Florida Senate - 2021                                     SB 808
       By Senator Gibson
       6-00953-21                                             2021808__
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act relating to intelligence-led policing; creating
    3         s. 943.688, F.S.; defining terms; requiring law
    4         enforcement agencies that use intelligence-led
    5         policing to establish policies and procedures;
    6         providing minimum requirements for such policies and
    7         procedures; providing requirements for law enforcement
    8         agencies that use intelligence-led policing; providing
    9         an effective date.
   11  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
   13         Section 1. Section 943.688, Florida Statutes, is created to
   14  read:
   15         943.688 Intelligence-led policing; policies and procedures;
   16  protections for targeted individuals.—
   17         (1)As used in this section, the term:
   18         (a)“Intelligence-led policing” means the cultivation and
   19  dissemination of strategic, operational, and tactical
   20  intelligence assessments to identify, quantify, and target key
   21  criminals for investigation and prosecution.
   22         (b)“Law enforcement agency” means an agency that has a
   23  primary mission of preventing and detecting crime and enforcing
   24  the penal, criminal, traffic, and motor vehicle laws of the
   25  state and in furtherance of that primary mission employs law
   26  enforcement officers.
   27         (c)“Law enforcement officer” has the same meaning as in s.
   28  943.10.
   29         (d)“Targeted individual” means an individual who has been
   30  identified by intelligence-led policing, based on an established
   31  set of criteria, to be more likely than other individuals to
   32  commit a future crime.
   33         (2)A law enforcement agency that uses intelligence-led
   34  policing to identify, quantify, and target individuals shall
   35  establish policies and procedures that, at a minimum, must
   36  include all of the following:
   37         (a)General guidelines for the proper use, maintenance, and
   38  storage of the data collected by intelligence-led policing
   39  systems.
   40         (b)Clear and specific goals for each program using
   41  intelligence-led policing, including:
   42         1.The types of offenses to be targeted and the timeframe
   43  under which those offenses will be tracked;
   44         2.The scoring system or criteria to be used in calculating
   45  the likelihood of a targeted individual to commit a crime; and
   46         3.Performance and supervisory expectations of the program.
   47         (c)Guidelines for notifying a targeted individual that he
   48  or she has been targeted, and publicly available procedures for
   49  a targeted individual to appeal his or her identification as a
   50  target.
   51         (d)Guidelines for visits to targeted individuals,
   52  including:
   53         1.Any limitations on the number of visits within a certain
   54  time period and the length of each encounter;
   55         2.Any requirements for how or when body cameras or other
   56  audio or video equipment are used; and
   57         3.Requirements for reporting information collected at each
   58  visit.
   59         (e)A provision requiring that a targeted individual be
   60  provided with community resource information.
   61         (3)A law enforcement agency that uses intelligence-led
   62  policing shall:
   63         (a)Maintain accurate and up-to-date data about targeted
   64  individuals, including:
   65         1.Who is specifically being targeted, including:
   66         a.Types of offenses;
   67         b.Geographic area data, such as neighborhoods or
   68  locations; and
   69         c.Demographics, such as age, race, and gender of targeted
   70  individuals;
   71         2.How often a targeted individual has been visited and the
   72  results of each of those visits; and
   73         3.Whether a targeted individual has been provided
   74  resources or additional assistance.
   75         (b)Ensure that all personnel who use intelligence-led
   76  policing are trained in the law enforcement agency’s policies
   77  and procedures.
   78         (c)Retain audio and video data related to intelligence-led
   79  policing interactions in accordance with the requirements of s.
   80  119.021, except as otherwise provided by law.
   81         (d)Perform periodic reviews of actual law enforcement
   82  agency intelligence-led policing practices to ensure conformity
   83  with the agency’s policies and procedures.
   84         (e)Advise a targeted individual of his or her status as
   85  such, and of his or her right to appeal such status.
   86         (f)Provide a targeted individual with community resource
   87  information.
   88         Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2021.