable firearms from certain 32 provisions; amending s. 775.087, F.S.; providing 33 enhanced criminal penalties for certain offenses when 34 committed with an assault weapon or a large-capacity 35 magazine; providing for severability; providing an 36 effective date. 37 38 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 39 40 Section 1. Section 790.301, Florida Statutes, is created to 41 read: 42 790.301 Assault weapons.— 43 (1) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term: 44 (a)1. “Assault weapon” means any selective-fire firearm 45 capable of fully automatic, semiautomatic, or burst fire at the 46 option of the user or any of the following specified 47 semiautomatic firearms: 48 a. All AK series, including, but not limited to, the 49 following: AK, AKM, AKS, AK-47, AK-74, ARM, MAK90, MISR, NHM90, 50 NHM91, SA 85, SA 93, VEPR, WASR-10, WUM, Rock River Arms LAR-47, 51 and Vector Arms AK-47. 52 b. All AR series, including, but not limited to, the 53 following: AR-10, AR-15, Bushmaster XM15, Armalite AR-180 and 54 M15, Olympic Arms, AR70, DPMS Tactical Rifles, Smith & Wesson 55 M&P15 Rifles, Colt AR-15, Rock River Arms LAR-15, and DoubleStar 56 AR rifles. 57 c. Algimec AGM1. 58 d. Barrett 82A1 and REC7. 59 e. Beretta AR-70 and Beretta Storm. 60 f. Bushmaster Auto Rifle. 61 g. Calico Liberty series. 62 h. Chartered Industries of Singapore SR-88. 63 i. Colt Sporter. 64 j. Daewoo K-1, K-2, Max-1, and Max-2. 65 k. FAMAS MAS 223. 66 l. Federal XC-900 and SC-450. 67 m. Fabrique National FN/FAL, FN/LAR, or FNC. 68 n. FNH PS90, SCAR, and FS2000. 69 o. Goncz High Tech Carbine. 70 p. Hi-Point Carbine. 71 q. HK-91, HK-93, HK-94, SP-89, or HK-PSG-1. 72 r. Kel-Tec Sub-2000, SU series, RFB. 73 s. M1 Carbine. 74 t. SAR-8, SAR-4800, SR9. 75 u. SIG 57 AMT and 500 Series. 76 v. SIG Sauer MCX Rifle. 77 w. SKS capable of accepting a detachable magazine. 78 x. SLG 95. 79 y. SLR 95 or 96. 80 z. Spectre Auto Carbine. 81 aa. Springfield Armory BM59, SAR-48, and G-3. 82 bb. Sterling MK-6 and MK-7. 83 cc. Steyr AUG. 84 dd. Sturm Ruger Mini-14 with folding stock. 85 ee. TNW M230, M2HB. 86 ff. Thompson types, including Thompson T5. 87 gg. UZI, Galil and UZI Sporter, Galil Sporter, Galil Sniper 88 Rifle (Galatz), or Vector Arms UZI. 89 hh. Weaver Arms Nighthawk. 90 2. All of the following handguns, copies, duplicates, or 91 altered facsimiles with the capability of any such weapon: 92 a. AK-47 pistol, Mini AK-47 pistol. 93 b. AR-15 pistol. 94 c. Australian Automatic Arms SAP pistol. 95 d. Bushmaster Auto Pistol. 96 e. Calico Liberty series pistols. 97 f. Encom MK-IV, MP-9, and MP-45. 98 g. Feather AT-9 and Mini-AT. 99 h. Goncz High Tech Long pistol. 100 i. Holmes MP-83. 101 j. Iver Johnson Enforcer. 102 k. MAC-10, MAC-11, Masterpiece Arms MPA pistol series, and 103 Velocity Arms VMA series. 104 l. Intratec TEC-9, TEC-DC9, TEC-22 Scorpion, or AB-10. 105 m. UZI pistol, Micro-UZI pistol. 106 n. Colefire Magnum. 107 o. Scarab Skorpion. 108 p. Spectre Auto pistol. 109 q. German Sport 522 PK. 110 r. Chiappa Firearms Mfour-22. 111 s. DSA SA58 PKP FAL. 112 t. I.O. Inc. PPS-43C. 113 u. Kel-Tec PLR-16 pistol. 114 v. SIG Sauer P556 pistol. 115 w. Thompson TA5 series pistols. 116 x. Wilkinson “Linda” pistol. 117 3. All of the following shotguns, copies, duplicates, or 118 altered facsimiles with the capability of any such weapon: 119 a. Armscor 30 BG. 120 b. Franchi SPAS-12 and Law-12. 121 c. Remington TAC-2 or TACB3 FS. 122 d. SPAS 12 or LAW 12. 123 e. Striker 12. 124 f. Streetsweeper. 125 g. Saiga. 126 h. USAS-12. 127 i. Kel-Tec KSG. 128 4. A part or combination of parts which converts a firearm 129 into an assault weapon or any combination of parts from which an 130 assault weapon may be assembled if those parts are in the 131 possession or under the control of the same person. 132 5. Any semiautomatic firearm not listed in subparagraphs 133 1.-4. which meets any of the following criteria: 134 a. A semiautomatic rifle that has an ability to accept a 135 detachable magazine and has one or more of the following: 136 (I) A folding or telescoping stock; 137 (II) A pistol grip, a thumbhole stock or Thordsen-type grip 138 or stock, or any other characteristic that can function as a 139 grip; 140 (III) A bayonet mount; 141 (IV) A flash suppressor or threaded barrel designed to 142 accommodate a flash suppressor; 143 (V) A grenade launcher; or 144 (VI) A shroud attached to the barrel, or that partially or 145 completely encircles the barrel, allowing the bearer to hold the 146 firearm with the non-trigger hand without being burned, but 147 excludes a slide that encloses the barrel. 148 b. A semiautomatic pistol that has an ability to accept a 149 detachable magazine and has one or more of the following: 150 (I) The capacity to accept a large-capacity magazine that 151 attaches to the pistol at any location outside of the pistol 152 grip; 153 (II) A threaded barrel capable of accepting a barrel 154 extender, flash suppressor, forward handgrip, or silencer; 155 (III) A slide that encloses the barrel and that permits the 156 shooter to hold the firearm with the non-trigger hand without 157 being burned; 158 (IV) A manufactured weight of 50 ounces or more when the 159 pistol is unloaded; 160 (V) A semiautomatic version of an automatic firearm; 161 (VI) Any feature capable of functioning as a protruding 162 grip that can be held by the non-trigger hand; or 163 (VII) A folding, telescoping, or thumbhole stock. 164 c. A semiautomatic shotgun that has one or more of the 165 following: 166 (I) A folding or telescoping stock; 167 (II) A pistol grip, a thumbhole stock or Thordsen-type grip 168 or stock, or any other characteristic that can function as a 169 grip; 170 (III) A thumbhole stock; 171 (IV) A fixed magazine capacity in excess of 5 rounds; or 172 (V) An ability to accept a detachable magazine. 173 d. Any semiautomatic pistol or any semiautomatic, 174 centerfire, or rimfire rifle with a fixed magazine that has the 175 capacity to accept more than 10 rounds of ammunition. 176 e. A part or combination of parts designed or intended to 177 convert a firearm into an assault weapon or any combination of 178 parts from which an assault weapon may be assembled if those 179 parts are in the possession or under the control of the same 180 person. 181 (b) “Detachable magazine” means an ammunition feeding 182 device that can be removed from a firearm without disassembly of 183 the firearm action. 184 (c) “Fixed magazine” means an ammunition feeding device 185 contained in, or permanently attached to, a firearm in such a 186 manner that the device cannot be removed without disassembly of 187 the firearm action. 188 (d) “Large-capacity magazine” means an ammunition feeding 189 device with the capacity to accept more than 10 rounds, or any 190 conversion kit, part, or combination of parts from which such a 191 device can be assembled if those parts are in the possession or 192 under the control of the same person, but does not include any 193 of the following: 194 1. A feeding device that has been permanently altered so 195 that it cannot accommodate more than 10 rounds; 196 2. A .22 caliber tube ammunition feeding device; or 197 3. A tubular magazine that is contained in a lever-action 198 firearm. 199 (e) “Licensed gun dealer” means a person who has a federal 200 firearms license. 201 (2) SALE OR TRANSFER.— 202 (a) A person who, within this state, distributes, 203 transports, or imports into the state, sells, keeps for sale, or 204 offers or exposes for sale, or who gives an assault weapon or 205 large-capacity magazine, in violation of this section, except as 206 provided in paragraph (c), commits a felony of the third degree, 207 punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, 208 with a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of 2 years. 209 (b) A person who transfers, sells, or gives an assault 210 weapon or large-capacity magazine to a person under 18 years of 211 age in violation of this section commits a felony of the second 212 degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 213 775.084, with a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of 6 214 years. 215 (c) Paragraph (a) does not apply to: 216 1. The sale of assault weapons or large-capacity magazines 217 to the Department of Law Enforcement, a law enforcement agency 218 as defined in s. 934.02, the Department of Corrections, or the 219 military or naval forces of this state or of the United States 220 for use in the discharge of their official duties. 221 2. A person who is the executor or administrator of an 222 estate that includes an assault weapon or a large-capacity 223 magazine for which a certificate of possession has been issued 224 under this section and which is disposed of as authorized by the 225 probate court, if the disposition is otherwise permitted under 226 this section. 227 3. The transfer by bequest or intestate succession of an 228 assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine for which a 229 certificate of possession has been issued under subsection (4). 230 (3) POSSESSION.— 231 (a) Except as provided in subsection (5), a person who, 232 within this state, possesses any assault weapon or large 233 capacity magazine, except as provided in this section or as 234 otherwise authorized by law, commits a felony of the third 235 degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 236 775.084, with a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of 1 237 year. 238 (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to the possession of 239 assault weapons or large-capacity magazines by members or 240 employees of the Department of Law Enforcement, a law 241 enforcement agency as defined in s. 934.02, the Department of 242 Corrections, or the military or naval forces of this state or of 243 the United States for use in the discharge of their official 244 duties; nor does this section prohibit the possession or use of 245 assault weapons or large-capacity magazines by sworn members of 246 these agencies when on duty and the use is within the scope of 247 their duties. 248 (c) Paragraph (a) does not apply to the possession of an 249 assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine by a person before 250 July 1, 2022, if all of the following are applicable: 251 1. The person is eligible to apply for a certificate of 252 possession for the assault weapon or large-capacity magazine by 253 July 1, 2022; 254 2. The person lawfully possessed the assault weapon or 255 large-capacity magazine before October 1, 2021; and 256 3. The person is otherwise in compliance with this section 257 and the applicable requirements of this chapter for possession 258 of a firearm. 259 (d) Paragraph (a) does not apply to a person who is the 260 executor or administrator of an estate that includes an assault 261 weapon or a large-capacity magazine for which a certificate of 262 possession has been issued under subsection (4), if the assault 263 weapon is possessed at a place set forth in subparagraph 264 (4)(d)1. or as authorized by the probate court. 265 (4) CERTIFICATE OF POSSESSION.— 266 (a) A person who lawfully possesses an assault weapon or a 267 large-capacity magazine before October 1, 2021, shall apply by 268 October 1, 2022, or, if such person is a member of the military 269 or naval forces of this state or of the United States and is 270 unable to apply by October 1, 2022, because he or she is or was 271 on official duty outside of this state, shall apply within 90 272 days of returning to the state to the Department of Law 273 Enforcement, for a certificate of possession with respect to 274 such assault weapon or large-capacity magazine. The certificate 275 must contain a description of the assault weapon or large 276 capacity magazine which identifies it uniquely, including all 277 identification marks; the full name, address, date of birth, and 278 thumbprint of the owner; and any other information as the 279 department may deem appropriate. The department shall adopt 280 rules no later than January 1, 2022, to establish procedures 281 with respect to the application for, and issuance of, 282 certificates of possession pursuant to this section. The 283 thumbprint of the applicant shall be taken by a law enforcement 284 agency or the Department of Law Enforcement together with any 285 personal identifying information required by federal law to 286 process fingerprints. Charges for thumbprint services under this 287 paragraph are not subject to the sales tax on fingerprint 288 services imposed in s. 212.05(1)(i). The Department of Law 289 Enforcement shall conduct a background investigation pursuant to 290 this subsection. 291 (b) A certificate of possession issued under this 292 subsection must be in substantially the following form: 293 CERTIFICATE OF POSSESSION OF ASSAULT WEAPON 294 Certificate Number: 295 Owner’s name: (Last, First, Middle) 296 Address: (Number, Street, City or Town, State, Zip Code) NO 297 P.O. Boxes 298 Date of Birth: 299 Social Security Number (Optional, but will help prevent 300 misidentification): 301 Driver License Number and State: 302 Manufacturer: Importer: Serial Number: Model: Caliber: Unique 303 I.D./Markings: 304 Signature of Owner 305 Applicant’s Right Thumbprint 306 (c) An assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine 307 possessed pursuant to this section may not be sold or 308 transferred on or after January 1, 2022, to a person within this 309 state other than to a licensed gun dealer, as provided in 310 subsection (5), or by a bequest or intestate succession. A 311 person who obtains title to an assault weapon or a large 312 capacity magazine for which a certificate of possession has been 313 issued under this section by bequest or intestate succession 314 shall, within 90 days of obtaining title, apply to the 315 Department of Law Enforcement for a certificate of possession as 316 provided in paragraph (a), render the assault weapon or large 317 capacity magazine permanently inoperable, sell the weapon or 318 large-capacity magazine to a licensed gun dealer, or remove the 319 weapon or large-capacity magazine from the state. A person who 320 moves into the state in lawful possession of an assault weapon 321 or a large-capacity magazine shall, within 90 days, either 322 render the weapon or large-capacity magazine permanently 323 inoperable, sell the weapon or large-capacity magazine to a 324 licensed gun dealer, or remove the weapon or large-capacity 325 magazine from this state. This paragraph does not apply to a 326 person who is a member of the military or naval forces of this 327 state or of the United States, is in lawful possession of an 328 assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine, and has been 329 transferred into the state after October 1, 2022. 330 (d) A person who has been issued a certificate of 331 possession for an assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine 332 under this section may possess it only under the following 333 conditions: 334 1. At that person’s residence, place of business, or other 335 property owned by that person, or on property owned by another 336 person with the owner’s express permission; 337 2. While on the premises of a target range of a public or 338 private club or organization organized for the purpose of 339 practicing shooting at targets; 340 3. While on a target range that holds a regulatory or 341 business license for the purpose of practicing shooting at that 342 target range; 343 4. While on the premises of a licensed shooting club; 344 5. While attending any exhibition, display, or educational 345 project that is about firearms and is sponsored by, conducted 346 under the auspices of, or approved by a law enforcement agency 347 or a nationally or state-recognized entity that fosters 348 proficiency in, or promotes education about, firearms; or 349 6. While transporting the assault weapon or large-capacity 350 magazine between any of the places mentioned in this subsection, 351 or to any licensed gun dealer for servicing or repair pursuant 352 to paragraph (7)(b), provided the assault weapon or large 353 capacity magazine is transported as required by subsection (7). 354 (e) If an applicant for a certificate of possession under 355 this subsection fails to qualify for such a certificate after 356 the investigation required under this subsection, the applicant 357 shall arrange to relinquish all assault weapons or large 358 capacity magazines in his or her possession as provided in 359 subsection (7) within 10 days of issuance of the notice of such 360 failure. Such an applicant who fails to make such an arrangement 361 within the time specified in this paragraph is thereafter in 362 violation of this section. 363 (5) CERTIFICATE OF TRANSFER.—If an owner of an assault 364 weapon or a large-capacity magazine sells or transfers the 365 weapon or magazine to a licensed gun dealer, he or she shall, at 366 the time of delivery of the weapon, execute a certificate of 367 transfer and cause the certificate to be mailed or delivered to 368 the Department of Law Enforcement. The certificate shall 369 contain: 370 (a) The date of sale or transfer. 371 (b) The name and address of the seller or transferor and 372 the licensed gun dealer and their social security numbers or 373 driver license numbers. 374 (c) The licensed gun dealer’s federal firearms license 375 number. 376 (d) A description of the weapon, including the caliber of 377 the weapon and its make, model, and serial number. 378 (e) Any other information the Department of Law Enforcement 379 prescribes. 380 381 The licensed gun dealer shall present his or her driver license 382 or social security card and federal firearms license to the 383 seller or transferor for inspection at the time of purchase or 384 transfer. The Department of Law Enforcement shall maintain a 385 file of all certificates of transfer at its headquarters. 386 (6) RELINQUISHMENT.—An individual may arrange in advance to 387 relinquish an assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine to a 388 law enforcement agency as defined in s. 934.02 or to the 389 Department of Law Enforcement. The assault weapon or large 390 capacity magazine shall be transported in accordance with 391 subsection (7). 392 (7) TRANSPORTATION.— 393 (a) A licensed gun dealer who lawfully purchases for resale 394 out of state an assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine 395 pursuant to subsection (2) may transport the assault weapon or 396 large-capacity magazine between dealers or out of the state, but 397 no person shall carry a loaded assault weapon concealed from 398 public view or knowingly have in any motor vehicle owned, 399 operated, or occupied by him a loaded assault weapon or an 400 unloaded assault weapon, unless such weapon is kept in the trunk 401 of such vehicle or in a case or other container that is 402 inaccessible to the operator of or any passenger in such 403 vehicle. A person who violates this subsection commits a 404 misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 405 775.082 or s. 775.083. Any licensed gun dealer may display the 406 assault weapon or large-capacity magazine at any gun show or 407 sell it to a buyer outside the state. 408 (b) Any licensed gun dealer may transfer possession of any 409 assault weapon or large-capacity magazine received pursuant to 410 paragraph (a) to a gunsmith for purposes of accomplishing 411 service or repair of the same. Transfers are permissible only to 412 the following persons: 413 1. A gunsmith who is in the dealer’s employ; or 414 2. A gunsmith with whom the dealer has contracted for 415 gunsmithing services, provided the gunsmith receiving the 416 assault weapon holds a dealer’s license issued pursuant to 417 chapter 44 of Title 18 of the United States Code, 18 U.S.C. ss. 418 921 et seq., and the regulations issued pursuant thereto. 419 (8) CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH MANUFACTURE OR TRANSPORTATION 420 NOT PROHIBITED.—This section does not prohibit any person, firm, 421 or corporation engaged in the business of manufacturing assault 422 weapons or large-capacity magazines in this state from 423 manufacturing or transporting assault weapons or large-capacity 424 magazines in this state for sale within this state in accordance 425 with subparagraph (2)(c)1. or for sale outside this state. 426 (9) EXCEPTION.—This section does not apply to any firearm 427 modified to render it permanently inoperable. 428 Section 2. Paragraph (a) of subsection (3) of section 429 775.087, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 430 775.087 Possession or use of weapon; aggravated battery; 431 felony reclassification; minimum sentence.— 432 (3)(a)1. Any person who is convicted of a felony or an 433 attempt to commit a felony, regardless of whether the use of a 434 firearm is an element of the felony, and the conviction was for: 435 a. Murder; 436 b. Sexual battery; 437 c. Robbery; 438 d. Burglary; 439 e. Arson; 440 f. Aggravated battery; 441 g. Kidnapping; 442 h. Escape; 443 i. Sale, manufacture, delivery, or intent to sell, 444 manufacture, or deliver any controlled substance; 445 j. Aircraft piracy; 446 k. Aggravated child abuse; 447 l. Aggravated abuse of an elderly person or disabled adult; 448 m. Unlawful throwing, placing, or discharging of a 449 destructive device or bomb; 450 n. Carjacking; 451 o. Home-invasion robbery; 452 p. Aggravated stalking; or 453 q. Trafficking in cannabis, trafficking in cocaine, capital 454 importation of cocaine, trafficking in illegal drugs, capital 455 importation of illegal drugs, trafficking in phencyclidine, 456 capital importation of phencyclidine, trafficking in 457 methaqualone, capital importation of methaqualone, trafficking 458 in amphetamine, capital importation of amphetamine, trafficking 459 in flunitrazepam, trafficking in gamma-hydroxybutyric acid 460 (GHB), trafficking in 1,4-Butanediol, trafficking in 461 Phenethylamines, or other violation of s. 893.135(1); 462 463 and during the commission of the offense, such person possessed 464 a semiautomatic firearm and its high-capacity detachable box 465 magazine, an assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine as 466 those terms are defined in s. 790.301, or a machine gun as 467 defined in s. 790.001, shall be sentenced to a minimum term of 468 imprisonment of 15 years. 469 2. Any person who is convicted of a felony or an attempt to 470 commit a felony listed in subparagraph (a)1., regardless of 471 whether the use of a weapon is an element of the felony, and 472 during the course of the commission of the felony such person 473 discharged a semiautomatic firearm and its high-capacity box 474 magazine, an assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine as 475 those terms are defined in s. 790.301, or a “machine gun” as 476 defined in s. 790.001 shall be sentenced to a minimum term of 477 imprisonment of 20 years. 478 3. Any person who is convicted of a felony or an attempt to 479 commit a felony listed in subparagraph (a)1., regardless of 480 whether the use of a weapon is an element of the felony, and 481 during the course of the commission of the felony such person 482 discharged a semiautomatic firearm and its high-capacity box 483 magazine, an assault weapon or a large-capacity magazine as 484 those terms are defined in s. 790.301, or a “machine gun” as 485 defined in s. 790.001 and, as the result of the discharge, death 486 or great bodily harm was inflicted upon any person, the 487 convicted person shall be sentenced to a minimum term of 488 imprisonment of not less than 25 years and not more than a term 489 of imprisonment of life in prison. 490 Section 3. If any provision of this act or its application 491 to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity 492 does not affect other provisions or applications of the act 493 which can be given effect without the invalid provision or 494 application, and to this end the provisions of this act are 495 severable. 496 Section 4. This act shall take effect October 1, 2021.