Florida Senate - 2021 SB 836 By Senator Jones 35-00849-21 2021836__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to gun violence reduction; creating s. 3 943.6872, F.S.; creating the Urban Core Gun Violence 4 Task Force; requiring the task force to comply with 5 specified requirements; providing for membership; 6 providing for staff support; providing requirements 7 for meetings; specifying duties and powers of the task 8 force; authorizing the task force to seek assistance 9 from state agencies; providing for access to certain 10 information and records; requiring an initial report; 11 authorizing annual reports; providing for repeal of 12 the task force; creating s. 943.6873, F.S.; creating 13 the Florida Firearm Violence Reduction Pilot Program; 14 providing the purpose of the pilot program; defining 15 terms; providing program eligibility and application 16 requirements; authorizing the Department of Law 17 Enforcement to provide grants to a specified number of 18 counties to implement the pilot program, subject to 19 appropriation; requiring the department to evaluate 20 the effectiveness of the pilot program, submit an 21 annual report to the Governor and Legislature, and 22 publish the report on its website; authorizing the 23 department to adopt rules; providing funding 24 requirements; requiring each county participating in 25 the pilot program to appoint a program steering 26 committee to implement an evidence-based firearm 27 violence reduction model and to submit an annual 28 report to the department; providing requirements for 29 the report; providing for expiration of the pilot 30 program; providing an effective date. 31 32 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 33 34 Section 1. Section 943.6872, Florida Statutes, is created 35 to read: 36 943.6872 Urban Core Gun Violence Task Force.— 37 (1) The Urban Core Gun Violence Task Force, a task force as 38 defined in s. 20.03, is created within the Department of Law 39 Enforcement. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the 40 task force shall comply with the requirements of s. 20.052. 41 (2)(a) The 10-member task force shall convene no later than 42 September 1, 2021, and must be composed of two members appointed 43 by each of the following: the President of the Senate, the 44 Minority Leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of 45 Representatives, the Minority Leader of the House of 46 Representatives, and the Governor. Appointments must be made by 47 August 1, 2021. The Governor shall appoint a chair from among 48 the members. Members serve at the pleasure of the officer who 49 appointed them. A vacancy on the task force must be filled in 50 the same manner as the original appointment. 51 (b) The General Counsel of the Department of Law 52 Enforcement shall serve as the general counsel for the task 53 force. 54 (c) The chair shall assign staff from the Department of Law 55 Enforcement and the Department of Juvenile Justice to assist the 56 task force in performing its duties. 57 (d) The task force shall meet quarterly or at the call of 58 the chair, as necessary to conduct its work, at a time and 59 location in this state designated by the chair. The task force 60 may not conduct its meetings through teleconferences or other 61 similar means. 62 (3) The task force shall investigate system failures and 63 the causes of high crime rates and gun violence incidents in 64 urban core neighborhoods and communities. In addition, the task 65 force shall develop recommendations for solutions, programs, 66 services, and strategies for improved interagency communications 67 between local and state government agencies which will help 68 facilitate the reduction of crime and gun violence in urban core 69 neighborhoods and communities. 70 (4) The task force may call upon appropriate state 71 government agencies for such professional assistance as may be 72 needed in the discharge of its duties, and such agencies shall 73 provide such assistance in a timely manner. 74 (5) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the task 75 force may request and shall be provided with access to any 76 information or records that pertain to crime and gun violence 77 incidents in this state’s urban core neighborhoods and 78 communities. Information or records obtained by the task force 79 which are otherwise exempt or confidential and exempt shall 80 retain such exempt or confidential and exempt status, and the 81 task force may not disclose any such information or records. 82 (6) The task force shall submit an initial report on its 83 findings and recommendations to the Governor, the President of 84 the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives by 85 January 1, 2022, and may issue reports annually thereafter. 86 (7) This section is repealed on June 30, 2024. 87 Section 2. Section 943.6873, Florida Statutes, is created 88 to read: 89 943.6873 Florida Firearm Violence Reduction Pilot Program.— 90 (1) CREATION.—Beginning July 1, 2021, the Florida Firearm 91 Violence Reduction Pilot Program is created within the 92 department for a period of 3 years. The purpose of the pilot 93 program is to improve public health and safety by supporting 94 evidence-based firearm violence reduction models in counties 95 that are disproportionately impacted by firearm violence. 96 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term: 97 (a) “Disproportionately impacted by firearm violence” means 98 the county experienced 20 or more firearm-related homicides per 99 calendar year during at least 2 of the 3 calendar years 100 immediately preceding the application, or the county experienced 101 at least 10 firearm-related homicides per calendar year and had 102 a homicide rate that was at least 50 percent higher than the 103 statewide homicide rate during at least 2 of the 3 calendar 104 years immediately preceding the application. 105 (b) “Evidence-based firearm violence reduction model” means 106 a program, proven through empirical evidence, to reduce firearm 107 violence through focused deterrence or recidivism reduction 108 strategies. 109 (c) “Program implementation organization” means an 110 organization with experience implementing an evidence-based 111 firearm violence reduction model including providing training, 112 collecting and analyzing data, and conducting program 113 evaluations. 114 (3) ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS; APPLICATIONS.—To be eligible 115 to participate in the pilot program, a county must submit an 116 application in a form prescribed by the department by October 1, 117 2021. At a minimum, the application must include: 118 (a) A statement and any empirical evidence indicating that 119 the county is disproportionately impacted by firearm violence or 120 otherwise demonstrating the county’s compelling need for 121 additional resources to address the impact of firearm violence. 122 (b) A statement of the estimated fiscal impact of firearm 123 violence in the county including the costs incurred by the 124 county investigating, prosecuting, incarcerating, and treating 125 individuals related to firearm violence in the 3 calendar years 126 immediately preceding the application. 127 (c) A description of the evidence-based firearm violence 128 reduction model the county will implement during the pilot 129 program. A county must implement one of the following evidence 130 based firearm violence reduction models: the Group Violence 131 Intervention program, the Cure Violence program, or a hospital 132 based violence intervention program. 133 (d) A statement identifying a program implementation 134 organization the county will consult to implement the evidence 135 based firearm violence reduction model and a description of the 136 organization’s experience implementing such programs. 137 (e) A description of any public or private organization the 138 county intends to collaborate with to provide services. Such 139 organizations may include faith-based service groups that offer 140 community support services including, but not limited to, 141 substance abuse counseling, mental health counseling, housing 142 support programs, and employment support programs. 143 (f) A description of the criteria the county will use to 144 identify eligible participants. A participant must be an 145 individual who has been identified as being at a high risk for 146 becoming a victim or perpetrator of firearm violence. 147 (g) A statement describing how the county proposes to 148 coordinate the evidence-based firearm violence reduction model 149 and any existing violence prevention and intervention programs 150 operating in the county to minimize duplication of services. 151 (4) DEPARTMENT DUTIES.— 152 (a) The department shall develop and make available an 153 application form to be used by counties seeking to participate 154 in the pilot program. 155 (b) Subject to an appropriation in the General 156 Appropriations Act, the department shall use program funds to 157 provide grants for up to six counties to implement the pilot 158 program. Each county must meet the eligibility and application 159 requirements provided in subsection (3). The department may 160 develop other needs-based criteria for pilot program selection 161 and to determine the appropriate grant amount to award to each 162 county based on such needs-based criteria. 163 (c) The department shall evaluate the effectiveness of the 164 pilot program by measuring firearm violence reduction in the 165 participating counties. The department shall compile the 166 information required under subsection (5), and by June 30, 2023, 167 and each June 30 thereafter, submit a report to the Governor, 168 the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of 169 Representatives on the impact of the pilot program. The 170 department shall publish the report on its website. 171 (d) The department may adopt rules to administer this 172 section. 173 (5) DUTIES OF PARTICIPATING COUNTIES.— 174 (a) Each county participating in the pilot program must 175 contribute $1 for every $1 requested from the department. All 176 funds, whether provided by the county or by the department, must 177 be used to implement the pilot program. 178 (b) Each county participating in the pilot program shall 179 appoint a program steering committee which must, at a minimum, 180 include one representative from each law enforcement agency 181 located in the county. The program steering committee shall 182 collaborate with a program implementation organization to 183 implement an appropriate evidence-based firearm violence 184 reduction model. 185 (c) To maintain its eligibility for participation in the 186 pilot program, a county must report to the department by January 187 1, 2023, and each January 1 thereafter, in a format prescribed 188 by the department, the following information: 189 1. A description of the evidence-based firearm violence 190 reduction model utilized. 191 2. A description of program strategies used to attract and 192 retain participants. 193 3. A description of the type and quantity of services 194 provided to participants. 195 4. The total number of participants served and the 196 demographic characteristics of participants. 197 5. A description of how the services provided improved 198 participant outcomes, including, but not limited to: 199 a. Any change in participants’ employment status or 200 educational attainment level. 201 b. Any change in the frequency of arrests experienced by 202 participants. 203 c. Any change in the frequency of victimizations 204 experienced by participants. 205 6. Any change in the frequency or severity of firearm 206 violence experienced by the county, including any increase or 207 reduction in the number of: 208 a. Firearm-related arrests. 209 b. Firearm-related injuries. 210 c. Other firearm-related law enforcement calls for service. 211 7. The period for which the data submitted was collected, 212 aggregated, and analyzed. 213 (6) EXPIRATION.—This section expires June 30, 2024. 214 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2021.